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Hillman Log Notes Series
WARLORD OF MARS
ERB commenced writing this third
Mars novel in June 1913
Yellow Men of Barsoom
The Fighting Prince of Mars
Across Savage Mars
The Prince of Helium
The War Lord of Mars
PULP MAGAZINE TITLE
Under the Moons of Mars (1912)
A.C. McClurg: September 27,
1919 ~ 296 pages
A Study Guide for Fans and Researchers
Created by Bill Hillman
For an alternate version with visible answers go to:
See Part II at:
These log notes sequentially
pinpoint the important events throughout the novel.
The information is presented
in the form of 405 questions and answers.
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which highlights the hidden
Click on the Chapter Titles to
go to the actual novel text.
To See the Alternate Version with Visible Answers go
to ERBzine 1291a
See the Publishing History and Illustrations in
ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Encyclopedia
PUBLIC DOMAIN ELECTRONIC VERSION e-TEXT in ERBzine
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Go to ERBzine 1291
I: On the
River Iss ~ 25 Q
1. Opening locale:
A moonlit forest flanking the crimson plain beside the Lost Sea of Korus
in the Valley Dor.
2. The predicament faced by John
Entombed in a shaft below
the Temple of the Sun.
3. Length of time the princess
will be imprisoned:
687 Martian days.
4. Dejah's attacker as the tomb
closed: Phaidor, daughter of Matai Shang,
Father of the Holy Therns.
5. Person who came to her defence:
6. Name of the son of Carter and
Dejah: Carthoris of Helium.
7. The two allied forces who defeated
the First Born: Helium navy airships and Thark
ground forces led by Tars Tarkas.
8. False deity worshipped by the
black First Born race: Issus
9. Fate of the false deity: Torn
to pieces by her followers after Carter revealed her deception.
10. Position of honour declined
by John Carter:
To sit on the throne of the
11. The new Jeddak of the First
Born: Xodar -- Carter's friend and ally --
a dotar or prince who had been disgraced..
12. Helium leaders missing on a
mission to the North Polar region: Jeddak
Tardos Mor and Jed Mors Kajak (Dejah's grandfather and father)
13. Temporary Jeddak of Helium:
14. Carter's faithful animal companion
while he waits in the Valley Dor: Woola the
15. Calot description: Sheltered
pony size ~ hideous head and fangs ~ 10 short powerful legs ~ devoted to
16. Identity of the suspicious
black man Carter is following: Theodore, an
enemy whom Carter had humiliated in a fight.
17. Reason they are able to walk
in safety through the dangerous Valley Dor: The
ferocious plant men and white apes are in their lairs for the night.
18. Identity of the notorious escaped
leader of the Holy Therns: Matai Shang
19. Reason for the abundance of
boats left along the shore: Left by the therns
to facilitate the pilgrimages of Martians along Iss to "heaven" (actually
to their deaths as victims of a false religion).
20. Third's route: Along
the shores of the Lost Sea of Korus, up the River Iss to a dark portal
in Gold Cliffs.
21. Horrid sight along the shores:
starving survivors and rotting dead bodies of the dead Martians who hadn't
made it to the Valley Dor on their pilgrimage.
22. Identity of the party that
met Thurid along the underground river tributary: Matai
Shang and five therns in a longboat.
23. Reason that Carter (observing
from the other side of the river) was surprised at this alliance: The
black First Born and white Holy Therns are hereditary enemies.
24. Reason for Thurid and Matai's
treacherous union: To plot revenge on their
common enemy, John Carter and a plan to regain power.
25. Thurid's secret: He
knew Issus' secret entrance into Dejah's prison.
Mountains ~ 15 Q
1. What Carter
observed as he followed his enemies' longboat along the underground tributary:
rock walls and a large bejeweled cavern.
2. Difficult choice Carter had to make as he followed
his enemies from a distance: To choose which of three
river branches they had taken.
3. Obstacle at the end of the first stream chosen: A
giant thunderous waterfall.
4. Encouraging find along the second stream chosen by
Carter: The shell from a recently eaten fruit of
the Sorapus Tree.
5. Carter's lucky find in an dark rock opening at the
start of the rapids: The thern longboat was moored
to a ledge.
6. Carter's means of communicating with Woola: Telepathy
7. How Woola provided invaluable assistance: The
animal was able to follow Carter's enemies through the dark and along the
8. What lay above these underground tunnels: The
Valley Dor and the Lost Sea of Korus.
9. Information Carter overheard from two thern guards:
combination formula that allows light beams to open something.
10. Supposed reason for the guards letting Carter pass:
seemed to have convinced them that he is about to dispose of Thurid whom
they do not trust.
11. Woola's reaction when Carter followed the trail suggested
by the guards: The calot insisted upon another route.
12. Carter's fate if he had not followed Woola: A
pivotal flagstone on the trail would have hurled him into a bottomless
13. Means of illumination in the underground passageways:
bulbs that burn unattended for ages.
14. The warning that there is approaching danger from
the rear: The clank of metal of a warrior's harness
belonging to one of the two guards who followed to attack.
15. Carter's action that alerts the pursuing guards:
of the Sun ~ 25 Q
The therns' ability as swordsmen: Excellent
-- some of the best that John Carter has faced.
2. Carter's advantages over his two opponents: Stronger
Earth muscles ~ lesser Martian gravity and air pressure
3. Lakor's successful move against Carter: He
pulled him down by looping a belt from his harness around his leg.
4. The fate of the two thern swordsmen: Woola
crushes and slashes them to ribbons with his mighty paws.
5. Indication of Lakor's rank: A
diadem in the centre of the circlet of gold worn on his brow indicates
he is a Holy Thern
6. Carter's disguise: Lakor's yellow
wig, harness and gold headband.
7. The trap that lay in the chamber: Venomous
snakes and reptiles.
8. Knowledge that saved them from this trap: They
had overhead partial mention of it in the therns' conversation.
9. Unusual fact about these reptiles: The
only living ones Carter had seen on Mars outside of pictures from the past.
10. Why Carter was safe in the corridor: The
reptiles would not go past the line of light from the radium bulbs.
11. Safe route past the reptiles: An
overhead gallery circles the room
12. Main feature in the centre of the large domed apartment
with marble and gold walls: The revolving column
base of the Temple of the Sun.
13. Occupants of the giant shaft: The
imprisoned Dejah, Phaidor and Thuvia.
14. Object found by Carter that bears the insignia of
the house of Thorid: A tiny radium flash torch.
15. Problems faced in trying to enter Dejah's prison:
a small door with a pinhole which he tried unsuccessfully for an hour to
16. What the markings on the radium torch helped Carter
recall: He had overheard Thurid mention a formula
identical to those scratches.
17. What Carter discovered around the peephole: The
encrustation of the carbonized electrons given off by Martian radium torches.
18. Carter's means of measuring time units of tals, xats
His Barsoomian chronometer on a band on
19. What the following accomplished: 3
light units for 50 tals, 1 unit for 1 xat, 9 units for 25 tals: The door
20. Where the spiral stairway led: Up
through the Temple of the Sun.
21. Why Woola wouldn't ascend the stairs: He
dragged Carter across the chamber and down through a rocky passage.
22. Number of people Carter sees across the glass maze:
23. Screams of recognition from which two mouths: Woola
and Dejah Thoris across the chamber.
24. Thurid's actions: Shakes his
fist and drags Dejah and Thuvia away.
25. Proof that Carter's and Dejah's love is not blind:
recognized him through the maze and his thern disguise.
IV: The Secret
Tower ~ 20 Q
1. Where Carter
emerges after days of struggle through glass labyrinths and underground
tunnels: Beside the Otz Mountains above the Valley
of Lost Souls.
2. Inhabitants of the valley below: Lost
souls who had abandoned their pilgrimage to Dor and could not return to
3. Occupants of the hidden fortress he reached at dusk:
Shang, Father of Therns and his banished faithful.
4. Means of egress to the fortress:
A triple-barred gate left ajar
5. Carter's ruse: Posed as a thern
who had come through the Golden Cliffs for an audience with Matai Shang.
6. Reason the guards let him in so easily: They
were aware of his coming and were laying a trap.
7. What Carter saw in the lighted courtyard: Matai
Shang and his gang with the girls on a balcony parkway up a tall tower.
8. The thern's promised fate for Dejah: She
is to be his wife for a year and then given to the lessers as a plaything.
9. Carter's act of contempt: Stomped
on his thern wig and spit on his holy diadem.
10. Carter's shout of blasphemy to Thurid: That
he had thus defiled the holy Issus before throwing her to the mob to be
torn to pieces.
11. Carter's attackers released by Matai Shang: 12
ferocious banths ~ Barsoomian lions
12. What Dejah attempted in her struggle with the guards:
join Carter in death.
13. The reason Carter didn't leap away from the banths:
wouldn't leave faithful Woola to the banths alone.
14. Reaction of the banths to Thuvia's purring musical
signals: They obey her orders to not attack.
15. Carter's action: He leaped
to the balcony to reach Dejah.
16. Carter's refusal that prompts the attack of three
He again rejects the love of Phaidor.
17. Carter's reason for sparing one thern guard: So
he can follow him to reach Dejah and her fleeing captors.
18. Guardsman's breach of the code of honour of Barsoomian
fighting men: Threw his wig and short-sword.
19. Carter's reason for climbing the 300-foot tower's
dangerous outside walls to the rooftop flier pad: Interior
door was barred.
20. The disaster that met Carter as he reached the roof:
kicked him in the face and he plummeted downward.
V: On the
Kaolian Road ~ 40 Q
1. Carter's good
fortune that saved him in his fall from the tower roof: His
harness caught on a stone projection.
2. The event that prompted Carter's climb back to the
roof: Sound of the flier propellers growing fainter.
3. Carter's means of returning to Woola in the courtyard:
dragged a flier out of its hangar and flew down.
4. Carter's flight destination: Northeast
toward Kaol where Matai Shang was headed.
5. What Carter spotted in the late afternoon: Matai
Shang's flier far in the distance.
6. Barsoomian device that locks onto and follows another
craft: Destination Compass
7. Places that passed below as Carter flew through the
night: Hills, dead sea bottoms, deserted cities,
red Martian settlements along the canals.
8. Account for the vegetation change below: They
are approaching the equator.
9. How was Carter's craft disabled: Thurid
blows up the forward buoyancy tanks and engine by firing an explosive radium
10. Carter's ruse that halted Thurid's attack: He
feigns death by hanging by harness from the ships rail.
11. Where Carter and Woola crash landed: On
the edge of a natural forest -- a rarity on Barsoom.
12. Location of the nearby land of Kaol: Along
the equator halfway round the planet to the east of Helium.
13. Description of Kaol: Sunken
forest area of extreme tropical heat inhabited by red men who still believe
in the discredited religion of the Holy Therns.
14. What makes Kaol different and isolated from the other
They are not connected by a
waterway (they have their own swampland) and are surrounded by hills and
15. Fate of hunters who travel to Kaol to hunt their
strange forest beasts: They are killed by hostile
16. How Carter was able to pick up Dejah's trail again:
set off through the trees in the direction Matai Shang's flier had gone.
17. Reason Kaolians needed no navy:
The heavy canopies of the forest hide their cities from view above.
18. Matai Shang's flier destination: A
slender watchtower rising above the forest.
19. Obstacles to ground travel that Carter faced: Soft
and mushy ground, 8-foot high purple, red and yellow frond-topped grasses
and mazes of creepers strung between the trees.
20. Name of the plant with eyes and hands that capture
and eat insects:
The Martian "man-flower."
21. Name of the carnivorous plant with jaws strong enough
to capture and devour large beasts: Calot Tree
22. Why choosing to not spend the night in the trees
was not a good choice: Threat of attack by surrounding
23. Place where the beasts would not venture: On
solid pieces of ground covered by scarlet sward.
24. Type beast that attacks them when they finally reach
a road: A winged, six-legged and gorgeously coloured
beast with the face of a hornet. It was the size of a Hereford bull and
possessed a large deadly stinger. (A Sith)
25. Woola's means of attack: He
leaps onto the beast's head.
26. The strategy of Carter's attack: He
hacked off the beast's stinger while Woola clung to its head.
27. The beast's reaction to Carter's first attack: It
hit Carter on the chest with a powerful hind leg, hurling him into the
28. Carter's desperate situation following his second
attack on the beast: The beast held him in his jaws
while he pummeled him with the stump of his stinger.
29: The nature of Carter's rescue: A
red warrior mounted on a thoat attacked and killed the beast with his poisoned
30. The reason that Torkar Bar, Dwar of the Kaolian Road,
did not kill Carter, the trespasser: He had heard
of the Prince of Helium and admired him.
31. Why Torkar Bar was in danger of instant death from
Kaolian leader, Kulan Tith: He questioned and disbelieved
the therns and their religion.
32. Duties of a Captain of the Kaolian Road: To
patrol the highways through the forest to protect travellers.
33. The name and abundance of the beast just killed:
sith -- an animal almost extinct.
34. The one-time threat no longer posed by siths: When
they were plentiful, herds of them once attacked settlements from the air
and carried off people.
35. Where Kaolians obtain the poison
to kill siths: From two sacs just above the
root of the sith's stinger.
36. What Torkar Bar saw in Kaol yesterday morning: A
party arrived from the north in a small flier.
37. The promise that Torkar Bar extracted from Carter:
he contemplate no overt act against the nation of Kaol or its jeddak.
38. The order that Torkar Bar gave to Carter: That
he must not admit that they have ever met.
39. Carter's disguise as he approached and circled the
walls of Kaol after dark: Red pigment on his skin
so as to appear to be a red Martian.
40. The city wall construction that made it impossible
for Carter to scale: Ultra smooth material that slanted
out for 30 feet, then perpendicular for 30 feet, and then slanted in for
15 feet to the crest.
Hero in Kaol ~ 30 Q
1. Where Carter
and Woola spent the night: In the forest outside
the Kaolian city walls.
2. Predominant colours of the forest vegetation: Scarlet,
purple and yellow.
3. Source of the noise that awakened Carter: A
long line of green warriors preparing an ambush along the road.
4. Carter's main purpose in warning the Kaolians of the
danger facing them: To gain entry to the city and
then make his way to the palace to find Matai Shang and Dejah.
5. Carter's method of reaching the city gate as the Kaolians
were about to exit: Racing on foot in mighty leaps
of 30 to 100 feet.
6. Carter's unusual method of attacking the green warriors
who barred his way: Frontal attack with his sword
and then in the method used by the plant men of Dor he leaped above their
heads, swinging his sword downward as he passed above them.
7. The green warrior Carter wished was by his side during
the fight: Tars Tarkas, The Jeddak of Thark, mightiest
of Martian green men.
8. The two battling forces Carter soon found himself
between: Red warriors rushing out through the city
gates and the savage horde of green men rushing from the forest.
9. Reaction of the Kaolians to Carter's fighting prowess:
10. Carter's boast: Fighting is
his vocation and that upon two planets no greater fighter has ever lived
than John Carter, Prince of Helium.
11. Significance of the name Carter uses when speaking
with Kulan Tith, the Jeddak of Kaol: "Dotar Sojat"
is the name given him by the Tharks many years ago -- the surnames of the
first two of their warriors that he killed upon his first arrival on Barsoom.
12. Carter's promised post-battle
reward: A meeting with the jeddak in the great
13. Purpose of the planned Kaolian mission that the green
men had planned to attack: They were striking out
to meet with a visiting jeddak from the north.
14. Reason for Carter's and Woola's rapid recovery from
their wounds and long travel ordeal: The marvelous
Barsoomian healing salves and a good night's rest.
15. The story Carter gave the jeddak after being congratulated:
is Dotar Sojat from the city of Hastor (he actually has a small palace
there) in the south of the Heliumetic nation. His flier had been wrecked
on the edge of the forest and he had come seeking help in Kaol when he
came upon the trap.
16. Familiar faces in the audience who apparently did
not recognize Carter in his disguise: Matai Shang
17. Part of the jeddak's praise for Carter that aroused
the suspicion of his enemies: Carter's agility, leaping
fighting style and calot companion.
18. Circumstance that prevented Carter from immediately
looking for Dejah and Thuvia: Kulan Tith asks him
to accompany him on the royal procession to meet the arriving visiting
19. Description of the visiting jeddak's procession.
. . Length:
A miles-long train along the highway
20. . . . First in the procession: Mounted
troops in jewel- and metal-incrusted trappings,
21. . . . Wheeled vehicles: One
thousand zitidar-drawn chariots filled with women and children of the royal
court, escorted by mounted warriors.
22. . . . The draught animals: Mastodonian
zitidars -- seldom used by red men -- decorated with jewels and silk and
ridden by Martian youths.
23. . . . Force bringing up the rear: Mounted
spearmen, riflemen and swordsmen.
24. The jeddak's place in the procession: In
front of the chariots.
25. The jeddak's special mount:
rode on a pure white thoat -- a rare beast.
26. Reasons for the relatively noiseless advance of the
Thoats and zitidars are hoofless
and the broad tires of the chariots are of an elastic composition.
27. Types of noises that came from the procession: The
clanking of accouterments, occasional squeal of an angry thoat, the low
guttural of a zitidar and gay laughter and chatter of the women and children.
28. Person Carter suspected of following him after the
evening banquet back at the palace: A thern spy.
29. Where Woola must spend the night: A
comfortable apartment in the stables of the royal thoats.
30. Events that awakened Carter: Someone
rubbed something cold and clammy across his forehead followed by the entrance
of guardsmen who escorted him to Kulan Tith.
VII: New Allies
~ 15 Q
1. The three personages
on the dais awaiting Carter as he was escorted into the great audience
chamber: Kulan Tith, Matai Shang and the visiting
2. The evidence that Thurid, the accuser, presents against
The white-skinned earthman's disguising red
pigment was wiped from his forehead while he slept.
3. Accusations presented by Thurid and Matai Shang: Carter
desecrated the temples of the Gods of Mars and turned the world against
its age-old religion.
4. Matai Shang's explanation as to why Carter has followed
him to Kaol:
To assassinate him.
5. Kulan Tith's order: Carter the
blasphemer and assassin is ordered to be imprisoned in the pits.
6. Carter's reaction: He strikes
Thurid down with a fist to the face and turns to do battle with the guardsmen.
7. The man who came to Carter's defence: The
visiting jeddak, Thuvan Dihn, Jeddak of Ptarth.
8. Why he had broken all protocol to come to Carter's
aid: Carter had rescued his daughter from Matai Shang
and had exposed the false religion -- he recognizes him as an honourable
9. Kulan Tith's compromises. . . the Carter solution:
will be escorted safely from the land of Kaol.
10. . . . the dispute between Thuvan Dihn and Matai Shang:
must settle their dispute outside of Kaol lands.
11. Carter's explanation for following Matai Shang: To
rescue his princess, Dejah Thoris and Thuvan Dihn's daugher, Thuvia.
12. KulanTith's order to Matai Shang: Return
the two women who had arrived as Phaidor's slaves.
13. Matai Shang's response: On
his honour he promised to present the two women by morning.
13. Tragic news brought by the messenger sent to fetch
Matai Shang and the women: Matai Shang's party has
escaped from the palace.
14. The suspected destination of Matai Shang: To
the far north where there is still a race of people who are faithful followers
of the therns and their religion.
15. The means by which Carter and Thuvan Dihn take up
the pursuit of Matai Shang two days later: Carter's
flier that they retrieved and repaired.
the Carrion Caves ~ 45 Q
1. Fate of all
previous fliers and expeditions that had passed beyond the ice-barrier
around the north arctic region: None ever returned.
2. The name that Martians have given to this mysterious
3. Reasons for Carter's slow night flight as he approached
the ice barrier: Wary of a trap they were flying
a few feet above the ground also the darkness caused by the moons having
set and the clouds which are found only in the polar regions on Barsoom.
4. Cause of the collision: A towering
wall of ice and rock.
5. Problems now faced: They were
up against an unscalable wall of ice and granite and surrounded by deep
snow and extreme cold.
6. Difficulties presented over the next five days: They
met cold, suffering and privation as they trekked along the base of the
ice barrier, looking for a way through -- and they were constantly attacked
by fierce, fur-bearing creatures.
7. Description of the most dangerous foe they encountered:
. . . . Name: The apt
8. . . . Size: Up to 8 feet tall
at the shoulder
9. . . . Covering: White, sleek,
clean and glossy fur
10. . . 4 lower limbs: short
and heavy, carry it swiftly over the snow and ice
11. . . 2 upper limbs: grow forward
from the shoulders on either side of its long, powerful neck, terminating
in white, hairless hands, with which it seizes and holds its prey.
12. . . Head: Similar in appearance
to Earth's hippopotamus
13. . . Tusks:
From the sides of the lower jawbone two mighty horns curve slightly downward
toward the front.
14. . . Eyes: Two huge eyes that
extend in two vast, oval patches from the center of the top of the cranium
down either side of the head to below the roots of the horns. The eyes
are composed of several thousand ocelli each and each ocellus is furnished
with its own lid so that the animal can at will close as many of the facets
of his huge eyes as he chooses
15. . . Horns: These weapons
really grow out from the lower part of the eyes
16. . . Habitat: They live in the
dark subterranean recesses in the ice and roam the ice field surface attacking
every living thing they meet.
17. . . Behaviour of the Beast: They
are in a perpetual rage and kill for pleasure even when their bellies are
18. The reason for the unusual behaviour of the apt that
didn't attack them: It appeared to be domesticated,
having a golden collar around its neck.
19. What is known about the inhabitants of the north
pole: They are possibly the fabled yellow men
of Barsoom -- a once powerful race which is thought by many to be extinct.
20. The unusual feature in the barrier to which the apt's
A large mouth of a cave.
21. The source of the stench that meets them: It
is wafting from the fabled Carrion Caves.
22. How and why the stench is perpetuated: To
keep ward off enemies, the yellow men pile their dead and anything that
will rot at this only entrance to their fertile valley beyond the ice-barrier.
23. The animals using this route through the ice as their
24. The secrets that Carter felt this land might hold:
mystery of the disappearance of Tardos Mors and Mors Kajak.
25. Dangers encountered in the eighth cave they enter
during their passage: An apt lair with 20 beasts
-- many of them sleeping.
26. Carter's suggestion refused by Thuvan Dihn: That
Thuvan Dihn and Woola turn back and bring help, while Carter stays to find
a way through.
27. The messenger sent for help: Woola
is ordered to deliver a note to Carthoris in far-off Helium.
28. Carter's directions given to Carthoris: Bring
a large force to enter through the ice caves and make no attempt to take
the fleet across the ice barrier.
29. Carter's reason for showing himself to the apt sentry:
lure it into a trap so as to behead it.
30. Their plan after killing the apt sentry at cave number
eight: They sneaked through the cave past the now
31. The two main weapons carried by Carter: A
long-sword and a short-sword.
32. Probable event that created the ice tunnel through
the barrier with its series of 27 connecting chambers: Coldwater
flowing through the ice and rock barrier on its way to the south.
33. Why this was a fortunate day to make this journey:
was the only day of the month the apts they gathered in one chamber to
mate and sleep for a full day.
34. What they came upon as the trail started to descend
to the valley:
A party of six yellow men of Barsoom
waiting the approach of a solitary warrior.
35. Appearance of the men: All
are fierce and black bearded with skins the color of a ripe lemon.
36. The men's costumes: Six in
the black and yellow striped hide of the orluk. The man approaching wore
the pure white hide of an apt.
37. Weapons carried by the men. . . Sword 1: a
sharp-edged blade with a complete hook at the far end and held in the left
38. . . . Sword 2: Straight and
two-edged with a length between that of a short- and long-sword and held
in the right hand.
39. . . . Weapon strung across the back: a
40. . . . Weapon hung on the left arm: A
cupcake shield the size of a dinner plate with the concave sides turned
outward toward an antagonist to ward off hooked swords. It was held rigid
on a metal bracelet above the wrist.
41. . . . Weapon attached to the harness: A
42. Sound from the six attacking yellow men: Fiendish
yells resembling Apache war cries.
43. Purpose of the hooked sword: To
pull opponents close enough to impale them with the other sword.
44. One reason John Carter jumped in to aid the lone
warrior: He could not stand idly by and see a brave
man butchered by superior numbers.
45. The second reason Carter came to the warrior's defence:
always loved a good fight.
Tarzan the Ape
Man: Film Log Notes
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