Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
ERB'S LIFE and LEGACY :: DAILY
A COLLATION OF THE DAILY
EVENTS IN ERB-WORLD
FROM THE PAGES OF ERBzine
CREATED BY BILL HILLMAN
Collated by John Martin and
With Web Design, Added Events,
Illustrations and Photo Collages
by Bill Hillman
TO OUR FULL YEAR'S CONTENTS
SEPTEMBER CONTENTS: WEEK THREE
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16 ~ SEPT 17
SEPT 18 ~ SEPT
19 ~ SEPT 20 ~ SEPT
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First Edition Releases: The War Chief: McClurg/Stahr
~ Tarzan Lord of the Jungle: McClurg/St. John
Back to the Stone Age: Burroughs/JCB ~ Tarzan
and the Forbidden City: Burroughs/JCB
*** 1927/1928/1937/1938: Four Edgar Rice Burroughs first
edition books were published on Sept. 15.
On that date in 1927, A.C. McClurg & Co. published
the first edition of ERB's initial Apache novel, "The War Chief"
with cover art by Paul Stahr
Exactly one year later, in 1928, McClurg published "Tarzan,
Lord of the Jungle." It turned out to be the last of 29 ERB editions
to be published by McClurg with cover art by J. Allen St. John.
After briefly contracting with Metropolitan to publish
his next four books, ERB began self-publishing in 1933, with "Apache
Devil," sequel to "The War Chief". Published by Burroughs/ERB,
Inc with cover and interior art by ERB nephew Studley Oldham Burroughs.
Ten years from the first date above, in 1937, Burroughs/ERB
Inc. published "Back to the Stone Age" on Sept. 15 with cover and
interior art by ERB's son John Coleman Burroughs.
Exactly one year later, in 1938, it published the first
edition of "Tarzan and the Forbidden City" on Sept. 15. Published
by Burroughs/ERB, Inc with cover and interior art by ERB's son John
War Chief: Full Biblio Info, Art, e-Text
Lord of the Jungle: Full Biblio Info, Art, e-Text
Back to the Stone Age: Full Biblio Info, Art, e-Text
Forbidden City: Full Biblio Info, Art, e-Text
1944: Jack removed grandmother
Evaline's ashes from the Pierce Brother Crematorium where they
had been stored for over 20 years.
ERB Bio Timeline
ERB Cars: Chicago's first Horseless Carriage, his
cross-country Republic Truck, Cord L-29 Cabriolet
ERB's An Auto-Biography ~ Gene Pollar and Karla
Schramm: Revenge/Return of Tarzan
*** 1893: Edgar Rice Burroughs drove Chicago's first electric
horseless carriage on this date.
Most of ERB's heroes were so busy fighting dinosaurs,
Warhoons or feline carnivores that they didn't have much time to drive
motor vehicles, or roads to drive them on.
A couple of exceptions were Barney Custer, who
wrecked his roadster at the beginning of Chapter 1 of "The Mad King"
and drove other vehicles in wild car chases in the latter half of the book,
and Tarzan himself, who advanced from an ignorant ape-like state at the
beginning of his career, to a competent wheel man by the end of the first
book of his adventures.
The creator of these and other characters, Edgar Rice
Burroughs, loved a good automobile himself, proudly posing for pictures
beside his vehicles and using them to take his family on cross-state camping
trips. He even wrote in the person of a vehicle in the little booklet,
ERB was an American pioneer in the
advent of the horseless carriage. No, he didn't tinker as an inventor,
nor build a large factory to mass-produce an ERBmobile, but on this date,
Sept. 16, 1893, he enjoyed a young man's dream of driving what was believed
to be the first electric horseless carriage in Chicago -- an electric nine-seater,
doing it on behalf of his father's enterprise, the American Battery
Company, at the
Could it be that ERB also got many of his ideas for later
stories from the wonderful exhibits on display at that fair? This article
in Bill Hillman's ERBzine says so, right below the top article in the series
on ERB's adventures in the 1893 Expo.
Ed and His Electric Flyer: Chicago's first Horseless
ERB's Remarkable Summer of '93: Hillman Docu-Novel
"An Auto-Biography," ERB's rarest book
*** 1892: Joseph C. Pohler
(1892.09.16-1971.10.20) was born in New York on this date. He would
grow up to be
Gene Pollar and play ERB's creation in the early movie,
"The Revenge of Tarzan."
Pohler was an excellent athlete, a champion at shell
boat racing, a strapping 6' 2" and 195 pounds. He joined the Hook and Ladder
Co. 20 of the New York Fire Department and became popular and well known
for his athletic ability. Some movie scouts looking for a new Tarzan heard
about Pohler's physical prowess and sought him out. After passing his screen
test, the producers decided their new star needed a new name. Pohler did
not favour this but settled for the variant spelling, "Pollar," and Gene
after his son, who had died at five years of age. Reviews of his appearance
as Tarzan in The Revenge of Tarzan were excellent so he was wanted
to play sequels.
Weiss Bros. who held his contract,
secretly tried to make a deal with national Film Corp. for Pohler to appear
in the sequel, "The Son of Tarzan." But when Pohler learned that
he was to be held to his contract of $100 weekly while his services were
being sold for five times that amount, he left Hollywood and returned to
Because Pohler's film career spanned
exactly one year and he never sought public attention afterward, Pohler
managed to keep his personal life private. Film buffs from time to time
asked: "Whatever happened to Gene Pohler?" It was a short, unhappy year
that he spent in the movie jungle and it so soured him that he gave up
any chance of continuing as a movie celebrity and returned to a job he
found much more satisfying, a New York City fireman. If prompted, Pohler
would spin out funny yarns about his life as Tarzan, but the yarns were
laced with bitterness.
Revenge/Return of Tarzan 1920 with Polar
Gene Pollar Scrapbook
1911: Ed's Chicago Cubs baseball
poem O, Yes; It's Getting Thick - appeared in the Tribune
O, Yes; It's Getting Thick: ERB's Poetry Collection
Argosy Weekly 1932 Cover Art: Paul Stahr ~ Pirates
of Venus Art by Fortunino Matania
All Argosy Pirates of Venus Covers for the
serial ~ ERB, Inc. 1934 First Edition Art: J. Allen St. John
*** In 1932, ERB showed his fans that he was not through
exploring new worlds. On this date, Argosy Weekly published the
first of six parts of a brand new ERB report, "The Pirates of Venus,"
with an eye-catching cover that showed readers that, if they parted with
10 cents to purchase the magazine, they’d read of a battle with a giant
spider-like creature. Who could resist?
One thing unique about the opening pages of the story
was the fact that it tied in stories from both the Tarzan and Pellucidar
series, even adding an important plot element to the Pellucidar series.
One of those mentioned, Jason Gridley, was also connected to the
Mars series. In addition, it featured the real-life world of Edgar Rice
Burroughs and his secretary, Ralph Rothmund, at ERB Inc.
The hero, Earthborn Carson, arrives
on Venus in answer to telepathic messages. Through an error in trajectory
calculation his Mars-bound spaceship lands on Venus. The story is a typically
Burroughs with high adventure, fighting hero in a strange alien land, a
beautiful princess, fantastic creatures and strange societies. As he has
done in his previous alien worlds, ERB creates a new language with a written
alphabet. Reflecting the mood of the '30s, ERB has also included elements
of political satire against communism (the Thorists).
The Pirates of Venus
Read the entire novel in eText
Matania Venus Art Collage
of Venus Summary
*** 1931: It is important to
remember that, while the first magazine account of Carson Napier’s
exploits on Venus were not published until September of 1932, he had actually
already been on Venus, or Amtor as the natives call it, for more than a
year. Fredrik Ekman did extensive research and calculations to come
up with exact dates for many of the incidents mentioned in the Venus tomes.
For instance, while the first installment of “Pirates” appeared in the
Argosy magazine dated Sept. 17 of 1932, Ekman has calculated that exactly
one year earlier, on Sept. 17, 1931, Carson had leaped the wall of Duare’s
garden and was fighting off her attackers. John Martin did a major
10-page coverage on Amtor in ERBzine which even included a 24-stanza Carson
of Amtor poem he had written for the feature.
Ekman’s scholarly work on Amtor
All About Amtor by John Martin: ERBzine Nos. 4510-4520
Carson of Amtor Poem by John "Bridge" Martin
***1921: Tarzan of the Apes Tarzan
made its debut on the New York stage on this date at the Broadhurst Theatre,
Forty-fourth street and Broadway in New York. The advertised "Dramatic
Version" presented by George Broadhurst was in four acts and ten episodes,
with British authors Woodgate and Gibbons listed, and with staging by Mrs.
Trimble Bradley. Members of the original British cast included Ronald Adair
as Tarzan and Edward Sillward as Kala. Lady Greystoke was played by Alice
Mosely, and Ethel Dwyer took the part of Jane. The play became more daring
than the British version; Broadhurst had real lions on stage — two of them.
Jim, the original Tarzan lion, and Beauty, the lioness, were noted as playing
"silent but active parts."
The play was reviewed in Weekly Review.
THE MAD KING: Cover Art by J. Allen St. John,
A.C. McClurg Dust Jacket, All-Story Pulps, Paperback Art: Frazetta and
Edgar Rice Burroughs: WWII Correspondent ~ Beatrice:
Home of Barney Custer and Bert Weston ~ Joe Kubert: Tarzan Artist
*** 1926: About 10 years after its two parts had appeared
in pulp magazines, ERB's "The Mad King" was rushed into print by
A.C. McClurg and Co. on this date. It must have been "rushed" into
print because there were two typographical errors in the first state of
the first edition, which had to be corrected in later editions. Robert
B. Zeuschner, in his "Edgar Rice Burroughs: The Bibliography,"
has this to say:
'The copyright page states "Published
August, 1926." There may be as many as four states of this McClurg title.
Like the typical McClurgs of this period, the first state of the first
edition is bound in a dark blue cloth with orange lettering on the front
cover and spine. It can be distinguished from the later variants by two
typographical errors which were progressively corrected in subsequent states.
For the first state, the sixth paragraph of page 12 ends with "face of
the man;" it is in the wrong place. Also, on page 92, line 16 is identical
with line 22. Maurice B. Gardner pointed these out to McClurg, and
the incorrect pages were removed and replaced (cf. Henry Hardy Heins,
1975, page 168). On the title page, the date shows "1026" not "1926." It
is possible that this is a printing plate defect, and that the "0" is actually
an incomplete "9." '
The book goes on to describe the second,
third and fourth states in which the errors were corrected, once apparently
with a new, tipped in page 92 and later with pages that were actually bound
in. Zeuschner's book should be consulted for details. Zeuschner indicates
that the existence of one of the four states is iffy and, in fact, the
website erbfirsts.com lists just three states.
The hero, Barney Custer of Beatrice,
Nebraska, also appeared briefly in the ERB novel "The Eternal Lover,"
in which his sister, Victoria Custer, was the female lead. ERB undoubtedly
chose Beatrice as the hometown of his hero because his lifelong friend,
Hebert Weston, lived there. The events of "The Mad King" take place
in the mythical land of Lutha which is theoretically over near Austria
For many years we were intrigued by ERB's numerous Weston
and Beatrice references. We finally had a chance to visit the town a few
years back. We shared many of the photos we took during that visit.
Mad King Biblio Info: History, Covers, Art, Articles
Mad King Complete eText
Outline of Luthanian History by J. G. Huckenpohler
An Analysis of ERB's The Mad King by R.E. Prindle
Evolution of The Mad King Art
Hillman Visit to Barney Custer's Beatrice, NB
McWhorter's Burroughs Bulletin #11: Mad King Issue
Gridley Wave #106: Bibliographic Notes on The Mad
King Summary I : Summary
The Woman Who Loved Tarzan" by Robin Maxwell was
authorized by ERB Inc. and published by Tor Books. The dust jacket art
chosen by the publishers is by Mark Summers, although many fans
are equally impressed with the alternate unused cover art by Gregory
Robin gave us a pre-release copy
at the 2012 Tarzana ERB Centennial Celeberations where she was a guest
presenter. The book was a fascinating read that we would recommend to all
On our way home
from the Tarzana Dum-Dum, Sue-On and I spent some wonderful days with Robin
and Max at their High Desert Eden retreat where she shared intriguing information
on the book's backstory as well as on her many other bestselling historical
During our long
drive back home to Canada we were entertained by the reading of the book
by Robin's friend, English actress Suzan Crowley, who had recorded
an audio version of the entire book on a series of a dozen CDs. We are
hoping that Robin's unique and entertaining Tarzan tale told through Jane's
perspective will eventually be featured in ERB, Inc.'s new Edgar Rice
Burroughs Universe series.
JANE: The Woman Who Loved Tarzan
By Robin Maxwell
JANE: Reviews ~ Photos ~ Video
Tarzana 2012 Centennial: Robin
Maxwell & Suzan Crowley Presentations
Robin Maxwell's High Desert
Evolution of the Manchess JANE
Maxwell YouTube Video
*** An article in the Honolulu
Star Bulletin Sept. 18, 1940, reported that ERB had come back to the
islands for his health, and "is writing 20,000 words
weekly. He had completed three 20,000 word novelettes during the first
part of the month of September and had started his fourth on September
His work schedule was as follows: "...to
work at 9AM in slacks and beach slippers. Answers correspondence until
11AM, works on stories until 4PM. following the two finger method, he types
out 330 words in 20 min." The news item also states that ERB had
come to think of Tarzan as a real person, whereas John Carter and his other
characters were thought of as purely imaginative creations.
ERB in the Honolulu Star Bulletin
*** 1926: Joe Kubert was
a Polish-born American comic book artist, art teacher, and founder of The
Kubert School. He is best known to Burroughs fans for his work on the
Comics Tarzan series. Joe died on August 12, 2012 where we have featured
more about his life and work.
Joe Kubert: Self-effacing genius
Joe Kubert's DC Tarzan Comics
Joe Kubert Tarzan Cover Collages
*** 1949: William Stout,
American fantasy artist and illustrator with a specialization in paleontological
art was born on this date. His paintings have been shown in over seventy
exhibitions, including twelve one-man shows. He has worked in all media
including over thirty feature films. He worked as Russ Manning's
assistant on Manning's
Tarzan of the Apes Sunday and daily newspaper
comic strips. In 1972, Stout worked for Harvey Kurtzman and Will
Elder on Playboy's Little Annie Fanny.
Shmegeggi of the Cavemen
Tarzan the Magnificent evolution: Magic
Men in Argosy (Rogers art), Elephant Men in Blue Book (Stoop
Burroughs 1st Ed. (J. C. Burroughs art) ~ ERB and
Sol Lesser ~ JCB interior art for Magnificent
*** 1936: Tarzan and the Magic Men debuted in Argosy:
Jane must have persuaded Tarzan to sit still for some kind of hair treatment,
as he is glowering under his Caesar-style blond locks in the cover painting
for "Tarzan and the Magic Men," which began a three-part serialization
in Argosy Weekly, beginning with the issue dated Sept. 19, 1936.
Tarzan is also brandishing a club instead of his other usual weapons. However,
we recognize that it is Tarzan since faithful Nkima is still perched
on his shoulder and the ape man has been known to employ a club as a weapon
Despite ERB's description of Tarzan, artists sometimes
took liberties when they depicted him. An early pulp artist once drew Tarzan
with a beard and some artists loved to give Tarzan blonde hair, one of
them being Hubert Rogers, who provided the Magic Men cover painting
for the introductory episode and turned in a lot of other art for sci-fi
magazines over the decades..
Later, "Tarzan and the Elephant Men" was serialized
in Blue Book with cover art by Herbert Morton Stoops, and the two
were combined for the book, "Tarzan the Magnificent."
John Coleman Burroughs' cover painting for Magnificent
featured the lions and elephants of the warring cities in a climactic battle,
with Tarzan in the thick of things.
Magic Men was edited quite a bit before book publication,
but Dick Spargur's LOHAE press published the original pulp version
Tarzan the Magnificent: Biblio: Art, History, Reviews
Tarzan the Magnificent: Read full e-text edition
David Adams' commentary on Tarzan the Magnificent
ERB Pulp Biblio with all the covers
Splash Bar with two pulps and first edition art
summary by Adams
*** 1944: A letter from ERB to
son John Coleman Burroughs had nice things to say about the addressee,
Sol Lesser, and ERB's other son, Hulbert. Coincidentally,
Lesser, Tarzan movie producer, would also pass away on Sept. 19 -- 36 years
later, in 1980.
The letter answers the following questions: --What "counts
big in motion pictures"? --What are two reasons why it's "hell working
for a studio"? --Who did ERB suggest might wear "a Prussian haircut and
In 1933 Sol Lesser (1890.02.17-1980.09.19) succeeded
in buying screen rights to Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan character. A serial
with screen newcomer Buster Crabbe resulted, but Burroughs, deciding to
make his own Tarzan films, refused to renegotiate with Lesser. Burroughs's
movie enterprises were short-lived, and the rights passed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Lesser would not return to the Tarzan property until 1943, after MGM relinquished
the rights. Lesser's new Tarzan films were produced for RKO and starred
Johnny Weissmuller and later Lex Barker and Gordon Scott, and Lesser devoted
himself to these jungle adventures for the rest of his career.
ERB Letter about Sol Lesser
Sol Lesser Splash Bar
ERBzine Promo Poster Wall: Film2
Rex Maxon's Tarzan Sunday Strips: First 1931.03.15
and Last 1931.09.20
Maxon at-work photos and self-caricature ~ Maxon created
the Tarzan Daily B/W Strips from 1930-1947
*** 1931: Rex Maxon's last Tarzan Sunday page: Maxon
began the Tarzan Sunday pages on March 31, 1931, but his reign lasted
only a few months, his last Sunday page showing up on subscribers' doorsteps
the morning of Sept. 20, 1931.
As of the next Sunday, it was Harold
Maxon's work was considered good enough for the smaller,
daily strips, though, and so he continued to do the daily Tarzan for many
years. Later, he wrote some of the stories to accompany the strips, and
also drew the first issue of Turok, Son of Stone, and helped develop
some of the scenario for that series.
NBM ignored Maxon's Sundays in publishing its
long run of Tarzan in Color, but Dick Spargur's LOHAE Press did
publish the pages in NBM style. They are all available in full size and
colour at ERBzine.com where they were introduced in 2002.
Rex Maxon: Guide to all his Tarzan strips
Rex Maxon Biography and Articles
Rex Maxon's Full Size Sunday Pages I
Rex Maxon's Full Size Sunday Pages II
*** 1991: Spencer Locke
was born on this date in Winter Park, Florida, and landed the role of Jane
Porter when she was 22, just about the right age. She played opposite
Lutz in what is generally referred to as Constantin's "Tarzan"
to distinguish it from Disney's "Tarzan," Ely's "Tarzan," etc. The characters
in the movie are actually 3-D animations, made via the motion capture method
with actors having gone through their moves with sensors attached to their
bodies, on which the animated screen characters were based. Spencer voiced
Jane as well.
ERBzine Film Poster for Constantin
More Constantin Scenes
Links to Tarzan Constantin Trailers
Tarzan in IMDB
1929: ERB submitted the last
installment of 20,000-word Autobiography fulfilling Metropolitan's
request for publicity material to promote the release of Tarzan and
the Lost Empire
ERB Bio Timeline: '20s Decade
Tarzana Safari Walk: Signage, ERB and Danton Burroughs
Remembered, Cultural Centre, Murals
ERB, Inc's Willie Jones, Cathy Wilbanks, Jim Sullos
with Sue-On ~ Son of Tarzan BLB, Mars Caves
*** 2000: On this date an article in the
(Valley Edition) reported that Tarzana, California, was looking
for a new name. No, not a new name for the city -- but a new name for the
city's jungle-themed business district. Back then there was an on-going
face-lift of that district, which included small parks and metal silhouettes
of monkeys and other creatures hanging from street lights.
The Tarzana Business Improvement District invited "creative
Tarzan fans" (are there any other kind?) to submit names for the district.
The winner was to earn a prize of $200 on Nov. 1 of that year. See our
Tarzana Safari Walk was the winner, and the walk
taken by the ERB, Inc. staff and Bill and Sue-On shows that it is a popular
Taking the Tarzana Safari Walk I
Taking the Tarzana Safari Walk II
Taking the Tarzana Safari Walk III
Hillman Visit with Tarzana Friends and ERB, Inc.
2000 Search for Tarzana Downtown Name
*** On Sept. 21, 2007, NASA reported
that it had discovered several caves on the slopes of a Martian volcano,
possibly leading to underground habitations of Martian creatures. It would
thus be good for the first human visitors to Mars to go armed, in the event
they venture into the caves, which are apt to be the dwellings of apts,
as were the Carrion Caves in “Warlord of Mars.”
Martian Volcano and Caves find
of Mars: Carrion Caves
Barsoom Polar Regions by Den Valdron
*** Whitman published The Son of Tarzan
as a Big Little Book on Sept. 21, 1939.
Son of Tarzan BLB Bibliography Pt. 2
The Son of Tarzan: Complete Biblio History, Art, Covers,
The Son of Tarzan: Read the complete e-Text
ERB Bio Timeline: '30s decade
*** 1918: Apex Pictures
contracted to produce Return of Tarzan and paid Ed an assistant
director fee of $5000. This was the start of another bout of artistic and
ERB Bio Timeline
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