Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
ERB'S LIFE & LEGACY :: DAILY
TO OUR FULL YEAR'S CONTENTS
A COLLATION OF THE DAILY
EVENTS IN ERB-WORLD
FROM THE PAGES OF THE HILLMANS'
Collated by John Martin and
With Web Design, Added Events,
Illustrations and Photo Collages
by Bill Hillman
NOVEMBER CONTENTS: WEEK THREE
NOV 15 ~ NOV
16 ~ NOV 17
NOV 18 ~ NOV
19 ~ NOV 20 ~ NOV 21
VISIT NOVEMBER WEEK 3 PHOTO ALBUM
BACK TO NOVEMBER WEEK 2
Click for full-size images
Hal Foster's Tarzan: with first George Carlin script
~ Man-Eater: First newspaper serial, Gil Kane DJ art
Land of Terror: Krenkel Canaveral & JCB
ERB, Inc. DJs ~ JANES: Joanna Barnes and Enid Markey
***1915: November 15-20: The New York Evening World
ran "The Man-Eater"
in six parts ($350).
In the early 60s, when new fans plucked
Books off the stands to read the ERB stories, the list in the back
of the book was also well-read. It listed titles of other Burroughs books
and gave fans more things to look for. Some of those titles would be a
long time coming, but others would soon appear on the book stands. To one
unfamiliar with ERB, some of the titles were puzzling, and one such was
"Beyond Thirty and the Man Eater." Was this just one story with
an extra long title, or was it two stories? Ace Books eventually published
"The Lost Continent" with parentheses revealing the original title was
"Beyond Thirty." So that answered the question. However, fans would wait
in vain for either Ballantine or Ace to publish "The Man-Eater",
though the persistent fan would eventually discover how to obtain a copy.
ERB himself didn't save a copy of this story for his files or, if he did,
he forgot where he put it.
"The Man-Eater" never appeared in
a magazine serial like most of ERB's other stories, but was serialized
in The New York Evening World beginning Nov. 15 in 1915. Newspapers were
not made of material that aged well, and the story could easily have been
lost forever. But at least ERB remembered that he wrote it, and that proved
to be the key to the eventual rescue of the story.
From John Martin's article
at erblist.com: "...it's good to remember that a
famous and dedicated fan made it possible for us to have this story. The
late Darrell C. Richardson, an avid collector of Burroughs throughout
his life, followed up a comment by Burroughs himself that he recalled having
sold a story called 'Ben, King of Beasts,' to a New York newspaper. As
Jim Thompson recounted in an ERBapa article, 'Richardson paid a research
librarian to pursue this lead, and recovered the text of 'The Man-Eater'."
ERB had written the story with the "Ben" title but the World had changed
"The Man-Eater" was eventually made
available as a typed and bound manuscript by Lloyd Arthur Eshbach's
Fantasy Press in 1955, and saw its first hardbound version (the one
sharing the volume with "Beyond Thirty") in 1957. Fantasy House
(not to be confused with Fantasy Press) published a softcover version,
akin to the size and shape of a folded road map, in 1974. However, a fan
seeking to obtain a copy of it needs to know that the Fantasy House version
does not contain the whole story, as the hard bound book edition does.
The whole story may also be read in ERBzine.
"The Man-Eater" in various versions,
including a more recent trade paperback, can be found on ebay or at amazon.
Inc. will be republishing all of ERB's books over the next few years
so there will eventually be another edition with exciting Joe Jusko
art. In the meantime, "The Man-Eater" is currently being featured in comic
strip form from ERB, Inc., written by Martin Powell, illustrated
by Ronn Sutton and colored by Becka Kinzie:
The Man Eater: History ~ Art ~ Comics ~ Links
The Man Eater: Read our eText Edition
The Man-Eater Graphic Version from ERB, Inc.
*** 1931: George Carlin replaced
Maxon for the scripting of the Tarzan Sunday Pages illustrated
by Hal Foster. He held this job until it was taken on by Don
Garden on July 1, 1934.
Foster Tarzan Sunday: OVER DESERT SANDS
See the ERBzine Hi-Def reprint from 1931.11.15 at:
*** 1962: In a letter to Vern
Coriell, John Coleman Burroughs discussed his father's problems
with grammar which had prompted him to hire an English teacher to proofread
his writing. "This butchery did not last too long.
Dad made the remark to us that while she perhaps knew more about grammar
than he did, he suspected he knew more about writing stories than she.
'She has taken all the guts out of my bad writing,' he said."
John Coleman Burroughs Correspondence
*** 1963: The Canaveral Press
Edition of Land of Terror was released with 319 pages and Roy
G. Krenkel: DJ art and seven interiors (all featured in ERBzine). The
2017 deluxe editions of the title were released in two collectible volumes:
Burroughs (ERB, Inc.) and Grosset & Dunlap publisher styles by Jim
Gerlach's ERBbooks. These gorgeous books were lavishly illustrated
and were endorsed by ERB, Inc.
Land of Terror: History ~ Art ~ Editions ~ eText
Land of Terror: Special Deluxe Editions in ERBbooks
Land of Terror in ERBbooks Collage
The Canaveral Press Story
*** 1981: Actress Enid Markey
died on this date. In a career on stage, screen, and television covering
more than six decades, she is probably best known for two roles almost
fifty years apart: The original Jane Porter in the first-ever Tarzan
film (1918's "Tarzan of the Apes," opposite
Tarzan and later in The Romance of Tarzan) and in the recurring
role of Mrs. Mendlebright on "The Andy Griffith Show" in the 1960s. Author
and Burroughs researcher, Brian Bohnett, wrote an excellent, fully
illustrated book on her life and career: The Remarkable Enid Markey
- First Lady of the Tarzan Films.
Tarzan of the Apes 1918 Film
Enid Markey Articles
Enid Markey: Photo Gallery
*** Another cinema Jane was born
on this date in 1934. Joanna Barnes, who played Jane in 1959's "Tarzan
the Ape-Man" opposite Denny Miller, was born in Boston and grew
up to play roles in about 125 feature films or television episodes. Her
film career has been followed by the distinction of being a successful
Tarzan the Ape-Man: Joanna Barnes Co-Star
Joanna Barnes Anecdote from Denny Miller
Ape-Man Lobby Display Photos II
Denny Miller and Joanna Barnes ~ ERB's 1918 Oak Park
Home ~ Patriotic Article ~ Girl from Hollywood: Pulp and Macaulay
Pirates of Venus: Canaveral cover based
on St. John art ~ Tarzan Twins for kids ~ Tarzan the Magnificent
(1st half in pulp)
1921: November 16 - January 7, 1922: "The
Penningtons" (The Girl from Hollywood) was written. It was
accepted by Munsey's but rejected by McClurg. Other titles
considered were: "Shannon", "Fetters of Snow", "The Snow Slave",
"The Demon of the Snow", "Rancho del Ganado", "The Little Black Box"
- and Davis' suggestion, "The Needlewoman."
If things had turned out differently,
fans could have had two ERB books shelved together which might have given
the impression they were "supernatural" stories. One would have been "Apache
Devil" and the other would have been "The Demon of the snow." However,
the "Demon" title -- along with several others -- was rejected for what
was eventually published as "The Girl from Hollywood". The "snow"
in the title referred to cocaine, to which "the girl" was addicted prior
to weaning herself off of it. ERB began writing the story on this date,
tapping on the keys to begin: "The two horses picked
their way carefully downward over the loose shale of the steep hillside."
The Girl from Hollywood: History ~ Covers ~ Articles
The Girl from Hollywood: Read the entire e-Text:
*** On this date in 1962, Canaveral
published "Pirates of Venus" and somehow resisted the temptation
to use a cover picture of an Angan flying off with Duare, as most other
publishers have chosen to do over the years. The cover illustration is
by Sam Sigaloff, based on a J. Allen St. John illustration
for an interior page of the original book.
Pirates of Venus: History ~ Art ~ Covers ~ Rare Items
Pirates of Venus: Read the e-Text
1918: ERB published another in
his series of patriotic articles: "Peace and the Militia"
in Oak Parker.
Peace and the Militia: Article by ERB
ERB: The War Years
*** 1918: Ed started plans for a
move to California where he hoped to raise stock and live on a farm.
The Linden Avenue residence in Oak Park is soon put up for
ERB / Oak Park Connection
ERB in Tarzana
E. R. Burroughs Buys Otis Miraflores Estate
1925: "A Weird Adventure on Mars"
(Mastermind of Mars) is completed. It was rejected by Argosy,
Popular Magazine, and Elks Magazine. It was finally published
almost two years later in Amazing Annual with cover art by Frank R.
MASTER MIND OF MARS GALLERY OF ART FROM
AMAZING STORIES MAGAZINE ILLUSTRATIONS BY FRANK R.
Mastermind of Mars
1926: ERB's book written for juveniles,
Tarzan Twins, was started on this date and
finished on January 15, 1927.
The Tarzan Twins:
The Tarzan Twins in e-Text
1936: Ed wrote
to complain about the title change of Tarzan the Magnificent
(they renamed it Tarzan and the Magic Men) as well as major
revisions in the style and content of the story. The story was later published
in by Burroughs, Inc. with the story: Tarzan and the Elephant Men
under the title: Tarzan the Magnificent.
Tarzan the Magnificent
1928: "I am working on a story and worrying
my damn fool head off over the back property, which several wealthy gentlemen
are trying to steal from me now that El Caballero has busted, with the
result that I am not entirely accountable for the things that I neglect
1930: "The old place on The Hill was turned over
to me, though the deal is not yet out of escrow. My attorney expects it
will be within a day or two. This will give me back three hundred and forty
five acres, including the improvements, entirely clear, but the fly in
the ointment is caused by the question as to whether it is not going to
be too much of a burden for me to carry, in addition to which I can see
anywhere from fifteen to twenty-five thousand dollars expense in rehabilitating
the property, which was permitted to run down badly. Although conditions
are not particularly good here at present for liquidating, I think I shall
start in unloading, even if I have to take considerably less for the property
than I know it to be worth."
ERB Bio Timeline
*** In 1959 on Nov. 16, Life
Magazine published an article on Joanna Barnes -- "A Jane
With a Brain for Tarzan - Jungle Man's New Love is an Honors Girl from
Smith " -- thus implying that previous Janes did not have brains, or
at least did not use them. They all must have had brains, because they
were all Tarzan fans! The headline was actually a reference to Barnes's
personal academic accomplishments.
Tarzan the Ape-Man: Joanna Barnes Co-Star
Tarzan's New Mate: Social Registry and Jane With A
Tarzan Says Good-Bye to Jane
Jane With A Brain Reference
Bob Zeuschner's ERB Bibliography: Original
with Yeates DJ art and New Expanded Version ~ Bob: Respected Blues Guitarist
ERB the Patriot: A lifelong military connection with
3 grandchildren ~ Under the Moons of Mars ~ Edna Murphy
*** Throughout this year we have been listing the official
“publication dates” of the books of Edgar Rice Burroughs. But I’ve
often wondered, just how is that date determined? Is it the day the pages
roll off the press? The day they are bound together? The day they are distributed
to stores? The day they are put on sale? The copyright date? In his pioneering
work on publication dates, Henry Hardy Heins, in “A Golden Anniversary
Bibliography of Edgar Rice Burroughs,” said the “publication date”
was “not necessarily the copyright date” of a particular book, but he didn’t
get specific about what it actually is.
Sometimes one just has to make an educated guess as to
Robert B. Zeuschner's guess
is that the official publication date for his first professionally published
ERB bibliography was Nov. 17, 1996. That's because his author's copy was
shipped to him by McFarland on Nov. 18, so he once told me that
he guessed that it was ready to go the day before. Officially, McFarland
doesn't narrow it down to one date, but lists the publication date as "December
1996," perhaps the date it published its catalog or advertised the book
Bob's book was known to many as "the book with the long
title." People gave it that long name because it was still shorter than
saying the actual title of the book, let alone remembering it.
Bob had yearned for a simple title for his 1996 ERB reference
book, but was thwarted by McFarland, which insisted on a descriptive title
for the descriptive bibliography.
Actually, the book could be said to
have had three titles:
--The title on the cover was "Edgar Rice Burroughs,
The Exhaustive Scholar's and Collector's Descriptive Bibliography."
--The title on the flyleaf was "Edgar Rice Burroughs:
-- And the title on the title page was: "Edgar Rice
Burroughs, The Exhaustive Scholar's and Collector's Descriptive Bibliography
of American Periodical, Hardcover, Paperback, and Reprint Editions."
Bob good-naturedly endured the many jokes about his book with the long
title. And he knew that, even while people ribbed him, they very much appreciated
the exhaustive work he had done to place in the hands of fans the exhaustive
volume that would tell them exactly what edition of a book that they had.
And Bob would finally get his way as far as a short title
goes. Now available is his sequel to that 1996 volume. It contains even
more entries than that first one, plus lots of color photography, but a
much shorter title: "Edgar Rice Burroughs: The Bibliography."
And there's an even shorter "title"
for Bob’s books, including both the older McFarland and the new ERB Inc.
editions. It's the same "title" that people would often use instead of
the long one. That title is, simply, "Zeuschner." His work has become
so popular that it entered the ranks of those books which can clearly be
referenced simply by using the last name of the author: Like "Heins,"
"Porges" and "Lupoff."
Bob Zeuschner’s first bibliography
was a comb-bound manuscript which was sold mostly to fans. After further
improvement to that, it was published by McFarland in what is often referred
to as “the book with the long title.” The book was not printed with a dust
jacket, as McFarland doesn’t “do” jackets. On the front inside flap of
the jacket is printed: “This dust jacket was designed and printed by the
author in limited numbers for use with special autographed copies only.”
The illustration on the jacket is described on the inside front flap as
“A battle scene on Barsoom by Thomas Yeates © 1995.”
Description and ordering informations for Bob’s latest
bibliography is featured in ERBzine 6264, along with news of other new
ERB-related books endorsed by ERB, Inc.:
Bob Zeushner: ERB - The Bibliography
ERB Religious Themes
Bob has shared abbreviated publishing info on each
of our 100 C.H.A.S.E.R. pages
Bob Zeuschner: ERB Bibliography Splash Bar
*** 1936: The Big Little Books
version of "The Return of Tarzan." was published on this date.
The book adapted the daily Tarzan strips by Rex Maxon for the BLB
format of text on the left pages and art panel on the right as the pages
"Although Maxon agreed to illustrate
Return of Tarzan, he was finishing up work on another assignment and
couldn't begin working on Tarzan for a couple of weeks. In order to maintain
their schedule, Metropolitan turned to another of their artists,
Hutton, to illustrate the first week of the Tarzan of the Apes sequel.
The Strip debuted on June 10, 1929. Four days previously, in a letter dated
June 6, 1929, Ed wrote to Elser that his young son, Jack, after looking
over the proofs, "is very much disappointed in the illustrations of The
Return of Tarzan and called my particular attention to the drawing
of Tarzan's face in the second picture of Strip No. 1 of The Return
of Tarzan and the first picture of Strip No. 2 . . ." ~ Ref:
of the Funnies
The Return of Tarzan: History ~ Art ~ Info
The Return of Tarzan: BLB Bibliography
The Return of Tarzan: 60 daily strips by Maxon
*** 1911: Ed
received the $400 cheque from All-Story for Under the Moons
Under the Moons of Mars: Read
*** 1917: ERB started to write the
short story "The Little Door" on this date after the US had entered
WWI and when anti-German sentiment in the US was at its highest. The story
is a WWI propaganda piece in which ERB developed a theme of hatred and
revenge against the Germans. It is probably the most violent and bloodthirsty
story that Burroughs ever wrote. ERB sent the story around to numerous
publications, but it met with rejection each time and wouldn't see limited
publication until half a century later. Ed's publisher, Bob Davis, commented:
"There is nothing the matter with The Little Door, except that behind it
is a tidal-wave of bloodshed, horror, and suggestion. It is part of our
ERB/German Controversy series. "The Little Door" is
written (it was finally published in 2001 in a limited edition).
The Little Door: ERB WWI Short
ERB/German Controversy series
Little Door: Review and Synopsis
a letter to Irene Ettrick, a London fan, Ed expressed his concern over
Japan's growing strength, on and off the islands. He believed that there
would be war with Japan in a matter of weeks. He described Oahu as an immense
fortress. He sees the navy as being great, but the army as being pitifully
undermanned and under equipped.
1944: Ed and Hulbert boarded a plane
for the States to settle Emma's affairs and to sell her house. They were
granted compassionate leave to join the family in California. Ed
saw grandsons Johnny and Danton for the first time. He spent his first
Christmas in 11 years with his family. He later met with Florence and her
new husband, Dr. Alfred Chase, and Caryl Lee. Hully was given a 20
day special assignment at an air field in Southern California, which was
later extended. ERB was given a 30 day extension to undergo an abdominal
operation; so they were both home a long time - over two and a half months.
"Mother Died Today" by Hulbert
ERB's Wartime Journals
Wartime Journals of Correspondent
Edgar Rice Burroughs :: December 1942-April 1943
1899: Edna Murphy (1899.11.17-1974.08.03) was an American actress
of the silent era. She played Betty Greystoke,
Tarzan's sister in
and the Golden Lion starring James Pierce as Tarzan. Murphy
appeared in 80 films between 1918 and 1933 and was voted "Most Photographed
Movie Star of 1925" by ScreenLand Magazine. She never remarried after her
much publicized divorce from Mervyn LeRoy. Edna Murphy was blacklisted
in Hollywood after Mervyn LeRoy deserted and divorced her in 1932. Unable
to find work, she was forced to retire from acting in 1933. She died alone,
a virtual recluse, never leaving her Santa Monica home, in 1974. Her 1927
wedding dress was found (perfectly preserved) hanging in her living room.
She never got over her love for ex-husband Mervyn LeRoy.
Edgar Rice Burroughs convinced James
Pierce, his future son-in-law, to turn down a role in Wings (1927) in order
to play Tarzan in this film. That role went to a rising Gary Cooper, and
made him a star. James Pierce said of this picture: "Because of poor
direction, terrible story treatment and putrid acting, the opus was a stinkeroo.
I emerged with nothing to show for my strenuous effort except being typecast
as Tarzan. I was out of a job."
More than 1,000 extras were hired for the filming, Shooting
was delayed for month while star James Pierce recovered from injuries suffered
in a serious car crash. Standouts in the cast were Boris Karloff who played
a painted-face native and Yi-Ching Lin, a Chinese giant who stood
eight feet tall and weighed 300 pounds.
Fargo ECOF 2014 host Rudy Sigmund treated the convention
attendees with this film, which was shown on the large screen of Fargo's
ERB Heroines of Hearth, Screen
Tarzan and the Golden Lion:
2014 ECOF in Fargo, North Dakota:
The film was projected on large screen in Fargo's
Screen Captures and English Captions
ERB Heroines of Hearth, Screen
Ed Burroughs: Quarterback, Halfback, Captain: MMA
Football Team ~ Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar
All-Story debut, later newspaper serials ~ Lost
On Venus accepted by Argosy ~ Invisible Men of Mars started
*** 1916: Edgar Rice Burroughs's fifth Tarzan story, "Tarzan
and the Jewels of Opar," was presented to a waiting world when the
Nov. 18, 1916, edition of All-Story Weekly hit the newsstands.
Of course, the readers would have to buy a copy every
week for five weeks -- at 10 cents a pop -- in order to read the whole
story. In the early 60s, you could spend that same 50 cents on a Ballantine
and get the whole story at once! Due to the timing of the All-Story appearance,
grandmothers could collect all five by Dec. 16, wrap them up, and give
them to their grandchildren for Christmas. Come to think of it, we'd all
like to find the same gift beneath the tree this Dec. 25.
The serial featured a cover by P.J.
Monahan but no interior illustrations. The editors must have felt ERB's
words were strong enough to hold the readers' interest without need for
pictorial distractions. And obviously, they were right.
The story has some of ERB's best writing,
leading the reader quickly into the story with an opening line that says:
Albert Werper had only the prestige of the name he had dishonored to thank
for his narrow escape from being cashiered."
And right away the
reader is hooked: Who is Werper? What did he do that was so shameful? What's
he going to do next? ERB closes the story with an epitaph for Werper, as
Tarzan pronounces a requiem over what remains of his body: "Even in death
he has made restitution -- let his sins lie with his bones."
According to Robert B. Zeuschner in
"Edgar Rice Burroughs: The Bibliography," Robert Davis, the editor at All-Story,
edited out approximately 7,000 words before committing it to printer's
ink. That's the way it was for magazines which paid by the word. The author's
job was to try to write as many words as possible without obvious padding,
and the editor's job was to edit out as many words as possible, to save
Much has been written over the years
about ERB's business skills, in which he made money from his stories by
reserving all rights to himself, so that he could sell his stories again
and again -- magazines, books, etc. Another area would be newspaper serializations.
In how many newspapers around the country were ERB stories actually serialized?
We know about some of them, but sometimes others turn up in unexpected
places. For instance, who knew that 'Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar" was
serialized in the tiny Declo Independent in Idaho, until a copy
of it turned up in the Cassia County Museum? Heins reports that Jewels
was also serialized in The Virginia Leader, a monthly boys magazine.
If an ERB story was serialized in Declo, how many other newspaper serializations
are waiting to be discovered? It would take someone who had a lifetime
to devote to searching them all out, but at least the task is theoretically
possible, since most newspapers are now preserved on microfilm in newspaper
offices and libraries. Probably no one who reads this will have that lifetime
to spare to do that. So the only way we're likely to discover more serializations
of ERB is by luck -- such as when we buy that box of early 20th Century
newspapers at that garage sale and carefully go through them, page by page.
Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar: All-Story Pulp Covers
Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar: History, Articles,
J. Allen St. John Jewels of Opar Art
Declo Independent's "Jewels" and other Idaho
Rex Maxon 100-strip Adaptation
Secret History of Opar by Den Valdron
Burroughs in the Press
Review of Jewels
1893: ERB played left halfback
in a football game in which his Michigan Military Academy team defeated
Ypsilanti 36-22. (Life long friend Bert Weston was right tackle).
He later became team quarterback and captain. ERB was also on the cavalry
team and was editor-in-chief and artist for the student newspaper The
Adjutant. ERB remained at Michigan Military Academy after graduating
in 1896 as Assistant Commandant; a Professor of Geology, Cavalry
and Gatling Gun. At this time he also coached the football team.
*** 1894: To the amazement of everyone,
the MMA team, of which Ed was captain and quarterback, held the heftier,
more experienced team from the University of Michigan to a tie.
ERB's Football Days at MMA
ERB's Football Photo Collage
1932: Lost on Venus was
submitted to Argosy and accepted after revisions.
Lost On Venus: Biblio Info
Lost On Venus Argosy Pulps
1940: November 18-22: "Invisible
Men of Mars," part 4 of the new Mars series,
Invisible Men of Mars: Amazing Pulp Covers
Read the Invisible Men Text
4: Invisible Men Of
Llana of Gathol Biblio Info
ERB Returns to Tarzana and visits Emma's house: 10452
Bellagio Road in Bel-Air ~ Black Man's Burden poem
ERB's Stationery Store in Pocatello ~ JCB, Jane and
Johnny ~ ERB, Inc. Board Meeting ~ Outlaw of Torn: Wyeth art
*** 1944: On passionate leave from
his duties in Wartime Hawaii to settle Emma's affairs and to sell
her house, Ed and Hulbert were met at the Los Angeles airport by
Jack, Jane and little Johnnie. They stopped at Joan's house to see
II and then drove on to Ed's office in Tarzana. Ed met with
Rothmund. He opened a case of Scotch, took a bottle and they drove
to Emma's home at 10452 Bellagio Road in Bel-Air for a drink. Emma
had lived there after the divorce and Joan had lived with her here for
some time. Emma died at that house on November 5, 1944. Jack and Ed then
drove over to neighbour friends in Bel-Air for another drink and back to
Emma's house to sample bourbon. They delayed dinner and the angry maids
quit and walked out. ERB wrote: "We had a
lovely dinner and a grand time."
Danton's Family Scrapbook series starting with
ERB Bio Timeline and Annotated Calendar and Journals
Business was bad with his Pocatello stationery store and Ed was
considering selling the store. Idaho is very much a part of the "wild west"
and was not ready for music, fancy magazines and photography.
1899: Ed contributed poems
to the Pocatello Tribune including: "The Black Man's Burden"
- a parody of Kipling's "The White Man's Burden."
ERB's "Black Man's Burden" Poem:
Kipling's "The White Man's Burden"
*** 1912: ERB submitted The Outlaw
of Torn manuscript. Although the name of
Rice Burroughs was to become a magic name, much sought after by pulp
editors and booksellers who wanted to assure themselves of big sales, it
didn't mean that ERB's works were always accepted by such editors without
question, and ERB experienced some frustrations along the way. These frustrations
actually began with his first novel, "Under the Moons of Mars,"
and it took some revising of his original epic to finally get Thomas
Metcalf to accept it for publication in The All-Story.
After he was convinced ERB was for real, Metcalf suggested
that he tackle a medievel romance. ERB did so, but was disappointed to
see that Metcalf didn't like the finished product. Trying his best to please,
ERB revised the story. Everyone ERB showed the story to seemed to like
it, except for Metcalf, and Metcalf was the one who really mattered.
Still, ERB didn't lick Metcalf's boots.
His letters to him were frank and outspoken about where the two disagreed.
On Nov. 19, 1912, ERB sent a newly revised manuscript to Metcalf along
with a letter that stated that, if Metcalf didn't like the story this time,
ERB would send him funds sufficient to send it along to some other magazine!
Well, Metcalf still didn't like it. Annoyed but undaunted,
ERB didn't give up, and eventually got the story, "The Outlaw of Torn,"
published in New Story magazine, the same magazine which had published
"The Return of Tarzan" for him. "Return" was another story at which
Metcalf had balked, and came to rue the day he had turned it down since
it was such a success.
Read the whole saga of ERB's struggle with "The Outlaw
of Torn," along with other publishing information and ERB's finished
story in e-Text, graphic interpretations, etc. at ERBzine 0754 and 3601.
All-Story's Metcalf / ERB Letters (5 pages)
The Outlaw of Torn: History, Art, Reviews
Outlaw Prince: Graphic Adaptation
Outlaw of Torn: Read the e-Text Edition
*** Animal Faceoff was a
series about what would happen if various wild animals -- such as a lion
and a tiger -- were to battle one another. Don't know if they ever had
an episode about a crocodile battling an elephant, but in a series of photos
released Nov. 19, 2010, by the BBC, it was shown that Tantor, in
this case, outlasted Gimla.
ERB Eclectica: Nov. 2010: Tantor Battles Gimla
ERBzine Eclectica Guide
Rochelle Hudson: (LandR) Film Star friend of the Burroughs
Family ~ Tarzan the Invincible 1st Burroughs Ed.:
Studley Burroughs DJ and FP art ~ Bo Derek: Tarzan
the Ape Man ~ Cave Girl: Canaveral and McClurg Editions
*** 1925: Celebrating Rochelle Hudson's Wampas Award.
On this date ERB wrote the poem, "The Wampas" for the Western
Associated Motion Picture Advertisers group attending a Breakfast Club
meeting. Ed wrote numerous other poems around this time. The Wampas were
an honourary group of up-and-coming starlets chosen by the Western Association
of Motion Picture Advertisers. Rochelle Hudson, longtime friend
of the Burroughs family was chosen to be the WAMPAS Baby Star of 1931.
Previous Wampas Stars included Tarzan Film actresses
(1922), Natalie Kingston (1927) and later
Eleanor Holm (1932)
and Jacqueline Wells (1934).
Rochelle Hudson, (1916.03.06:
Oklahoma City - 1972.01.17: Palm Desert CA) was a movie starlet at age
13. Since she lived near Ventura Boulevard, she was often given
a ride to school by Jack and Hulbert. Snubbed by most of
her schoolmates because of her fame as a movie star, she became a good
friend of the Burroughs family and even took vacation trips with them.
On one occasion, sixteen-year-old Jack drove Rochelle and her mother on
a trip to Oklahoma City.
While in Hawaii during the war, Ed
Burroughs often visited Rochelle and her naval officer husband
Thompson. By that time Rochelle had worked for many years in film with
titles that include The Bosko series, Mr. Moto, Curly Top, Boston Blackie,
Savage Girl (see photo above), etc. (Later, in 1955 she played Natalie
Wood's mother in Rebel Without a Cause). Rochelle's film
career was interrupted during the coming war years when she worked for
the Naval Intelligence Service in Central and South American and
Mexico. She assisted her husband Harold Thompson in doing espionage
work in Mexico as a civilian to detect if there were any German activity
in these areas. One of their more successful "vacations" uncovered a supply
of high test aviation gas hidden by German agents in Baja.
Rochelle Hudson / Burroughs Family Connection: 4 pages
The Poetry of Edgar Rice Burroughs
in IMDB: 138 More Photos
*** 1931: Tarzan the Invincible published
by ERB, Inc.: This was an exciting day in the
office of Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc. That Friday was the day ERB's
dream of publishing his own books was fulfilled and he could hold in his
hands his first such effort, “Tarzan the Invincible.” It was bound
in stunning blue with bright orange-red lettering and featured a full color
For the first time also, an ERB book had illustrations
by a family member. Writes Henry Hardy Heins in “A Golden Anniversary
Bibliography of Edgar Rice Burroughs,” "Although the title page is
inscribed with a plural 'Illustrations by Studley G. Burroughs,'
neither the first edition nor the indicated reprints have more than one
(internal) illustration, the frontispiece."
John Coleman Burroughs recalls that Studley had
prepared more than just the jacket and the frontispiece, but he vaguely
remembers that ERB felt the others were not suitable and didn't use them."
Studley, ERB's nephew, would illustrate other ERB volumes, as would ERB's
younger son, John Coleman Burroughs.
The printing and binding was done
Press in Kingsport, Tennessee. They would print all of the ERB,
Inc. books until 1948. Invincible contained 318 pages with
a print run of 10,000 copies and an estimated word count 80,000.
ERB had started writing this story
in March 1930 under the working title Tarzan and the Man Things. It
was originally published as a seven-part serial in Blue Book Magazine,
October 1930 through April 1931 as “Tarzan, Guard of the Jungle.”
Kingsport was chosen because it was one of the largest printing houses
in the US with daily capacity soaring to 100 thousand volumes. It was a
fully integrated operation: it had purchased nearby forests for its pulp
and paper mills ~ had its own glue and ink factories, cloth finishing plant,
book bindery, plate making and shipping departments ~ owned an abundance
of nearby coalfields and controlled the railroad which brought in coal
and paper supplies and sent out the finished books. As a result, this progressive
and streamlined operation was able to supply a multitude of markets and
most notably it allowed books to be manufactured at prices within reach
of everyone. After a long crippling strike in the '60s it was taken over
by a Canadian company working out of Montreal.
Tarzan the Invincible: History, Art, Reviews, Comics
Tarzan the Invincible: Read the e-Text Edition
Studley Burroughs Tribute Pages:
Maxon's 174 Daily Strips adaptation
Nov. 20 was the day in ERB history that
Canaveral's edition of “The Cave Girl” was published. That
was in 1962. By this time, Canaveral had quit using the illustrations of
Mahlon Blaine for its ERB books and had turned to Frazetta, Krenkel
(who did the art for “Cave Girl”) and even resurrected art by J. Allen
St. John. Ivie and Crandall were among other illustrators used by Canaveral.
The Cave Girl
Canaveral Press editions:
The Cave Girl: e-Text Edition
1956: Actress Bo Derek was
born today on this date . Many fans believe that their Tarzan movie would
not have been as memorable as it turned out to be if not for the talents
of Bo Derek. In fact, some fans appreciated her contribution more than
they did the music-timed movements of Tarzan himself. Scenes featuring
the talents of Collins were essential in advancing the movie's story line,
although some fans were upset by the partial nudity. This film was a remake
of the previous 1931 version so Tarzan had a very limited speaking role.
Tarzan the Ape Man 1981 Film: Credits, Stills, Reviews
Bo Derek Gallery from Tarzan the Ape Man I
Bo Derek Gallery from Tarzan the Ape Man II
All of Bo in Tarzan the Ape Man
Derek in IMDB
*** 1946: Michael Mills came
by to discuss the "reprinting of 27 Burroughs books to be priced
at $1 or $1.25."
ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Online Bibliography
*** 1946: Ed stopped drinking on
ERB Bio Timeline
Tarzan's Visual Mangani-English Dictionary ~
Clans of America Handbook ~ ERB's Mucker Inscription
To son Hulbert ~ Mike Grell's Tarzan Sundays
~ Tarzan and the City of Gold: J. Allen St. John Art
*** 2008: My November 21 - 27 issue of ERBzine
Weekly Webzine was published - A Special Mangani Language Issue
Jairo Uparella's Spoken Sounds of the Mangani Language
and also Dell Comics' Illustrated Mangani Dictionary Illustrated
by Jesse Marsh. In 2018 Jairo completed a massive expansion of his Mangani
language research with his 131-page and fully illustrated Visual
This entire project is featured in
ERBzine along with links to all his previous projects, starting at: ERBzine
Jairo's Introduction: "The
Visual Mangani-English Dictionary is the result of a fictitious linguistic
research to make available to the readers of Edgar Rice Burroughs the dialect
of the great apes, which was created in 1912 for Tarzan of the Apes novels.
"Its etymological content made it possible to successfully
create a compendium of grammar, illustrations and many words such as verbs,
nouns, pronouns, adverbs and prepositions, making it very pleasant and
digestible. Among the most outstanding characteristics that were achieved
in the research are the prefixes and suffixes and their syntax to make
it look like an African language. All drawings are based on the art of
ERBzine Webzine: Mangani Language Issue
Visual Mangani-English Dictionary by Jairo Uparella
Ape/English Dictionary in Dell Tarzan Comics
*** 1916: Request to form a Tarzan Club:
Fortunately, Tarzan met Jane, so he never became
a jungle hermit. If he had, perhaps Herman Newman would have named
his fledgling club Herman's Hermits rather than Tribe of Tarzan.
In any case, Herman wrote a letter to ERB about the idea
on Nov. 21, 1916, and instead of getting a curt letter from the ERB lawyers
telling him to quit using the name of Tarzan, he got a friendly reply and
his idea eventually led to the formation of ERB's own Tarzan clubs.
Read about Herman and also see ERB's own article about the Boy Scouts of
America in ERBzine 1785
ERB / Boy Scouts Connection
Tarzan Clans of America: C.H.A.S.E.R. Entry
*** 1921: ERB presented the first
American edition of the book: The Mucker to his elder son,
It was inscribed and signed "To Hulbert ~ From Papa
with a great deal of love. Tarzana Ranch Nov 21, He also included
a sketch at the bottom.
ERB Inscriptions from the Hulbert Burroughs Collection
The Mucker: History ~ Art ~ eText ~ Intro
ERB Inscriptions Collage
*** 1931: November 21 - January 7, 1932:
and the City of Gold was written. Working
titles include: "Tarzan and the Lion People" "Tarzan the Courageous"
and "Tarzan Courageous."
The Story: After encountering and befriending
Valthor, a warrior of the lost city of Athne (whom he rescues from a group
of bandits known as shiftas), the City of Ivory and capital of the land
of Thenar, Tarzan is captured by the insane yet beautiful queen Nemone
of its hereditary enemy, Cathne, the City of Gold, capital of the land
of Onthar. This novel is perhaps best known for two scenes; in the first,
Tarzan is forced to fight Cathne's strongest man in its arena. While an
ordinary man might have been in trouble, Tarzan easily overpowers his antagonist.
The second scene, in which Tarzan is forced to fight a lion, starts with
the ape man being forced to run away from a hunting lion, Belthar, which
will hunt him down and kill him. Tarzan at first believes he can outrun
the beast (lions tire after the first 100 yards at top speed). This lion,
however, is of a breed specifically selected for endurance, and ultimately
Tarzan must turn to face him, though aware that without a knife he can
do little but delay the inevitable. Fortunately his own lion ally, Jad-bal-ja,
whom he had raised from a cub, arrives and intervenes, killing Belthar
and saving Tarzan. Nemone, who believes her life is linked to that of her
pet, kills herself when it dies. Unusually for lost cities in the Tarzan
series, which are typically visited but once, Cathne and Athne reappear
in a later Tarzan adventure, Tarzan the Magnificent. (The only other lost
city Tarzan visits more than once is Opar.)
Tarzan and the City of Gold: History ~ Art
~ Review ~ eText
City of Gold: 6-Part Serial in Argosy
*** "Christmas with Meriem"
began in the Tarzan Sunday pages this date in 1983. Mike Grell was
the artist and writer. These page reproductions came from the collection
of Dennis Wilcutt:
Christmas with Meriem: 12 Tarzan Sunday pages by Mike
*** Nicolette Sheridan was
born No. 21, 1953. She provided the voice for Eleanor, a friend
of Jane Porter from England, in several episodes of Disney's TV series,
"The Legend of Tarzan," and in the "Tarzan and Jane" DVD.
Disney Tarzan Pre-Release Screening
at Disney Wiki
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