Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
ERB'S LIFE and LEGACY :: DAILY
A COLLATION OF THE DAILY
EVENTS IN ERB-WORLD
FROM THE PAGES OF ERBzine
CREATED BY BILL HILLMAN
Collated by John Martin and
With Web Design, Added Events,
Illustrations and Photo Collages
by Bill Hillman
TO OUR FULL YEAR'S CONTENTS
OCTOBER CONTENTS: WEEK THREE
OCT 22 ~ OCT
23 ~ OCT 24 ~ OCT 25
~ OCT 26
OCT 27 ~ OCT
28 ~ OCT 29 ~ OCT
30 ~ OCT 31
VISIT THE OCTOBER WEEK 4 PHOTO ALBUM
BACK TO OCTOBER WEEK 2
Click for full-size images
Signal Oil Tarzan Club and Radio Shows: Card and Ad,
Tarzan and Jane (Jim and Joan) filling up
ERB and Club Members ~ Club Parade and Band ~ ERB
Cartoon Art: Cavalry Days and Early Years Hard Times
*** My Hillman Annotated Illustrated ERB Calendar
for Oct. 22 notes that Signal Oil organized the Tarzan Club
in 1932 and just over a year later it had grown to 125,000 members.Signal's
sponsored Tarzan Radio Show and the SIGNAL OIL TARZAN CLUB were
so popular that SIGNAL had to bow out because they could not keep up with
the demands. Many other products came out of the TARZAN Radio Shows, such
as: TARZAN Flour; TARZAN Ice Cream Cups; TARZAN Bread; TARZAN PEANUT BUTTER
--You Name it.
ERB enjoyed the popularity of the Radio Shows (there
were 4 series). He even wrote one which eventually ended up as a book of
his in 1964, THE RED STAR OF TARZAN (TARZAN AND THE FORBIDDEN CITY) and
was a Comic Strip Story. The Strip and Radio Show were under a different
name: TARZAN AND THE FIRE OF ASHER.
For articles and photos, some showing large groups
of Tarzan fans marching in a parade, peruse the Signal Oil pages in ERBzine.
Signal Oil's Tarzan Club
ERBzine's Annotated Perpetual Calendar: October
Tarzan 1932 Radio Show: Listen to 77 Episodes
*** 1935: Tthe Courier-Journal
and Louisville Times asked ERB to write a political speech for Tarzan
on this date. He composed a 600-word campaign speech to be delivered by
who reportedly supported Tarzan's Nude Deal Platform.
Nkima, Tarzan's Pet, Talks Politics
Tarzan For President
Nkima promoting a Nude Deal Platform
*** 1896: Due
to his lingering dysentery and his knowledge of horses ERB was assigned
the softer job of running the headquarters' stable. Ed recorded some his
experiences in a series of cartoon sketches. Danton shared these from his
grandfather's family archive.
ERB's Fort Grant US Cavalry Sketches
More Cavalry Days Sketches
*** 1902: Ed and Emma had a hard time making ends meet.
He borrowed on his life insurance policy.
ERB Cartoons: Ed and Emma the Early Days 1902-1905
From Emma Burroughs' Personal Portfolio
*** 1882 Artist Newell Convers
Wyeth was born on this date. NC Wyeth (22 October 1882 Needham, Massachusetts
- 19 October 1945). He was a visual artist, primarily a realist painter,
working predominantly in a regionalist style. He was one of the best-known
U.S. artists of the middle 20th century. Wyeth's art was featured on two
Story Pulp magazines that featured ERB's The Return of Tarzan
serial. One of those paintings was then used for the dust jacket on the
A. C. McClurg first edition published March 10, 1915
NC Wyeth ERB Art: Return of Tarzan: Pulp and 1st Ed.
N.C. Wyeth in the ERB Art Encyclopedia
Wyeth Photos and ERB Art Splash Bar
ERB's WWII Autograph Books: people who signed the
books, cover, introduction ~ LA Monkey Farm
ERB's WWII Friend: DD Dorothy Dalburg ~ Jim Thompson's
autograph treasures book
*** 1942: Just a few years before his death,
ERB wrote: "Am now all ready to go — almost. I know
that, at my age...."
But that wasn't written because he had a premonition
about his death. It was written, rather, to mean that he was ready to go
to the combat zone, to be a war correspondent in the Pacific, as soon as
he got the go-ahead! It was Oct. 23, 1942, and ERB was awaiting approval
of his application. He wrote in his diary:
"Am now all ready to go
— almost. I know that, at my age, it is probably a fool thing to do. My
decision, then, is not based on faulty judgement. I want the experience.
If I don't come back, I am at least definitely expendable. So it won't
make any difference. . . ."
The above section of ERBzine begins the reproduction of ERB's
autograph book pages. He started the book upon his entry into the war and
it serves as a record of the many interesting people he met along the way.
ERB not only thought up interesting fictional stories. He also thought
up ideas -- like the autograph book -- that led to other written legacies,
which have been preserved for our reading and research enjoyment today.
"The United Press credentials arrived
and on Nov, 2 ERB sent a thank-you letter to old friend George Carlin,*
of the United Feature Syndicate, who had been a great help in his quest
for accreditation. Carlin responded, "Your example in always seeking fresh
adventure at an age when most of your contemporaries are content to give
up and just stay waiting is an inspiration to me and gives me a goal at
which to aim."
"Now an accredited war correspondent
at the age of sixty-seven, Burroughs waited for his army approval and assignment
to a plane. On Nov. 6 he started his autograph album which he planned to
carry with him. Fittingly, the first entries were by longtime friend, Captain
Phil Bird and fellow United Press correspondent, William Tyree."
*** Danton shared all his Granddad's Wartime autograph
books with me during one of my visits to his home in Tarzana. This was
in the early days of digital cameras. I snapped photos of each page of
the books and when I returned home to Canada I processed the images and
laid them out in a series of ERBzine Webpages to share with fellow fans.
There were countless hurriedly-taken, low-resolution photos on my
Sony Mavica disc. I tried to decipher the inscriptions to ED from the host
of wartime acquaintances and wrote the text below the images -- a somewhat
frustrating task since it is often difficult to read people's writing -
especially in this context: rush writing, often in party or social locations.
I do feel, however, that they provide an interesting glimpse into some
of ERB's wartime contacts and activities. (BH)
ERB's Wartime Autographs Project Intro
Wartime Journals: 50 Days
*** Some further thoughts
from John Martin on saving autographs and other memorabilia: I am
a saver, but my wife is not.
She can look at a birthday card, smile, and then toss
it in the trash. Me, I save the things! In fact, I've even rescued a few
of her birthday cards before she got around to tossing them. If I die first,
and she goes through my stuff (to throw most of it away), she'll find some
of her birthday cards and may enjoy a second smile (before throwing them
Edgar Rice Burroughs was a saver. He saved manuscripts
in his safe. He saved photographs. He even saved autographs. Of course,
in order to save autographs, you first have to have the idea of collecting
One world-famous autograph collector is Jim Thompson,
who has filled his "Tarzan of the Movies" book with autographs of
famed and fan alike. ERB always carried his autograph book with him wherever
he went and had people sign it all along the way as he traveled about and
covered the war. And then, he made sure he saved it. Because he did, it
Some of us are happy to have autographed books in our
collections. But, how many think about starting their own "autograph book"
like ERB did?
Jim Thompson Burroughs Biblio-Pro-Phile: Many Pages
*** 1945: On
this date, the war being over, ERB was ready to come home. And he was within
days of it when he wrote a letter to his daughter Joan. And because of
that letter, we know the brand of cigarettes ERB smoked was Camels.
He did not walk a mile to get them, however, as he mentions in his letter
that he had been confined to his room for the past 57 days. The reason
for his "confinement" was that he had experienced a heart attack. He had
mentioned that to Joan a month earlier. These and many other 1945 letters
have been scanned and transcribed by Bill Hillman.
Camel cigarette packaging has kept
pretty much the same look over the years, but the Camels ERB smoked while
serving as a war correspondent in the Pacific may have included some of
military issue. With the rise of World War II, tobacco companies continued
to foster the culture of wartime smoking by sending free cigarettes to
troops and supporting the inclusion of cigarettes into the soldiers' rations.
Advertisements also encouraged citizens back home to support the troops
by sending cigarettes.
Camel packs were a lot of fun for
kitchen table discussions. My grandpa showed me how to find the lion on
the package of camels by holding a thumb over part of the camel's body.
It's pretty easy to find. There is also an urban rumor that a naked man
is "hidden" in the camel's front leg and body area. I never knew to look
for a man there but after my grandpa showed me the lion he asked if I could
find the man. When I couldn't, he took the package back and squinted at
it and then told me, "Oh. He's behind the pyramid going to the bathroom."
Back in ERB's early days his cigarette
of choice was Cubebs. He entered Harvard school in Chicago in 1888 and
in piece he wrote about those early days he confessed: "Bennie
Marshall and I used to sneak down to the breakwater and smoke cubeb cigarettes
and feel real devilish. . . . There should be a moral to this. Perhaps
it is that one should not smoke cubeb cigarettes."
ERB Letters to Home
"When Tarzan Went to Harvard" by Edgar Rice Burrroughs
ERB's Favourite Cigarette Before WWII: Cubeb
Cubeb Cigarette Collage
*** 1929: Elser talked ERB out
of investing in the LA Monkey Farm. On July 4, 1929, the Los Angeles
Times announced that there would be a ceremony held at Bill H. Rice’s Los
Angeles Monkey Farms, in Culver City, to celebrate the opening of the private
zoo’s latest attraction: "Dedication tomorrow of
the recently completed monkey island at the Los Angeles Monkey Farms, on
Washington Boulevard, just east of here, where more than 50 simians already
have taken up residence on the water encircled monkey playground, will
mark the introduction here of an attraction enjoyed only by a few other
communities. Patterned after the most famous of all monkey islands, that
of the Washington Park Zoo of Milwaukee…The island here permits the monkeys
entire freedom of the mound, a high wall surrounding the encircling canal
forbidding escape of the simians."
Visitors, already fascinated with jungle life thanks
to popular movies and books, such as Edgar Rice Burroughs “Tarzan” series,
were encouraged to throw peanuts and other food on the island, and watch
the fracas that resulted. During the Depression, these attractions were
a cheap way to entertain the masses. Unlike other animals, monkeys were
easy to get and could be taken care of at a relatively low cost. Monkeys,
in many respects so like humans, were personified in the media and became
LA Monkey Farm in ERBzine Eclectica
*** 1917: Ed started Cor-Sva-Jo
(The People That Time Forgot)
The People That Time Forgot
1919: Methuen's first British
edition of Jungle Tales of Tarzan UK Edition
Jungle Tales of Tarzan UK Edition
1928: Continuing longtime correspondence with Gen. Charles
King, Ed sends him a 84th birthday congratulations
General Charles King Tribute
1945: In letter
home to Joan we learn that Ed's relationship with "DD" appears to
have cooled. Ed is making plans for his return home.
ERB's Letter to Joan
Dorothy Dalburg Photos
Mucker in All-Story Pt. 1: PJ Monahan Art ~
Thomas Floyd Art presented at Pocatello Dum-Dum
ERB "My Diversions" photos with boys and horses ~
On Mars (Yellow Men) Pt. 3 of Llana of Gathol
*** 1914: Readers who purchased All-Story Cavalier Weekly
found the first part of a serialized story titled "The Mucker,"
written by that same man who had written the Mars and Tarzan stories. Back
then, of course, they had no idea that the story would gain a wider audience
than just those who bought the pulp -- that it would be published as a
hardback book and, years later, there would be other hardbacks and paperbacks
"The Mucker" is ERB's story of Billy Byrne, a two-fisted
ruffian from the streets of Chicago who goes on to have fantastic adventures
and even eventually changes his rough behavior to become a real pussycat
(Well, not quite, but he does become a lot nicer!).
Another Edgar Rice Burroughs character, Julian 5th, may
have known the future, but ERB (and the rest of us) don't. So when he ran
a store in Pocatello, Idaho, and rode the range in Cassia County, Idaho,
ERB didn't know that some day he would write a story called "The Mucker"
and that special editions of it would be presented, to the Bannock County
Museum in Pocatello; the Minidoka Museum, and the Minidoka
Mayor. That's what happened in the summer of 2011 when The Burroughs
Bibliophiles had their annual Dum-Dum in southern Idaho, retracing
ERB's old haunts.
The Mucker: History ~ Art ~ Covers ~ Reviews
The Mucker: Read the eText Edition
2011 Pocatello Dum-Dum: 14-Page Coverage
Thoughts on The Mucker by Phil Burger:
The Mucker Pulp Covers
1928: Methuen purchased Tarzan
and the Ant Men. I have displayed many UK covers as featured in
the accompanying links.
UK Methuen Hardcover Checklist
Rare UK Editions of ERB Books
Rare UK Editions Collage
Methuen Hardcover Edtions Collage
Tarzan and the Ant Men: C.H.A.S.E.R. Biblio
*** 1929: Ed responded to
request for promo material by submitting the rambling article, My
Diversions describing his activities and philosophies
ERB's Article in Metropolitan: My Diversions
*** 1940: ERB started Escape
on Mars Pt 3 of the new Mars series - appeared in Amazing Stories
- August 1941 as Yellow Men of Mars and in hardcover Llana
Escape on Mars: Read the Text
Llana of Mars: ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Biblio
*** 1940: Started
the Farthest Star start of a new series on planet Poloda
Beyond the Farthest Star
Tarzan the Ape Man starring Denny Miller ~
Bruce Salen "The Brooklyn Banth": OkaR&R Adventure
with the Hillmans in Canada ~ ERB in Pulps HRH
The Rider and Skeleton Men of Jupiter
*** 1944: Bruce Salen (1944.10.25-2011.03.25) was born
on this date. Bruce, also known as The Brooklyn Banth or as Hadron, visited
us in Canada for two extended OkaR&R Missions. Bruce's adventures in
our land of Okar were many - he was introduced to archery and swordplay,
led a Chinese Dragon parade through our city of Brandon, rode historic
locomotives and trains, teetered on perilous swinging bridges, perused
rare book stores, basked in Sue-On's Amazing Amtorian Gardens, worked on
his novel: "Ring Around A Hailstone," enjoyed Sue-On's exotic Chinese cuisine
in our restaurant, etc.
*** We kept regular contact for many years through
phone chats and e-mails -- and Bruce contributed many items to our ERBzine
pages. We had made our first contact back in the '60s when we found each
other through the Burroughs Bibliophiles booklet of BB members - still
have the letters. We lost contact after he left for Israel for a work stint
on a commune but our friendship was renewed in the '90s, thanks to the
power of the Internet. We miss him and think of him often. (BH)
Email conversations between Bruce and Tangor got
listserv started many years ago and the erblist.com website
and associated listserv survives and thrives to this day.
Bruce Salen Remembered (3 pages)
Salen OkaR&R Adventure II
Bruce Remembered by Huck and Victoria Huckenbohler
Bruce Salen Memory Photos
in Hall of Memories
*** 1959: Lost Tarzan, The Ape Man
Article. Throughout the country there have been many undiscovered ERB
articles in local newspapers, including reviews written by local reporters
on Tarzan movies coming out in their area. One of the "discovered" reviews
was on Oct. 25, 1959, in the Lincoln Evening Journal in Lincoln, Nebraska.
It included a short three-paragraph article which described, with a bit
of wit, the plot of the newly released "Tarzan, the Ape Man," starring
The review: "Denny Miller, Cesare
Danova and Joanna Barnes star, with Miller in the title role. The new Tarzan
is 6' 4", a former UCLA basketball star.
"Story revolves about attempt of
Jane, her father and white hunter to find ivory wealth of famed Elephants
Burial Ground. Village, him burned by frenzied natives. They mad!
"Jane, she saved from elephant
by Tarzan. She glad!" Those last two paragraphs are witty enough
that they could have been written by Denny Miller himself!
See the article in its original clipping format, plus
other articles on ERB films in ERBzine 1196.
Tarzan, The Ape Man starring Denny Miller
Lobby Display I
Lobby Display II
Denny Miller Tributes
ERBzine News Clippings Archive
Denny Miller's 50 Career Flashback
*** 1915/1941: ERB Began H.R.H. The
Rider and Skeleton Men of Jupiter. Among his other
amazing talents, ERB was organized enough to keep a log of when he started
writing each new story, and when he finished it. On Oct. 25, 1915, he began
writing "H.R.H. The Rider" (38,000 words) and on this date in 1941
he wrote the first words of "Skeleton Men of Jupiter" -- the
first of a planned new John Carter series. Blue Book rejected but
it appeared in Amazing, Feb 1943.
HRH The Rider: C.H.A.S.E.R. Biblio Entry
Skeleton Men: C.H.A.S.E.R. Biblio Entry
*** 1918: Ed and Bert Weston's ongoing
correspondence showed their passionate feelings
about the war. Weston wrote: "Major, I salute you!!!
And a good little major I'll bet you are, and it is a doggoned pitty ou
are not majoring over in Flanders where you'd be a credit to yourself,
tribe and country, and not merely herding the "Park Ave Rifles" around."
Ed replies from his Militia office: "If they put me in that class (Class
G-1 to which Weston has been designated), I should go down and jump in
the lake. It looks very much as though the filthy Hun would have to lie
down and surrender within the next six months but I think he will only
do it after a complete and thorough licking unless a gleam of intelligence
manifests itself among the German people to the end that they rise up in
their wrath and massacre the entire darned military class."
ERB: The War Years
*** 1928: Ed endorsed some of the ideas of WR.
concerning the hazards of "excessive sexual intercourse" and
overpopulation by mental, moral & physical defectives. ERB is witness
to an exchange of written arguments between Thurston and GB Shaw
Bio Timeline Notes
*** 2002: Richard Harris
(1930.10.01-2002.10.25) died on this date. He was born Oct.
1, 1930, in Limerick, Ireland, and probably never realized he was born
on the same day as J. Allen St. John, who came into the world Oct. 1, 1872,
in Chicago. The reason that's interesting is because Harris's middle name
was also St. John and both he and J. Allen were illustrators of
Tarzan adventures. St. John illustrated Tarzan with paint and pen and is
forever associated with early images of Tarzan as well as of many of Edgar
Rice Burroughs's other characters. Harris's illustrations, on the other
hand, were in acting, specifically in acting as a fellow named James Parker,
father of Jane Parker, played by Bo Derek, in the 1981 production of "Tarzan
the Ape Man."
Fans of Burroughs would probably unanimously agreed that
Allen St. John's illustration of ERB characters are preferred to that
of Richard Harris's, although that was more the doing of John Derek, director
of the movie and husband of Bo. And technically, since the movies changed
the last name of ERB's father-daughter duo from Porter to Parker, he didn't
play a true ERB character at all!
The film credits of Richard Harris read like a list of
adventure lovers' favorite films, with roles in movies such as "Jungle
Fighters," "The Night Fighters," "The Bible: In The Beginning...," "The
Guns of Navaronne," "Mutiny on the Bounty," "The Heroes of Telemark," "Robin
and Marian," "Gulliver's Travels," "Orca," "Patriot Games," "The Hunchback
of Notre Dame" and many more. He played a macho, Tarzan-like character
in the "Man Called Horse" movie series and Dumbledore, a grandfatherly
figure not to be trifled with, in the first two "Harry Potter" movies,
dying before he could continue in the role in the subsequent movies. While
"Tarzan the Ape Man" is all about Bo, who plays Jane, the trailer features
Richard Harris as the narrator and he gets several closeups.
Tarzan the Ape Man 1981 with Harris and Bo Derek
Richard Harris as Jane "Parker"s Father
et al on Youtube
Gordon Griffith: First Tarzan ~ Mary Pickford: Little
Lord Fauntleroy Connection ~ ERB's DooDad
Romance of Tarzan 1918 Tarzan Sequel ~ Tarzan
Radio Show: Promotion ~ ET disc Label
*** 1918: The Romance of Tarzan Review: When was Tarzan
compared to a combination of Hercules, John L. Sullivan and Little Lord
Fauntleroy, some of today's viewers may wonder, who the heck was Little
Lord Fauntleroy, anyway?
"The Romance of Tarzan," which was released Oct.
13, 1918, was reviewed on Oct. 26 by Exhibitor's Trade Review, and
the writer was the one who made the comparison:
"The photoplay version of The Romance
of Tarzan was designed under the prevalent conception that the feminine
contingent likes its sweethearts rough and that brute strength is a decided
asset in a mate as well as a fascinating thing to watch. The feature consists
chiefly of feats of strength and deeds of daring performed by Tarzan, the
man reared by the apes to a combination of Hercules, John L. Sullivan and
Little Lord Fauntleroy. It is a lively, romantic drama with thrilling situations
accumulating at a breath-taking rate."
*** Read more of this review and other reviews transcribed
by Bill Hillman in the ERBzine Silver Screen Coverage at No. 0504. Interestingly,
ERB had a copy of Little Lord Fauntleroy and other books by Frances Hodgson
Burnett. Most of these Burnett books were part of Emma's collection. The
inscription inside Fauntleroy indicated that it was from Auntie Hempstead
in 1897, and it contained a Chicago World's Fair sticker.
The Romance of Tarzan
ERB's Personal Libary: "B" Shelf
*** 1921: Another bit of Tarzan-Fauntleroy trivia is
Gordon Griffith, who played Tarzan as a child in the very
first Tarzan movie, "Tarzan of the Apes" 1918, also played in a
1921 production of "Little Lord Fauntleroy." He didn't get to play
the little lord himself, though. That honor went to Mary Pickford.
There were a couple of early movies about Little Lord Fauntleroy which
had girls in the boy role, but in later films the moviemakers finally started
using real boys. Griffith's role in this movie was "boy who steals grapes."
Thus, one could say that Griffith was the first "Tarzan of the Grapes."
The original "Tarzan of the Grapes" story was written by Gene Wolfe
and appeared in the June 1972 issue of "Fantasy & Science Fiction."
It also appeared in the anthology, "Mother Was A Lovely Beast,"
by Philip Jose Farmer.
Tarzan of the Apes with Griffith as the young
"Little Lord Fauntleroy" in ERB's Personal Library
Gordon Griffin; Young Tarzan Screen Shots
films in IMDB
of the Grapes Summary
*** 1913: ERB started Mad King
of Lutha (MK) (40,000 words)
Mad King (of Lutha)
*** 1933: ERB informed Dahlquist
that he is not satisfied with the radio show - plans to take over
script writing with episode 248. He contacts Neebe, informing him of his
plan to take over the show in March 1934
Tarzan Radio Shows
1935: Lightship Murder appears
in Script - Part of the ERB Murder Mysteries series
Tarzan and the Lost Empire: A. W. Sperry Art
~ Roy and Dela White's Edgar Rice Burroughs Collection
ERB in the Press ~ Message from Mars Cartoon ~ Lamont
Johnson: Tarzan in Radio's 1952 Series
*** 2016: The mammoth ERB collection of Roy and Dela White
went to auction on this date. Sue-On and I had the pleasure of visiting
Roy and Dela in their Colorado country home. For many decades they had
searched out ERB rareties and added them to their incomparable collection.
Roy had the enjoyment of creating a collection to share with others, but
since they lived in a remote country location quite a ways from Denver,
only a few fans were able to view their treasures.
The Whites were wonderful hosts and we spent many hours
marvelling at this giant collection and handling rare items we had only
read about. We took many photos while there, but it was impossible to document
all the items. Being aware of security and their safety we did not release
these photos in ERBzine until declining health forced this wonderful couple
to move to Denver and offer their treasures to fellow fans via Heritage
Roy and Dela White's ERB Collection
Poster Collage of the White Collection
*** On Oct. 27, 1929, The World
Magazine, the Sunday supplement to the New York World, published an
article by Edgar Rice Burroughs titled "How I Wrote the Tarzan
ERB told an accurate story, yet with tongue slightly
in cheek in places, revealing "a very winsome side to his writing and his
personal character that has not been too widely known or appreciated in
the past." (Heins)
At the time the article appeared, ERB's 31st novel, "Tarzan
and the Lost Empire," had just appeared in book form and his books
had passed the eight million mark in American and British editions.
The article was reprinted in Henry Hardy Heins's
"A Golden Anniversary Bibliography of Edgar Rice Burroughs." The
article can also be read in ERBzine 0052.
Rather than quote from the article, here are some questions
based on things ERB has to say in it. If you don't know the answers, you
can read the article and find out!!
1. What age was ERB when he started writing the story
that would launch his career as a paid writer?
2. How much money was ERB making per week when he got
3. In what city did ERB work as a railroad policeman?
4. How many children did ERB and Emma have at the time
he sold his first story?
5. What was the first story ERB submitted to Thomas Newell
Metcalf, editor of The All-Story?
6. What kind of a non-fiction magazine was ERB working
for when he wrote "Tarzan of the Apes" on "old letter-heads and odd pieces
7. How many words did ERB write in 1913, the year of
his biggest literary output?
How I Wrote the Tarzan Books
Tarzan and the Lost Empire: History, Art, Reviews,
Tarzan and the Lost Empire: Read the e-Text
*** 1926: At
the invitation of the London Daily Express, Ed responded to the headline:
"Mars Message Waited." Mars is closer to Earth and thousands of
radio enthusiasts are listening for possible messages.
Camille Flammarion and Mars
Chicago Tribune: Planets Inhabited?
Off-Site References: 1926
who tried to contact Martians
have big ears
*** Lamont Johnson died on this
date in 2010. He was the voice of Tarzan in 64 shows in the 1952 Tarzan
Radio Series from Commodore. Listen to all the Lamont Tarzan Radio
Shows in ERBzine 2337.
Lamont Johnson, an Emmy-winning television director known
for bringing an understated touch to delicate subjects, died at his home
in Monterey, CA at age 88.
He was the director of more than 150 television shows,
miniseries and movies of the week, and received 11 Emmy nominations during
his 45-year directing career.
Lamont Johnson also performed on radio from the mid-1940s
through the early 1950s in a variety of roles on such shows. He played
the Tarzan role in over 70 shows in the 1951 Commodore Tarzan radio series.
See and hear at ERBzine 2337
I was a faithful listener to this series back in 1952
and was thrilled when the announcer introduced the Tarzan author Edgar
Rice Burroughs to narrate the story: "And now in the very words of Mr.
Burroughs. . ." It was many years later that I learned that ERB had
died two years before and the voice was actually that of an actor.
The Commodore Tarzan Radio Shows: Broadcasts and Summaries
*** 1940: ERB wrote a LETTER
from 1298 Kaplolani Boulevard, Honolulu to the children back home.
Topics: Hully got rid of his puppies ~ Hawaiians are dog crazy ~ Edith
Thorpe & Tom Bonynge ~ Samoan bus driver clipping ~ had lunch with
fight promoter Al Karasic and three sports writers along with wrestler
Prince Ilaki Ibn Ali Hassan, the Persian Whirlwind who is also an ERB fan
and successful pulp writer. Ed has hired a Hawaiian/Chinese 10th grader
to act as janitor in his office for $1.50 an hour. Ed has just taken Caryl
Lee to a three ring circus -- loved the elephants.
ERB Letter to family from Hawaii
*** ERB was featured in the article: "Personal Glimpses
of World-Famed Southlanders" in the LA Times, October 27, 1929 in the
column: LEE SIDE O' L.A. By Lee Shippey
Personal Glimpses of World-Famed Southlanders
*** More ERB Bio Notes:
1931: Ed saw Check
and Double Check with Amos 'n' Andy
1933: Pomona College Dean forwarded a report of unsatisfactory
work by Jack in Math. Ed responded with a humorous limerick
1941: Hulbert reported to Rothmund that he had talked
his father out of drinking so heavily and his health is much improved
Jungle Tales of Tarzan covers: CE Monroe, Hogarth,
St. John (1st), Interior St. John Art
Pantages Theatres: Hollywood, Winnipeg ~ Tarzan Radio
Stars: James & Joan Burroughs Pierce
*** 1930: ERB started but never finished a story about
a young Tarzan: "Young Tarzan Ponders" (1,170 words) (unreleased
in the ERBzine archive). This story, if finished, would had dovetailed
quite nicely with the Jungle Tales of Tarzan short stories. Danton had
sent me the typed and handwritten manuscript which I keyed into my computer
for digital display and for his ERB, Inc. files. It has never been released.
*** So, the unfinished Tarzan novel, which was revised
and "finished" by Joe Lansdale, wasn't the only chunk of Tarzan's adventures
left unfinished by Burroughs. This hand-written manuscript was discovered
by Danton Burroughs, who shared some information about it with Bill Hillman,
and Bill shared the scant information he had on his ERB Bio Timeline.
Danton didn't know much about it, other than that it appeared to have been
written years after “Jungle Tales of Tarzan,” but would have fit
nicely into the JTT series. Will ERB Inc. decide to make this available
to fans some day? Who knows? Fans would love to read it unvarnished and
unfinished. But there are a couple of ways the story could be finished,
without anyone tampering with the original writing by ERB. One way would
be for ERB Inc. to select about 10 famous authors from varying genres and
ask them to write 300-word endings to ERB's story in their own styles.
It would be fun to read ERB's unfinished story and then see how others
would finish it. Another idea would be, instead of having established authors
write suggested endings, would be to make the text available to fans as
a document and invite fans to write their own endings. Then ERB Inc. could
select the 10 it liked best and publish them along with the unfinished
ERB Bio Timeline and Calender: Oct 28, 1930 Entries
Lost Words of ERB
Jungle Tales of Tarzan: History, Art, Summaries, e-Text
Jungle Tales Interior Art by J. Allen St. John
*** 1931: Ed
attended an All-Star baseball game at Wrigley and then went to Pantages
Hollywood (just east of Hollywood & Vine ~ built in 1930
for $1.25 million, it was one of the most beautiful theatres in town. It
hosted the star-studded premieres of many major films) to see Chic
Sale in The Star Witness.
Eleven months later the Tarzan radio show received a live premiere at the
Pantages Theatre in Hollywood. Three thousand people attended the festivities
(even Johnny Weissmuller showed up) and listened as the first show was
aired, certainly a unique "live" broadcast. The show was sponsored in part
by the Signal Oil Company, and at their gas stations you were able to pick
up Tarzan puzzles and other promotions, while dad filled the car up with
Tarzan gas. The stars of the show, of course were ERB's son-in-law and
daughter: James and Joan Burroughs Pierce as Tarzan and Jane.
*** There were many theatres built on this style around
North America. The one that I am most familiar with is the Playhouse/Pantages
Theatre in Winnipeg. Sue-On and I have performed there many times.
Quite a thrill being in the dressing rooms and on the stage that have hosted
somany greats over the years: all the vaudeville greats in the early days
and a myriad of entertainers since: opera, ballet, theatre, big bands,
pop, rock, C/W, jazz, broadcasts, etc. Our onstage performances included
a series of Opry North network radio broadcasts. Of the many theatres once
found in Pantages' chain, the theatres in Hollywood and Winnipeg are among
the few that have survived.
Tarzan Premiere at the Pantages Theatre
ERB Divorce and Marriage
1934: LA Times reported that ERB
had taken up residence in Las Vegas, hinting that most temporary
residents are there for quick divorces. After Ed's divorce finally came
through, he and Flo would be married next year on April 4.
4, 1935: Ed and Florence took a Western Air Express flight to Las
Vegas. They were married at the court house at 10:20 by Judge William Orr
with witnesses McNamee and Mrs. Keller. They flew back to LA. Joan,
who had been Florence's close friend, would never speak to her again. Florence's
children, Lee, age six, and Caryl Lee, age four, became very attached to
Ed ("Ebby"). Photo
1939: Nephew Studley Burroughs
wrote that he had steady work doing cartoons and had done a series of posters
for a brewery company. He reported that his dad and Ed's brother, Harry,
was still in the hospital following his operation (cataracts?). He was
still wearing a bandage on his eye but he was no longer suffering mental
lapses. He had heard the Texaco broadcast by accident and wanted
Ed to inform him of future radio appearances. In answer to Studley's query
Ed described the "slat house" he had built (to give flowers protection
from wind and hot sun he nailed slats on a frame with a small space between
Studley Oldham Burroughs
1945: Ed boarded a plane for the
mainland -- leaving Hawaii and his many WWII adventures behind. He would
spend his remaining years in his beloved San Fernando Valley and Tarzana.
ERB: The War Years
1951: Joe R. Lansdale was
born on this date in Gladewater, TX. He went on to become a well-known
prolific writer. Joe has written novels and stories in various genres,
including Western, horror, science fiction, mystery, and suspense. He has
also written for comics as well as Batman: The Animated Series. He has
written 45 novels and published 30 short story collections along with many
chapbooks and comic book adaptations. Several of his novels have been adapted
to film and to television series.
Joe was chosen to finish ERB's unfinished 82-page Tarzan
Manuscript: Tarzan: The Lost Adventure. He was Guest of Honour at
the 2017 Irving, Texas, ECOF.
Tarzan: The Lost Adventure
2017 Irving, Texas, ECOF
Comparison of ERB's Fragment and Lansdale's Version
Tarzan the Mighty: released as a serial and
feature in 1928 with Frank Merrill and Natalie Kingston
ERB and silent film star Baby Peggy ~ Kingston in
her swim scene ~ Frank Merrill in costume
*** 1918: The Birth date of Diana Serra Cary,
known as Baby Peggy -- American former child actress of the Silent
Film Era. She went on to become a noted author and historian. She is
the Last Living Silent Star. She made the Equivalent of $14M a Movie and
Lost It All. Baby Peggy's family bought a plot out in the San Fernando
Valley at ERB's urging (she doesn't say if it was one of ERB's Tarzana
Ranch properties), and they were regulars at his prohibition-era parties.
Baby Peggy's father later decided a move to Beverly Hills was in order
to promote her image by allowing magazine photo layouts of their lavish
home. Baby Peggy's parents were friends with Ed and Emma Burroughs, and
there are several anecdotes in her biography (along with a fascinating
first-person account of Hollywood from the silent era foreword). At the
age of 4 1/2 she was signed to a remarkable $1,500,000 contract. ( Her
co-stars included the likes of Clara Bow, Irene Rich, Edward Everett Horton,
Hobart Bosworth, and other major names. However, by the age of 6 it was
all over. The film career of Baby Peggy abruptly ended in 1925 when her
father had a falling out with studio executives over her contract. They
retained their friendship with Emma Burroughs after the Burroughs divorce.
ERB Family Friend: Baby Peggy - Child Star
Appeal to Help 98-year-old Baby Peggy
Reporter: Last Living Silent Star
*** 1928: Frank Merrill (March
21, 1893.03.21-1966.02.12) was brazenly billed as the "first Tarzan" because
he had played stuntman for Elmo Lincoln in the latter's outings as Tarzan.
Universal labeled him as such in some of its promotional material for "Tarzan
the Mighty." When filming was to begin on the 15-chapter serial, a
fellow named Joe Bonomo was tapped as the next Tarzan. However,
Joe was injured three days into shooting and the mantle of Tarzan was draped
over Merrill instead. Merrill, who invented the vine-swinging stunts for
the Tarzan franchise, was also the most dressed Tarzan, wearing a nearly
full torso leopard skin and even headgear -- a large sweatband. He also
wore shoes...or slippers...or something. But at least they, too, appeared
to have been made with leopard skins.
The film was based loosely on “Jungle Tales of Tarzan,”
with the ape man contemplating God, his challenge to Goro the moon, his
concern over not having a mate, and the apes Teeka and Taug. It had run
as a serial for a few months previous to this feature film release.
Natalie Kingston played female love interest Mary
Trevor - a name used in one of the first Maxon Sunday pages, but in
the next Merrill Tarzan movie, "Tarzan the Tiger," she changed her
name to Lady Jane Greystoke.
Tarzan the Mighty: Credits, Photos, Synopses, Novelization
Tarzan the Mighty Gallery of photos, ads:
Frank Merrill Remembered: 3 Webpages
Tarzan the Mighty: Film Novelization: 15 Chapters
Natalie Kingston Photo Gallery
Natalie Kingston Collage
*** 1945: Finally home in Tarzana and catching up on
his mail Ed wrote a letter to Thelma Terry in Australia: A short letter.
Ed reported that he was home to stay. "Was glad to
read what you wrote about the American boys. I think that everywhere they
have been far more popular with the girls than they have with the men.
I remember one night when a taxi driver in Sydney wouldn't take us on board
because of Ham. He wouldn't drive an American. Probably some G.I. got his
ERB's Letter to Thelma Terry in Australia
1933: Hal Foster's Tarzan
Sunday Strip on this date was "Combat"
Foster's Tarzan: Combat
*** 1945: Ed arrived in the morning
at Hamilton Field, outside of San Francisco, and is greeted by Jack and
Lt. Middleton. After celebrating around town they take a leisurely trip
back down the coast. - Ed is finally home after his service in the Pacific
Theatre as the oldest war correspondent in the war.
Illustrated Time Line of Events: 1945: The War Years
*** 2012: George McWhorter and
his University of Louisville ERB Exhibit Celebrated a Century of Tarzan
on WHAS-TV. Visit our George McWhorter Tribute Site.
McWhorter ERB Collection's Century Celebration of
George McWhorter Tribute Site
*** More Notes From ERB Bio Timeline
1929: The Stock Market Crash signaled that Ed and Weston's
investments were in trouble.
1941: ERB's 2,400-word article, Fall of a Democracy
was completed. Magazine submissions were turned down and it was never published.
ERB Bio Timeline & Annotated Calendar
2005: Today is National Cat day. Cats
played a major part in ERB's books, not the typical pet house cat, but
rather the huge denizens of the wild: lions, leopards panthers, tigers
and even the giant lion-like banths on Barsoon.
Tarzan and the Golden Lion: The Classic Pose
Thuvia, Maid of Mars art: PJ Monahan Cover,
J. Allen St. John Interiors ~ Mars Invasion:
War of the Worlds Broadcast with Orson Welles
~ ERB, Maureen O'Sullivan, Johnny Weissmuller
*** 1920, "Thuvia, Maid of Mars": ERB's fourth
Martian novel and his 11th hardback overall -- was published on this date.
You'll see in ERBzine 0425 that the working title for Thuvia
was Carthoris. The story was originally serialized in All-Story Weekly:
1916 April 8, 15, 22. It was published in hardcover by AC McClurg
~ 256 pages ~ 1st Ed. Print Run: 17,00 ~ Total: 104,500 ~ Heins word count:
45,000. At the end of the story, ERB provides a glossary of terms and names
found in the first four Martian novels - the glossary isfeatured in ERBzine
0425. The original jacket features the same P.J. Monahan art which adorned
the All-Story Weekly cover when the story appeared in a pulp serial, but
interior art is by J. Allen St. John.
Thuvia herself had actually been introduced in "The Gods of Mars," the
girl who had a way with banths, those huge and ferocious Barsoomian lions.
ERB sometimes varied his series books by writing one
about the male offspring of a main character. In the Tarzan series, this
was "The Son of Tarzan," featuring the adventures of little Jack, who became
Korak the Killer. In the Pellucidar series, ERB devoted a book to the adventures
of Tanar, the son of Ghak the Hairy One. But in Thuvia, he chose to give
the title honors to the female of the species, although John Carter and
Dejah Thoris's son, Carthoris, was just as much a part of this story.
In this novel, at least two new elements
are introduced to readers of Barsoom -- the Destination Compass invented
by Carthoris and the Phantom Bowmen, including Kar Komak.
Although the ethereal bowmen shoot phantom arrows, they
can kill you just as dead through the power of suggestion. Kar Komak appeared
as a phantom so many times that eventually he turned into a real person,
just like wooden Pinocchio turned into a real boy. Fortunately, he came
down on the side of Carthoris and Thuvia! Besides being an adept fighting
man and a valuable ally for Carthoris and Thuvia, Kar Komak also gave an
assist to John Carter himself. For, in the next book, "The Chessmen of
Mars," we read the prelude where John Carter visits his nephew ERB:
"And now as to your natural question
as to what brings me to Earth again and in this, to earthly eyes, strange
habiliment. We may thank Kar Komak, the bowman of Lothar. It was he who
gave me the idea upon which I have been experimenting until at last I have
achieved success. As you know I have long possessed the power to cross
the void in spirit, but never before have I been able to impart to inanimate
things a similar power. Now, however, you see me for the first time precisely
as my Martian fellows see me--you see the very short-sword that has tasted
the blood of many a savage foeman; the harness with the devices of Helium
and the insignia of my rank; the pistol that was presented to me by Tars
Tarkas, Jeddak of Thark."
Thuvia, Maid of Mars: History, Reviews, Glossary,
Thuvia, Maid of Mars: Read the eText
Thuvia: J. Allen St. John Interior Art Collage
Thuvia Cover Art Collage
*** 1912: ERB submitted a rough outline
of a Tarzan of the Apes sequel to All-Story - working title was
The Return of Tarzan: History, Art, Reviews
1931: Tarzan, Guard of the Jungle
- Tarzan the Invincible - started in Blue Book
Blue Book Pulp Cover Collage
1931: On this date starlet Maureen
O’Sullivan was personally chosen by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer production
head Irving Thalberg to star opposite Johnny Weissmuller in the
first Tarzan talkie, “Tarzan the Ape Man.” O’Sullivan was given a studio
contract and hired at $300 per week, $50 more than Weissmuller.
Maureen O'Sullivan: (9 Pages plus all the films)
*** 1938: America's fascination
with the planet Mars and Martians was further stoked when The Mercury
Theatre on the Air with Orson Welles produced the radio version of
H.G. Wells' "War of the Worlds" broadcast terrified much of the
country on this date although this terror was greatly exaggerated by the
sensationalistic media of the day. Nevertheless, the show is one of the
best known and popular shows from the Golden Age of Radio.
The show has an honoured place along with many related newsstories and
videos in my giant OTR library of many thousands of shows.
Mercury Theatre War of the Worlds Script
Listen to the War of the Worlds Broadcast
Read H.G. Wells' book War of the Worlds
War of the Worlds Radio Show Collage
*** 1941; In his letter home to
Joan, Ed reported that he and Hully were having some grand old discussions
~ concerning: Grand Opera "Hulbert said that I was a 'musical
moron.' It is the first time I was ever accused of being musical
. . . I agreed with Schopenhauer that 'the amount of noise a man can endure
is in inverse ratio to his intelligence' . . .Such insulting remarks always
follow our discussions of the Roosevelt family. . . . "
ERB Letter Home from Wartime Hawaii
was the last day of Chicago's World's Columbian Exposition, a great
fair that celebrated the 400th anniversary of Columbus's arrival in the
New World. The Expo was an important event for young Ed Burroughs who spent
the summer there - first parading with the MMA cadets and then working
at his father's battery exhibit in the Transportation Building. Part of
his duties were to do exhibition drives of the first electric horseless
carriage in Chicago - powered by his dad's company batteries. ERBzine.com
features hundreds of photos of the Expo and accounts of what ERB saw and
did, starting at:
Young Ed Burroughs' Remarkable Summer of '93
A 30-Webpage Illustrated Docu-Novel by Bill Hillman
The Mucker: Cover and Interior art by J. Allen
St. John ~ Bookstore Ad ~ Return of the Mucker
(Man Without A Soul): UK Methuen Edition ~
Wartime Photos in Hawaii: ERB and son Hully
*** 1920: On this date The Mucker was published
by A.C. McClurg ~ 414 pages ~ US 1st Ed. Print Run: 17,000 ~ Total: 122,830
~ Heins word count: 138,000. It had been serialized earlier in All-Story
as The Mucker and The Return of the Mucker. TThe UK Methuen edition
of the Mucker Pt. I pre-dates that of McClurg as it had been published
on October 6.
The hardbound book edition of "The Mucker" held the distinction
of being the tallest ERB book, at least for 15 years.
When it was published, on Friday, Oct. 31, 1921, it was
a bit taller than all of the other McClurg first editions, standing at
7 and 7/8 inches in height instead of 7 and a half. The G&D reprint
cut it back down to normal size. But in 1936, along came an ERB book written
specifically for children: “Tarzan and the Tarzan Twins with Jad-bal-ja
The Golden Lion.” This topped even “The Mucker,” standing 9 ½ by
7 ½ inches tall.
The 2010 version of “The Mucker,” published by The Chicago
Muckers chapter of The Burroughs Bibliophiles for distribution at the Dum
Dum, also topped the first “Mucker” but didn’t quite reach the height of
the juvenile book, measuring 9 and 5/16 inches tall.
In modern times, there have been other editions of ERB
books which have been even taller, including “Minidoka,” the Michael Kaluta-illustrated
edition of “A Princess of Mars,” the David Burton-illustrated “Tarzan of
the Apes,” and others.
After first appearing in “All Story” pulp magazines,
the book story has gone through a number of printings, including a Canaveral
Press edition, paperback editions and foreign editions. It originally appeared
in a pulp magazine as two novelettes, “The Mucker” and “The Return of the
Mucker.” Both parts were combined for the book. However, some later printings,
most notably by Ace Books, re-divided it back into its original two parts,
with paperback editions of both “The Mucker” and “The Return of the Mucker.”
If you have a copy of McClurg's “The Mucker,” you can
look at the title page to find out if it's a first or a second printing.
The first says 1921 on the title page; the second says 1922.
ERBzine defines “Mucker” thus: “A
person who removes dirt and waste, especially from mines or stables. An
informal British term for a friend or companion. In the Canadian or British
Armies it applies to a comrade -- a friendly, low-ranking soldier in the
same situation. It is a dated term in the U.S. for a rough or coarse person.”
The Mucker: History, Art, Links, Comic, Reviews
Mucker Issue: Burroughs Bulletin
Mucker commentary by Phil Burger:
Mucker: Read the e-Text
Mucker Splash Bar
Mucker: Preview Collage
***1942: Ed wrote a letter full of exciting developments
home to Joan. Ed sent copies of the Honolulu paper relating some of Hulbert's
experiences at Guadalcanal: "The plane he was in was under
anti-aircraft fire from land batteries over Buka and from thirty-eight
Jap warships over Shortland harbor. It had running fights with Zeros,
two of them, with a total of about twenty-five Zeros participating.
The plane was hit with machine guns and one shell which failed to explode,
but remained in the plane. After they got back to Guadalcanal,
they were bombed from the air, shelled by shore batteries, and by Jap warships
all the rest of the day and all night. The latter dropped 14" shells,
among others. They took off the next morning while the shore battery
was shelling the field. Some experience!" Ed had received his
correspondent's credentials from the War Department. He was waiting for
the UP bureau chief to send him on assignment. "All my life I have wanted
to be a war correspondent - to really see things first hand and write about
them. After all, I am a professional writer; Not a professional soldier."
Hully Photos in Wartime Hawaii
Collage of Hully's WWII Photos
*** 1903: Ed wrote his first piece
of fiction: Minidoka 937th Earl of One Mile Series M. An Historical
Fairy Tale - 82 pages handwritten on the backs of letterheads and odd
sheets of paper. The amazing thing about Minidoka is the fact that it is
kind of an Ur-text or a primitive template from which all of his subsequent
stories are drawn. It might just be a line here or a line there,
but it all sounds strangely familiar.
Minidoka 937th Earl of One Mile Series M. An Historical
*** 1935: ERB rented a Palm Springs
home for 8 months. He spent time at the Racquet Club owned by
Ralph Bellamy and Charles Farrell. Bellamy became a "kind
of stepfather" to the kids. Weissmuller gives swimming lessons to
the kids here.
*** 1904: Ed tried a series of jobs: a high-rise
timekeeper, door-to-door book salesman, seller of electric light bulbs
to janitors and candy to drugstores, accountant and office manager, etc.
ERB Bio Timeline and Annotated Calendar
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