Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
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Hillman Log Notes Series
WARLORD OF MARS
ERB commenced writing this third
Mars novel in June 1913
Yellow Men of Barsoom
The Fighting Prince of Mars
Across Savage Mars
The Prince of Helium
The War Lord of Mars
PULP MAGAZINE TITLE
Under the Moons of Mars (1912)
A.C. McClurg: September 27,
1919 ~ 296 pages
A Study Guide for Fans and Researchers
Created by Bill Hillman
Part I: THE ANSWERS
For an alternate version with invisible answers go to:
For the version with invisible answers go to ERBzine
These log notes sequentially pinpoint
the important events throughout the novel.
The information is presented in
the form of 405 questions and answers.
the Publishing History in ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Encyclopedia
DOMAIN ELECTRONIC VERSION in ERBzine
I: On the
River Iss ~ 25 Q
Opening locale: A moonlit forest flanking the crimson plain beside the
Lost Sea of Korus in the Valley Dor.
2. The predicament faced by John
Carter's princess: Entombed in a shaft below the Temple of the Sun.
3. Length of time the princess
will be imprisoned: 687 Martian days.
4. Dejah's attacker as the tomb
closed: Phaidor, daughter of Matai Shang, Father of the Holy Therns.
5. Person who came to her defence:
Thuvia of Ptarth
6. Name of the son of Carter and
Dejah: Carthoris of Helium.
7. The two allied forces who defeated
the First Born: Helium navy airships and Thark ground forces led by Tars
8. False deity worshipped by the
black First Born race: Issus
9. Fate of the false deity: Torn
to pieces by her followers after Carter revealed her deception.
10. Position of honour declined
by John Carter: To sit on the throne of the First Born.
11. The new Jeddak of the First
Born: Xodar -- Carter's friend and ally -- a dotar or prince who had been
12. Helium leaders missing on a
mission to the North Polar region: Jeddak Tardos Mor and Jed Mors Kajak
(Dejah's grandfather and father)
13. Temporary Jeddak of Helium:
14. Carter's faithful animal companion
while he waits in the Valley Dor: Woola the calot.
15. Calot description: Shetland
pony size ~ hideous head and fangs ~ 10 short powerful legs ~ devoted to
16. Identity of the suspicious
black man Carter is following: Thodar, an enemy whom Carter had humiliated
in a fight.
17. Reason they are able to walk
in safety through the dangerous Valley Dor: The ferocious plant men and
white apes are in their lairs for the night.
18. Identity of the notorious escaped
leader of the Holy Therns: Matai Shang
19. Reason for the abundance of
boats left along the shore: Left by the therns to facilitate the pilgrimages
of Martians along Iss to "heaven" (actually to their deaths as victims
of a false religion).
20. Thurid's route: Along the shores
of the Lost Sea of Korus, up the River Iss to a dark portal in Gold Cliffs.
21. Horrid sight along the shores:
Screaming, starving survivors and rotting dead bodies of the dead Martians
who hadn't made it to the Valley Dor on their pilgrimage.
22. Identity of the party that
met Thurid along the underground river tributary: Matai Shang and five
therns in a longboat.
23. Reason that Carter (observing
from the other side of the river) was surprised at this alliance: The black
First Born and white Holy Therns are hereditary enemies.
24. Reason for Thurid and Matai's
treacherous union: To plot revenge on their common enemy, John Carter and
a plan to regain power.
25. Thurid's secret: He knew Issus'
secret entrance into Dejah's prison.
Mountains ~ 15 Q
1. What Carter
observed as he followed his enemies' longboat along the underground tributary:
phosphorescent rock walls and a large bejeweled cavern.
2. Difficult choice Carter had to make as he followed
his enemies from a distance: To choose which of three river branches they
3. Obstacle at the end of the first stream chosen: A
giant thunderous waterfall.
4. Encouraging find along the second
stream chosen by Carter: The shell from a recently eaten fruit of the Sorapus
5. Carter's lucky find in an dark rock opening at the
start of the rapids: The thern longboat was moored to a ledge.
6. Carter's means of communicating with Woola: Telepathy
7. How Woola provided invaluable assistance: The animal
was able to follow Carter's enemies through the dark and along the rock
8. What lay above these underground tunnels: The Valley
Dor and the Lost Sea of Korus.
9. Information Carter overheard from two thern guards:
A combination formula that allows light beams to open something.
10. Supposed reason for the guards letting Carter pass:
He seemed to have convinced them that he is about to dispose of Thurid
whom they do not trust.
11. Woola's reaction when Carter followed the trail suggested
by the guards: The calot insisted upon another route.
12. Carter's fate if he had not followed Woola: A pivotal
flagstone on the trail would have hurled him into a bottomless pit.
13. Means of illumination in the
underground passageways: Radium bulbs that burn unattended for ages.
14. The warning that there is approaching danger from
the rear: The clank of metal of a warrior's harness belonging to one of
the two guards who followed to attack.
15. Carter's action that alerts the pursuing guards:
of the Sun ~ 25 Q
1. The therns' ability as swordsmen:
Excellent -- some of the best that John Carter has faced.
2. Carter's advantages over his two opponents: Stronger
Earth muscles ~ lesser Martian gravity and air pressure
3. Lakor's successful move against Carter: He pulled
him down by looping a belt from his harness around his leg.
4. The fate of the two thern swordsmen: Woola crushes
and slashes them to ribbons with his mighty paws.
5. Indication of Lakor's rank: A diadem in the centre
of the circlet of gold worn on his brow indicates he is a Holy Thern
6. Carter's disguise: Lakor's yellow wig, harness and
7. The trap that lay in the chamber: Venomous snakes
8. Knowledge that saved them from this trap: They had
overhead partial mention of it in the therns' conversation.
9. Unusual fact about these reptiles: The only living
ones Carter had seen on Mars outside of pictures from the past.
10. Why Carter was safe in the corridor: The reptiles
would not go past the line of light from the radium bulbs.
11. Safe route past the reptiles: An overhead gallery
circles the room
12. Main feature in the centre
of the large domed apartment with marble and gold walls: The revolving
column base of the Temple of the Sun.
13. Occupants of the giant shaft: The imprisoned Dejah,
Phaidor and Thuvia.
14. Object found by Carter that bears the insignia of
the house of Thorid: a tiny radium flash torch.
15. Problems faced in trying to enter Dejah's prison:
only a small door with a pinhole which he tried unsuccessfully for an hour
16. What the markings on the radium torch helped Carter
recall: He had overheard Thurid mention a formula identical to those scratches.
17. What Carter discovered around the peephole: The encrustation
of the carbonized electrons given off by Martian radium torches.
18. Carter's means of measuring
time units of tals, xats and zodes: His Barsoomian chronometer on a band
on his wrist.
19. What the following accomplished: 3 light units for
50 tals, 1 unit for 1 xat, 9 units for 25 tals: The door swung open.
20. Where the spiral stairway led: Up through the Temple
of the Sun
21. Why Woola wouldn't ascend the stairs: He dragged
Carter across the chamber and down through a rocky passage.
22. Number of people Carter sees across the glass maze:
23. Screams of recognition from which two mouths: Woola
and Dejah Thoris across the chamber.
24. Thurid's actions: Shakes his fist and drags Dejah
and Thuvia away.
25. Proof that Carter's and Dejah's love is not blind:
She recognized him through the maze and his thern disguise.
Secret Tower ~ 20 Q
1. Where Carter emerged after days
of struggle through glass labyrinths and underground tunnels: Beside the
Otz Mountains above the Valley of Lost Souls.
2. Inhabitants of the valley below: Lost souls who had
abandoned their pilgrimage to Dor and could not return to the outside.
3. Occupants of the hidden fortress he reached at dusk:
Matai Shang, Father of Therns and his banished faithful.
4. Means of egress to the fortress: A triple-barred gate
5. Carter's ruse: Posed as a thern who had come through
the Golden Cliffs for an audience with Matai Shang.
6. Reason the guards let him in so easily: They were
aware of his coming and were laying a trap.
7. What Carter saw in the lighted courtyard: Matai Shang
and his gang with the girls on a balcony partway up a tall tower.
8. The thern's promised fate for Dejah: She is to be
his wife for a year and then given to the lessers as a plaything.
9. Carter's act of contempt: Stomped on his thern wig
and spit on his holy diadem.
10. Carter's shout of blasphemy to Thurid: That he had
thus defiled the holy Issus before throwing her to the mob to be torn to
11. Carter's attackers released by Matai Shang: 12 ferocious
banths ~ Barsoomian lions
12. What Dejah attempted in her struggle with the guards:
To join Carter in death.
13. The reason Carter didn't leap
away from the banths: He wouldn't leave faithful Woola to the banths alone.
14. Reaction of the banths to Thuvia's
purring musical signals. They obey her orders to not attack.
15. Carter's action: He leaped to the balcony to reach
16. Carter's refusal that prompted the attack of three
thern guards: He again rejects the love of Phaidor.
17. Carter's reason for sparing one thern guard: So he
can follow him to reach Dejah and her fleeing captors.
18. Guardsman's breach of the code of honour of Barsoomian
fighting men: Threw his wig and short-sword.
19. Carter's reason for climbing
the 300-foot tower's dangerous outside walls to the rooftop flier pad:
Interior door was barred.
20. The disaster that met Carter as he reached the roof:
Thurid kicked him in the face and he plummeted downward.
the Kaolian Road ~ 40 Q
1. Carter's good fortune that saved
him in his fall from the tower roof: His harness caught on a stone projection.
2. The event that prompted Carter's climb back to the
roof: Sound of the flier propellers growing fainter.
3. Carter's means of returning to Woola in the courtyard.
He dragged a flier out of its hangar and flew down.
4. Carter's flight destination: Northeast toward Kaol
where Matai Shang was headed.
5. What Carter spotted in the late afternoon: Matai Shang's
flier far in the distance.
6. Barsoomian device that locks
onto and follows another craft: Destination Compass
7. Places that passed below as Carter flew through the
night: Hills, dead sea bottoms, deserted cities, red Martian settlements
along the canals.
8. Account for the vegetation change below: They are
approaching the equator.
9. How was Carter's craft disabled:
Thurid blows up the forward buoyancy tanks and engine by firing an explosive
10. Carter's ruse that halted Thurid's attack: He feigns
death by hanging by harness from the ships rail.
11. Where Carter and Woola crash landed: On the edge
of a natural forest -- a rarity on Barsoom.
12. Location of the nearby land of Kaol: Along the equator
halfway round the planet to the east of Helium.
13. Description of Kaol: Sunken forest area of extreme
tropical heat inhabited by red men who still believe in the discredited
religion of the Holy Therns.
14. What makes Kaol different and
isolated from the other Martian settlements: They are not connected by
a waterway (they have their own swampland) and are surrounded by hills
and sea bottoms.
15. Fate of hunters who travel to Kaol to hunt their
strange forest beasts: They are killed by hostile natives.
16. How Carter was able to pick up Dejah's trail again:
Woola set off through the trees in the direction Matai Shang's flier had
17. Reason Kaolians needed no navy:
The heavy canopies of the forest hide their cities from view above.
18. Matai Shang's flier destination: A slender watchtower
rising above the forest.
19. Obstacles to ground travel
that Carter faced: Soft and mushy ground, 8-foot high purple, red and yellow
frond-topped grasses and mazes of creepers strung between the trees.
20. Name of the plant with eyes
and hands that capture and eat insects: The Martian "man-flower."
21. Name of the carnivorous plant
with jaws strong enough to capture and devour large beasts: Calot Tree
22. Why choosing to not spend the night in the trees
was not a good choice: Threat of attack by surrounding man-eating beasts.
23. Place where the beasts would not venture: On solid
pieces of ground covered by scarlet sward.
24. Type beast that attacked them
when they finally reach a road: A winged, six-legged and gorgeously coloured
beast with the face of a hornet. It was the size of a Hereford bull and
possessed a large deadly stinger. (A Sith)
25. Woola's means of attack: He leaps onto the beast's
26. The strategy of Carter's attack: He hacked off the
beast's stinger while Woola clung to its head.
27. The beast's reaction to Carter's first attack: It
hit Carter on the chest with a powerful hind leg, hurling him into the
28. Carter's desperate situation following his second
attack on the beast: The beast held him in his jaws while he pummeled him
with the stump of his stinger.
29: The nature of Carter's rescue:
A red warrior mounted on a thoat attacked and killed the beast with his
30. The reason that Torkar Bar, Dwar of the Kaolian Road,
did not kill Carter, the trespasser: He had heard of the Prince of Helium
and admired him.
31. Why Torkar Bar was in danger of instant death from
Kaolian leader, Kulan Tith. He questions and disbelieves the therns and
32. Duties of a Captain of the Kaolian Road: To patrol
the highways through the forest to protect travellers.
33. The name and abundance of the beast just killed:
A sith -- an animal almost extinct.
34. The one-time threat no longer posed by siths: When
they were plentiful, herds of them once attacked settlements from the air
and carried off people.
35. Where Kaolians obtained the poison to kill siths:
From two sacs just above the root of the sith's stinger.
36. What Torkar Bar saw in Kaol yesterday morning: A
party arrived from the north in a small flier.
37. The promise that Torkar Bar extracted from Carter:
That he contemplate no overt act against the nation of Kaol or its jeddak.
38. The order that Torkar Bar gave to Carter: That he
must not admit that they have ever met.
39. Carter's disguise as he approached and circled the
walls of Kaol after dark: Red pigment on his skin so as to appear to be
a red Martian.
40. The city wall construction
that made it impossible for Carter to scale: Ultra smooth material that
slanted out for 30 feet, then perpendicular for 30 feet, and then slanted
in for 15 feet to the crest.
VI: A Hero in
Kaol ~ 30 Q
1. Where Carter and Woola spent the
night: In the forest outside the Kaolian city walls.
2. Predominant colours of the forest
vegetation: Scarlet, purple and yellow.
3. Source of the noise that awakened Carter: A long line
of green warriors preparing an ambush along the road.
4. Carter's main purpose in warning the Kaolians of the
danger facing them: To gain entry to the city and then make his way to
the palace to find Matai Shang and Dejah.
5. Carter's method of reaching the city gate as the Kaolians
were about to exit: Racing on foot in mighty leaps of 30 to 100 feet.
6. Carter's unusual method of attacking the green warriors
who barred his way: Frontal attack with his sword and then in the method
used by the plant men of Dor he leaped above their heads, swinging his
sword downward as he passed above them.
7. The green warrior Carter wished was by his side during
the fight: Tars Tarkas, The Jeddak of Thark, mightiest of Martian green
8. The two battling forces Carter soon found himself
between: Red warriors rushing out through the city gates and the savage
horde of green men rushing from the forest.
9. Reaction of the Kaolians to Carter's fighting prowess:
Shouts of applause.
10. Carter's boast: Fighting is his vocation and that
upon two planets no greater fighter has ever lived than John Carter, Prince
11. Significance of the name Carter uses when speaking
with Kulan Tith, the Jeddak of Kaol: "Dotar Sojat" is the name given him
by the Tharks many years ago -- the surnames of the first two of their
warriors that he killed upon his first arrival on Barsoom.
12. Carter's promised post-battle reward: A meeting with
the jeddak in the great audience chamber.
13. Purpose of the planned Kaolian mission that the green
men had planned to attack: They were striking out to meet with a visiting
jeddak from the north.
14. Reason for Carter's and Woola's
rapid recovery from their wounds and long travel ordeal: The marvelous
Barsoomian healing salves and a good night's rest.
15. The story Carter gave the jeddak after being congratulated:
He is Dotar Sojat from the city of Hastor (he actually has a small palace
there) in the south of the Heliumetic nation. His flier had been wrecked
on the edge of the forest and he had come seeking help in Kaol when he
came upon the trap.
16. Familiar faces in the audience who apparently did
not recognize Carter in his disguise: Matai Shang and Thurid.
17. Part of the jeddak's praise for Carter that aroused
the suspicion of his enemies: Carter's agility, leaping fighting style
and calot companion.
18. Circumstance that prevented Carter from immediately
looking for Dejah and Thuvia: Kulan Tith asks him to accompany him on the
royal procession to meet the arriving visiting jeddak.
19. Description of the visiting jeddak's procession.
. . Length: A miles-long train along the highway
20. . . . First in the procession: Mounted troops in
jewel- and metal-encrusted trappings,
21. . . . Wheeled vehicles: One
thousand zitidar-drawn chariots filled with women and children of the royal
court, escorted by mounted warriors.
22. . . . The draught animals:
Mastodonian zitidars -- seldom used by red men -- decorated with jewels
and silk and ridden by Martian youths.
23. . . . Force bringing up the rear: Mounted spearmen,
riflemen and swordsmen.
24. The jeddak's place in the procession: In front of
25. The jeddak's special mount:
He rode on a pure white thoat -- a rare beast.
26. Reasons for the relatively noiseless advance of the
huge procession: Thoats and zitidars are hoofless and the broad tires of
the chariots are of an elastic composition.
27. Types of noises that came from the procession: The
clanking of accouterments, occasional squeal of an angry thoat, the low
guttural of a zitidar and gay laughter and chatter of the women and children.
28. Person Carter suspected of following him after the
evening banquet back at the palace: A thern spy.
29. Where Woola must spend the night: A comfortable apartment
in the stables of the royal thoats.
30. Events that awakened Carter: Someone rubbed something
cold and clammy across his forehead followed by the entrance of guardsmen
who escorted him to Kulan Tith.
Allies ~ 15 Q
1. The three personages on the dais
awaiting Carter as he was escorted into the great audience chamber: Kulan
Tith, Matai Shang and the visiting jeddak.
2. The evidence that Thurid, the accuser, presents against
Carter: The white-skinned earthman's disguising red pigment was wiped from
his forehead while he slept.
3. Accusations presented by Thurid and Matai Shang: Carter
desecrated the temples of the Gods of Mars and turned the world against
its age-old religion.
4. Matai Shang's explanation as to why Carter has followed
him to Kaol: To assassinate him.
5. Kulan Tith's order: Carter the blasphemer and assassin
is ordered to be imprisoned in the pits.
6. Carter's reaction: He strikes Thurid down with a fist
to the face and turns to do battle with the guardsmen.
7. The man who came to Carter's defence: The visiting
jeddak, Thuvan Dihn, Jeddak of Ptarth.
8. Why he had broken all protocol to come to Carter's
aid: Carter had rescued his daughter from Matai Shang and had exposed the
false religion -- he recognizes him as an honourable man.
9. Kulan Tith's compromises. . . the Carter solution:
Carter will be escorted safely from the land of Kaol.
10. . . . the dispute between Thuvan Dihn and Matai Shang:
They must settle their dispute outside of Kaol lands.
11. Carter's explanation for following Matai Shang: To
rescue his princess, Dejah Thoris and Thuvan Dihn's daugher, Thuvia.
12. KulanTith's order to Matai Shang: Return the two
women who had arrived as Phaidor's slaves.
13. Matai Shang's response: On his honour he promised
to present the two women by morning.
13. Tragic news brought by the messenger sent to fetch
Matai Shang and the women: Matai Shang's party has escaped from the palace.
14. The suspected destination of Matai Shang: To the
far north where there is still a race of people who are faithful followers
of the therns and their religion.
15. The means by which Carter and Thuvan Dihn take up
the pursuit of Matai Shang two days later: Carter's flier that they retrieved
the Carrion Caves ~ 45 Q
1. Fate of all previous fliers and
expeditions that had passed beyond the ice-barrier around the north arctic
region: None ever returned.
2. The name that Martians have given to this mysterious
northern region: "Forbidden Land."
3. Reasons for Carter's slow night
flight as he approached the ice barrier: Wary of a trap they were flying
a few feet above the ground also the darkness caused by the moons having
set and the clouds which are found only in the polar regions on Barsoom.
4. Cause of the collision: A towering wall of ice and
5. Problems now faced: They were up against an unscalable
wall of ice and granite and surrounded by deep snow and extreme cold.
6. Difficulties presented over the next five days: They
met cold, suffering and privation as they trekked along the base of the
ice barrier, looking for a way through -- and they were constantly attacked
by fierce, fur-bearing creatures.
7. Description of the most dangerous
foe they encountered: . . . . Name: The apt
8. . . . Size: Up to 8 feet tall
at the shoulder
9. . . . Covering: White, sleek,
clean and glossy fur
10. . . 4 lower limbs: short and
heavy, carry it swiftly over the snow and ice
11. . . 2 upper limbs: grow forward
from the shoulders on either side of its long, powerful neck, terminating
in white, hairless hands, with which it seizes and holds its prey.
12. . . Head: Similar in appearance
to Earth's hippopotamus
13. . . Tusks: From the sides of
the lower jawbone two mighty horns curve slightly downward toward the front.
14. . . Eyes: Two huge eyes that
extend in two vast, oval patches from the center of the top of the cranium
down either side of the head to below the roots of the horns. The eyes
are composed of several thousand ocelli each and each ocellus is furnished
with its own lid so that the animal can at will close as many of the facets
of his huge eyes as he chooses
15. . . Horns: These weapons
really grow out from the lower part of the eyes
16. . . Habitat: They live in the
dark subterranean recesses in the ice and roam the ice field surface attacking
every living thing they meet.
17. . . Behaviour of the Beast:
They are in a perpetual rage and kill for pleasure even when their bellies
18. The reason for the unusual behaviour of the apt that
didn't attack them: It appeared to be domesticated, having a golden collar
around its neck.
19. What is known about the inhabitants of the north
pole: They are possibly the fabled yellow men of Barsoom -- a once
powerful race which is thought by many to be extinct.
20. The unusual feature in the barrier to which the apt's
trail leads: A large mouth of a cave.
21. The source of the stench that
meets them: It is wafting from the fabled Carrion Caves.
22. How and why the stench is perpetuated:
To keep ward off enemies, the yellow men pile their dead and anything that
will rot at this only entrance to their fertile valley beyond the ice-barrier.
23. The animals using this route through the ice as their
24. The secrets that Carter felt this land might hold:
The mystery of the disappearance of Tardos Mors and Mors Kajak.
25. Dangers encountered in the eighth cave they enter
during their passage: An apt lair with 20 beasts -- many of them sleeping.
26. Carter's suggestion refused by Thuvan Dihn: That
Thuvan Dihn and Woola turn back and bring help, while Carter stays to find
a way through.
27. The messenger sent for help: Woola is ordered to
deliver a note to Carthoris in far-off Helium.
28. Carter's directions given to Carthoris: Bring a large
force to enter through the ice caves and make no attempt to take the fleet
across the ice barrier.
29. Carter's reason for showing himself to the apt sentry:
To draw it into a trap so as to behead it.
30. Their plan after killing the apt sentry at cave number
eight: They sneaked through the cave past the now sleeping apts.
31. The two main weapons carried by Carter: A long-sword
and a short-sword.
32. Probable event that created the ice tunnel through
the barrier with its series of 27 connecting chambers. Meltwater flowing
through the ice and rock barrier on its way to the south.
33. Why this was a fortunate day to make this journey:
This was the only day of the month the apts they gathered in one chamber
to mate and sleep for a full day.
34. What they came upon as the trail started to descend
to the valley: A party of six yellow men of Barsoom waiting the approach
of a solitary warrior.
35. Appearance of the men: All are fierce and black bearded
with skins the color of a ripe lemon.
36. The men's costumes: Six in the black and yellow striped
hide of the orluk. The man approaching wore the pure white hide of an apt.
37. Weapons carried by the men. . . Sword 1: a sharp-edged
blade with a complete hook at the far end and held in the left hand.
38. . . . Sword 2: Straight and two-edged with a length
between that of a short- and long-sword and held in the right hand..
39. . . . Weapon strung across the back: a short javelin
40. . . . Weapon hung on the left arm: A cuplike shield
the size of a dinner plate with the concave sides turned outward toward
an antagonist to ward off hooked swords. It was held rigid on a metal bracelet
above the wrist.
41. . . . Weapon attached to the harness: A dagger.
42. Sound from the six attacking yellow men: Fiendish
yells resembling Apache war cries.
43. Purpose of the hooked sword: To pull opponents close
enough to impale them with the other sword.
44. One reason John Carter jumped in to aid the lone
warrior: He could not stand idly by and see a brave man butchered by superior
45. The second reason Carter came to the warrior's defence:
He always loved a good fight.
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