Official Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
Since 1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
Volume 6348

Collated by John Martin and Bill Hillman
With Web Design, Added Events, Links,
Illustrations and Photo Collages by Bill Hillman

OCT 8 ~ OCT 9 ~ OCT 10
OCT 11 ~ OCT 12 ~ OCT 13 ~ OCT 14



Click for full-size images


The Efficiency Expert: House of Greystoke ed.: Frazetta art, 1921 Pulps: Mulford art in 1st
Land Time Forgot: 3rd Blue Book, Trilogy reprints in 1927 Amazing, ~ Forbidden City: Whitman reprint, Sgroi art

*** 1916: ERB reported that Bowen Tyler Jr. sat down and wrote the last four chapters of his adventures on this date. It would eventually be published under the title of “The Land That Time Forgot." Bowen says he was alone when he wrote those last few pages to consign, with the rest of the story, to a bottle, which he would toss into the sea. But the last page of his manuscript tells how he and Lys La Rue got together at last as man and wife, wed under the laws of Caspak – laws which Bowen and Lys, being the most civilized form of life there, wrote themselves.
But if Bowen was alone when he wrote the last part of the story, that means he must have left Lys at home to sweep out the cave while he went about his business. No doubt, when he got back, he would discover that she had been kidnapped by caveman ruffians in his absence. That's the way it is in the world of ERB, as well as in the world of Caspak!
The Land That Time Forgot: Illustrated Bibliography
The Land That Time Forgot: Complete Trilogy in e-Text
The Land That Time Forgot: 1975 Film: 2 Parts

Off-Site Reference
Story Summary

*** 1921: The first of four parts of ERB's “The Efficiency Expert” appeared in Argosy All-Story Weekly. Since the magazine sold for 10 cents, a reader would pay 40 cents for the whole story, the same price that one had to pay to get a complete Burroughs story in paperback from Ace Books a little over 40 years later! What a deal!
. The cover of the magazine shows a man looking at a woman through the window of an automobile. The man is not Jimmy Torrance, hero of the book, but a somewhat shady character (though with a heart of gold), known as the Lizard, and the woman is Edith Hudson.
    The first edition of this story was published many years later in 1966 by The House of Greystoke. It was a photographic reprint of the All-Story version of 84 pages. It featured a Frank Frazetta front cover and same frontispiece. Roger B. Morrison four B/W interiors from the pulp version were included. Publisher Vern Coriell sent me a copy of this - a real treasure.
Efficiency Expert in Illustrated Pulp Bibliography
The Efficiency Expert: Illustrated Bibliography
The Efficiency Expert: Original Pulp Text

Off-Site Reference
Story Summarized

1954: Whitman hardback editions sold for 49 cents each. Our ERB Events of two days ago noted the 1952 appearance, in DJ, of Whitman's abridged editions of “Tarzan and the City of Gold” and “Tarzan and the Forbidden City.” On this date, Oct. 8, in 1954, Whitman published the printed-cover edition of “Forbidden City” with interior illustrations by Tony Sgroi instead of Jesse Marsh, whose interior art had been used in the first Whitman edition of that title Whitman’s companion volume, their followup edition of “City of Gold,” had come out in July of that year.
As seen in my ERBzine coverage "Forbidden City" has an unusual history, it was even adapted for a radio series called "Tarzan and the Diamond of Asher." I feature every episode in ERBzine and have also written summaries for episodes.
Tarzan and the Forbidden City: Illustrated Bibliography
Forbidden adapted for Diamond of Asher radio serial
(Synopsis of every episode by Bill Hillman)
Listen to all 39 Diamond of Asher radio shows

*** 1932: Terrace Drive Murder appears in Script Mag
*** 1949: This month the Sunday Tarzan strip format was changed from tab to half-page

ERB Bio Timeline and Annotated Calendar


Carthoris: son of John Carter & Dejah Thoris: Ivie Art ~ 3 Cartoons by ERB ~ Fredrik Ekman (R) & Jim Hadac (L)
Great Chicago Fire ~ ERB's "Men of the Bronze Age" (Savage Pellucidar from ERBbooks)

*** 1866: Martian Dejah Thoris lays the egg for her first born, Carthoris:
In some of his stories, ERB gives exact dates for certain events, such as the dates he lists in “The Land That Time Forgot”. However, the determination of some dates in stories is left up to fans such as Fredrik Ekman, James Michael Moody, Alan Hanson, Philip Jose Farmer and others. It requires a lot of research to coordinate ERB references to actual world events, and sometimes these dedicated date detectives come to different conclusions.
    If Ekman’s research is correct, then on this date, on Barsoom, corresponding to our Earth date of Oct. 9, 1866, the oviparous Martian Dejah Thoris laid the egg that contained the ingredients for Carthoris.
But would that be considered Carthoris's "birthday," or would his birthday, on Mars, be the date five years later that he actually broke free of his egg and pounded on the door of the incubator until they let him out, then crawled up on Dejah's lap, and said his first words: "Where's Da-Da?"
In any case, Ekman attests to the fact that it IS, at least, the day there was some visible form of what was to become Carthoris.
    Both John Lennon and his son, Sean, were born on this date, Oct. 9, John in 1940 and Sean in 1975. That has nothing to do with Edgar Rice Burroughs, except to point out that Carthoris shares a birthday of sorts (Oct. 9 in 1866) with these musical men. Imagine! The Beatles were Tarzan fans and even inserted a photo of Weissmuller's Tarzan in their Sgt. Pepper album cover collage.
    To understand how he arrived at his dates, one needs to read Ekman's articles in ERBzine:
Ekman Chronology for ERB Mars Novels
Fredrik Ekman meets The Red Hawk:
Ivie Mars art and John Martin's Gods of Mars Poem
Collage of Larry Ivie Gods of Mars Art
John Lennon Tributes in Hillman Musical Odyssey
*** 1903:
Also on this day, ERB drew a cartoon and mailed it to his father for his birthday, telling him that he was taking a correspondence course in drawing and that he still hoped to be a cartoonist. If he had, most people on this list would probably not know each other! Many examples of ERB's cartoon work are featured across the ERBzine site.
    Edgar Rice Burroughs possessed the combined talents of writer, photographer, and artist. Over the last +20 years I have spent countless hours documenting and showcasing these talents on the Internet in over 15,000 Webpages. Much of this work has been done with the assistance of Danton Burroughs, who devoted a lifetime in the preservation and promotion the Burroughs family legacy and of his grandfather's life and works. ERB's appreciation of the art of illustration is evident in the choice of artists who brought his written words to visual life: Schoonover, St. John, Foster, et al -- including his son, John Coleman and his nephew Studley.
    One of the major projects Dan and I had been working on, in the months preceding his death, was the showcasing of ERB artwork. Edgar Rice Burroughs' pen-and-ink sketches and cartoons are both humorous and documentary. Through his sketches he documented many of his real-life adventures and everyday family events. The reproduction quality is not always great, but ERB's humour, powers of observation, and skill with pen and ink shine through. I am proud to share with fellow ERB fans and scholars a small sampling of the work by one of my favourite artists: Edgar Rice Burroughs.
The Art of Edgar Rice Burroughs (11 Pages)
ERB Political Cartoon Collage
1871: October 8-10: The Burroughs family watched the great Chicago fire from the roof of their large, leased, three-story brick townhouse at 650 Washington Boulevard on the West Side. (Washington Blvd. was where Mary Todd Lincoln chose to live after the assassination of her husband in 1865.)  (Although well off financially, G.T. Burroughs never owned a home - see ERBzine 0932 ). One-third of the city was destroyed in the horrific Chicago Fire but their West Side neighbourhood was spared.
Major George Tyler Burroughs, Sr. and the Chicago Fire
Annotated Illustrated ERB Calendar of Events: October
*** 1940: (Hawaii): ERB noted that although it was very hot, he managed to write "...4000 words today" for the Pellucidar novelette which would become "Men of the Bronze Age." The final installment -- part 4 -- of this story that would become part of the novel "Savage Pellucidar" was finally published in Amazing Magazine on November 1963 with two interiors and back cover art by Larry Ivie.

    All four parts of the story were then published as Savage Pellucidear in the first hardcover edition by Canaveral Press on November 25, 1963 and later followed by numerous paperback editions from Ace and Ballantine.
Still later, in October 2018,, endorsed by ERB, Inc., released a gorgeous special edition with an amazing collection of illustrations by artists such as Grindberg, Frazetta, Jusko and St. John, Takebe, and Ivie.
Men of the Bronze Age Summary
Bronze Age compiled in Savage Pellucidar
Savage Pellucidar: ERBbooks authorized by ERB, Inc.

Off-Site Reference:
Savage Pellucidar Special Edition from ERBbooks

***1918: October 9: Although the rest of the family seem to have escaped the flu, Hulbert shows symptoms which Ed hopes is the lighter Spanish Influenza.
ERB Bio Timeline
Annotated Illustrated ERB Calendar of Events: October


A Princess of Mars: 1st ed. McClurg with cover and interior art by Frank Schoonover
The Tarzan Twins: Volland ed. with Donald Grant art, Canaveral and Big Little Book editions

*** It was an exciting day for fans of the new author, Edgar Rice Burroughs, when the book version of "A Princess of Mars" was published on Oct. 10, 1917.
Now, at last, they could toss out that old pulp version that the wife had been nagging them about and place a "real" book onto the shelf, one with sturdier pages, a protective hard cover, a full-color jacket and five interior illustrations by Frank Schoonover. Dedication was: "To My Son Jack."
“Princess” had been ERB's first story to see print (in magazine form in 1912), even before the eventual flagship title of "Tarzan of the Apes," and now, at last, it was getting the treatment it deserved. Fans could only hope, back then, that parts two and three of the trilogy, which had also appeared in pulp magazines by that time, would soon show up in books as well. Then, they could get rid of the ratty old pulps containing those stories, too. The wife would be very happy.
*** ERB's original story, the magazine version of which brought him $400 with which to feed his income-less family, has certainly come a long way, in the 106 years since it first appeared on the product of a tree and the 101 years since it first found its way between hard covers. Nowadays, a copy of "Princess" is as close as one's computer keyboard, where can either summon up the story via Project Gutenberg, or one can go to any number of websites to order a copy of the book from any number of publishers.
The story has been published in book form by multiple companies: A.C. McClurg & Co., Grosset & Dunlap, Doubleday, Quiet Vision, Methuen, Ballantine, Dover, Easton Press, Bison, Del-Rey, Penguin, Wildside and more, as well as in uncountable foreign editions.
*** There are various print-on-demand versions (Let the buyer beware) and at least one facsimilie pulp reprint, made from a pulp that someone saved in spite of his unhappy wife.
How many copies of “A Princess of Mars” do you own? How many are hardbacks and how many are paperbacks? Do they bear the title of “Princess” or the title “Under the Moons of Mars”? Do you have it on a CD or a cassette tape? Do you have a copy in which it is bound with its sequels, “Gods of Mars” and “Warlord of Mars”? Do you have a copy of the edition where it is bound with “A Fighting Man of Mars,” or perhaps the book where it is bound with “At the Earth's Core?” The edition with full illustrations by artist Michael Kaluta?  The best of all is the Deluxe Manuscript Edition from
A Princess of Mars overview with history, covers, art, links:
A Princess of Mars: Read the entire e-text
Collage of the Schoonover art
"Princess" Study Guide Log Notes by Bill Hillman
"The Martian" 31 UK Sun Strips
Spectacular Princess of Mars Art by Michael Kaluta
The Deluxe Manuscript Edition of A PRINCESS OF MARS from

Off-Site Reference
Tangor et al summary

*** "Princess" was not the only ERB book to first appear on Oct. 10, though. Exactly 10 years later, Oct. 10, 1927, Volland published an ERB book written especially for young people -- "The Tarzan Twins." It was a very special edition, with slipcase and colored pictures. There was a sequel to it with the long title of "Tarzan and the Tarzan Twins and Jad-bal-ja The Golden Lion." By the time you had finished reading the title, you had read half the book. “The Tarzan Twins” featured the adventures of Dick and Doc in wild Africa.
Illustrations were by Donald Grant and the dedication read: "To Joan, Hulbert and Jack, who were brought up on Tarzan stories, this volume is affectionately dedicated by their father." Both stories were combined in the '60s in the
The Tarzan Twins: History, Covers, Art, Comics
The Tarzan Twins: Read the e-Text
Collage of the many covers:
Morphology of a Folktale by ERB: Article by David Adams


The Return of Tarzan (Tarzan of the Apes sequel): two Wyeth covers of New Story's 7-Pt debut serialization
Minidoka: ERB's first book: St. John Cover and two of ERB's interior cartoon illustrations

*** 1912: Letter of Advice from Thomas Newell Metcalf:
There are always those who are ready to offer free advice. The trick is in knowing which advice to take and which to ignore.
Edgar Rice Burroughs was very successful as a writer and there were plenty of people out there wanting to give him advice about what he should write and how he should write it. Most of these "advisors" were called "editors," and probably the only thing as annoying to an author as an editor would be script writers who, of course, also have editors.
Thomas Newell Metcalf was managing editor of The All-Story magazine and he knew he had a winner when he saw the public reaction to the stories of ERB that he published Metcalf became the first editor to dish out free advice to ERB,, and some of that advice was contained in a letter he wrote to ERB on Oct. 11, 1912.
    In urging ERB to write a sequel to “Tarzan of the Apes,” Metcalf advised: "I have been wondering whether it would not be possible to have him [Tarzan], after receiving his conge from the girl, make a stagger at being highly civilized in some effete metropolis such as London, Paris or New York, where he very quickly finds the alleged diversions of civilization to be only as ashes in his mouth."
It looks like Metcalf was right on target. That's how ERB began “The Return of Tarzan,” whether a result of Metcalf's suggestion or his own fertile mind.
    However, from there, Metcalf's advice pretty much went downhill. Metcalf's idea of Tarzan's eventual return to the jungle would have taken this form: "For a while, of course, he tried to persuade himself into believing that he is happy once more. He very likely develops extreme cruelty and runs the gamut of doing all kinds of almost insane things with the various animals and also with the blacks."
    Then, Metcalf suggested that ERB have Tarzan give up on civilization and return to the jungle. Well, that happened, kind of. Tarzan didn't entirely give up on civilization. In fact, he was working as a government agent when circumstances landed him back in his jungle. It had not been a deliberate decision.
    Metcalf suggested, in the letter, that Tarzan "...decides that the only thing he can do is to go back to the woods and again rule the apes." It sounds more like Metcalf was pitching the story, many years in advance, for the movie “Greystoke, the Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes”!
And then Metcalf, assuming that Jane will marry William Clayton, comes up with this scenario for a new love for Tarzan: "Then I was wondering whether it might not in some way be possible to introduce a young woman, whose childhood and youth had been spent exactly as had Tarzan's. She had been somehow marooned in the wilderness and, as Tarzan, had grown up to be a savage."
Well, ERB did give us Olga de Coude and La, neither of whom quite fit that bill, but ERB already knew all along that William Clayton was going to disgrace himself in front of his bride-to-be and then waste away from starvation, leaving the field clear for Tarzan and Jane to marry eventually.
After all, ERB got the whole story in advance from someone who had no business to tell it to him or any other!
As for his lasting impression of editors, ERB had this to say about them in one of his last books:
"I am passing it on just as I first saw it, but I can't guarantee that it will come to you just as it was typed that night, for it must pass through the hands of editors and an editor would edit the word of God." -- Foreword, Beyond the Farthest Star
Metcalf’s Correspondence with ERB
The Return of Tarzan: History, St. John and other art
The Return of Tarzan: Full story in e-Text
Collage of the St. John Headpiece Art from "Return"
1903 (circa):
ERB wrote his first piece of fiction: Minidoka 937th Earl of One Mile Series M. An Historical Fairy Tale - 82 pages handwritten on the backs of letterheads and odd sheets of paper.
Minidoka is a captivating, humorous, satirical, and highly imaginative fairy story that presages the ERB talent that was to flower ten years later. Idaho was the setting for the tale and ERB created two imaginary kingdoms separated by the Raft River and “forever at war.” Burroughs’ facility in concocting names that were unusually rhythmic, colourful, or comical, which was strikingly evident in his later works, both the Tarzan and other worlds series, is noticeable at this early period. He liked to experiment with odd syllables and combine them to produce strange words that sounded realistic in the bizarre settings he created. He had a keen ear for original phonetic combinations. There are shades of Lewis Carroll here, and the style surfaces again in the work of John Lennon, the Monty Python comedy troupe and countless fantasy writers.
    This was written over nine years before his first published novel. It was not published until 1998 by Dark Horse Comics, Inc. ~ Edited by Peet Janes ~  Hardcover ~ 64 pages ~ $14.95. The special edition with slipcase featured cover and interior art by Michael Wm. Kaluta interiors. The regular edition featured cover art by J. Allen St. John and also featured cartoon art by Edgar Rice Burroughs.
Minidoka: History, ERB Art, Reviews, Covers
Collage of ERB's Cartoons from Minidoka
ERB's Practice Run At His Career: Minidoka: Prindle Article
ERB / Idaho Connection: Multi-Page Series by Bill Hillman
*** 1919: The Oakdale Affair
a very positive film review in Moving Picture Herald magazine.
The Oakdale Affair: 1919 Film

Off-Site References
Moving Picture World 1919
Early Cinema Magazines

*** 1952: Shaun Raymond Hoadley was born in Kalamazo, Michigan on this date. An artist he had pieces published in Fanzines as well as professional publications, advertising and more. Hoadley is not as well-known as many other ERB artists, but he has a considerable body of work. I was in touch with Shaun for many years and he sent a great selection of his work which I published in ERBzine.
    When he was in poor health, sometime before his death, Sue-On and I made a point of visiting Shaun and his wife Michele at his home near Tarzana. A fine talent that is missed by the many fans of his work.
Shaun Raymond Hoadley Art Folio
*** 1904:
Ed tried a series of jobs: a high-rise timekeeper, door-to-door book salesman, seller of electric light bulbs to janitors and candy to drugstores, accountant and office manager, etc.
*** 1938: Burroughses arrived home at Tarzana having driven down the coast from Vancouver after sailing on the Empress of Japan from Honolulu where they spent their honeymoon.
ERB Bio Timeline
Annotated Illustrated ERB Calendar of Events: October


Charles King: ERB's Mentor and Commandant at Michigan Military Academy: Veteran of 5 US Wars
and Prolific Author ~ Gordon Griffith: Played the young Tarzan in Tarzan of the Apes 1918

*** 1844: Charles King was born on this date in Albany, N.Y., and had a lasting influence on Edgar Rice Burroughs.
King, who had a 70-year military career, is the only soldier to have fought in five wars, beginning with the Civil War "when, as a teenager, he served as a mounted orderly for the Iron Brigade under his father, Brigadier General Rufus King of the Wisconsin Volunteers."
    In 1892 King took over as commandant of the Michigan Military Academy at Orchard Lake. King liked cadet Edgar Rice Burroughs and saw potential in him, but at one point he had to send a telegram to the ERB's father saying, "Your son deserted Thursday. Letter will follow." An excerpt from the follow-up letter read: “Cadet Burroughs’ offenses have been most serious, but not irretrievably so. He has been reckless; not vicious. He has found friends here including the Commandant, who best knew the boy in the Cavalry squad and on drill, and it is not impossible for him to return and wipe out his past.”
Since the letter held the door open for the return of a repentant cadet, ERB did return and excelled, and the lifetime friendship was cemented.
“I think it was the word ‘deserted’ in the telegram that got me,” Burroughs later said, “and the next day I was back at Orchard Lake walking punishment.”
ERB and King corresponded until King's death in 1933.
King was also a literary contemporary of ERB, writing numerous books on the history of the cavalry and Indians out west.
Charles King Tribute
The ERB / Charles King Connection
Charles King Bibliography
Charles King Photo Collage
*** 1958: Gordon Griffith
, who played young Tarzan in the first movie, died on this date.
Griffith is one of three candidates for the title of "first Tarzan," since he played the part of young Tarzan in the first Tarzan movie, “Tarzan of the Apes.” (The other candidates are Elmo Lincoln, the front-runner, and Stellan Windrow, the front tree-silhouetter).
Griffith also played in “The Romance of Tarzan,” “The Adventures of Tarzan” and “The Son of Tarzan.”
Gordon Griffith: Tarzan of the Apes 1918 Screen Captures
Griffith: Young Tarzan Screen Capture Collage
Tarzan of the Apes 1918: ERBzine Silver Screen
ERBzine Silver Screen: All the ERB Movies

Off-Site reference
Griffith in IMDB

*** 1942: Ed wrote Caryl Lee suggesting that she keep the Burroughs name now that her mother has remarried.
Lost Words of ERB
*** 1946:  Ed is visited by four fans: "A Mr. Evans and his daughter, Mr. Ackerman, and 'Tigrina', a pretty blonde."

Forry Ackerman visits ERB


George Tyler Burroughs: ERB's father ~ Romance of Tarzan: stars Elmo Lincoln and Enid Markey
Joyce MacKenzie and Lex Barker ~ Studley Burroughs ~ Joan Burroughs and James Pierce

*** 1946: Following tradition, Ed Burroughs observed his father's 113th birthday on this date. George Tyler Burroughs was born on October 13, 1833. Major Burroughs died on February 14, 1913. I compiled full tribute pages on Mr. Burroughs from the notes and photos that Great Grandson Danton shared with me from his family archive. He lived a full and successful life in the military, politics and business.
*** George Tyler Burroughs was born on October 13, 1833, at Warren Massachusetts. He attended an academy at Monson, Massachusetts. Later he went into business in Columbus City, Iowa, as a merchant. It was here that he courted school teacher Mary Evaline Zieger. Their wedding plans, however, were suddenly postponed by the outbreak of the Civil War. Reading about Lincoln's call for volunteers in the morning paper, George walked to the nearest armoury and put his name on the enlistment list.
    He entered service in the Civil War as a private in Company "G" of the 71st Regiment, New York State Militia. The new recruit was in the hospital with dysentery when he learned that his company was marching to the front. He climbed out the window and caught up with his company -- he was reprimanded but was allowed to remain.  In the front rank of the Bull Run battle George felt a bullet pass through his blouse. It struck and killed the man behind him.
    He was mustered out at New York City on July 31, 1861, but on December 16 reentered service with a commission as First Lieutenant, 43rd New York Volunteer Infantry. After various battle campaigns and with a commission from President Lincoln, he was made captain and commissary of subsistence on February 19, 1863.  He remained throughout the war and was present in numerous campaigns.
    George and Mary were finally married in her hometown of Iowa City, Iowa, on February 23, 1863 and immediately left for Washington.  Mary spent the rest of the war following her husband from front to front. He was honourably discharged from service with the title of brevet major.
    After moving to Chicago George went on to spend 25 successful  years in the distilling business and the Burroughs family was welcomed into the upper class of Chicago society. Edgar Rice Burroughs, the youngest of their four sons, was born on September 1, 1875.
    George Tyler Burroughs was a vigorous and dynamic man who took an active role in political, civic, and social affairs. Burroughs' fortunes suffered a temporary setback when the Phoenix Distillery burned down. The Burroughs fortunes soon rebounded, however, as George invested in the successful American Battery Company in which he was elected president. During the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago in 1893, George's American Battery Co. supplied the batteries for Chicago's first automobile. He gave young Ed the honour of driving this "nine-seater horseless surrey" around the fairgrounds.
    Major George Tyler Burroughs, age seventy-nine, died on February 15, 1913. He once was very doubtful that his son Ed would amount to anything but had lived to witness and revel in the launching of his spectacular writing career.
George Tyler Burroughs Bio and Tribute
Major George Tyler Burroughs, Sr.: In Memorium
George Tyler Burroughs Photo Collage
Major's Civil War Exploits in wife's Memoirs of a War Bride.

*** 1918: "The Romance of Tarzan" was released on this date.  Starring beefy heartthrob Elmo Lincoln, along with Enid Markey, his Jane from "Tarzan of the Apes." Romance of Tarzan opened at the Strand Theatre in NYC.
ERB protested the making of this movie as he had not authorized a sequel to Tarzan of the Apes. For awhile the working title of the film was "The Marriage of Tarzan." To accommodate those who had not seen Tarzan of the Apes, the sequel started with a short series of flashbacks from the first film.
    Bill Parsons of National claimed they had only used half of the book and the "sequel" was actually the second half of the book to which he held rights. ERB did not agree to the release of the film until August 5, 1918 when his previous dissatisfaction and threatened legal actions were eased by a $2,500 advance.
    No known print of The Romance of Tarzan exists today.
The Romance of Tarzan: Credits, Photos, Reviews
*** 1929:  Joyce MacKenzie
(1925.10.13-2021.06.10) was born in Redwood City, CA on this date. Joyce appeared in films and television from 1946 to 1961. She might be best remembered for being the eleventh actress to portray Jane, but only one time. She played the role opposite Lex Barker's Tarzan in 1953's Tarzan and the She-Devil. A onetime contract player at Fox, MacKenzie appeared with Barker in his fifth (and last) stint as Johnny Weissmuller’s replacement with the King of the Jungle battling the evil She-Devil, Lyra (Monique van Vooren).
    MacKenzie worked as a carpenter’s helper in a San Francisco shipyard to help pay for acting school. While performing at the Pasadena Playhouse, she was spotted by Orson Welles, who gave her a part in Tomorrow Is Forever (1946), also starring Claudette Colbert. MacKenzie played a nurse in Gregory Peck’s in Twelve O’Clock High (1949), and in 1950 releases, she appeared with Marilyn Monroe in A Ticket to Tomahawk, with James Stewart in Broken Arrow, with Ann Sheridan in Stella and in the film noirs Destination Murder and Whirlpool. She left acting after a 1961 episode of CBS’ Perry Mason "The Case of the Duplicate Daughter." and worked as an assistant producer at ABC and as an English teacher. Ironically, Perry Mason was played by Raymond Burr who was the real devil of the Tarzan film -- a "he-devil," who was the villainous Vargo.
    Joyce married three times, she is survived by her sons Norman and Walter. MacKenzie died June 10, 2021 at a health care facility in Hollywood.
Tarzan and the She-Devil: Credits, Photos, Reviews
Joyce MacKenzie Photo Collage
Tarzan and the She-Devil: Lobby Display
Tarzan and the She-Devil: 3-D Trading Cards

*** 1930: Ed wrote nephew Studley Burroughs that he had given $10,000 to son-in-law James Pierce who had gone into business with the Cal.Vitamine Co. to develop a new chicken feed made from dehydrated oranges.
Studley Oldham Burroughs Bio and Tribue:
ERB's Special Bookplatge Created by Studley


ERB: 1929 pose in his old RR Cop uniform ~ Burroughs Tarzana Burial Tree: ERB and Mother ashes, Jim Sullos,
Danton Burroughs, Hillmans ~ Benita Hume (L) with O'Sullivan and Weissmuller ~ James Bond Tarzan Yell

*** 1904: ERB, RR cop at Salt Lake City depot, resigned. As a fiction writer, ERB was self-employed for the last half of his life, but he was wise enough to hang onto any references from past jobs, just in case. Prior to the 2011 Dum Dum in Pocatello, Idaho, Bill Hillman put together a special ERBzine page featuring memories of ERB’s activities in, or related to, that part of the country, including his job as a railroad policeman in Utah after he left Idaho the second time. On this web page is a scan of a document from the Oregon Short Line Railroad Company which certifies that he had been employed on “…the Utah Division, as Depot policeman. Entered service May 9, 1904, at Salt Lake City, Utah. Resigned October 14th, 1904. Conduct, services and capabilities satisfactory."
The document is at the top of this page, so you won’t have to look far to find it, but scroll on down and enjoy the rest of the features:
ERB in the Wild West
Edgar Rice Burroughs Bio Timeline
Salt Lake City Photos - circa 1904
Emma Burroughs Remembered

*** 1944: The family buried ERB's mother's ashes at the south side of the walnut tree in the front yard of the Burroughs offices in Tarzana. This was the same tree under which ERB's ashes were buried in 1950.
Danton Burroughs and the Burroughs Burial Tree in Tarzana
*** 1906: Benita Hume
(1906.10.14-1967.11.01), was born on this date in London, England.
Jane had a cousin named Rita. Jane Parker, not Jane Porter, that is. We learn this in the movie, "Tarzan Escapes," Rita is lucky that she also escaped, because the original version of the movie had her suffering a deserving death at the jaws of a crocodile. ERBzine says: "The original version, titled “The Capture of Tarzan,” was shown to preview audiences in 1935 and was heavily criticized for scenes of gruesome violence. MGM fired the director and ordered the film re-shot. This resulted in a watered down version meant to appeal to children but seemed to please no one."
In the revised script, Rita was able to live and, with fellow Parker cousin, Eric, return safely to London. the two had shown up in the bally jungle to try to persuade Jane to come back to civilization, but the movie closes with Tarzan and Jane as lovey-dovey as ever in their jungle habitat. Rita was played by Benita Hume,
     In 1935 she was cast by MGM in Tarzan Escapes for $1250 per week, for a minimum of three weeks, but by the time the film was completed her wages from the film totalled $75,000. She married Ronald Colman in 1938 and they had their only child, Juliet, in 1943. The Colmans did several radio shows with neighbour Jack Benny and starred in their own series, Halls of Ivy in 1950, which evolved into a TV series in 1954. She returned to England after Ronald died in 1958 and married George Sanders a year later. She died of bone cancer in 1967 Egerton, England.
Tarzan Escapes: Film Credits, Photos, Info (6 parts)

Off-Site References
Benita Hume in IMDB

*** 1927: Roger Moore was born on this date in Stockwell, London, England.
On a day like today, Oct. 14, we could talk about ERB's family gathering on the south side of the walnut tree at the Burroughs office in Tarzana to bury his mother's ashes, as they did in 1944.
Or, we could talk about something more bizarre -- such as Roger Moore doing the Tarzan yell as James Bond in “Octopussy”! He fits into this date of ERB events…if somewhat dubiously! And so, after scouring the internet for fan comments on that scene, we share the following:
-- “The lowest point is clearly the Tarzan yell from Octopussy” – from a fan discussion site.
-- “Tsk tsk. Where to start. Maybe with the worst and work up. The Tarzan yell. What place does that have in a Bond film?” – another discussion site.
-- “Still more point to its inappropriate rather juvenile schoolboy humor, from Bond's Tarzan yell to our heroes ogling over a young woman secretary's bust as a reason why the movie fails.” – from an review
-- Danny Peary wrote that "Octopussy has slow spots, little humour, and villains who aren’t nearly of the calibre of Dr. No, Goldfinger, or Blofeld. Also, the filmmakers make the mistake of demeaning Bond by having him swing through the trees and emitting a Tarzan cry and having him hide in a gorilla suit and later disguise himself as a clown (whom all the kids at the circus laugh at). It’s as if they’re trying to remind us that everything is tongue-in-cheek, but that makes little sense, for the film is much more serious than typical Bond outings – in fact, it recalls the tone of From Russia with Love.”
-- “Bond swinging on vines to a Tarzan yell (definitely cheesy) is similar to the looping car jump in The Man With The Golden Gun.” --webomatica
-- “The Tarzan yell is just embarrassing.” – fan comment
-- “Yeah, the movie had some corny moments in it like him swinging from a vine and them playing the Tarzan yell and him being on that plane and never falling off and crap like that, which is why its one of my least favorite Moore Bond films, but yeah, Moore during the times when the script was serious, he did an extremely good job in his acting then.” – from discussion of “favorite Roger Moore Bond movie.”
-- “The most foolish elements of the film include a bizarre chase through the streets of New Delhi, Bond doing a Tarzan imitation, and an attack by circus performers on the villain's hideout.” – a movie discussion site
Gee, did ANYbody LIKE that scene? Obviously scriptwriters are amused by the Tarzan yell as it has been inserted in many TV and Film scenes over the years -- it even found its way into Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull.
History of the Tarzan Yell I
History of the Tarzan Yell II
*** 1916: Girl from Farris's
serial ended in All-Story Weekly
Burroughs Bio Timeline




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