Official Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
Since 1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
Volume 6314

Collated by John Martin and Bill Hillman
With Web Design, Added Events, Links,
Illustrations and Photo Collages by Bill Hillman

January 22  :: January 23 ::  January 24  ::  January 25  ::  January 26
January 27  :: January 28  ::  January 29  :: January 30  ::  January 31
click for full-size images


Film Tarzans: Scott ~ Henry ~ Ely ~ Skarsgard ~ Lincoln: Al Bohl's Lord of the Louisiana Jungle
I Am A Barbarian ~ Authors: John Coleman Burroughs, Bob Zeuschner, Scott Tracy Griffin

*** 1934: From our LOST WORDS OF ERB Series: In a letter to Jack, ERB wrote: "I've kept it a secret because I didn't want anyone to worry until I had my pilot's license. In other words, I am taking flying lessons and have been for about a month. Am getting along very nicely and take a ship up, fly it around and land it without breaking my neck. Mama and Hulbert came out to watch me take a lesson yesterday, but before I did so they went up in a Stinson cabin job. It was mamma's first flight and she enjoyed it thoroughly, not being at all afraid.  The natural consequence of my flying is that Hulbert is going to start taking lessons; and I presume that when you are through college, you will follow suit."
    NOTE: Unfortunately, on February 16,  twenty-five-year-old Hully, while attempting to land in a strong crosswind, lost control of the craft and crashed into an adjacent golf course.
He suffered minor injuries but it effectively put an end to the family's interest in flying. Another tragedy struck later when their instructor, Jim Granger, was killed in a plane crash.
ERB's Letter to Son Jack
1943: ERB On Assignment in New Caledonia:
On this date, Ed learned that one of the new pilots he had flown in with on December 5th had been killed in a crash on the island without seeing combat. Ed made the long drive through mountains, swamp and jungle to the lower end of the island to get a story at the American Red Cross Officers' Rest Area. He picked up six CBs along the way.
    The Red Cross Area was disappointing, inhabited by only a Frenchman and a donkey. On the return drive along the bay and seashore he speculated on how much more the Americans had done for the island than the French who had left little in return for the enormous wealth they had taken out. "It is a monument to the absolute low in colonization." Back at the hotel in Nouméa [pronounced NUMA :)] he had supper with Lt. Cmdr. John D. Bulkeley, hero of They Were Expendable.
    I've keyed in all 50 pages of ERB's Wartime Journal for all ERB fans to enjoy. Through many more hours of research I found relative photos and links for each of the 50 pages which I added to the series.
ERB's entire 50-page 1942-43 Wartime Journal is starts at:
Journal Entry for January 22, 1943
ERB: Wartime Journals - Summarized Illustrated Timeline of Events
ERB On Assignment in New Caledonia

*** Jan. 22, 1966, probably didn't generate any ERB headlines in many newspapers, but on that date Ron Ely left the U.S. for the jungles of Brazil to begin filming the new "Tarzan" television series. The product was ready for the marketplace by Sept. 16 of that year, as ERB fans gathered around their television sets to hear that famous jungle call sounding from off the top of a waterfall and to see Tarzan swinging into action every week for two years.
STUNTS: Ron Ely insisted on doing all his own stunts and animal fights.
This resulted in at least 17 wounds and injuries ~~ in the first season alone:
~1. Seven stitches to the head from a lion bite
~ 2. broken nose in a water fight
~ 3. dislocated jaw in a fight
~ 4. wrenched neck and disc in vine swinging accident
~ 5. right shoulder separation in vine swinging accident
~ 6. left shoulder separation from vine breaking during swing
~ 7. 3 broken ribs from same accident
~ 8. right biceps muscle torn in lion fight
~ 9. claw marks from leopard and puma fight
~ 10. sprained wrists from action scenes
~ 11. left leg hamstring muscle pulled
~ 12. right thigh muscle pulled
~ 13. bites and claw marks from jungle animals
~ 14. both ankles sprained from hard landings after leaps
~ 15. tops of feet badly scratched in fall down hill
~ 16. cracked left heel and
~ 17. bottom of right foot torn slipping on rocky mountains.
Ron Ely's Tarzan TV Series: Titles, Dates, Summaries
*** It was a heady decade, those 1960s, and the momentum was still going in 1966 and 1967. The decade began with Gordon Scott's last Tarzan movie, "Tarzan the Magnificent," and within a couple of years ERB fans -- old ones and newly created ones -- were buying paperback ERB novels off the grocery store racks and those who could afford to pay just a little bit more were ordering hardbound Canaveral editions at $2.95 each.

Gordon Scott Tribute
Tarzan the Magnificent
Canaveral Press Editions
*** In 1966, that magic year that Tarzan first appeared in a regular TV series, April saw the appearance of a new, authorized Tarzan novel, "Tarzan and the Valley of Gold," by Fritz Lieber, although there was criticism from some fans when Ballantine labeled it "No. 25," as if it was a part of the "canon" created by ERB himself! Although it's been published only once, in that Ballantine edition, it is a pretty good Tarzan novel and well worth having and reading. It was followed a couple of months later by the actual movie, starring Mike Henry.

Tarzan and the Valley of Gold book and movie:
*** Mike Henry
played Tarzan three times, including again in 1967 ("Tarzan and the Great River"). Meanwhile, there was Ely's second season on television; House of Greystoke presses rolled with a reprint of Tarzan newspaper strips in "The Illustrated Tarzan Book #1;" an ERB novel, "I Am A Barbarian," was published for the first time; and Robert Fenton's ERB biography, "The Big Swingers," and John Coleman Burroughs' "Treasure of the Black Falcon" both appeared in print.
Tarzan and the Great River
House of Greystoke
The Illustrated Tarzan Book #1
I Am A Barbarian
The Big Swingers
John Coleman Burroughs
Treasure of the Black Falcon
*** Not every era can match that 60s era, but we seem to be in the midst of another such time in history. In 2012 it was the John Carter and "Lord of the Jungle" comic books, the "John Carter" movie; Al Bohl's Morgan City, Louisiana, Tarzan Festival; the new ERB stamp issued in connection with the Dum-Dum in August of 2012; and Stan Galloway's Tarzan Centennial Conference in Bridgewater, Va., in October and November.

Most of the 2012 Events and Releases are featured at:
and in the ERBzine Weekly Archive for 2012

Some of the specific events mentioned in the para above:
John Carter (of Mars) 2012 film
Al Bohl's Morgan City, Louisiana, Tarzan Festival
ERB Commemorative Stamp
Dum-Dum in August of 2012
Stan Galloway's Tarzan Centennial Conference

*** Those were followed by such things as two new Tarzan history books by Scott Tracy Griffin, a new bibliography by Robert B. Zeuschner, special reprint editions of "Back to the Stone Age" and "Land of Terror" by Jim Gerlach; Michael Tierney's 100-year art chronology, and lots of new fiction telling new stories from the worlds of Edgar Rice Burroughs. These titles and more are featured at: ERB Still Lives
*** A new major motion picture, "The Legend of Tarzan," hit screens in 2016, and there's still a big Dum Dum and ECOF every year.

And this decade still has a couple of years to go, so no telling what will happen next!
The Legend of Tarzan film
Annual Dum-Dum and ECOF Conventions
*** 1906: Robert E. Howard
(1906.01.22-1936.06.11) was born on this date. Howard was a Texas-born author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres. He is best known for his character Conan the Barbarian and is regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre. Conan has a pop-culture imprint that has been compared to such icons as Tarzan of the Apes, Count Dracula, Sherlock Holmes, and James Bond. Many feel that ERB's Tarzan was a major influence on Howard's creation of Conan since many similarities may be drawn. In fact, a number of writers have written Tarzan/Conan cross-over fiction and many of the top artists of Fantasy Adventure heroes have created art for both heroes. Howard's writings were published in a wide selection of magazines, journals, and newspapers, and he became proficient in several subgenres. His greatest success occurred after his death.
    Author Robert Allen Lupton's observations: "Robert E. Howard, the creator of Conan, Red Sonja, King Kull, Solomon Kane and Bran Mak Morn and several more, was born in Peaster, Texas. In his short career, he wrote hundreds of stories for the pulps, primarily for Weird Tales. He wrote of sailors, boxers, and street fighters. As his career neared its premature end, he focused on western stories. The Breckenridge Elkins’ tales are a treat.
"Howard was often compared with ERB, but his sword and sorcery tales always seemed grittier to me than ERB’s novels, his protagonists were more tarnished, and his women not as innocent.  Howard’s output was almost exclusively short stories, with some notable exceptions, while ERB’s output was primarily novels, with some exceptions. Howard earned less than $20,000 from his writings, beginning with a payment of $16.00 by Weird Tales, for his short story, “Spear and Fang,” which was published in July 1925. The story is available to read for free at the Gutenberg project:
Howard had a phobia of aging and old age, a frequent subject in his writings, where characters were always eternally youthful and vigorous. He often spoke of a desire to die young. Howard took his own life on June 11, 1936."
Sources for and Imitators of the ERB Classics
Robert Allen Lupton's Work in ERBzine:
Tarzan vs Conan Art


Buck Rogers Film with Buster Crabbe & James Pierce ~ All-Story Pulp Release:
Sweetheart Priveval (Eternal Lover) ~ Gray Morrow Tarzan Strip ~ ERB's "Chain Letter" note

*** 1943: ERB on Wartime Assignment in New Caledonia: On this date Ed returned to the hospital for sulfadiazine tablets and got permission to interview casualties and examine records showing causes of disability. "Tales of courage, of loyalty, of miracles. Tales of the cunning, the ruthlessness, the fanaticism of the Japs. These I heard that day from men recently wounded by gunfire or shrapnel on the jungle front, as I sat beside their hospital beds. . . . without exception they gave the 'Pill Rollers' (Medical Corps) credit for the highest courage and indefatigable performance of duty under fire." Ed spent the evening with Pat Frank, OWI, who had been with the BMTC in Honolulu.
    Danton had shared these journals with me back in 2003 and it was a thrill to go through them - all 60 type-written pages describing his exploits as a war correspondent in the Pacific Theatre from December 1942 through April 1943. His grandfather titled this journal "A Diary of a Confused Old Man". I collated and summarized excerpted events and scoured the Web for photos and links that would illustrate the text. ERB's daily thoughts about his wartime experiences makes for a fascinating read and gives an intimate look into the author's thoughts during those troubled and dangerous times.
ERB: Wartime Journals - Illustrated Timeline of Events
*** 1915: "Sweetheart Primeval," the second half of "The Eternal Lover," began as a serial this date, Jan. 23, 1915, in "All-Story Cavalier Weekly." It was the 14th ERB story to be published. Yes, once ERB broke into print in 1912, he really started churning them out! "The Eternal Lover" also marked the fourth, though limited, appearance of Tarzan of the Apes. On another Jan. 23, in 1938, ERB was interviewed on KFWB in Hollywood and said he had originally planned to write only two Tarzan stories. That's probably why, in this book, he mentioned that Lord Greystoke had "once been" Tarzan of the Apes.

    However, his third, "The Beasts of Tarzan," had already appeared in print, and the fourth full-fledged Tarzan Novel, "The Son of Tarzan," would come out later in 1915.
That first appearance of "Sweetheart Primeval" was illustrated by P.J. Monahan.
    The cover, and other Monahan art, is featured in ERBzine. The Monahan family shared many documents and art samples with me -- many of which I shared for my ERBzine readers. I'm working on an expansion of this artist tribute for future release.
Eternal Lover and Sweetheart Priveval in All-Story Pulp Biblio
The Beasts of Tarzan in C.H.A.S.E.R.
Son of Tarzan in C.HA.S.E.R.
Artist P.J. Monahan Tributes

Off-Site Reference:
Eternal Lover Synopsis

*** Gil Gerard celebrates his birthday on this date. Sci-fi fans remember him in the role of Buck Rogers in the late 70s TV series, "Buck Rogers in the 25th Century." In one episode, "Planet of the Slave Girls" (originally broadcast Sept. 27, 1979), he encountered Tarzan actor Buster Crabbe, in the role of Brigadier Gordon. Crabbe, of course, under his alternate screen name of Larry Crabbe, also played the role of Buck Rogers, in a 1939 serial, as well as Flash Gordon. His Tarzan outing was the 1933 Universal serial, "Tarzan the Fearless," which also had a movie version.
    Another interesting Tarzan connection features James "Tarzan" Pierce with Buster Crabbe in the original Flash Gordon Serial. On a signed photo Pierce wrote: "I'm the one with the beard as The Lion Man"
Crabbe as Buck Rogers along with former Tarzan
and ERB son-in-law, James Pierce (bearded)
Tarzan the Fearless

Off-Site Reference
Crabbe's Buck Rogers in Wikipedia

*** 1930:  ERB hated chain letters, but he once sent one, on Jan. 23, 1930, complete with a poem of apology for doing so:
"I never did this thing before ~ Nor shall I do it ever more ~ Forgive my first! ~ Of all the goddam pests there be ~ Chain letter writers seem to me ~ By far the worst ~ But when the Prince of Wales I see ~ And others of celebrity ~ I almost burst ~ With pride and with avidity ~ I seize my pen and send to thee ~ This thing accurst."
ERB's Chain Letter
Who else was on this chain? See the ERBzine Bio Timeline:
*** 19194: "Deadly Gambit," by Gray Morrow and Don Kraar, began Jan. 23, 1994, and ran for 12 Sundays.

Deadly Gambit: 12 Tarzan Strips by Gray Morrow


A Tarzana pose of ERB when he was a RR cop at Salt Lake City ~ Police Reporter Magazine
Ray Stevens' "Guitarzan": Record and Photo ~ Russ Manning: Tarzan Strip Art and Photo Collage

1930: Edgar Rice Burroughs, under the pseudeonym, Edar Burr, submitted the manuscript for his 20-stanza, 2,215-word, 14-line poem, GENGHIS KHAN to Good Housekeeping Magazine (it was rejected). It had been written during December 1929 to January 1930. Danton Burroughs of ERB, Inc. shared this rare manuscript (Copyright ERB, Inc. - Not to be distributed) with me, which I transcribed for display in ERBzine across 6 Webpages. I also added research, photos, and Khan art by Frazetta, Krenkel, Buscema, and Franke.
ERB's 20-stanza poem: GENGHIS KHAN
*** 1986: L. Ron Hubbard (1911.03.13-1986.01.24) died on this date in Creston, California. Although the lives of both men had much in common, they were born about 35 years apart. In fact, Ron Hubbard was born in 1911 -- the year that Ed Burroughs had his first story published. They were noted for their prodigious output of stories over all genres and were trendsetters in popular fiction for many decades.  They shared an ability for captivating storytelling and fast-paced plots and colourful unforgettable characters. Before they ventured into the world of writing they had both lived adventurous lives that rivaled anything their vivid imaginations put to the printed page.

    Early on they found a market in the very popular and inexpensive "pulp" magazines, which  were a natural showcase for the fledgling writers. These low-cost, widely distributed magazines were embellished with colourful sensationalist cover art and contained exciting black-and white interior illustrations that illustrated a panorama of literary genres: exotic adventures, action, war, western, science fiction, horror, romance, historical, fantasy, etc.  Both men kept extensive notebooks and journals. Details from their many real-life adventures and travels found their way into their stories . . .often through the kaleidoscope lenses of their inexhaustible imaginations.
    Both imaginative authors had the good fortune of having their first published stories appear in two of the most popular magazine titles of their day: ERB debuted inAll-Story with the Mars science fiction adventure, "Under the Moons of Mars" in 1911 (later published in hardcover as A Princess of Mars)  and LRH's "The Green God" appeared 33 years later in Thrilling Adventures in February 1934.
    Sue-On and I toured the Hubbard Museum on Hollywood Boulevard and when they learned that I had researched and written a series of LRH/ERB features in ERBzine we received the royal treatment. They sent a fantastic collection of books, reearch materials and memorabilia to aid in my project. They even sent a film crew to Canada and invited us to the elaborate, many-storey Hubbard Library near Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood so that I could share my views on early pulp fiction in a documentary they were producing.
We also received invitations to the Explorers Club in New York and the Writers of the Future SF Awards ceremonies in Hollywood. Later in his life, Hubbard moved from his career as a writer of science fiction and adventure stories to create a "branch of self-help psychology" called Dianetics which evolved into a new religious movement called Scientology. Our meetings only involved the mutal interests of ERB and LRH with never any mention of psychology or religion - areas in which ERB was never involved.
Guide to the ERB/LRH Connection (8 Webpages)
 *** 1943: Ed and Pat Frank went to Isle Nou, formerly a French penal colony dating back to 1864. Around 100 "old white derelects" -  former inmates - still resided on the island. Ed waxed nostalgically over seeing the USS Argonne and the liner Lurline in the harbour -- ships he had spent time on in the past. He was treated royally by the Lurline crew who remembered him from the past voyages. he had made with his second wife Florence.

ERB: Wartime Journals - Illustrated Timeline of Events
*** Edgar Rice Burroughs was at his most sarcastic and indignant in an article published in the L.A. Times on Jan. 24, 1940, when he took on the L.A.P.D. for shooting down citizens.

He began his article by recounting the gist of a news story he had read: "A citizen has been arrested and booked on suspicion of manslaughter because, after hearing a noise in the kitchen of a girl friend and seeing a prowler, he shot the man after warning him three times and ordering him to come out with his hands up."
ERB then contrasted that with the fact that no police offers had been charged similarly in three separate incidents of "...innocent men being shot by plainclothesmen of the police or Sheriff's forces for running away from what each one though was a holdup, but I have not read that any of these peace officers was arrested or booked."
    ERB personalized the article with: "My interest in this matter was aroused by an experience that one of my sons had with a couple of the highly intelligent, courteous and efficient bully-boys of the Los Angeles Police Department. He was accosted, insulted and manhandled on a lonely street in Bel-Air one night last year and accused of being the 'Phantom Burglar' of Bel-Air. We don't know if he is referring to Hully or Jack.
    "His first and natural reaction when he saw two men leap from a car and come for him was to run, for he believed that he was about to be the victim of a hold-up or a kidnapping. Had he run he would have been shot."
    He continued: "It seems to me that something should be done about this shooting of men simply because they run away from an imagined danger. If it is a capital crime to run, at least give us a fair trial and an opportunity to kiss our loved ones good-by. Perhaps, inasmuch as we protect sage hens and speckled trout with a closed season, we might have a closed season for runners."
    ERB said he had written the police chief as well as the police commission and not received the courtesy of a reply.
    "It seems to me quite bad enough to have to be in constant terror of holdup men and kidnapers without having the Police Department shooting at us every time we go out at night," he concluded.
There's a little more to the article which can be read in full by scrolling down to the article, "Shooting Citizens," in ERBzine 1441:
Shooting Citizens
*** A decade earlier, ERB had written a much different article about the police. In "The Citizen and the Police," published in 1929 in "The Police Reporter," ERB wrote, among other things: "If we were to lie awake nights for a year trying to evolve the most asinine thing that we could do, we could not achieve a more monumental asininity than that of aiding the present insidious campaign of calumny directed against the police, whereby we are undermining our personal safety and playing into the hands of our natural enemies -- the crooks, criminals and grafters who constitute the organized forces of lawlessness that are a peculiar consequence of present-day American civilization." Obvioiusly, ERB called them as he saw them and, like the police, was a "straight-shooter," depending on the circumstances and his frame of mind at the time.

ERB's Article: "The Citizen and the Police"
*** Novelty song-writer and singer Ray Stevens was born this day in 1939. We probably first heard of Ray Stevens when he came out with "Ahab the Arab." in 1962. But in 1969, Stevens had his first gold single, "Gitarzan," a song undoubtedly familiar to all ERB fans. Several versions of it can usually be found by searching Youtube but we've featured it in ERBzine for many years.

    I learned much about the other, more serious side of Ray Stevens from popular Canadian singer Bobby Curtola. Ray was also a well-known record producer and had produced many of the hits that came out of Bobby's Nashville sessions. I toured as Bobby's lead guitar player around the time he was recording many of  these records in the '60s and worked with him again on his shows 40 years later.
    While in Nashville we visited studios and publishing on Music Row that Stevens had frequented and met many musicians who had worked with him and shared many stories with us about his zany songs -- unfortunately we've never had the chance to meet with "Mr. Gitarzan" :)
GITARZAN Lyrics and Video at ERBzine's "Tarzan On Record"
The Hillman / Curtola Connection
*** "Jad-Bal-Ja and the Apes," by Russ Manning, began Jan. 24, 1971, and ran for four Sundays.

Jad-Bal-Ja and the Apes: 4 Sunday Pages by Russ Manning


Tarzan and the Ant Men: All-Story version, Rex Maxon's strips and collation in a BLB ~ Mike Henry:
with Sharon Tate ~ Tarzan and the Valley of Gold: Henry as Tarzan, Fritz Leiber's Novelization

*** In 1965, filming began for "Tarzan and the Valley of Gold," featuring Mike Henry in the role of Tarzan. Some fans have said he is the actor who most closely matched their own vision of Tarzan's looks and were intrigued by the way that Henry's Tarzan was influenced by the James Bond movies that were popular at that time. Interestingly, Sharon Tate originally had been touted as Henry's co-star in the film. Early publicity photos even show Mike Henry with Sharon Tate and the lion Major. Tate was replaced by Nancy Kovack before production began.
    I've summed up the plot on ERBzine page: "The international criminal Vinaro enjoys sending explosive wristwatches to his enemies. Here he kidnaps ten-year-old Ramel whom he thinks can lead him to the lost city of gold. Tarzan fights the evil Mr. Train, six-foot-six bodyguard of Vinaro, and rescues Sophia (Nancy Kovack), who has been left to die with an explosive around her neck. Various animals help Tarzan locate Vinaro's tanks and helicopters, the city and the boy."
    Producer Sy Weintraub's aim was to present his new Tarzan as a  hip, sexy, cultured apeman, who would appear as comfortable in a modern disco as in his beloved jungle. When Valley of Gold wrapped on its Aztec ruins location in Mexico, production started in Brazil on Tarzan, Brazil aka Tarzan and the Big River aka Tarzan and the Great River. The African animals that were flown in for the shoot -- including a lion, crocodile, leopard, and two chimps -- were a major attraction for local onlookers, but were difficult to work with. Mike suffered many injuries and health problems on the set: his face required 20 stitches after a chimp ripped his jaw open and this was followed by bouts of "monkey-fever" delirium, food poisoning, dysentery, ear infections, fatigue, and a virus infection of the liver.
    Things got even worse when Rio was hit by a major typhoon, record rainfall and flooding, which ground shooting to a halt, destroyed the sets and brought about a typhoid epidemic. As soon as the rain subsided the crew started around-the-clock work on Tarzan and the Jungle Boy. The delay in shooting meant that Mike would have to start the planned follow-up TV series without a break. It was too much. A fatigued and distraught Mike Henry, weakened by a string of injuries and health problems, turned down the lead  in the Tarzan TV series (Ron Ely took the role) and headed for home.
    Soon after returning to California he brought two separate law suits against Weintraub's Banner Productions: one for $800,000 for "maltreatment, abuse, and working conditions detrimental to my health and welfare," and one for $75,000, charging that the chimp bite "resulted from human error." These lingering and unsuccessful litigations prevented him from accepting the part of Batman in a feature movie.
Tarzan and the Valley of Gold in my ERBzine Photo Galleries
Background on the movie and book:
Mike Henry
Erotic Sub-Texts: Valley of Gold and Tarzan and His Mate

Off-Site Reference:
Facts and trivia at IMDB

*** 1932: Actually Tarzan morphed from the printed word to pictures in two different ways starting Jan. 25 in 1932 --  33 years apart -- Rex Maxon's daily strip began presenting ERB's story of "Tarzan and the Ant Men," with continuity provided by R.W. Palmer, who teamed with Maxon on several strips.
    Maxon's text and art were later adapted into a Whitman Better Little Book edition with John Coleman Burroughs art on the front cover.
Tarzan and the Ant Men: 126 Maxon Strips
Tarzan and the Ant Men in C.H.A.S.E.R. Bibliography

*** 1943:  ERB War Journals: On Assignment in New Caledonia: Ed interviewed Major General Rush B. Lincoln and drove out to Little Old New York for a tour of the 754th Tank Bn. camp.
ERB: Wartime Journals - Illustrated Timeline of Events
ERB On Assignment in New Caledonia


ERB's series of 1928 L.A. Examiner columns on the Hickman Trials ~ Philip Jose Farmer's
Tarzan Alive "bio" and authorized Tarzan novel: Dark Heart of Time ~ Gray Morrow Tarzan Strip

*** 1928: Edgar Rice Burroughs, true crime writer, went public with his first column on William Hickman printed in the "L.A. Examiner" on this date, Jan. 26, 1928.
ERBzine's coverage begins with: "For a two-week period in 1928, Burroughs, on temporary assignment as a newspaper columnist covering one of Los Angeles' most sensational trials, bombarded the public with a series of explosive statements and accusations. Certainty that the trial of William Edward Hickman, charged with the kidnap-murder of little Marion Parker and the dismemberment of her body, would arouse nationwide interest led the Los Angeles Examiner to hire Burroughs to attend the sessions and write a syndicated column giving his personal reactions. The column, appearing January 26 to February 10, presented Burroughs in his most irascible and opinionated mood.

"Controversial areas he selected for particular vituperation included the question of Hickman's insanity and the alienists who proposed this theory, the court procedures and the laws, the trial atmosphere, and the heredity and the breeding of criminals. Burroughs ridiculed the assertions of defense attorney Walsh and the psychiatrists that Hickman was insane."

On January 26, at the trial opening, Burroughs wrote:
"Hickman is not normal. But abnormality does not by any means imply insanity. Hickman is a moral imbecile and moral imbecility is not insanity. The moral imbecile is as well able to differentiate between right and wrong as is any normal man — the difference between the two lies in the fact that the moral imbecile does not care what the results may be to others so long as he may gratify his abnormal egotism or his perverted inclinations."

Background of the case:
"On December 15, 1927, Marian Parker, the 12-year-old daughter of Perry Parker, a prominent banker in Los Angeles, was abducted from her school. A man had appeared at the principal's office and said that her father had been injured in a terrible accident. Letters demanding money were sent to her father for several days. All the communications, which often taunted the parents, were signed with names such as, "Fate," "Death," and "The Fox." Negotiations with the suspect continued until a price was agreed upon and a meeting was set. Mr. Parker placed the ransom money, $1,500 in cash, in a black bag and drove off to meet "The Fox." At the rendezvous, Mr. Parker handed over the money to a young man who was waiting for him in a parked car. When Mr. Parker paid the ransom, he could see his daughter, Marion, sitting in the passenger seat next to the suspect. As soon as the money was exchanged, the suspect drove off with the victim still in the car. At the end of the street, Marion's corpse was dumped onto the pavement. She was dead. Her legs had been chopped off and her eyes had been wired open to appear as if she was still alive. Her internal organs had been cut out and pieces of her body were later found strewn all over the Los Angeles area.

"A massive manhunt for her killer began that involved over 20,000 police officers and American Legion volunteers. Suspicion quickly settled upon a former employee of Mr. Parker named William Edward Hickman who had previously been arrested on a complaint by Mr. Parker regarding stolen and forged checks. Hickman had been convicted and had done prison time. Hickman was arrested a week after the murder in Echo, Oregon. Eventually, Hickman confessed to a dozen armed robberies. Though his attorneys attempted to plead insanity for Hickman, the jury wouldn't buy it. He was convicted of murder and hanged at San Quentin prison in 1928. The Marion Parker case shocked America and inflamed the public's feeling for vengeance against child abductors."

Hickman got a speedy trial and was dangling from a rope within a year of his horrendous crime. And, he got the "Edgar Rice Burroughs treatment" as well.
[Note: Usually, girls are named Marian and boys are called Marion. I have seen it on the web stories of this case spelled both ways. I used the "Marion" spelling as that is the one used most.]

ERBzine's ERB / 1928 Hickman Trial Connection covers the event in 5 illustrated pages - including ERB's columns and ERBzine correspondence with family members and family scrapbook material. After starting my coverage of this event I was contacted by W.E.H. nephew Edward Hickman. Mr. Hickman has shared memories, photos, and documents of this tragic event. He had visited the crime scene which was being renovated and found some morbid artifacts hidden in the ceiling.
ERB / 1928 Hickman Trial Connection

***1918: Philip Jose Farmer (1918.01.26-2009.02.25) was born on this date. He wrote several books featuring Tarzan, thinly disguised. He chronicled many events of the English lord's life that ERB left out, including his sweeping biography, "Tarzan Alive." After writing about Tarzan-like characters under other names, Farmer finally got permission to do a novel featuring Tarzan by name, "The Dark Heart of Time."
    I've written a number of pages pointing out the Farmer/Burroughs Connection. PJF created a massive body of work and often paid tribute to ERB who was a major influence. Author and PJF scholar, Win Scott Eckert was a guest of honour at the 2018 Morgan City Dum-Dum. He spoke and projected an excellent PowerPoint presentation in which he pointed out how Farmer had been inspired by Burroughs. This presentation is featured in ERBzine 6494a.
How ERB Inspired PJF: by Win Scott Eckert
The Philip José Farmer / Edgar Rice Burroughs Connection:
Philip José Farmer Remembered and covers of his Tarzan-related books:

Off-Site Reference
Official Farmer site

*** 1943: War Correspondent ERB in New Caledonia:  On this day Ed went to QM to pick up leggins, raincoat and head net and returned to Little Old New York where he rode a tank and fired its 37mm gun. He dined with the officers of B Co. and later marvelled at the primitiveness of the native-built buildings on the post, and especially the camp latrine: "It was in an open tent facing a main path and only a few feet from it. It was a two holer, and had recently been on fire. One hole was only a cinder. The supports seemed to have been burned out, and one expected to crash down into the sink at any moment. It had one advantage. No one ever lingered there unnecessarily."
ERB: Wartime Journals - Illustrated Timeline of Events
*** "Wrestlemania," by Gray Morrow and Don Kraar, began Jan. 26, 1992, and ran for 12 Sundays. What happens when Tarzan agrees to step into the ring with professional wrestlers? But first, a nod to John Carter.

Wrestlemania: 12 Tarzan Sunday Pages by Gray Morrow


ERB's Tarzan of the Apes: First Tarzan Novel and 1918 film starring Elmo Lincoln and Enid Markey:
Posters, Ad, Screen Capture of title ~ "Bigfoot" Tarzan Sunday Pages by Gray Morrow

*** 1918: On this date, movie-goers were treated to "...a daring spectacle, educational, an unusually entertaining picture, the most thrilling picture ever shown, a production nothing short of marvelous, and the greatest film of the age." It was, of course, the day that "Tarzan of the Apes" premiered at New York's Broadway Theatre. "The theatre lobby was done up as a jungle decorated with hanging moss, large tree boughs, and many stuffed animals, including the lion that Elmo had reportedly killed during production. Monkeys and apes swung through the faux foliage and theatre boxes while a 30-piece symphony orchestra provided a jungle-themed musical score. Similar displays were adopted by other theatres when the film opened nationwide."
    Playing Tarzan was Elmo Lincoln, who literally acted with his chest. "His normal chest measurement was 48 inches, but expanded to an extraordinary 53 inches. His chest was probably responsible for much of his fame in films. He could project defiance by breathing deeply after heroic deeds, or during love scenes. Elmo could gesture and perform with his chest the way other actors used their eyes and facial expressions."
    The premier was ballyhooed with hundreds of posters and ad sheets, as well as huge billboards and banners on Broadway. The Broadway premier, organized by Harry Reichenbach, was one of the most successful openings in history and its run was held over to April 2, 1918. Newspaper reviews were glowing describing the film as a daring spectacle, educational, an unusually entertaining picture, the most thrilling picture ever shown, a production nothing short of marvelous, and the greatest film of the age. An estimated 5,000 people were turned away for the first showing.  New York's World newspaper serialized the novel during the film's New York run. Similar advertising and lobby promotions were employed when the film was released nationwide. I've shared reviews, photos, posters, and many more related items in my ERBzine coverage.
    The film went on to become one of the first million seller films. It launched the Tarzan film franchise, which currently includes 52 authorized films and seven television series.
    I have fond memories of a visit we had with Elmo's daughter, Marci'a Lincoln Rudolph. She shared precious memories of her father and gave us a copy of her book: "My Father, Elmo Lincoln - The Original Tarzan. I shared some of the highlights of the book in ERBzne 0283.
Tarzan of the Apes: ERBzine Silver Screen
My Father, Elmo Lincoln - The Original Tarzan
By Marci'a Lincoln Rudolph

Off-Site Reference
Elmo's Appearances in 5 Tarzan Films

*** 1943: War Correspondent ERB in New Caledonia: On this day Ed had stayed overnight at the camp to go out on reconnaissance the next morning. He joined a caravan of 17 tanks accompanied by back-up vehicles. The column moved into a forest of naiouli trees where the tanks formed a large protective circle. They were to bivouac here for the night so the men camouflaged the tanks with branches and each person dug a slit trench, set up a cot and hung mosquito bar - all done in the rain. Ed made notes on everything, including the goings on at the kitchen truck and mess tents. I typed out these events to share with ERB fans. . . this entry along with 49 more to which I added hundreds of photo illustrations.
ERB's Wartime Journal for this date
ERB: Wartime Journals - Illustrated Timeline of Events
ERB: The War Years

US Troops in WWII New Caledonia

*** "Bigfoot," by Gray Morrow and Don Kraar, began Jan. 27, 1991, and ran for 12 Sundays. Professor Samuel T. Philander is out to stop illegal loggers from razing the Pacific Northwest rain forests. Loggers are tough, but fortunately Mr. Philander has Tarzan on his side.
Bigfoot: 12 Tarzan Sunday strips by Gray Morrow


War Correspondent Edgar Rice Burroughs in uniform: Writer of "Laugh It Off" Columns,
Letter to daughter Joan from Hawaii ~ Honolulu papers after Pearl Harbor ~ ERB's "last column"

 . .
*** 1943: War Correspondent ERB in New Caledonia: "The sweet strains of First Call aroused me at 4:45 AM, and then commenced a day during which I got all worn out watching other people work. Old age has many compensations, one of which is that it can't be drafted into the army. I spent the morning with Lt. Brothers on reconnaissance.
    Seventeen tanks, a half-track, a kitchen truck and trailer, a supply truck and the other jeep came roaring down from camp. They made an imposing caravan and a lot of noise. I have ridden in tanks many they are hot, cramped, hideously noisy, and full of protuberances an gadgets wedged into a narrow seat with a machine gun between my legs and a most uncomfortable crash helmet jammed down over my ears. It took me minutes to get in and much longer to get out.
    Eventually the column moved into a forest of naiouli trees, where we were to bivouac for the night. The tanks formed a large circle, well dispersed, with the Command Tank, kitchen, jeeps, and other vehicles with in it. And immediately the work of camouflage began. It was simple. The men cut down trees or tore off leafy branches an piled them around and over the vehicles.
Next in order was the digging of slit trenches. Each man had to dig his own, and how they loved it! Two feet wide, six feet long, 20 to 24 inches deep. "Just right for my grave," remarked one chap. Shovels, mattocks, sweat, mosquitoes, profanity, and wise cracks! These enter into the digging of slit trenches. By the time they were dug, I was practically exhausted -- just watching.
    Then cots were set up by those who had brought them, bed rolls were unrolled, mosquito bars were hung from lines rigged between trees. Those who didn't bring cots regretted it before morning, as the mosquitoes were bad, it rained, and there were ants and other crawling things on the ground.
I tried wearing my head set for the first time. And probably the last. They are hot and uncomfortable, and they add nothing to the pleasure of smoking. Every time you take a draw on a cigarette, you have to take a mouthful of green mosquito netting along with it. I soon discarded it, preferring the mosquitoes.
    Then, with wet and dirty feet, I crawled into my cot and collapsed. And all this in a dense wood, on a dark and rainy night, under strict blackout conditions."
ERB Wartime Journals: 50 Illustrated Pages
ERB's January 28 Entry in his Wartime Journals
ERB: Wartime Journals - Illustrated Timeline of Events
ERB: The War Years
*** It may have been helpful, and was sometimes fun, but during the six weeks that ERB wrote his "Laugh It Off" columns for Hawaii newspaper readers, he also discovered that -- instead of having to deal with just one editor, such as Thomas Metcalf of "The All-Story"-- he had to deal with several, including military censors as well as the regular newspaper editor, and apparently with several other groups which would object to this or that item that he had written!

    And so, on Jan. 28, 1942, ERB shrugged off his "Laugh It Off" column and probably breathed a sigh of relief. Not only was he out from under the obligation of having to find enough items to put together an almost-daily effort, but he was free to do some things he preferred -- such as becoming involved in a radio broadcast experiment and also having an opportunity to go closer to where the war's action was.
    The column had begun Dec. 13, 1941, a few days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, and was undertaken at the suggestion of the Army, as a morale booster for readers of the "Honolulu Advertiser" and the "Star-Bulletin." But, by Jan. 13, 1942, ERB was thinking that perhaps his endeavor had run its course, and wrote in his column: "A question to my readers: Shall I continue this series or go on to do something else? I really have plenty of other things to do, but if 'The Star-Bulletin' readers want this column to go on, I'd like to know. Write the editor of 'The Star-Bulletin'and tell him, please."
    ERB was probably hoping for a lot of letters telling the editor to deep-six his column, but instead the letters of support rolled in! Nonetheless, ERB decided to end the column anyway, and did so with the last one on Jan. 28.

The last paragraph of that last "Laugh It Off" column was:
"When, at the request of army authorities, I undertook to conduct this column shortly after December 7, I felt that it might aid in bolstering civilian morale. Perhaps it was helpful for a short time. I hope so. but attempting to bolster civilian morale in the islands is like taking coals to Newcastle. Our morale is tops, and it will remain tops if each of us takes it upon himself to keep his own morale high, no matter what happens - and plenty may happen before we are done with this mess. Fear is contagious. If you are ever afraid, camouflage it. In closing this column, I wish to thank all those who have aided me by their contributions and the many who have encouraged me by their kind letters. I wish to thank the Sylvias and the Muriels for the amusement they have afforded. And so, aloha!"

That's what he said publicly. Privately, in a letter to Joan written that same Jan. 28, he said: "I can't do much to win the war, either here or on the Mainland. I have quit writing my silly column and am going to work with Jack Halliday and others on a radio program for KGMB, which they hope will prove good enough for the network; so you may hear the sweet strains of my voice some day when you tune in on CBS. As this will require much of my time, I cannot conduct a column too.
"That you may see how silly my column is, I am enclosing one. It has been sort of fun; but bucking a newspaper editor, a military censor, and, apparently, the WCTU and the Epworth League, and probably the PTA and the advertisers has rather cramped my well known style. Even a little 'damn' was cut out of one story I told - and the damn was the whole point of the story."
Yes, even in trying to do his patriotic duty and shore up the public resolve, ERB had to fight with the accursed editors!
However, even ERB couldn't kill "Laugh It Off" forever. He used the same name for a column he wrote for a few issues of "Hawaii Magazine" in 1945 and 1946!
ERB's Jan. 28 letter to Joan at:
ERB's 1941 columns
ERB's 1942 columns
1945-46 Hawaii Magazine columns

Pictured is Honolulu Advertiser, Dec. 8, 1941 -- its first edition after the attack. ERB would likely have read this newspaper. Later, in December, and in January it carried his column, "Laugh It Off."
The Honolulu Advertiser was curtailed by a broken gear on its press and could not publish on Dec. 7. The Star-Bulletin allowed the Advertiser to use its presses for its Dec. 8 edition, but that did not stop the morning paper from making one of the biggest front-page errors of the war.
    Acting on what former Honolulu Advertiser Editor George Chaplin said was "an unidentified Army source," the Advertiser declared, "Saboteurs Land Here!" The erroneous report prompted the Army to call in the Advertiser editors, Chaplin wrote in his 1998 history of the Advertiser, "Presstime in Paradise." The editors were told "if there was a repetition, the paper would be closed."
    With the advent of martial law on the afternoon of Dec. 7, Hawaii was placed under the heaviest press censorship ever imposed on an American territory, according to Helen Chapin, author of "Shaping History: The Role of Newspapers in Hawaii."

Pictured is Honolulu Star-Bulletin's third Extra on Dec. 7, 1941.
ERB would have no doubt read this newspaper. It was soon to start running his "Laugh It Off" column through the end of January, 1942.
*** 1996: Burne Hogarth (Spinoza Bernard Ginsburg) died on this date. (1911.12.25-1996.01.28). "Hogarth took over the Tarzan syndicated newspaper strip from the great Hal Foster in 1936. He was only 25 years old at the time, but he had already been a professional cartoonist/illustrator for 10 years. Hogarth helmed the strip for a decade, creating an awesome and unique visual mythos. He helped take Tarzan out of the cult closet and firmly established the ape-man as one of the true greats of American heroic literature and mythology. Although this was just one achievement of a long, successful career, recognition was a long time coming for Hogarth."

    ERBzine has shared hundreds of Burne Hogarth's magnificent Tarzan Sunday pages in
Burne Hogarth Tarzan Sunday Pages in ERBzine: 1947/1948/1949
Hogarth Tarzan Sunday Pages in ERBzine: 1937-1938
An Informal Chat With Burne Hogarth


Hollywood Party 1934 movie with Jimmy Durante as parody a Tarzan: Schnarzan ~ Manuel Padilla Jr.
with Ron Ely: Tarzan TV shows ~ Rex Maxon Tarzan strips ~ ERB dictating stories
. .

*** 1943: On This Date: War Correspondent ERB in New Caledonia: "The company moved out for the exercise at 5:00. Lt. Brothers gave me the option of riding in his command tank with him, or in a jeep with Cpl. E. J. Muller of Cincinnati. I chose the jeep for comfort and visibility.
    The first time I got into a tank was at Schofield Barracks, Oahu. Officers tried to show me how to enter a tank through the turret. I got doubled up somehow, like Snarleyow, "with 'is 'ead between 'is 'eels." I thought that they were going to have take either me or the tank apart to get us untangled. He got stuck; so I crawled through the front door, which, in itself, is no mean feat.
    There was a portable radio in the jeep, and I could hear Lt. Brothers' commands to his platoon leaders and their replies.  I rode with Capt. Webb, the observer, to the enemy position. Following the tanks as they raced through a forest and up steep gradients to attack was impressive and thrilling even without an enemy. And much safer.
    Following the attack, the tanks rendezvoused in a dense naiouli forest. Big and clumsy looking as they are, they snake-hip between and around obstacles like an open field runner, and can turn on a dime. Jeeping through that forest was exciting."
ERB Wartime Journals: 50 Illustrated Pages
ERB: Wartime Journals - Illustrated Timeline of Events
ERB: The War Years

*** 1980: Jimmy Durante died on this date. Durante once played a character named Schnarzan. In the 1934 movie, "Hollywood Party," he is known as Schnarzan the Conqueror. But, says IMDB, the public is tiring of his fake lions. So when Baron Munchausen comes to town with real man-eating lions, Durante throws a big party so that he might use the lions in his next movie. His film rival sneaks into the party to buy the lions before Durante. The film also stars Laurel and Hardy as well as Johnny Weissmuller's real-life wife, Lupe Velez.
    In the Schnarzan skit Jimmy Durante plops to the ground from a vine—in a loin cloth, with billowing tufts of artificial body hair pasted to his modest physique—as graphic text announces the forthcoming adventures of "the mighty monarch of the mudlands," Schnarzan the Conqueror. In the guise of jungle movie star Schnarzan/Durante vigorously pounds his chest with both fists. But instead of a hearty trill of thumps, we hear hollow timpani beats. Schnarzan then tries to let out a version of the famous yodel. Instead, the soundtrack offers up something more like the moan of a mangled, asthmatic trumpet.
    Information and photos of this Durante spoof are included in ERBzine 6784
The Great Schnarzan Spoof
Schnarzan Photo Collage
Lupe Velez
Tarzan and His Mate features the Durante Spoof

Off-Site References:
Durante's "Tarzan Yell" 1
Durante's "Tarzan Yell" 2

1943: ERB wrote the article, "What Are We Going to Do about it?" in which he expressed doubts over the loyalty of the thousands of Japanese on the Islands. By fall he regretted some of these comments and prepared to write another article.
ERB: The War Years
*** Manuel Padilla Jr. (1955.05.13-2008.01.29) was an American child actor. He is best remembered for playing Jai in the 59 episodes of Ron Ely's Tarzan television series of 1966-1968. He also starred in Tarzan and the Great River (1967) with Mike Henry and Jan Murray. As a young adult, he appeared in American Graffiti (1973). He also appearing in episodes of Rawhide, Bonanza, Gunsmoke, Happy Days and The Flying Nun.

He has the distinction of filming with three Tarzan actors: Ron Ely, Mike Henry and Jock Mahoney (a TV Tarzan Episode) Manuel Padilla Jr. died on January 29, 2008 at age 52.
The Ron Ely TV Tarzan Series 1966-68
Reviews, summaries, guests, screen captures for all 59 Episodes
Padilla's Death Notice in Gridley Wave
Mike Henry Tarzan Movies

Off-Site Reference:
Padilla in IMDB

*** ERB didn't like Rex Maxon's artwork any better than some of the fans, and told the Metropolitan Newspaper Service his opinion on Jan. 29, 1930. Didn't do him much good, though, as Maxon continued to illustrate Tarzan strips for decades.
ALL the Maxon Tarzan strips reprinted in ERBzine
That and more notations on events in ERB's life:


Phil Collins singing "Tarzan" at Superbowl ~ Maxon's Tarzan and the Ant Men strips and BLB reprints
Tarzan, Jr.: Tiny dollhouse book by ERB & JCB, David Adams' article based on Proppism.

*** 2000: The Super Bowl:  Phil Collins sang a song from "Tarzan" at the halftime of the Jan. 30, 2000 event.
This Phil Collins' Academy Award/Golden Globes-winning Tarzan song: "You'll Be In My Heart" expanded into TARZAN THE MUSICAL
    Sue-On and I attended all three of the Tarzan Musical Premieres - Broadway, Holland, Hamburg - where we met Phil Collins and partied with him after. We had a number of discussions in which we shared stories of mutual musician friends from England. During our three music tours across England and our recording of three albums in London, Newcastle and Durham we worked with many UK musicians and met and chummed with many more. Alan Clark of Dire Straits had played keys on 20 of our songs. The photos we took during those sessions were actually leased to the Cleveland Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Ceremonies for projection on the stage behind Dire Straits members when they were inducted into Rock Hall in 2018. It was a thrill seeing our pics on International Television Broadcasts.
*** 1951: HAPPY BIRTHDAY PHIL. . . Born on this day in West London.
The Hillman / UK Connection
*** 1943: War Correspondent ERB on Assignment in the Pacific:
ERB prepared to say goodbye to New Caledonia after his almost two-month-long stay there. His correspondence duties had taken him all across the island in military vehicles. His autograph books and diary notes indicate that he had met and interviewed a multitude of military personnel as well as natives. He had roughed it with the men as he went along on military maneuvers.
    Permission was given to sail out on the USS Shaw which was sailing from Guadalcana on its way back to Pearl Harbor for further repairs. Ed packed, took a five mile boat ride out to where the ship was anchored on tossing seas, climbed a sea ladder with his gear and went through the protocol of boarding a naval vessel. He was invited to bunk with the Executive Officer and to dine at the Captain's table.
    When the Japanese had attacked Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, the USS Shaw was in drydock at the Navy Yard there. Enemy bombs set her afire and her forward magazines exploded, severing her bow and wrecking her bridge area. However, Shaw's midships and stern portions were still essentially intact. When repair work was completed in late June 1942, Shaw spent several months in training and convoy escort duties. Sent to the South Pacific in October 1942, she participated in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands late in that month. It was while returning from this action that the ship had to make a forced stay in New Caledonia.
ERB: Wartime Journals - Illustrated Timeline of Events
On board the USS Shaw
ERB Wartime Journals: 50 Illustrated Pages
*** 2000: On this date David Adams wrote an analysis of ERB's "Tarzan Jr.," using the Proppism, a way of studying folk literature devised by Vladmir Propp.

Adams said "Propp works quite well for 'Tarzan Jr.' That's because ERB always instinctively knew what he was doing when he was writing even if it was a silly little vignette like this one. The amazing thing is the fact that he plays around with psychological word games even in this trifle, but that's not really so amazing at all because his normal bean always worked this way. Burroughs was a universal natural when all the gears were spinning." Once you have mastered the Propp method, you too can write a thrilling adventure story!
See David Adams' analysis at:
Read Tarzan Jr. at:

Off-Site Reference
Propp and his 31-step method in Wikipedia

*** 1945: The Big Little Book version of "Tarzan and the Ant Men," which was copyrighted this date.
BLB Tarzan and the Ant Men Cover
BLB version adapted from the daily Tarzan strips by Rex Maxon
*** In 1933: "The Lone Ranger" was heard on radio for the first time. A total of 2,956 episodes ran through 1955. That Lone Ranger was a busy, busy man! In 1980, The Lone Ranger was teamed up with another busy man, Tarzan, for "The Lone Ranger/Tarzan Adventure Hour" (Zorro was added later) from 1980 to 1982.

    Around the time we were doing CKX-TV noon shows in the early '60s we never really knew who might show up in the studio for interviews. One day we had just finished our live show and in walked The Lone Ranger! He was sponsored by a local car company and was making personal appearances. Holding to the tradition that The Lone Ranger is never seen without his mask or disguise he made a grand entrance, sans horse Silver, but in full costume, with mask, hat and guns.
    At that time two actors were making a career of commercials and personal appearances as The Lone Ranger. The most famous was Clayton Moore, who played the western hero on the '50s TV series and two movies. The other was Brace Beemer who had starred in the earlier radio series. I don't know if it was Moore or Beemer, but he certainly had the voice and charisma as he sat close to a mic behind a desk for an on-air interview. So here is where my memory is a bit fuzzy - Moore or Beemer - after all he was a masked man and he stayed in character.
    I had been a longtime fan and collector of the Lone Ranger radio and TV shows, comics, books, movies, etc. so I was a bit shell-shocked at the time.Who was that masked man?
A funny Lone Ranger story on Letterman:
Listen to a Lone Ranger radio episode in ERBzine at:
The Gaylord Dubois / Lone Ranger Connection ~ 1936
Hillman Memories: Lone Ranger Appears on our TV show
WHO WAS THAT MASKED MAN? ~ Hi-Yo Silver ~ The Lone Ranger Is In The Studio


Glenn Morris and Eleanor Holm in Tarzan's Revenge ~ ERB's Library: Authors Zane Grey and
Booth Tarkington ~ Apache Inspiration ~ Ed and Emma's Wedding Day ~ Riding the Santa Fe


*** 1943: War Correspondent ERB in the Pacific: At 6:00 A.M. the USS Shaw sailed through the narrow opening in the reef, past Emedee Light and Tabu Rock on starboard and out into the Coral Sea. Awhile back, coming in from fighting around the Solomons, the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands and naval battles around Guadalcanal, the Shaw had missed the channel to the New Caledonia harbour and had run aground on a coral reef. Orders were given to abandon the ship but the crew worked for days to lighten the vessel enough to float her off and to make temporary repairs - filling gigantic holes in the hull with concrete. It was aboard this wreck that Ed made the slow, zig-zag voyage back to Pearl, accompanied by the USS McKean.
    The USS Shaw had a troubled history. Its bow had been blown off during the Jap attack on Pearl Harbor. Some of the most spectacular photos from the Pearl Harbor attack were of the massive explosion on the Shaw. Some of the photos were colourized and we've featured these photos on our Shaw Tribute pages and in the collage featured here in our Daily ERB Events entry. The bow was replaced and the ship had been put back into service at Guadalcanal, etc. ERB boarded the ship after the New Caledonia repairs.
ERB WWII Diary Entry for this date
ERB Sails on the USS Shaw
Photos the USS Shaw at Pearl Harbor
ERB Wartime Journals: 50 Illustrated Pages
ERB: The War Years
*** 1900: Edgar Rice Burroughs married childhood sweetheart Emma Hulbert in Chicago on this date in 1900, and gained a salary increase to $15 a week as a wedding present. A few years later, on their wedding anniversary, Jan. 31, 1919, the Burroughs family left for L.A. on the Santa Fe. The purchase of what would become Tarzana Ranch in California's San Fernando Valley would bring about major changes in their lives.

ERB and Emma Wedding
Emma Centennia Burroughs Tribute Albums
Our Tarzana Website

Off-Site References
The Santa Fe train
The Super Chief

*** Glenn Morris and Eleanor Holm died at the box office when "Tarzan's Revenge" was released, and then went on to die on the same day of the month. Morris died on Jan. 31, 1974, at the age of 61, and Eleanor passed away Jan. 31, 2004, at the age of 90.
One of the cast members almost made it a threesome. Hedda Hopper, who played Penny in the movie, didn't quite manage to die on Jan. 31, but hung on until Feb. 1, 1966.

*** 1974: Glenn Morris (1912.06.18-1974.01.31) who died on this date, wasborn on his family's homestead farm near Simla, Colorado. He was a U.S. track and field athlete. He won a gold medal in the Olympic decathlon in 1936, setting new world and Olympic records. He attended Colorado A&M  and played football as well as track and field. He was also an occasional actor, he portrayed Tarzan in Tarzan's Revenge.
     German filmmaker and documentarian Leni Riefenstahl (1902–2003) claimed in her memoirs that during and after the 1936 Olympics, she had an affair with Morris, which she ended because of a very disparaging report about him that was given to her by a graphologist. Morris' success at the 1936 Olympics resulted in a brief flurry of fame, including a New York City ticker-tape parade and a statewide Colorado celebration.
     Morris was the fourth Olympic athlete to play Tarzan. He appeared in only one Tarzan film, Tarzan's Revenge (1938), an inexpensive independent film produced by Sol Lesser and released by Twentieth Century Fox. Reviews for the film cited both the silliness of the production and the exaggerated acting of the theatrically untrained Morris (though Variety called him "a highly acceptable Tarzan"). After only one minor additional film role, in the 1938 comedy "Hold That Co-ed," Morris left the movie business forever.
     Morris played four games with the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL) in 1940 before injury curtailed this new career, then worked as an insurance agent. During World War II, he served as an officer in the U.S. Navy and was stationed in the Pacific, commanding amphibious-assault landing craft. Reportedly wounded, Morris was treated for psychological-trauma issues and spent several months in a naval hospital.
    He was married from 1937 to 1940 to Charlotte Edwards, whom he had met in college. At age 61 in 1974, Morris died of congestive heart failure "and other complications" at the veterans hospital in Palo Alto, California, and was buried in Skylawn Memorial Park in nearby San Mateo.
     In 2003, author Mike Chapman wrote “The Gold and The Glory: The Amazing True Story of Glenn Morris, Olympic Champion and Movie Tarzan”.
*** 2004: Eleanor Holm (1913.12.06-2004.01.31) died on this date.  At the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, Holm won the gold medal in her favourite event, the 100-metre backstroke. "I was hardly dry at those Olympics when I was whisked from one studio to another — Warner Brothers, MGM, Paramount — to take screen tests," she told the New York Times in 1984.

     In 1932, she was one of the 14 girls named as WAMPAS Baby Stars, including Ginger Rogers, Mary Carlisle, and Gloria Stuart. One of her first assignments at Warner Bros. was to join a trainload of actors and Busby Berkeley chorus girls on a barnstorming trip across the country in early 1933 to publicize the movie musical 42nd Street and to show support for the newly elected president Franklin D. Roosevelt at his first inauguration in Washington, DC.
      Holm appeared in only one Hollywood feature film, starring opposite fellow Olympian Glenn Morris in the 1938 film Tarzan's Revenge. Tarzan's Revenge has received negative critical responses, with the film described as "preposterous from beginning to end" and "absurd." Lead actor Morris was described as "an irredeemably awful actor" whose jungle yell is "so ludicrous as to be laughable."
     On November 10, 1939, she married her lover, impresario Billy Rose, who had divorced first wife Fanny Brice. At the 1939 New York World's Fair she did 39 shows a week at Rose's "Aquacade", co-featured with Tarzan swimmer Johnny Weissmuller and, later, Buster Crabbe.
     In 1966, Holm was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame. She died of renal disease in Miami, Florida, on January 31, 2004 at the age of 90
ERBzine feature page on Tarzan's Revenge:
Tarzan's Revenge Lobby Display
The Movie Story in a Big Little Book
*** 1951:
On a more uplifting note, some other ERB people began life this day. Phil Collins, songsman of Disney's "Tarzan," entered the world Jan. 31, 1951, and Minnie Driver, who provided the voice of Jane in the same movie, was born Jan. 31, 1971.
Special pre-release screening on the Disney Lot
*** 1940: ERB
agreed to participate in a memorial to Zane Grey, whose works he said "will live forever as authentic records of days that are fast disappearing." He also considered Booth Tarkington, author of the "Penrod" series and other books, as "our greatest novelist."
    I discovered Zane Grey books in the early'50s. . . a short time after I had purchased ERB books. These two authors fired the imagination of this prairie farm kid. . . and the bookshelves in my room brimmed with their books, comics and memorabilia. Thanks to these two originals there were soon many spin-off interests: science fiction, jungle stories, pulps, westerns, movies, radio shows, etc.
    In recognition of Zane Grey's influence I have created a multi-page tribute showing the connection between ERB and ZG.
The Zane Grey / ERB Connection
ERBzine Bibliography for Zane Grey's books with text links
See the series on the ERB/ZG Connection
Tarkington books in ERB's library plus an e-text link to PENROD

Off-Site Reference
Booth Tarkington

*** 1876, all Native American Indians were ordered to move to reservations on this date. Go-yat-thlay was quoted, before he died in February, 1909, as saying, "I should have never surrendered. I should have fought until I was the last man alive."
***   In other news from the ERBiverse: On Jan. 31, 1865, General Robert E. Lee was named general-in-chief of the Confederate armies, and we believe that Captain John Carter of Virginia was first in line to shake his hand.
The War Chief
Apache Devil

Off-Site Reference
Geronimo in Wikipedia

*** 1963: On this date, MAD artist, Don Martin, published National Gorilla Suit Day in a collection Don Martin Bounces Back, in which Fester Bestertester mocks the (then fictitious) concept of a National Gorilla Suit Day, and suffers a series of incredible assaults from gorillas and other creatures in gorilla and other suits. Subsequently, Don Martin and SF/Adventure fans have celebrated National Gorilla Suit Day on January 31.
    ERB celebrated his own Gorilla Suit Day many years back in 1936 when he attended a costume party with wife Florence for which he wore a Mangani/Bolgani costume. Ed pretended to be an escapee from the Los Angeles zoo and entertained fellow-party-goers by sipping a cocktail through a straw.
    ERB's step-son, Lee Chase, described the event in an interview with Frank Puncer:
    Mother and Ebbie had evidently been invited to a costume party. I don't think either of them cared all that much for costume parties, but that makes it even more interesting that they went to such great lengths for this one. Several days before the party a rumor spread around the house -- that would be 716 N. Rexford -- that a gorilla had escaped from the zoo. My sister and I were kids and, of course, our curiosity was aroused. I recall Ebbie telling us: "That gorilla has been seen in the neighborhood, so you kids watch out!" The servants (we had a butler, chauffeur and cook) were not in on it either. So hints were dropped for several days about this escaped gorilla and everyone was on the lookout. Then one day mother said: "Oh my God, look out in the backyard!" We had a rather deep backyard, as they have in Beverly Hills, and way out in he back was this gorilla. I think my heart dropped right into my shoes. My sister and I ran out of the house. The butler ran out with a hatchet that he'd found -- he was going to protect the family. I looked at mother and she was giggling and laughing. My sister caught on before I did and ran over and jumped in the gorilla's arms. Then Ebbie took off the head of the costume and there he was! He just got the biggest kick out of that.
    Then they went to the party and that's were the photograph was taken. The ape/gorilla suit might have been something he found on a movie set and decided to borrow. The chain, of course, wasn't real; it was made of plastic. Later I figured out that Ebbie really enjoyed that sort of thing."
The Gorilla Suit Saga
ERB: Gorilla Suit Story
ERB in Gorilla Suit Sipping Cocktail
ERB in Gorilla Suit with Florence
Celebrating Gorilla Suit Day: Ted McKosky
*** 1948: Born on this date is longtime ERB fan and supporter, Professor Jim Thompson. Jim shared a few memories in our ERBzine Tribute:

    "The county court house in Birmingham, where my dad was a solicitor was adjacent to the main public library, and one of my earlier memories of elementary school days is spending a summer's day with my Dad at his office, and walking over to the library during the hours court was in session to select books to bring home to read. The library had an excellent children's reading room, and my interest in science fiction and in dinosaurs and snakes began there.
    "Friday nights were movie nights for our family in those early days. I picked up my Dad's taste in Westerns and watched action pictures of all sorts, war films, pirates, science fiction and "monster" movies, and jungle pictures. But nothing excited us like the prospect of a Tarzan movie -- my dad had long been a fan of all the Tarzan movies and books. At about this same time, as I was a pretty advanced reader for my age, imagine how excited I was when I came across most of the first dozen Tarzan novels in the adult fiction room of the library."
    Later, during the Burroughs "book boom," in the early '60s, Jim discovered the ERB fanzines, joined the Bibliophiles, discovered the McWhorter Collection, and attended conventions where he met so many of the legendary Burroughs fans and publishers. When the Internet arrived back in the '90s, Jim formed one of the first ERB Listservs -- ERB CHAIN OF FRIENDSHIP LIST (ERBCOF-L@LIST.APSU.EDU) -- a forum for countless ERB fans through the coming decades -- and remains very active and popular to this day. Jim is a stalwart supporter and participant in all the major ERB Conventions: Dum-Dum, ECOF, etc. Jim has compiled an amazing number of autographs and inscriptions in Gabe Essoe's book, TARZAN OF THE MOVIES,  a book that he brings to every convention. Jim and wife Linda, both retired university professors, reside in Clarksville, Tennessee, with their huge Burroughs and movie collections, and where they have welcomed many ERB fans and friends over the years -- and have hosted Burroughs conventions.
    I have just scratched the surface of Jim's involvement in ERB fandom. You'll find much more about this retired university professor, movie buff, and collector on the Web and in his Burroughs Biblio-Pro-Phile.
Jim Thompson Burroughs Biblio-Pro-Phile
2000 Clarksville ECOF




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