Official Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
Since 1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
Volume 6345

Collated by John Martin and Bill Hillman
With Web Design, Added Events, Links,
Illustrations and Photo Collages by Bill Hillman

SEPT 15 ~ SEPT 16 ~ SEPT 17
SEPT 18 ~ SEPT 19 ~ SEPT 20 ~ SEPT 21


Click for full-size images


First Edition Releases: The War Chief: McClurg/Stahr ~ Tarzan Lord of the Jungle: McClurg/St. John
Back to the Stone Age: Burroughs/JCB ~ Tarzan and the Forbidden City: Burroughs/JCB
*** 1927/1928/1937/1938: Four Edgar Rice Burroughs first edition books were published on Sept. 15.
On that date in 1927, A.C. McClurg & Co. published the first edition of ERB's initial Apache novel, "The War Chief" with cover art by Paul Stahr
Exactly one year later, in 1928, McClurg published "Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle." It turned out to be the last of 29 ERB editions to be published by McClurg with cover art by J. Allen St. John.
After briefly contracting with Metropolitan to publish his next four books, ERB began self-publishing in 1933, with "Apache Devil," sequel to "The War Chief". Published by Burroughs/ERB, Inc with cover and interior art by ERB nephew Studley Oldham Burroughs.
Ten years from the first date above, in 1937, Burroughs/ERB Inc. published "Back to the Stone Age" on Sept. 15 with cover and interior art by ERB's son John Coleman Burroughs.
Exactly one year later, in 1938, it published the first edition of "Tarzan and the Forbidden City" on Sept. 15.  Published by Burroughs/ERB, Inc with cover and interior art by ERB's son John Coleman Burroughs.
War Chief: Full Biblio Info, Art, e-Text
Lord of the Jungle: Full Biblio Info, Art, e-Text
Back to the Stone Age: Full Biblio Info, Art, e-Text
Forbidden City: Full Biblio Info, Art, e-Text
1944: Jack removed grandmother Mary Evaline's ashes from the Pierce Brother Crematorium where they had been stored for over 20 years.

ERB Bio Timeline


ERB Cars: Chicago's first Horseless Carriage, his cross-country Republic Truck, Cord L-29 Cabriolet
ERB's An Auto-Biography ~ Gene Pollar and Karla Schramm: Revenge/Return of Tarzan 

*** 1893: Edgar Rice Burroughs drove Chicago's first electric horseless carriage on this date.
Most of ERB's heroes were so busy fighting dinosaurs, Warhoons or feline carnivores that they didn't have much time to drive motor vehicles, or roads to drive them on.
A couple of exceptions were Barney Custer, who wrecked his roadster at the beginning of Chapter 1 of "The Mad King" and drove other vehicles in wild car chases in the latter half of the book, and Tarzan himself, who advanced from an ignorant ape-like state at the beginning of his career, to a competent wheel man by the end of the first book of his adventures.
The creator of these and other characters, Edgar Rice Burroughs, loved a good automobile himself, proudly posing for pictures beside his vehicles and using them to take his family on cross-state camping trips. He even wrote in the person of a vehicle in the little booklet, "An Auto-Biography."
    ERB was an American pioneer in the advent of the horseless carriage. No, he didn't tinker as an inventor, nor build a large factory to mass-produce an ERBmobile, but on this date, Sept. 16, 1893, he enjoyed a young man's dream of driving what was believed to be the first electric horseless carriage in Chicago -- an electric nine-seater, doing it on behalf of his father's enterprise, the American Battery Company, at the Chicago Columbian Exposition
Could it be that ERB also got many of his ideas for later stories from the wonderful exhibits on display at that fair? This article in Bill Hillman's ERBzine says so, right below the top article in the series on  ERB's adventures in the 1893 Expo.
Ed and His Electric Flyer: Chicago's first Horseless Carriage
ERB's Remarkable Summer of '93: Hillman Docu-Novel
"An Auto-Biography," ERB's rarest book
*** 1892: Joseph C. Pohler
(1892.09.16-1971.10.20) was born in New York on this date. He would grow up to be Gene Pollar and play ERB's creation in the early movie, "The Revenge of Tarzan."
Pohler was an excellent athlete, a champion at shell boat racing, a strapping 6' 2" and 195 pounds. He joined the Hook and Ladder Co. 20 of the New York Fire Department and became popular and well known for his athletic ability. Some movie scouts looking for a new Tarzan heard about Pohler's physical prowess and sought him out. After passing his screen test, the producers decided their new star needed a new name. Pohler did not favour this but settled for the variant spelling, "Pollar," and Gene after his son, who had died at five years of age. Reviews of his appearance as Tarzan in The Revenge of Tarzan were excellent so he was wanted to play sequels.
    Weiss Bros. who held his contract, secretly tried to make a deal with national Film Corp. for Pohler to appear in the sequel, "The Son of Tarzan." But when Pohler learned that he was to be held to his contract of $100 weekly while his services were being sold for five times that amount, he left Hollywood and returned to New York.
    Because Pohler's film career spanned exactly one year and he never sought public attention afterward, Pohler managed to keep his personal life private. Film buffs from time to time asked: "Whatever happened to Gene Pohler?" It was a short, unhappy year that he spent in the movie jungle and it so soured him that he gave up any chance of continuing as a movie celebrity and returned to a job he found much more satisfying, a New York City fireman. If prompted, Pohler would spin out funny yarns about his life as Tarzan, but the yarns were laced with bitterness.
Revenge/Return of Tarzan 1920 with Polar
Gene Pollar Scrapbook

Off-Site References
Polar in Wikipedia
Film Career

1911: Ed's Chicago Cubs baseball poem O, Yes; It's Getting Thick - appeared in  the Tribune
O, Yes; It's Getting Thick: ERB's Poetry Collection


Argosy Weekly 1932 Cover Art: Paul Stahr ~ Pirates of Venus Art by Fortunino Matania
All Argosy Pirates of Venus Covers for the serial ~ ERB, Inc. 1934 First Edition Art: J. Allen St. John

*** In 1932, ERB showed his fans that he was not through exploring new worlds. On this date, Argosy Weekly published the first of six parts of a brand new ERB report, "The Pirates of Venus," with an eye-catching cover that showed readers that, if they parted with 10 cents to purchase the magazine, they’d read of a battle with a giant spider-like creature. Who could resist?
One thing unique about the opening pages of the story was the fact that it tied in stories from both the Tarzan and Pellucidar series, even adding an important plot element to the Pellucidar series. One of those mentioned, Jason Gridley, was also connected to the Mars series. In addition, it featured the real-life world of Edgar Rice Burroughs and his secretary, Ralph Rothmund, at ERB Inc.
    The hero, Earthborn Carson, arrives on Venus in answer to telepathic messages. Through an error in trajectory calculation his Mars-bound spaceship lands on Venus. The story is a typically Burroughs with high adventure, fighting hero in a strange alien land, a beautiful princess, fantastic creatures and strange societies. As he has done in his previous alien worlds, ERB creates a new language with a written alphabet. Reflecting the mood of the '30s, ERB has also included elements of political satire against communism (the Thorists).
The Pirates of Venus
Read the entire novel in eText
Matania Venus Art Collage

Off-Site Reference
Pirates of Venus Summary

*** 1931: It is important to remember that, while the first magazine account of Carson Napier’s exploits on Venus were not published until September of 1932, he had actually already been on Venus, or Amtor as the natives call it, for more than a year. Fredrik Ekman did extensive research and calculations to come up with exact dates for many of the incidents mentioned in the Venus tomes. For instance, while the first installment of “Pirates” appeared in the Argosy magazine dated Sept. 17 of 1932, Ekman has calculated that exactly one year earlier, on Sept. 17, 1931, Carson had leaped the wall of Duare’s garden and was fighting off her attackers. John Martin did a major 10-page coverage on Amtor in ERBzine which even included a 24-stanza Carson of Amtor poem he had written for the feature.
Ekman’s scholarly work on Amtor
All About Amtor by John Martin: ERBzine Nos. 4510-4520
Carson of Amtor Poem by John "Bridge" Martin
***1921: Tarzan of the Apes Tarzan made its debut on the New York stage on this date at the Broadhurst Theatre, Forty-fourth street and Broadway in New York. The advertised "Dramatic Version" presented by George Broadhurst was in four acts and ten episodes, with British authors Woodgate and Gibbons listed, and with staging by Mrs. Trimble Bradley. Members of the original British cast included Ronald Adair as Tarzan and Edward Sillward as Kala. Lady Greystoke was played by Alice Mosely, and Ethel Dwyer took the part of Jane. The play became more daring than the British version; Broadhurst had real lions on stage — two of them. Jim, the original Tarzan lion, and Beauty, the lioness, were noted as playing "silent but active parts."

The play was reviewed in Weekly Review.


THE MAD KING: Cover Art by J. Allen St. John, A.C. McClurg Dust Jacket, All-Story Pulps, Paperback Art: Frazetta and Boris
Edgar Rice Burroughs: WWII Correspondent ~ Beatrice: Home of Barney Custer and Bert Weston ~ Joe Kubert: Tarzan Artist

*** 1926: About 10 years after its two parts had appeared in pulp magazines, ERB's "The Mad King" was rushed into print by A.C. McClurg and Co. on this date. It must have been "rushed" into print because there were two typographical errors in the first state of the first edition, which had to be corrected in later editions. Robert B. Zeuschner, in his "Edgar Rice Burroughs: The Bibliography," has this to say:
'The copyright page states "Published August, 1926." There may be as many as four states of this McClurg title. Like the typical McClurgs of this period, the first state of the first edition is bound in a dark blue cloth with orange lettering on the front cover and spine. It can be distinguished from the later variants by two typographical errors which were progressively corrected in subsequent states. For the first state, the sixth paragraph of page 12 ends with "face of the man;" it is in the wrong place. Also, on page 92, line 16 is identical with line 22. Maurice B. Gardner pointed these out to McClurg, and the incorrect pages were removed and replaced (cf. Henry Hardy Heins, 1975, page 168). On the title page, the date shows "1026" not "1926." It is possible that this is a printing plate defect, and that the "0" is actually an incomplete "9." '
    The book goes on to describe the second, third and fourth states in which the errors were corrected, once apparently with a new, tipped in page 92 and later with pages that were actually bound in. Zeuschner's book should be consulted for details. Zeuschner indicates that the existence of one of the four states is iffy and, in fact, the website lists just three states.
    The hero, Barney Custer of Beatrice, Nebraska, also appeared briefly in the ERB novel "The Eternal Lover," in which his sister, Victoria Custer, was the female lead. ERB undoubtedly chose Beatrice as the hometown of his hero because his lifelong friend, Hebert Weston, lived there. The events of "The Mad King" take place in the mythical land of Lutha which is theoretically over near Austria or Hungary.
For many years we were intrigued by ERB's numerous Weston and Beatrice references. We finally had a chance to visit the town a few years back. We shared many of the photos we took during that visit.
Mad King Biblio Info: History, Covers, Art, Articles
Mad King Complete eText
Outline of Luthanian History by J. G. Huckenpohler
An Analysis of ERB's The Mad King by R.E. Prindle
Evolution of The Mad King Art
Hillman Visit to Barney Custer's Beatrice, NB
McWhorter's Burroughs Bulletin #11: Mad King Issue
Gridley Wave #106: Bibliographic Notes on The Mad King

Off-Site References:
Mad King Summary I : Summary II
Tangor FanFic Sequel
erbfirsts Info

2012: "JANE: The Woman Who Loved Tarzan" by Robin Maxwell was authorized by ERB Inc. and published by Tor Books. The dust jacket art chosen by the publishers is by Mark Summers, although many fans are equally impressed with the alternate unused cover art by Gregory Manchess.
Robin gave us a pre-release copy at the 2012 Tarzana ERB Centennial Celeberations where she was a guest presenter. The book was a fascinating read that we would recommend to all ERB fans.
    On our way home from the Tarzana Dum-Dum, Sue-On and I spent some wonderful days with Robin and Max at their High Desert Eden retreat where she shared intriguing information on the book's backstory as well as on her many other bestselling historical romances.
    During our long drive back home to Canada we were entertained by the reading of the book by Robin's friend, English actress Suzan Crowley, who had recorded an audio version of the entire book on a series of a dozen CDs. We are hoping that Robin's unique and entertaining Tarzan tale told through Jane's perspective will eventually be featured in ERB, Inc.'s new Edgar Rice Burroughs Universe series.
JANE: The Woman Who Loved Tarzan By Robin Maxwell
JANE: Reviews ~ Photos ~ Video
Tarzana 2012 Centennial: Robin Maxwell & Suzan Crowley Presentations
Robin Maxwell's High Desert Eden
Evolution of the Manchess JANE art

Off-Site Reference
Robin Maxwell YouTube Video

*** An article in the Honolulu Star Bulletin Sept. 18, 1940, reported that ERB had come back to the islands for his health, and "is writing 20,000 words weekly. He had completed three 20,000 word novelettes during the first part of the month of September and had started his fourth on September 16!"
His work schedule was as follows: " work at 9AM in slacks and beach slippers. Answers correspondence until 11AM, works on stories until 4PM. following the two finger method, he types out 330 words in 20 min." The news item also states that ERB had come to think of Tarzan as a real person, whereas John Carter and his other characters were thought of as purely imaginative creations.
ERB in the Honolulu Star Bulletin
*** 1926: Joe Kubert (1926.09.18-2012.08.12) was a Polish-born American comic book artist, art teacher, and founder of The Kubert School. He is best known to Burroughs fans for his work on the DC Comics Tarzan series. We have featured more about his life and work in the ERBzine links I've shared here. I still have the first 3D comic I bought in 1953 which features his comic art.  Joe died on August 12, 2012

Joe Kubert: Self-effacing genius
Joe Kubert: Self-effacing genius
Joe Kubert's DC Tarzan Comics
Joe Kubert Tarzan Cover Collages

*** 1949: William Stout, American fantasy artist and illustrator with a specialization in paleontological art was born on this date. His paintings have been shown in over seventy exhibitions, including twelve one-man shows. He has worked in all media including over thirty feature films. He worked as Russ Manning's assistant on Manning's Tarzan of the Apes Sunday and daily newspaper comic strips. In 1972, Stout worked for Harvey Kurtzman and Will Elder on Playboy's Little Annie Fanny.
Shmegeggi of the Cavemen
Tarzan Strips


Tarzan the Magnificent evolution: Magic Men in Argosy (Rogers art), Elephant Men in Blue Book (Stoop art),
Burroughs 1st Ed. (J. C. Burroughs art) ~ ERB and Sol Lesser ~ JCB interior art for Magnificent

*** 1936: Tarzan and the Magic Men debuted in Argosy: Jane must have persuaded Tarzan to sit still for some kind of hair treatment, as he is glowering under his Caesar-style blond locks in the cover painting for "Tarzan and the Magic Men," which began a three-part serialization in Argosy Weekly, beginning with the issue dated Sept. 19, 1936. Tarzan is also brandishing a club instead of his other usual weapons. However, we recognize that it is Tarzan since faithful Nkima is still perched on his shoulder and the ape man has been known to employ a club as a weapon of convenience.
Despite ERB's description of Tarzan, artists sometimes took liberties when they depicted him. An early pulp artist once drew Tarzan with a beard and some artists loved to give Tarzan blonde hair, one of them being Hubert Rogers, who provided the Magic Men cover painting for the introductory episode and turned in a lot of other art for sci-fi magazines over the decades..
Later, "Tarzan and the Elephant Men" was serialized in Blue Book with cover art by Herbert Morton Stoops, and the two were combined for the book, "Tarzan the Magnificent."
John Coleman Burroughs' cover painting for Magnificent featured the lions and elephants of the warring cities in a climactic battle, with Tarzan in the thick of things.
Magic Men was edited quite a bit before book publication, but Dick Spargur's LOHAE press published the original pulp version in 2008.
Tarzan the Magnificent: Biblio: Art, History, Reviews
Tarzan the Magnificent: Read full e-text edition
David Adams' commentary on Tarzan the Magnificent
ERB Pulp Biblio with all the covers
Splash Bar with two pulps and first edition art

Off-Site References
Magnificent summary by Adams
Hubert Rogers biography

*** 1944: A letter from ERB to son John Coleman Burroughs had nice things to say about the addressee, Sol Lesser, and ERB's other son, Hulbert. Coincidentally, Lesser, Tarzan movie producer, would also pass away on Sept. 19 -- 36 years later, in 1980.
The letter answers the following questions: --What "counts big in motion pictures"? --What are two reasons why it's "hell working for a studio"? --Who did ERB suggest might wear "a Prussian haircut and a monocle"?
In 1933 Sol Lesser (1890.02.17-1980.09.19) succeeded in buying screen rights to Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan character. A serial with screen newcomer Buster Crabbe resulted, but Burroughs, deciding to make his own Tarzan films, refused to renegotiate with Lesser. Burroughs's movie enterprises were short-lived, and the rights passed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Lesser would not return to the Tarzan property until 1943, after MGM relinquished the rights. Lesser's new Tarzan films were produced for RKO and starred Johnny Weissmuller and later Lex Barker and Gordon Scott, and Lesser devoted himself to these jungle adventures for the rest of his career.
ERB Letter about Sol Lesser
Sol Lesser Splash Bar
ERBzine Promo Poster Wall: Film2
John Coleman Burroughs Tribute


Rex Maxon's Tarzan Sunday Strips: First 1931.03.15 and Last 1931.09.20
Maxon at-work photos and self-caricature ~ Maxon created the Tarzan Daily B/W Strips from 1930-1947

*** 1931: Rex Maxon's last Tarzan Sunday page: Maxon began the Tarzan Sunday pages on March 31, 1931, but his reign lasted only a few months, his last Sunday page showing up on subscribers' doorsteps the morning of Sept. 20, 1931.
As of the next Sunday, it was Harold Foster time.
Maxon's work was considered good enough for the smaller, daily strips, though, and so he continued to do the daily Tarzan for many years. Later, he wrote some of the stories to accompany the strips, and also drew the first issue of Turok, Son of Stone, and helped develop some of the scenario for that series.
NBM ignored Maxon's Sundays in publishing its long run of Tarzan in Color, but Dick Spargur's LOHAE Press did a limited publication of the pages in NBM style. They are ALL available in full size and colour at where they were introduced in 2002.
Rex Maxon: Guide to all his Tarzan strips
Rex Maxon Biography and Articles
Rex Maxon's Full Size Sunday Pages I
Rex Maxon's Full Size Sunday Pages II
*** 1991: Spencer Locke
was born on this date in Winter Park, Florida, and landed the role of Jane Porter when she was 22, just about the right age. She played opposite Kellan Lutz in what is generally referred to as Constantin's "Tarzan" to distinguish it from Disney's "Tarzan," Ely's "Tarzan," etc. The characters in the movie are actually 3-D animations, made via the motion capture method with actors having gone through their moves with sensors attached to their bodies, on which the animated screen characters were based. Spencer voiced Jane as well.
Constantin's Tarzan
ERBzine Film Poster for Constantin
More Constantin Scenes
Links to Tarzan Constantin Trailers

Off-Site References
Spencer in IMDB
Spencer in Wikipedia
Constantin's Tarzan in IMDB

1929: ERB submitted the last installment of 20,000-word Autobiography fulfilling Metropolitan's request for publicity material to promote the release of Tarzan and the Lost Empire. ERB's full Autobiography was on display to peruse at the McWhorter Memorial ERB Library in the Rare Books section at the University of Louisville while George was the curator. It has since been moved to the storage room. ERBzine has shared various excerpts and/or shortened versions of ERB's bios through the years.
ERB Bio Timeline: '20s Decade
Two ERB Autobiographies: "Tells All" and "Amazing!"
MEET THE MASTER OF ADVENTURE: 3 Entires: "Amazing" "DJ blurb" "Obituary"
ERB Article Reprints: "How I Wrote The Tarzan Books" "Autobiographical Sketch" etc.
A TIME LINE OF ERB's "OTHER BURROUGHS" Compiled by Bill Hillman
Tarzan and the Lost Empire


Tarzana Safari Walk: Signage, ERB and Danton Burroughs Remembered, Cultural Centre, Murals
ERB, Inc's Willie Jones, Cathy Wilbanks, Jim Sullos with Sue-On ~ Son of Tarzan BLB, Mars Caves

*** 2000: On this date an article in the L.A. Times (Valley Edition) reported that Tarzana, California, was looking for a new name. No, not a new name for the city -- but a new name for the city's jungle-themed business district. Back then there was an on-going face-lift of that district, which included small parks and metal silhouettes of monkeys and other creatures hanging from street lights.
The Tarzana Business Improvement District invited "creative Tarzan fans" (are there any other kind?) to submit names for the district. The winner was to earn a prize of $200 on Nov. 1 of that year. See our ERBzine 0444
Tarzana Safari Walk was the winner, and the walk taken by the ERB, Inc. staff and Bill and Sue-On shows that it is a popular Tarzana attraction.
Taking the Tarzana Safari Walk I
Taking the Tarzana Safari Walk II
Taking the Tarzana Safari Walk III
Hillman Visit with Tarzana Friends and ERB, Inc.
2000 Search for Tarzana Downtown Name

Off-Site Reference
Safari Walk

*** On Sept. 21, 2007, NASA reported that it had discovered several caves on the slopes of a Martian volcano, possibly leading to underground habitations of Martian creatures. It would thus be good for the first human visitors to Mars to go armed, in the event they venture into the caves, which are apt to be the dwellings of apts, as were the Carrion Caves in “Warlord of Mars.”
Martian Volcano and Caves find
Warlord of Mars: Carrion Caves THE CARRION
Barsoom Polar Regions by Den Valdron

*** Whitman published The Son of Tarzan as a Big Little Book on Sept. 21, 1939. This BLB was adapted from the 96 Rex Maxon Tarzan Daily Comic Strips that ran in 1929. These strips are all reprinted in ERBzine.
Son of Tarzan 96 Daily Strips by Rex Maxon
Son of Tarzan BLB Bibliography Pt. 2
The Son of Tarzan: Complete Biblio History, Art, Covers, Etc.
The Son of Tarzan: Read the complete e-Text
ERB Bio Timeline: '30s decade

*** 1918: Apex Pictures contracted to produce Return of Tarzan and paid Ed an assistant director fee of $5000. This was the start of another bout of artistic and legal wranglings
ERB Bio Timeline




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