Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
ERB'S LIFE and LEGACY :: DAILY
A COLLATION OF THE DAILY
EVENTS IN ERB-WORLD
FROM THE PAGES OF ERBzine
CREATED BY BILL HILLMAN
Collated by John Martin and
With Web Design, Added Events,
Illustrations and Photo Collages
by Bill Hillman
TO OUR FULL YEAR'S CONTENTS
NOVEMBER CONTENTS: WEEK ONE
NOV 1 ~ NOV
2 ~ NOV 3
NOV 4 ~ NOV
5 ~ NOV 6 ~ NOV 7
VISIT NOVEMBER WEEK 1 PHOTO ALBUM
BACK TO OCTOBER WEEK 4
Click for full-size images
The Tarzan Yell by Denny Miller and the long series
of film Tarzans ~ Tarzan Yell Action Figure
100 Year Tarzan Celebrations in 2012 ~ Stan Galloway's
Tarzan with Thomas Yeates Art
*** On Nov. 1, 2007, the European Union ruled that the Tarzan
yell does not have protected status over there. However, the same web
page starts off saying that the yell did win protected status in the United
States. So, unless you're in Europe, the next time you feel like filling
your lungs with fresh jungle air and giving out with the victory cry of
the bull ape...watch out! There might be a man with a briefcase nearby,
ready to serve you legal papers! Just kidding about that last one. I know
that people can get away with giving the Tarzan yell for fun, just like
they can use the word Tarzan on their lips all they want, as long as they
aren't making money off it. Or something like that. I'm not exactly a legal
beagle. In an earlier installment, we reported on the James Bond people's
use of the Tarzan yell in "Octopussy" and the yell was later used in the
"Indiana Jones" series. This, I imagine, would be the type of thing that
would require advance permission from, and royalties paid to, ERB Inc.
Kerchak apparently never had the pleasure of hearing
Tarzan give out with the yell of the bull ape, because he was dead at the
time Tarzan is first known to have voiced it. The young ape-man had just
killed his hairy adversary, and if ever an occasion called for giving out
with that wild and terrible cry, the victory over Kerchak was it. One has
to wonder what exactly is copyrighted about the Tarzan yell and what isn't.
Is it just the original recordings of the MGM and RKO yells? What about
a movie that uses the Tarzan yell but varies it a bit? It's probably a
difficult thing to litigate when versions are used which are recognizable,
*** As seen in my ERBzine coverage, ERB, Inc. took
a number of approaches to protect their ownership of the Tarzan Yell. One
thing they did was to produce a Tarzan action figure with moving parts
-- complete with a convincing Tarzan yell. Danton Burroughs sent us a prototype
of this large, attractive action figure. When it was finally released for
sale a few critics on the Internet discovered an earlier similar Disney
action figure and had some fun with its moving hands and arms and nicknamed
it "the masturbating Tarzan" :)
As noted in the ERBzine coverage, ERB fans were often
treated to excellent Tarzan yells by George McWhorter and Danton Burroughs.
In fact, Dan's yell was so good that it was used in the opening of the
Filmation TV Tarzan Series.
Tarzan Yell Contests have been popular with many ERB
conventions through the years. The one I hosted for the 2012 Centennial
Celebration in Tarzana I remember well since Sue-On was a surprise entree
in the contest and won first in the ladies' division :) . . . but
the biggest surprise was when I introduced Jane Goodall and she treated
us all with an authentic chimpanzee yell.
Legal Notes on the Tarzan Yell
Evolution of the Tarzan Yell: Pt. I
Tarzan Yell Through the Years Collage
Danton's Yell in the Tarzan Filmation TV Series
Tarzan Yell Contest: 2012 Centennial Celebration in
*** Benita Hume died on this
date (1906.10.14-1967.11.01). Benita started in the
theatre but quickly gravitated to films. . . and eventually to radio and
television. She married writer/journalist Eric Siepman at age 19. She won
a role in Ivor Novello’s play Symphony in Two Flats and she accompanied
Novello when he took the play to New York. From here she graduated to a
number of contracts with RKO and MGM. In 1935 she was cast by MGM in Tarzan
Escapes for $1250 per week, for a minimum of three weeks, but by
the time the film was completed her wages from the film totalled $75 000.
In the film she played Rita - cousin of Jane (Maureen O'Sullivan). She
married Ronald Colman in 1938 and they had their only child, Juliet, in
1943. The Colmans did several radio shows with neighbour Jack Benny and
starred in their own series, Halls of Ivy, in 1950, which evolved
into a TV series in 1954.
My first exposure to Benita was through
her many appearances on the Jack Benny radio show which was one of my favourite
OTR shows. I've collected hundreds of Benny's shows from the '30s-'50s
in my huge AV library on tape, CD and hard drive. She returned to England
after Ronald died in 1958 and married George Sanders a year later. She
died of bone cancer in 1967.
An interesting quote in the film from
"Rita" to cousin "Jane":
"You see, we wanted to take you back to where we thought
you belong. 'Civilization' I think they call it. But it's not for you.
And even if your coming back meant that I'd inherit the world, I couldn't
forget the look in Tarzan's eyes when he thought he was going to lose you.
Stay here with your jungle flies, and your funny little Cheetah and all
the trouble she gets into, and Tarzan. You've got the grandest possessions
that any woman can have: peace and comradeship and perfect communion with
a man whose whole strength is devoted to making your life beautiful. Don't
you ever lose it."
Tarzan Escapes in ERBzine Silver Screen
Tarzan Escapes Lobby
1: Lobby Cards ~ Posters ~ Stills
Tarzan Escapes Lobby
2: Featuring Benita Hume: 25 Photos
*** There were big doings at Bridgewater
College in Virginia Nov. 1-4, 2012. It was the Tarzan Centennial
Conference, put together by ERB fan and Bridgewater professor Dr.
Stanley A. Galloway, who is well known in the ERB community. The conference
included the East Coast premiere of the play Edgar Rice Burroughs wrote
for his daugther, Joan, "You Lucky Girl!" It was performed daily
from Nov. 1 to 4. Scott W. Cole, associate professor of theater,
The play had its West Coast premiere in 1997 at the Palmdale
Playhouse in Southern California. "You Lucky Girl!" was written
in 1927. The play is a prescient look at the rise of the modern woman during
the heyday of the Roaring 20s. “You Lucky Girl!” is a love story centered
on the desire of Anne Mason and her friend Corrie West for a life on the
stage. The play twists and turns through mistaken identity and frustrated
*** You'll see in my ERBzine pages that Ed Burroughs
had written the play with his daughter Joan in mind. Joan was very interested
in the theatre and performed in many stage productions. She even went on
to star as Jane in the 1932 Tarzan radio series. ERB was his daughter's
biggest fan and promoter. After he obtained his pilot's license he even
flew across the country to attend her performances in more distant venues.
We were treated with a performance of the play at the 1999 Tarzana Dum-Dum
by the Palmdale Playhouse cast who had recently performed the World Premiere
performance of the play.
Stan Galloway is also noted for his poetry and his
research on ERB's works. His book, "The Teenage Tarzan" is found
alongside Burroughs' works in the collections of many serious ERB fans.
The book features a striking cover illustration by acclaimed artist Thomas
Bridgewater Tarzan Centennial Conference
A history of "You Lucky Girl!"
"You Lucky Girl" performed at 1999 Dum-Dum
Teenage Tarzan by Stan Galloway
1931: Patrick J. Monahan
(1882.01.04-1931.11.01) born Patrick John Sullivan, died at the age
of forty-nine in Woodcliff, Lake, New Jersey. He painted hundreds of illustrations
for the pulps and slick magazines, His work included pulp magazine covers
for “The Girl From Hollywood,” “Thuvia, Maid of Mars,” “The Man Without
a Soul,” “The Mucker,” “Sweetheart Primeval,” “The Son of Tarzan,” “The
Return of the Mucker,” “Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar,” “Tarzan and the
Valley of Luna,” “Tarzan the Terrible,” “Chessmen of Mars,” “The Moon Maid,”
and “Tarzan and the Golden Lion.”
See more about this acclaimed ERB illustrator in his
Date Events entry.
I've had some wonderful correspondence with the Monahan
Our Tributes Pages feature correspondence with
descendents of Mr. Monahan as well as their J. Allen St. John connection:
Correspondence with Jim Monahan:
I am the youngest son, James George Monahan, of
P. J. Monahan. I am now 81 years of age. I am in possession of an
original oil painting – The Pirate – painted by my dad. I also have
several illustrations and original copies of Argosy and other pulp magazines
that collectors may be interested in. ~ Jim Monahan
(Note: Jim sent me a huge colour reproduction of the
Monahan painting: "The Pirate")
Correspondence with Gillaine St. John Monahan:
This whole thing gives me goose
bumps! I am Gillaine St. John Monahan, Jim's second wife after the
death of his 50-year marriage to first wife Barbara. They had seven
children. Jim is the most amazing man I have known and probably the
most like his dad as far as I can tell and even though his dad died tragically
when he was only 7 years old. He is the youngest of eight and four
siblings are still alive. We live in Ely, Minnesota.
I was intrigued when I saw so
much about J. Allen St. John along with P.J. Monahan (on the ERBzine site).
Upon reading his bio find that I am related! My grandfather is Samuel
St. John whose brother was Levi, grandfather of J. Allen. My Dad
would tell the story about being the first white baby born in Rock County
WI and he was! I always thought he embellished on the real story.
Gilbert St. John and hence my first name - Gillaine. I was first
born. I have traced my family to Samuel who died in 1936 shortly
before I was born and my Dad died tragically when I was 17 so I am very
happy to be able to piece this story together. ~ Gill St. John Monahan
P.J. Monahan Tributes in ERBzine
Tarzan of the Apes All-Story Art
P.J. Monahan Art Collage
*** 1940: ERB ran into astronomical
problems in his creation of the new "Canapa" solar system in the Poloda
series. He began correspondence with Professor J. S. Donaghho of Honolulu.
Poloda in Beyond the Farthest Star
Donald A. Wollheim: ACE and
DAW Publisher: Two major cover artists: Krenkel and Frazetta
ERB: Accredited WWII correspondent
~ Hawaiian WWII Bills ~ Tarzan Epic Adventures TV Episode
*** 1990: Donald A. Wollheim (1914.10.01-1990.11.02)
American science fiction editor, publisher, writer, and fan died on this
date. As the editor of Ace Books was singly responsible for bringing us
that great run of Krenkel and Frazetta paperback covers.
The Burroughs books weren't the only ones Wollheim helped
to rescue from what otherwise might have been an "old book oblivion." Delighted
with the great sales of the ERB titles, Mr. Wollheim, in 1964, got in touch
with J.R.R. Tolkein and asked if he could publish the "Lord of
the Rings" series as Ace paperbacks. Tolkien said he would never allow
his great work to appear in "so degenerate a form" as the paperback book.
But Wollheim was not easily discouraged, and did a little research and
discovered a loophole in the copyright. Houghton Mifflin, Tolkien’s American
hardcover publisher, had neglected to protect the work in the United States
(or so, at least, Wollheim thought at the time). So, incensed by Tolkien’s
response, he realized that he could legally publish the trilogy and did.
"This brash act (which ultimately
benefited his primary competitors as well as Tolkien) was really the Big
Bang that founded the modern fantasy field, and only someone like my father
could have done that," said daughter Betsy Wollheim. "He
did pay Tolkien, and he was responsible for making not only Tolkien but
Ballantine Books extremely wealthy. And if he hadn’t done it, who knows
when — or if — those books would have been published in paperback."
Mr. Wollheim was a science fiction fan and pioneer, not
only being a firebrand among fans but also writing several science fiction
novels himself, and editing some compilations. As editor of Avon Books
and, later, Ace books, he made the works of many science fiction greats
readily accessible to fans. And even when Ace Books was eventually taken
over by a larger company which didn't have the science fiction vision (and
had administrative problems as well), Mr. Wollheim didn't let it stop him.
He simply formed his own company, DAW books, and continued publishing science
fiction to his heart's content.
Although Dover Books was the first '60s publisher
to put an ERB book between soft covers, in the large trade paperback size,
Wollheim was the one who put them in the smaller paperbacks that more people
would be likely to see as they browsed racks in drug stores, bus stations
and supermarkets. Just a guess, but I'd say we all have both Ace and DAW
books sitting on our shelves.
ACE PBs Covers and Publishing Dates
Krenkel ACE Cover Art (4 pages)
Frazetta ACE Cover Art
Bob Hyde wrote about DAW:
Dale Broadhurst: about Richard Lupoff and DAW
Phil Burger: about DAW and Richard Hescox:
Richard Lupoff 's Wollheim anecdote
DAW on Burroughs
1942: ERB sent a thank-you
letter to George Carlin who has sent United Press correspondent's
credentials. His old friend had been a great help in Ed's quest for
accreditation. Carlin responded, "Your example
in always seeking fresh adventure at an age when most of your contemporaries
are content to give up and just stay waiting is an inspiration to me and
gives me a goal at which to aim."
Now an accredited war correspondent
at the age of sixty-seven, Burroughs waited for his army approval and assignment
to a plane. On November 6 he started his autograph album which he planned
to carry with him. Fittingly, the first entries were by longtime friend,
Captain Phil Bird and fellow United Press correspondent, William Tyree.
ERB's Wartime Autograph Book
ERB first assignment on New
Caledonia and Cannibal Village
ERB: The War Years
*** 1914: Barney Custer of
Beatrice (sequel to The Mad King) was sent to Davis.
Barney Custer in The Mad King
*** 1943: ERB wrote a letter
home to Joan. Ed advises that the family should support Ralph in
every way as he had been intensely loyal and dedicated to serving the Burroughs
family and corporation for many years. He encouraged Joan to write to his
friend Capt Phil Bird.
ERB's Letter from Wartime Hawaii
to daughter Joan
*** 1944: ERB
sent a letter home containing
Hawaiian dollar bills for Joan, Joanne and Mike.
ERB Letter Home with Souvenir
*** 1947: Ed,
a staunch Republican, voted for Dewey - as does his entire family,
other than Joan and Jim.
*** 1952: Bob Hyde
visited the Egyptian landmarks and cruised the Nile during his African
1996: Priestess La TV Episode:
La appeared in a Tarzan TV Episode on this date: the Tarzan Epic Adventures
"Priestess of Opar." The series ran for 22 episodes.
Voice Over Intro for the series:
"Tarzan! Orphaned at birth in darkest Africa. Raised
by the great apes.
He grew up in the primitive world of the jungle until
fate brought him face to face with his past.
Taking his rightful place as Earl of Greystoke, Tarzan
soon became disenchanted with civilization.
He returned home to Africa. Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle!"
Credits for this episode: Joe Lara
as Tarzan ~ Aaron Seville as Themba ~ Guest star: Angela Harry (La) ~ Writer:
Dennis Kerner ~ Director: Gino Tanasescu
Tarzan Epic Adventures TV Series: Starring Joe Lara
More ERB-Related TV Shows: ERB-TV
*** You never can tell where the worlds
of Edgar Rice Burroughs are going to show up. A Minnesota Vikings football
game may seem an unlikely place, although ERB did feature football in "Pirate
Blood" and Tarzan met Vikings in Hal Foster's Sunday comic pages.
But the Vikings and ERB were mentioned in the same breath on Nov. 2, 2011,
when a letter written by Hank Shore of Minneapolis appeared in the town's
Star Tribune. The letter:
I might be so bold, I have a suggestion about a Minnesota Vikings stadium
that perhaps hasn't been considered: Make it virtual.
"Find an abandoned warehouse somewhere
in the middle of Minneapolis (there might be a few), gut it, plaster the
inside with green screens and let the Vikings play their games there.
"There are probably scads of unemployed
programmers and digital artists willing to participate, to build a virtual
stadium around the players and broadcast it to the paying public. It wouldn't
even have to be the same stadium with each game.
"The Vikings could play in one
of the stadiums of Imperial Rome or under the eyes of the Aztecs. They
could even play in some fantasy setting -- say, under the twin moons
of an Edgar Rice Burroughs' Mars.
"A physical stadium is so 20th-century.
A virtual stadium would not be subject to rain, snow or other physical
problems, and it could showcase the technical prowess of Minnesota.
"Also, and this is a plus, if Zygi
Wilf decided that he no longer wanted the Vikings to play in Minnesota,
the city fathers could simply hand him a DVD with the stadium's bits and
send him on his way. But we could always keep a copy."
Tarzan/Vikings: 1935: 06.02-12.29:
Tarzan Meets the Vikings: Text
Tom Grindberg and his Tarzan Art ~ ERB Article Expanded
in LA Times ~ Evelyn Greeley:
First ERB film heroine ~ Constantin Animated Tarzan
film ~ Nick Cardy: Tarzan Daily Strips Artist
*** 1929: Author Once Worked At Eighteen Jobs. After
"How I Wrote the Tarzan Books" appeared in The New York Evening World on
Oct. 27, 1929, it was no doubt picked up and printed by a few other newspapers
in the nation. One of those was the L.A. Times, which published
the article on Nov. 3, 1929. The Times wasn't content merely with reprinting
the article, but expanded it and rewrote parts of it. That's standard newspaper
practice, to make an article conform to the newspaper's style and also,
perhaps, to add information and make their article a little bit different
from the original.
So this article at ERBzine 1443 covers the same territory
as the one in the New York paper, but also adds some information about
Edgar Rice Burroughs. The Times also did a nice spread with a picture of
ERB surrounded by covers of some of his books.
*** My scan of this old article is pretty hard to
read since my copy is in pretty rough shape. To make for an easier read
I laboriously typed out the whole thing . . . enjoy :) (BH)
AUTHOR ONCE WORKED AT EIGHTEEN JOBS
*** 1961: Artist Tom Grindberg
was born on this date.Tom is an award winning illustrator in graphic design
and advertising, who has done a massive amount of spectacular work for
Marvel, DC, and independent comic publishers. Further credits include computer
game design, commercial interior designing for leading manufacturing companies,
and even motion film work. His ERB-related art drew the attention of Edgar
Rice Burroughs, Inc., and Tom was the first artist chosen for their series
of "Sunday" page adaptations of ERB novels - which debuted with his graphic
interpretations of Tarzan of the Apes. Tom also has a massive following
of his work featured across the Web in various social media sites. His
Tarzan illustrations are well represented in a series of our ERBzine Webpages.
Tom Grindberg: Tarzan in Colour I
Tom Grindberg: Tarzan Art II
Tom Grindberg: Tarzan Art III
Tom Grindberg: ERB Art IV
Tom Grindberg: ERB Art V
Tom Grindberg: Beyond ERB Art VI
*** 2013: Nick Cardy (1920.10.20-2013.11.03),
born Nicholas Viscardi and also known as Nick Cardi died on this
date. He was an American comic book artist best known for his DC Comics
work on Aquaman, the Teen Titans and other major characters, including
TARZAN. Nick created an excellent 5-month series of Tarzan strips in the
first half of 1950: Tarzan and the City of Gold: 3277-3360 (13 Feb.
1950-20 May 1950)(84 days): ERBzine 4952 and Tarzan and
Hard-Luck Harrigan 3361-3414 (22 May 1950-22 July 1950)(54 days) ERBzine
4858: 3434 - 3446: ERBzine 4958. We have also featured
Mr. Cardy's Wartime Art in our Monthly Military Webzine:
AS YOU WERE.
Nick Cardy: Tarzan and the City of Gold Strips
Tarzan and Hard-Luck Harrigan daily strips
Nick Cardy Wartime Art
Greeley (1888.11.03-1975.03.25) was born as Evelyn Huber in Austria
and died in West Palm Beach, Florida, USA. She is remembered by ERB fans
as having starred in the 1917 film The Oakdale Affair. She is considered
by some to be the first ERB film heroine.
Evelyn Greeley's life before becoming
a film star is somewhat mysterious, but she appears to have been born in
Austria as Evelyn Huber in 1888. She later attended the University School
for Girls in Chicago and the Frances Shimer Academy (now known as Shimer
College), which offered high-level training in music and art.
her acting career on stage with the Poli Players stock company. She worked
as an extra for Essanay Studios in Chicago for a year before getting her
first credited role, in the 1915 Quality Pictures production The Second
in Command (1915). Soon thereafter, she was signed by the World Film Corporation,
appearing in about two dozen movies from 1917 to 1919, frequently starring
opposite Carlyle Blackwell.
her World Film contract in 1920, Greeley appeared less frequently. She
gave her last on-screen performance in Bulldog Drummond (1922), and decided
to take up the married life. Her first marriage, to fellow actor John Smiley,
fell apart in a matter of months, but her second, to wealthy businessman
James Rand, lasted for some 35 years. After Rand and Greeley divorced in
1960, she married Morgan Laity. She died in West Palm Beach, Florida, in
Evelyn Greeley in Oakdale Affair
*** 1912: Ed submitted
of the Apes to The Bobbs-Merrill Co., Reilly & Britton, and
Dodd, Mead and Co. (All declined)
*** 1927: You Lucky Girl!
A love story in 3 acts. Was copyrighted on this date in 1927 under
number D81617 by Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc., Reseda, Calif.
You Lucky Girl!
*** 2011: Constantin
acquired animation rights to the "Tarzan" novels from Edgar
Rice Burroughs, Inc. in Tarzana, California. Ambient Entertainment,
which did the animation for "Animals United," will work on "Tarzan."
Constantin Tarzan Preview
Johnny Weissmuller: Awards and Bios by Weissmuller,
Jr. and Fury ~ Acceptance Letter for ERB's first book
A Princess of Mars featured in Burroughs Bulletin
#1 ~ Family Gathering in ERB's last residence
*** 1911: Thomas Metcalf of All-Story
offered $400 ERB for the serial rights of the finished manuscript to be
published as "In the Moons of Mars".
When Ralph Brown hosted the Edgar Rice Burroughs
Chain of Friendship gathering at Willows, Calif., in 1993, he set aside
an evening at his home for "show and tell." Bill Ross probably had
the most amazing item of all there to display, the actual $400 check that
ERB cashed for publication of his first story.
ERB, in his article on "How I Wrote the Tarzan
Books," said: "The check was the first big event
in my life. No amount of money today could possibly give me the thrill
that that first $400 check gave me."
Before the check arrived, though, there was the letter
to ERB, written on Nov. 4, 1911 by Thomas Metcalf, editor of The All-Story,
telling him that
"The Martian princess story was
in perfectly good form now and I should like very much to buy it for publication
in The All-Story Magazine. I therefore offer you for all serial rights,
$400.00." As soon as ERB agreed, the letter stated, the check would
be "in the mail."
That letter may have been the second biggest thrill in
ERB's life, right behind receipt of the actual payment, which came a couple
of weeks later in a check dated Nov. 15.
A Princess of Mars Acceptance Letter
ERB's reply to Metcalf's Letter:
Burroughs Bibliophiles #1: Princess of Mars Issue
Princess Acceptance letter in full size
ERB's Response Letter in full size
*** 1972: Who was the better swimmer,
Weissmuller or Mark Spitz? There's no question about it in Johnny's
mind. He was quoted by Dave Anderson, in an interview which appeared Nov.
4, 1972, in the New York Times, saying, "I was better
than Mark Spitz is....I never lost a race. Never. Not even in the Y.M.C.A.
The closest I ever came to losing was on the last lap of the 400 in 1924
when I got a snootful. But I knew enough not to cough. If you don't cough,
you can swallow it.” The occasion for the interview was Johnny's
promotional tour of his swimming pool installation business.
Text in the AP News Story with Weissmuller and Spitz
in accompanying collage: AP Sports Wire Story: "CLAIMS
HE WAS BETTER -- Olympic hero and film
star Johnny Weissmuller says he "was better than Mark Spitz" when
he was in his prime as a swiming champion. Weissmuller, who played the
movie role of Tarzan, won five gold medals in the Olympics, Spitz, shown
at left receiving gold medal in the 1972 Olympics after the 400 meter relay,
won seven gold medals during the last international competition. Weissmuller
is shown against backdrop of photo of himself playing Tarzan in 1971 photo."
Johnny Weissmuller Career Scrapbook
Weissmuller and Friends I
Weissmuller and Friends II
Weissmuller on Location in Florida 1 & 2
Weissmuller: Twice the Hero by David Fury
NY Times Article
*** 1945: After his return to Tarzana
after his years in WWII Hawaii Ed was house hunting. Houses are scarce
and high priced. In his diary he wrote: "House-hunting.
Finally found something that will do nicely until I can build. The prices
are outrageous-$15,000 for a 2-bedroom house on ½ acre."
Later: "Got it for $14,000. Hully bought a
house." At the year's end, on December 26,
Ed moved into his new home at 5465 Zelzah Avenue, Encino. This would be
the last home that ERB would live in . . . following a long list of residences
through his lifetime, starting with his birthplace in Chicago.
Family Gatherings in ERB's Zelzah
Homes of ERB: 3 illustrated
pages starting at:
My Home by Edgar Rice Burroughs
Homes of ERB Collage
Emma Centennia Hulbert Burroughs ~ Ed and Emma
~ 4 Generations ~ Emma & Ed with Kids:
Hulbert, Jack, Joan ~ Emma & Elmo ~ Death Valley
~ Family ~ ERB's Salt Lake City Cartoon
Emma Centennia Burroughs (January 1, 1876 - November
*** 1944: Emma Centennia Burroughs died of a stroke
after a fall at 12:52 p.m., after her losing battle with depression and
Emma Burroughs had sacrificed the easy life as daughter
of prosperous Chicago hotel owner, Alvin Hulbert, to follow Ed Burroughs
in his pursuit of riches. From their wedding day, on January 21, 1900,
until he gained fame as a writer eleven years later, Ed moved from place
to place and through a multitude of occupations and failed enterprises.
During this time Emma gave birth to three children, nursed Ed and the kids
through a series of illnesses, stretched a very meagre household budget,
and eventually had to sell her jewelry to keep the wolf from the door.
When Ed eventually found his true calling as a writer of fall tales it
was she who served as a sounding board, main critic and proofreader for
his wildly imaginative stories.
After their 1919 move
to Tarzana Ranch in California's San Fernando Valley the Burroughs
lifestyle changed dramatically. They entered into the social whirl of Hollywood
parties and Emma took on the added role of Lady of the Manor and Hostess
for the Burroughs estate. Sadly, the new lifestyle took its toll. By the
early '30s Ed and Emma started to drift apart. Emma started to feel that
she was not needed by the family, and her loneliness, loss of purpose and
dependence on alcohol grew. Finally, in February of 1934, Ed could
take no more. He moved out and asked for a divorce. Around this time, former
film actress Florence Gilbert's marriage to Ed's film company associate,
Dearholt, was also unravelling and the two sought companionship in
each other and were married in 1935. Ed and Florence moved to Hawaii and
Emma was never to see him again even though Ed's second marriage broke
up in 1941. Son Hulbert, who had moved to Hawaii to be with his dad received
a telegram on November 5, 1944: "Mother died today. Cerebral Thrombosis."
in his grief stated: "Everyone knew it was
from a broken heart."
experienced a bad fall, resulting in a skull injury and a brain hemmorrhage
and died within a few days. Ed and Hulbert flew home from Hawaii to join
the family in California. There, ERB saw grandsons Johnny and Danton for
the first time and spent the first Christmas with his family in 11 years.
"Mother Died Today" by Hulbert Burroughs
Emma Burroughs Photo Gallery I
Emma Burroughs Photo Gallery II
Joan's Memories of her Mom
Burroughs Family Tributes
*** Barney Custer had made
an election bet that, ultimately, won for him a throne. He had lost the
bet and, as a consequence, was honour-bound to go unshaven until Nov. 5.
He revealed this fact to Emma von der Tann in Chapter 2 of "The Mad
King," a story which reveals how his hirsuteness helped to cause a
case of mistaken identity when he vacationed in Lutha, where many mistook
him for Leopold, the loony local lord. When Nov. 5 actually arrived, Barney
had his hands full, posing as the mad king while leading the forces of
Lutha in battle against the armies gathered by Peter of Blentz.
ERB had included some personal references
in The Mad King: Barney Custer was from Beatrice - the hometown
of Ed's longtime friend, Bert Weston. They had first met when they
played football together on the MMA team. Sue-On and I spent an
afternoon exploring the Westons' roots in this Nebraskan town. The Emma
of the story was named after Ed's wife Emma - who ironically died
on November 5.
Mad King: ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Full Bibliographic Info
Bert Weston of Beatrice
Mad King: Read the e-Text Edition
by John Martin
*** On Nov. 5, 1969, Lloyd
Corrigan died. Corrigan had played Sheik Abdul El Khim in "Tarzan's
Desert Mystery" and was a character actor whose face also showed up
on such shows as "Ozzie & Harriet" and "Perry Mason."
Tarzan's Desert Mystery with Lloyd Corrigan as Sheik
Desert Mystery: 3 Lobby Displays starting at:
On Nov. 5, 2007, Paul Norris
died. Norris was another of the family of artists who did some Tarzan adventures
as well as some other features for both Dell and Gold Key.
Gridley Wave announced Paul Norris' death:
Paul Norris in ERBzine Art Encyclopedia
Paul Norris Art in Tarzan Gold Key Comics
1931: Artist P.J. Monahan (January
4, 1882 - November 1931) died on this date.
PJ. Monahan: Two Tribute Art Pages
1930: ERB was given a medical examination in Hollywood
Hospital and given morphine and a general anaesthetic. The drugs made him
very sick but he is impressed with the professionalism of Nurse Emory.
He stayed overnight but drove home in the morning in time for breakfast.
1935: Ed's political speech for Tarzan appeared
as a large ad with Maxon illustrations under the heading
ERB Bio Timeline and Annotated Calendar
Tarzan Escapes: Weissmuller and O'Sullivan:
posters, cards and Lost Vampire Bats Scene
Tiger Girl (Savage Pellucidar Pt. 3):
ACE Frazetta Cover Art ~ ERB and tiger read The Gang Murder
"Tarzan Escapes," the third Tarzan film to star Johnny
Weissmuller, saw MGM going bananas and packing just about everything
possible into this movie, from the Tarzan tree house with all the modern
(yet appropriately primitive) conveniences, to the ending horrors that
would make the TV series, "1,000 Ways to Die," a kiddie matinee entry by
comparison. "Tarzan Escapes" was released to the joy of many appreciative
fans on Nov. 6, 1936.
In my ERBzine I wrote: "The original
version of this film, titled "The Capture of Tarzan," was shown to preview
audiences in 1935 and was heavily criticized for scenes of gruesome violence.
The most notorious scene was one involving a giant bat attack in a swamp.
Hollywood legend has it that, at the preview showing, the sight of these
giant creatures carrying off panic-stricken porters sent kids screaming
from the theatre. So strong was the negative reaction from parents, critics
and media, that the studio ordered much of the film re-shot. MGM replaced
the original director, James McKay, with a series of directors with the
final credit given to Richard Thorpe. The alternate version had various
working titles including: Tarzan Returns, Tarzan and the Vampires, and
Tarzan. The original scenes were replaced, however, by equally gruesome
scenes, such as the Gabonis shooting arrows into the heads of fleeing porters,
victims tied spread-eagle on bent trees being split in half when the trees
were freed, Ganeloni torture rites, and the lowering of captives into a
pit to be slaughtered by a man-killing giant ape. A copy of the first version
has never turned up but the story line was used in the Big Little Book
"A comedy relief scene is inserted during the safari
sequence in which a 'gooney bird' is spotted. The actor in the weird bird
suit was Johnny Eck, well-known for his role in the film "Freaks"
and in countless circus side-show appearances. One of his memorable circus
appearances involved Johnny and his twin brother, Rob. Rob appeared in
the audience as a volunteer for a magician's sawing-in-half trick, and
climbed in the box, but it was legless Johnny who emerged from it. The
effect shocked the audience so much that the act was eventually shut down."
I Saw the Giant Vampire Bats! By Ron Hall
Escapes: Big Little Book Version
Escapes Chocolate Cards
Escapes Lobby Displays:
Escapes Photos Galore:
Bats in IMDB
Gray Morrow (7/3/1934 - 6/11/2001)
passed away on this date. He earned his living as an illustrator, winding
up with the Sunday Tarzan strip, which he illustrated from 1983
until his death.
Throughout the 1970s and early 1980s he worked for numerous
companies, including DC, Marvel and Archie Publications. He was also hired
to assist on syndicated strips like Rip Kirby (by John Prentice), Prince
Valiant (by Hal Foster), Big Ben Bolt (by John Cullen Murphy), Secret Agent
X-9 (by Al Williamson) and Friday Foster (by Jorge Longaron). He took over
the Buck Roger' strip in 1979 and illustrated the Tarzan Sunday comic strip
from 1983 to 2001.
Gray Morrow: Short Bio and Portal to all his Tarzan
1933: November 6 - December 15: Edgar
Rice Burroughs wrote Swords of Mars:
"To Florence With All My Love Ed" Burroughs
created that acrostic message to Florence Gilbert Dearholt in SWORDS OF
MARS, using the first letter of the Prologue and each of the twenty-four
chapters. He wrote the novel in November and December, 1933, which was
on the brink of his separation and divorce from Emma. "Blue Book Magazine"
serialized SWORDS in six, monthly installments, beginning in November,
Disguised as a mercenary warrior,
John Carter sought to break the power of the Assassins of Zodanga. Spying
on their councils, the Warlord discovered a plot to kidnap his beloved
Dejah Thoris. But it was to late to save her. She was already in space,
on the way to Thuria, Barsoom's nearer moon!
There was no reply to my call of
"Koar! " Yet, though all was silent, and there were no faces at the many
windows of the strange castle on Thuria, I could have sworn that eyes were
all around, watching us. We had crossed half the distance from the spaceship
to the castle door when the silence was shattered by a terror-ridden scream.
"Escape from this horror place while you may!" It was the voice of Dejah
Thoris. I halted, stunned-and then invisible hands seized Swords of Mars
us, tearing our weapons from our grasp.
Swords of Mars:
Swords of Mars: Read the eText
Swords of Mars Collage
1935: ERB started writing The
Gang Murder. This was another in a series of ERB's Murder Mysteries
published in Script Magazine. Ed played a ficitonal character who
played a sort of Dr. Watson to Inspector Muldoon. The reader was encouraged
to solve the mystery from the clews given. The solution of the case was
given at the end of the story.
The Gang Murder: A Muldoon Murder Mystery by
1940: November 6-10: "Tiger Girl,"
part 3 of the new Pellucidar series was written.
Tiger Girl: Pt. 3 of Savage Pellucidar
2014: Tarzan the Musical
was presented in our hometown of Brandon, MB. We had fun with sharing memorabilia
and offering technical advice.
Tarzan the Musical in Brandon, MB
7 Huge Webpages starting at:
Tarzan and the Lost Empire: Cover and Frontispiece
art by A.W. Sperry ~ ERB: Tribe of Tarzan Card #1,
Chicago Press Club Bio, LA Riding Club, Gen. King
recommended commission ~ Tarzan Book No. 1 with Hal Foster Art
*** When ERB switched from McClurg to Metropolitan
to have his first edition books published, the artwork took on a dramatic
difference as well.
The jacket for "Tarzan and the Lost Empire" had
a solid blue background with a line drawing of Tarzan on the front, quite
a bit different from the full-cover J. Allen St. John paintings
of the past. Also, Tarzan was wearing an over-the-shoulder loin cloth instead
of the traditional waist-only covering that St. John had always shown him
wearing. To top it off, the ape-man had cinched around his waist what looked
like a regular belt, with a buckle large enough to please any swashbuckling
pirate. Inside was a frontispiece showing Tarzan with hair styled in the
traditional way a civilized man might of that era might wear it.
The man who did this work was Armstrong Sperry (1897.11.07-1976.04.26).
His artwork was well done -- but it was a lot different from what Tarzan
fans were accustomed to seeing.
Others must have felt similarly, because when Metropolitan
published its second (and last) Tarzan novel, "Tarzan at the Earth's
Core," the jacket featured the return of J. Allen St. John with a great
action scene of Tarzan -- as he's more apt to look in many fans' minds
-- tossing a sagoth like a dwarf. Sperry's art continued to appear in many
ERB books, however. His woodcut-style line drawings of an ape, a lion,
a leopard and an elephant continued to appear on the back cover side of
the jacket of many of the ERB Inc. reprints. Sperry was born in New Haven
CT (1897.11.07-1976.04.26) ~ ERB art fan Bob Barrett wrote
a tribute to the man and his work -- revealing that he became an author
as well and won prestigious awards for his art.
Tarzan and the Lost Empire: Art - History - Reviews
A. W. Sperry Bio and Sample Art
A. W. Sperry in ERB Artists Encyclopedia
Burroughs Bulletin 11: Barrett/Sperry Article
ERB started writing the Outlaw of Torn. Following ERB's success
with his first story, Under the Moons of Mars, Thomas Metcalf of "All-Story
Magazine" suggested that Ed should consider creating his next story
in a different setting. "I was thinking last night, considering with how
much vividness you described the various fights, whether you might not
be able to do a serial of the regular romantic type, something like, say
Ivanhoe, or at least of the period when everybody wore armor and dashed
about rescuing fair ladies. If you have in mind any serials, or anything
of that sort, and if you think it worth your while, I should be very glad
indeed to hear from you in regard to them.
reluctantly, Ed found himself returning to the thirteenth century to write
a pseudo-historical romance about a gallant outlaw. Amazingly, he completed
the story within three weeks. In his letter of November 29, 1911, Ed reported
the dispatch, by United States Express, of The Outlaw of Torn.
Metcalfe sent word that although he liked the plot, he could not use Torn
in its present form. . .but he would be willing to buy the story for $100
and have one of his staff writers who was more experienced in medieval
history do a re-write as a co-author. With the rejection of The Outlaw
of Torn Ed had become dubious about his writing ability. As a result, he
now had little faith that "Tarzan," the story that he had started writing
after his first draft of Torn, would be accepted. Torn eventually was published
in the January - May issues of the rival News Story Magazine. But
did not see book release until the 1927 McClurg edition.
The Outlaw of Torn
Burroughs Bulletin: Outlaw of
The Outlaw Prince Project: 10 Pages ~ Hughes, Yeates,
biography appeared in the Press Club's publication
Ed was admitted to the Press Club.
ERB Bio Timeline
*** 1916: In preparation
for joining the war effort, Ed enrolled in the LA Riding Academy
for a brush-up course in horsemanship. He later appealed to General King
for advice on obtaining a commission in the army after which he acquired
13 letters of recommendation from his contacts. The article "Horse Talk
With The King" features letters from General Charles King and Photos of
Burroughs Family Horses. I've scanned the two-page letter and have also
transcribed it for earier reading.
"Horse Talk With The King" Article
*** 1916: Ed was honoured with a
membership card #1 in the Tribe of Tarzan. A club that has been
formed by a fan in Virginia.
Tribe of Tarzan Formation Announced
*** 1927: Ed suggested that the
first cartoon compilation of the Tarzan strips by Harold Foster
could be named Tarzan Book No. 1 with others to be titled
Tarzan Book No. 1: Hal Foster
Tarzan Daily Strips
*** 1927: Joan joined the Menard
Players at the Glendale Playhouse for $40 a week. ERB later
wrote: "She played one week as leading woman, but since the return of the
regular leading woman she has been playing ingenues. She is accumulating
a great deal of valuable experience inasmuch as they put on a new play
each week, rehearse six days a week and give fifteen performances weekly
of each play -- the rest of the time she has to herself."
*** 1941: I Am A Barbarian
was completed. It was rejected by McCall's Red Book and Blue Book as being:
"...too gruesome and downbeat a story for us to consider at this time,
can't you give us something a little cheerier?"
The novel was eventually published
in hardcover book form in 1967 by Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc. with a cover
and frontispiece by Jeff Jones and also in ACE pb with cover art by Boris.
A Japanese edition came out years later. 50 years later it was adapted
to graphic format in the ERB, Inc. comics series by Tom Simmons and Mike
Dubisch and the page were later collated into book form..
I Am A Barbarian: ERBzine's Illustrated ERB Bibliography
I Am A Barbarian: Chapter Summary & Analysis by
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