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GAYLORD DUBOIS SPEAKS
Gaylord DuBois was born on August 24, 1899 in Winthrop, Mass.
"I was brought up on a farm near the Adirondak Mountains and learned early to love horses, canoeing, hunting and fishing. My education began with a one-room district school that I attended barefoot; then the Boston Grammar and High schools, Boston University, General Theological Seminary and a good many post-graduate years in the "School of Hard Knocks." But I'm still a country boy at heart. Our big hundred-year-old home (near Westport in northern New York State) has a mountain practically in the front yard, and our nearest neighbors are deer, bear, foxes and bobcats.
"I started writing back in the '30s and naturally my fishing and hunting has suffered. For most of these 25 years my writing schedule has been 8 hours a day, 6 days a week. Half of the time I spend in studying for writing, and half of it in actual typing. Sundays have often been taken up conducting church services as a lay-substitute for a minister on vacation, or as interim lay-pastor for a little church which happens to be without an ordained pastor. The Denomination didn't matter. My membership is in the church of the Nazarene...but God is where his people are.
"I have written dozens of 'Big Little Books,' mostly westerns. In 1936 I was given a copy of a Lone Ranger radio script to study with these instructions: 'Write a 60,000 word novel based on this script, and if we accept it, you will have more assignment.' The radio script was very corny, and a very shaky basis for any novel; but I used what little of it was usable in constructing the plot of the novel. It was titled 'The Lone Ranger,' and my name as author was prominent on the jacket and cover. My name disappeared from the third and subsequent editions (or printings), but I had and have no complaint, because I sold all the rights to the novel to Whitman Publishing Co. It was perfectly good business because I imagine it is less confusing for the reader to think that the entire series was written by Fran Stryker. Back in those days I did quite a bit of ghost writing for well-known adventure authors, who shall remain nameless here.
I started writing comics in 1938, when some of them had 12 panels on each page, and the whole idea of a comic magazine was experimental. In 1939 I worked as a script writer on 'King of the Royal Mounted' when Jim Gary was doing the art work; and at the same time, in the same office, writing scripts for Fred Harmon when he was doing his own art work on his famous character 'Red Ryder.' Fred, Jim and I were working on Sunday newspaper supplements, not comic magazines.
"I started working for Steve Schlesinger about this time, and he was my loveable boss and maddening critic, I soon met Oskar Lebeck who was on the editorial staff of Whitman and through him I began writing comic book scripts, full time. Oskar was a man of immense drive and had a way of developing the best ability and the fervent loyalty of the artists and writers who worked under him. My workload grew so heavy that I had to dictate scripts to my wife while she typed. Rush orders were often telephoned late in the day from Whitman Co.'s office in New York to our Brooklyn apartment. One night I worked with my wife Mary till 4:00 am, and rolled into the bed fully dressed while she went out to the subway with the finished script to mail it in Grand Central Station so it would be delivered at the office that morning! Later the pace slackened a little and we returned to our farm in Westport. [Novels authored during this period: The Long Ricer, Barry Blake of the Flying Fortress, The Pony Express, a series of historical word sketches --also DuBois and Lebeck collaborated on Rex, King of the Deep, Stratosphere Jim and The Hurricane Kids on the Lost Islands.]
"Somewhere around that time I stared writing scripts for Tarzan comic magazines; it was 1947, I think... or late '46... and I've been writing them ever since.
"I wasn't the first script writer for Tarzan comic magazines, and I haven't been the only one; but it would be safe to say that I have done most of the Tarzan magazine scripts -- with the help of Whitman editors. Sometimes I have rewritten them at the editor's direction, and sometimes the editors have let the script go through unchanged. From time to time I'd get instructions: 'Use new backgrounds!' or 'Make stories less fantastic!' or 'Bring back Queen [High Priestess] La; readers insist!'
"The sort of script I have turned out for comics is, so to speak, a factory product. I have never owned one after it left my hands, because I always sold all rights to the company who assigned me the writing of it. Moreover, the writing of the script was not, strictly, a one-man job. In the case of the Tarzan comics, I was given the characters of Tarzan, Jane, and Boy to build my stories around. Sometimes I was told that all three must feature in a certain story; and always my instructions were clear as to editorial policy - and many things were taboo. Among the taboos were ungrammatical speech by the principals, sex emphasis, and everything that might honestly be called horror. Even at the time when the parents of the country were panicked by campaigners against 'violence' in children's comics, the Tarzan comics never suffered the utterly ridiculous restrictions that most of Dell's comic magazines did. I had a script rejected because it mentioned a hunting trip in Mexico, and showed a distance shot of two or three wild peccaries hung up as trophies and meat. I expected, however, that Tarzan would never become a vegetarian, even for Dell. He never did!
"I started reading ERB sometime in the 1920s and devoured his John Carter stories as well as the Tarzan books. When I began writing the Tarzan scripts, I read every bit of ERB material (and allied material not written by him) that I could get hold of. If I'd consulted my personal taste alone, I would have held faithfully to ERB in all my Tarzan comic scripts - but if I'd done that, I'd have been promptly fired. The ways of editorial policy are mysterious, even sometimes to the policy-makers; but writers and artists must comply, or else! But let Tarzan fans take courage; Editors are even more sensitive to the opinions that readers write in - the readers brought back Queen La!
I have used names, places and characters mentioned in Tarzan the Terrible and other novels. I tried to adhere to the geography of lost Pal-ul-don, until somebody in the editorial department scrambled the said geography - in one of the Annuals, I believe - and the matter of accuracy was hopeless from then on. As a matter of fact I had to take care not to plagiarize any of the ERB plots or story sequences - at least not obviously; but I was free to use his characters, or in the case of minor characters, to invent my own. As for the Ape-English glossary - I have stuck to it as closely as practical. Some few situations required me to invent Ape words (I don't recall what they were). The languages of strange tribes I couldn't possibly know - well they were a problem. I could either use straight English, or I could invent a language, or I could use some Swahili or Zulu words. Actually, I've used all three of these methods.
"Writing the Tarzan comics for fifteen years has necessitated buying and digesting all the good books on Africa I could get, treasuring National Geographics and even delving into the Encyclopedia Brittanica. Oh yes, my had is permanently off to Sir H. Rider Haggard - in my mind he has done for 19th century Africa comparable to what Zane Grey has done for the Old West."
Procedure for Comic Production
"A workman like me gets his assignment - a single script or a whole book - from his editors. The characters are already established, and so is the background or setting in a general way. I think the best plot (or plots) I can, and write the plot details out in longhand. Usually I let the thing 'settle' overnight, if it's a 12 or 15 page story. In the morning I go over it, visualizing each picture that is to be drawn by the artist. I mark off my longhand rough story in pages of the comic bk. Then I put an original and two carbons in my typewriter, and start writing. Each panel is handled the same way; that is, first I describe the picture the artist is to draw, in detail, which includes color, action, expression, background, angle of view, etc. Then I write out the dialogue for balloons, and finally I write the caption or narrative line.
I have nothing to do with choosing the artist, as he is chosen by the Art Editor. The artist is free to use or not to use my instructions for each panel. Sometimes he changes the picture I described - to suit his own idea or that of the Art Editor. Usually, though, the art department follows my script fairly close. The Script Editor reviews and approves or changes the dialogue and the captions I have written; usually the changes are few and minor.
"As I told you I* was not the first Tarzan script writer, and I have not been the exclusive writer since the first two Dell Tarzan 'one-shot' comics back in 1947. Other writers, whose names I don't know, have contributed to the Tarzan Annuals and, rarely, to the monthly and bi-monthly issues. Yes, I did write 'Two Against the Jungle,' and it was a lot of fun to write. I also thought up the subsequent episodes of 'Brothers of the Spear.' But half for the story's popularity must go to the artist. I don't write those prose stories about Mabu and in the past I haven't written many of the covers or one page features.
"Tarzan comics have taken up anywhere from a quarter to a tenth of my writing time. In recent years I have written a majority of the material for: The Rebel, Bat Masterson, Lassie, Wells Fargo, Bonanza, Hi Yo Silver, and National Velvet - as well as a considerable number of one shots.
In 1955 I received the Thomas Alva Edison National Mass Media Award for Best Comic Book for Children over Eight (it was Gulliver's Travels), and again in 1956 the same award for writing the script of A treasure of Dogs. But I feel that the Tarzan scripts were always more fun."
A PARTIAL BIBLIOGRAPHY
Adapted from ERBdom #5 - October, 1962
In response to a request from Camille Cazedessus back in 1962, Gaylord DuBois verified that he had written the following:
2. Tarzan and the Captives of Thunder Valley
3. Tarzan and the Dwarfs of Didona
4. Tarzan and the Lone Hunter
5. Tarzan and the Men of Greed
6. Tarzan and the Outlaws of Pal-ul-don
7. Tarzan in the Valley of Monsters
(The source for Better Little Book - Journey of Terror)
8. Tarzan and the White Pygmies
9. Tarzan and the Men of A-Lur
10. Tarzan and the Treasure of Bolgani
The Baboon's King
11. Tarzan and the Sable Lion
Two Against the Jungle (Pt. I)
12. Tarzan and the Prince of Peace
Two Against the Jungle Pt. II)
25. Tarzan The Webs of Arrack
131. Tarzan The Canyon of No Return (Dell)
132. Tarzan The Valley of Monsters (GK)
TARZAN'S JUNGLE ANNUAL
1. Tarzan Returns to Opar
Tarzan Fulfills a Promise
Tarzan Brings Aid to A-Lur
Boy rides into Trouble
Chako and the Collar of Shame
2. Tarzan in the Valley of Towers
Tarzan and the Cannibals of Kando-Mor
Boy Stands by a Friend
The Troubles of Tantor
3. Tarzan and the Pirates Stronghold
Tarzan and the Honor of Muviro
Tarzan and the Beasts of Pal-ul-don
4. Tarzan Defends the Walls of Cathne
Boy and the Bark Canoe
Tarzan and the Guardian of the Caves
5. Tarzan and the City of Silence
Tarzan and the Tall Warriors
Tarzan in Desert Ambush
Tarzan and Boy in Boy Saves the Day
The Courage of M'Bongo
6. Boy Meets the Golden Men
One of the Tribe
Tarzan and the Treasure of Kings
Tarzan and the Day the Sun Died
7. Tarzan in War in the Desert
Moonbeam and Shadow
Tarzan and the Axe Man of Jalur
Boy Braves a Seige by Lions
Tarzan and the Bridge to Life
TARZAN'S JUNGLE WORLD (Annual #8)
25. Tarzan Wings in the Morning
Jane The Rescue of N'Kima
Tarzan and the Little Riders
The Heart of a Giant
Tarzan and The Mask of Mani Kongo
TARZAN, KING OF THE JUNGLE (Annuals #9 & 10)
37. Tarzan and the Giants of Kroo Maun
Jane's Mighty Magic
Tarzan and Queen La the Mysterious
N'kima, King of the Monkeys
Tarzan and the Dragon Ship
51. Tarzan The Tree of Ages
Boy The Axe of Mumbo
Jane The Sultan's Ruby
Tarzan and the Courage of Pan-at-lee
Brothers of the Spear - Treachery in Aba-Zulu
TARZAN (March of Comics)
114. Tarzan and the Horns of Kudu
125. Tarzan Leads the Apes
185. Tarzan and the King of Ostriches
204. Tarzan - The King and the Golden Lion
223. Tarzan Jungle Treasure
Tarzan and the Loot of Agibi (1955)
Tarzan and the Son of M'Kubu (1958)
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