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Hillman Log Notes Series
WARLORD OF MARS
ERB commenced writing this third
Mars novel in June 1913
Yellow Men of Barsoom
The Fighting Prince of Mars
Across Savage Mars
The Prince of Helium
The War Lord of Mars
PULP MAGAZINE TITLE
Under the Moons of Mars (1912)
A.C. McClurg: September 27,
1919 ~ 296 pages
A Study Guide for Fans and Researchers
For an alternate version with visible answers go to:
These log notes sequentially pinpoint the important
events throughout the novel.
The information is presented in the form of 405
questions and answers.
The answers are invisible until the reader drags
his mouse across the screen
which highlights the hidden answer text.
Click on the Chapter Titles to go to the actual
To See the Alternate Version with Visible Answers go
to ERBzine 1291a
See the Publishing
History in ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Encyclopedia
PUBLIC DOMAIN ELECTRONIC
VERSION in ERBzine
I: On the
River Iss ~ 25 Q
locale: A moonlit forest flanking the crimson
plain beside the Lost Sea of Korus in the Valley Dor.
2. The predicament faced by John Carter's princess:
in a shaft below the Temple of the Sun.
3. Length of time the princess will be imprisoned:
4. Dejah's attacker as the tomb closed: Phaidor,
daughter of Matai Shang, Father of the Holy Therns.
5. Person who came to her defence:
6. Name of the son of Carter and Dejah: Carthoris
7. The two allied forces who defeated the First
Born: Helium navy airships and Thark ground
forces led by Tars Tarkas.
8. False deity worshipped by the black First
Born race: Issus
9. Fate of the false deity: Torn
to pieces by her followers after Carter revealed her deception.
10. Position of honour declined by John Carter:
sit on the throne of the First Born.
11. The new Jeddak of the First Born: Xodar
-- Carter's friend and ally -- a dotar or prince who had been disgraced..
12. Helium leaders missing on a mission to the
North Polar region: Jeddak Tardos Mor and
Jed Mors Kajak (Dejah's grandfather and father)
13. Temporary Jeddak of Helium:
14. Carter's faithful animal companion while
he waits in the Valley Dor: Woola the calot.
15. Calot description: Sheltered
pony size ~ hideous head and fangs ~ 10 short powerful legs ~ devoted to
16. Identity of the suspicious black man Carter
is following: Theodore, an enemy whom Carter
had humiliated in a fight.
17. Reason they are able to walk in safety through
the dangerous Valley Dor: The ferocious plant
men and white apes are in their lairs for the night.
18. Identity of the notorious escaped leader
of the Holy Therns: Matai Shang
19. Reason for the abundance of boats left along
the shore: Left by the therns to facilitate
the pilgrimages of Martians along Iss to "heaven" (actually to their deaths
as victims of a false religion).
20. Third's route: Along
the shores of the Lost Sea of Korus, up the River Iss to a dark portal
in Gold Cliffs.
21. Horrid sight along the shores:
starving survivors and rotting dead bodies of the dead Martians who hadn't
made it to the Valley Dor on their pilgrimage.
22. Identity of the party that met Thurid along
the underground river tributary: Matai Shang
and five therns in a longboat.
23. Reason that Carter (observing from the other
side of the river) was surprised at this alliance: The
black First Born and white Holy Therns are hereditary enemies.
24. Reason for Thurid and Matai's treacherous
union: To plot revenge on their common enemy,
John Carter and a plan to regain power.
25. Thurid's secret: He
knew Issus' secret entrance into Dejah's prison.
the Mountains ~ 15 Q
1. What Carter observed as he followed
his enemies' longboat along the underground tributary:
rock walls and a large bejeweled cavern.
2. Difficult choice Carter had to make as he followed his enemies from
a distance: To choose which of three river branches
they had taken.
3. Obstacle at the end of the first stream chosen: A
giant thunderous waterfall.
4. Encouraging find along the second stream chosen by Carter: The
shell from a recently eaten fruit of the Sorapus Tree.
5. Carter's lucky find in an dark rock opening at the start of the
rapids: The thern longboat was moored to a ledge.
6. Carter's means of communicating with Woola: Telepathy
7. How Woola provided invaluable assistance: The
animal was able to follow Carter's enemies through the dark and along the
8. What lay above these underground tunnels: The
Valley Dor and the Lost Sea of Korus.
9. Information Carter overheard from two thern guards:
combination formula that allows light beams to open something.
10. Supposed reason for the guards letting Carter pass:
seemed to have convinced them that he is about to dispose of Thurid whom
they do not trust.
11. Woola's reaction when Carter followed the trail suggested by the
guards: The calot insisted upon another route.
12. Carter's fate if he had not followed Woola: A
pivotal flagstone on the trail would have hurled him into a bottomless
13. Means of illumination in the underground passageways:
bulbs that burn unattended for ages.
14. The warning that there is approaching danger from the rear: The
clank of metal of a warrior's harness belonging to one of the two guards
who followed to attack.
15. Carter's action that alerts the pursuing guards:
of the Sun ~ 25 Q
1. The therns'
ability as swordsmen: Excellent -- some of
the best that John Carter has faced.
2. Carter's advantages over his two opponents: Stronger
Earth muscles ~ lesser Martian gravity and air pressure
3. Lakor's successful move against Carter: He
pulled him down by looping a belt from his harness around his leg.
4. The fate of the two thern swordsmen: Woola
crushes and slashes them to ribbons with his mighty paws.
5. Indication of Lakor's rank: A diadem in the
centre of the circlet of gold worn on his brow indicates he is a Holy Thern
6. Carter's disguise: Lakor's yellow wig, harness
and gold headband.
7. The trap that lay in the chamber: Venomous
snakes and reptiles.
8. Knowledge that saved them from this trap: They
had overhead partial mention of it in the therns' conversation.
9. Unusual fact about these reptiles: The only
living ones Carter had seen on Mars outside of pictures from the past.
10. Why Carter was safe in the corridor: The
reptiles would not go past the line of light from the radium bulbs.
11. Safe route past the reptiles: An overhead
gallery circles the room
12. Main feature in the centre of the large domed apartment with marble
and gold walls: The revolving column base of the
Temple of the Sun.
13. Occupants of the giant shaft: The imprisoned
Dejah, Phaidor and Thuvia.
14. Object found by Carter that bears the insignia of the house of
Thorid: A tiny radium flash torch.
15. Problems faced in trying to enter Dejah's prison:
a small door with a pinhole which he tried unsuccessfully for an hour to
16. What the markings on the radium torch helped Carter recall: He
had overheard Thurid mention a formula identical to those scratches.
17. What Carter discovered around the peephole: The
encrustation of the carbonized electrons given off by Martian radium torches.
18. Carter's means of measuring time units of tals, xats and zodes:
Barsoomian chronometer on a band on his wrist.
19. What the following accomplished: 3 light
units for 50 tals, 1 unit for 1 xat, 9 units for 25 tals: The door swung
20. Where the spiral stairway led: Up through
the Temple of the Sun.
21. Why Woola wouldn't ascend the stairs: He
dragged Carter across the chamber and down through a rocky passage.
22. Number of people Carter sees across the glass maze:
23. Screams of recognition from which two mouths: Woola
and Dejah Thoris across the chamber.
24. Thurid's actions: Shakes his fist and drags
Dejah and Thuvia away.
25. Proof that Carter's and Dejah's love is not blind:
recognized him through the maze and his thern disguise.
IV: The Secret
Tower ~ 20 Q
1. Where Carter emerges after days
of struggle through glass labyrinths and underground tunnels: Beside
the Otz Mountains above the Valley of Lost Souls.
2. Inhabitants of the valley below: Lost souls
who had abandoned their pilgrimage to Dor and could not return to the outside.
3. Occupants of the hidden fortress he reached at dusk:
Shang, Father of Therns and his banished faithful.
4. Means of egress to the fortress: A triple-barred
gate left ajar
5. Carter's ruse: Posed as a thern who had come
through the Golden Cliffs for an audience with Matai Shang.
6. Reason the guards let him in so easily: They
were aware of his coming and were laying a trap.
7. What Carter saw in the lighted courtyard: Matai
Shang and his gang with the girls on a balcony parkway up a tall tower.
8. The thern's promised fate for Dejah: She is
to be his wife for a year and then given to the lessers as a plaything.
9. Carter's act of contempt: Stomped on his thern
wig and spit on his holy diadem.
10. Carter's shout of blasphemy to Thurid: That
he had thus defiled the holy Issus before throwing her to the mob to be
torn to pieces.
11. Carter's attackers released by Matai Shang: 12
ferocious banths ~ Barsoomian lions
12. What Dejah attempted in her struggle with the guards:
join Carter in death.
13. The reason Carter didn't leap away from the banths:
wouldn't leave faithful Woola to the banths alone.
14. Reaction of the banths to Thuvia's purring musical signals: They
obey her orders to not attack.
15. Carter's action: He leaped to the balcony
to reach Dejah.
16. Carter's refusal that prompts the attack of three thern guards:
again rejects the love of Phaidor.
17. Carter's reason for sparing one thern guard: So
he can follow him to reach Dejah and her fleeing captors.
18. Guardsman's breach of the code of honour of Barsoomian fighting
men: Threw his wig and short-sword.
19. Carter's reason for climbing the 300-foot tower's dangerous outside
walls to the rooftop flier pad: Interior door was
20. The disaster that met Carter as he reached the roof:
kicked him in the face and he plummeted downward.
V: On the
Kaolian Road ~ 40 Q
1. Carter's good fortune that saved
him in his fall from the tower roof: His harness
caught on a stone projection.
2. The event that prompted Carter's climb back to the roof: Sound
of the flier propellers growing fainter.
3. Carter's means of returning to Woola in the courtyard:
dragged a flier out of its hangar and flew down.
4. Carter's flight destination: Northeast toward
Kaol where Matai Shang was headed.
5. What Carter spotted in the late afternoon: Matai
Shang's flier far in the distance.
6. Barsoomian device that locks onto and follows another craft: Destination
7. Places that passed below as Carter flew through the night: Hills,
dead sea bottoms, deserted cities, red Martian settlements along the canals.
8. Account for the vegetation change below: They
are approaching the equator.
9. How was Carter's craft disabled: Thurid blows
up the forward buoyancy tanks and engine by firing an explosive radium
10. Carter's ruse that halted Thurid's attack: He
feigns death by hanging by harness from the ships rail.
11. Where Carter and Woola crash landed: On the
edge of a natural forest -- a rarity on Barsoom.
12. Location of the nearby land of Kaol: Along
the equator halfway round the planet to the east of Helium.
13. Description of Kaol: Sunken forest area of
extreme tropical heat inhabited by red men who still believe in the discredited
religion of the Holy Therns.
14. What makes Kaol different and isolated from the other Martian settlements:
are not connected by a waterway (they have their own swampland) and are
surrounded by hills and sea bottoms.
15. Fate of hunters who travel to Kaol to hunt their strange forest
beasts: They are killed by hostile natives.
16. How Carter was able to pick up Dejah's trail again:
set off through the trees in the direction Matai Shang's flier had gone.
17. Reason Kaolians needed no navy: The heavy
canopies of the forest hide their cities from view above.
18. Matai Shang's flier destination: A slender
watchtower rising above the forest.
19. Obstacles to ground travel that Carter faced: Soft
and mushy ground, 8-foot high purple, red and yellow frond-topped grasses
and mazes of creepers strung between the trees.
20. Name of the plant with eyes and hands that capture and eat insects:
21. Name of the carnivorous plant with jaws strong enough to capture
and devour large beasts: Calot Tree
22. Why choosing to not spend the night in the trees was not a good
choice: Threat of attack by surrounding man-eating
23. Place where the beasts would not venture: On
solid pieces of ground covered by scarlet sward.
24. Type beast that attacks them when they finally reach a road: A
winged, six-legged and gorgeously coloured beast with the face of a hornet.
It was the size of a Hereford bull and possessed a large deadly stinger.
25. Woola's means of attack: He leaps onto the
26. The strategy of Carter's attack: He hacked
off the beast's stinger while Woola clung to its head.
27. The beast's reaction to Carter's first attack: It
hit Carter on the chest with a powerful hind leg, hurling him into the
28. Carter's desperate situation following his second attack on the
beast: The beast held him in his jaws while he pummeled
him with the stump of his stinger.
29: The nature of Carter's rescue: A red warrior
mounted on a thoat attacked and killed the beast with his poisoned lance.
30. The reason that Torkar Bar, Dwar of the Kaolian Road, did not kill
Carter, the trespasser: He had heard of the Prince
of Helium and admired him.
31. Why Torkar Bar was in danger of instant death from Kaolian leader,
Kulan Tith: He questioned and disbelieved the therns
and their religion.
32. Duties of a Captain of the Kaolian Road: To
patrol the highways through the forest to protect travellers.
33. The name and abundance of the beast just killed:
sith -- an animal almost extinct.
34. The one-time threat no longer posed by siths: When
they were plentiful, herds of them once attacked settlements from the air
and carried off people.
35. Where Kaolians obtain the poison to kill
siths: From two sacs just above the root of
the sith's stinger.
36. What Torkar Bar saw in Kaol yesterday morning: A
party arrived from the north in a small flier.
37. The promise that Torkar Bar extracted from Carter:
he contemplate no overt act against the nation of Kaol or its jeddak.
38. The order that Torkar Bar gave to Carter: That
he must not admit that they have ever met.
39. Carter's disguise as he approached and circled the walls of Kaol
after dark: Red pigment on his skin so as to appear
to be a red Martian.
40. The city wall construction that made it impossible for Carter to
scale: Ultra smooth material that slanted out for
30 feet, then perpendicular for 30 feet, and then slanted in for 15 feet
to the crest.
Hero in Kaol ~ 30 Q
1. Where Carter and Woola spent the
night: In the forest outside the Kaolian city walls.
2. Predominant colours of the forest vegetation: Scarlet,
purple and yellow.
3. Source of the noise that awakened Carter: A
long line of green warriors preparing an ambush along the road.
4. Carter's main purpose in warning the Kaolians of the danger facing
them: To gain entry to the city and then make his
way to the palace to find Matai Shang and Dejah.
5. Carter's method of reaching the city gate as the Kaolians were about
to exit: Racing on foot in mighty leaps of 30 to
6. Carter's unusual method of attacking the green warriors who barred
his way: Frontal attack with his sword and then in
the method used by the plant men of Dor he leaped above their heads, swinging
his sword downward as he passed above them.
7. The green warrior Carter wished was by his side during the fight:
Tars Tarkas, The Jeddak of Thark, mightiest of Martian
8. The two battling forces Carter soon found himself between: Red
warriors rushing out through the city gates and the savage horde of green
men rushing from the forest.
9. Reaction of the Kaolians to Carter's fighting prowess:
10. Carter's boast: Fighting is his vocation
and that upon two planets no greater fighter has ever lived than John Carter,
Prince of Helium.
11. Significance of the name Carter uses when speaking with Kulan Tith,
the Jeddak of Kaol: "Dotar Sojat" is the name given
him by the Tharks many years ago -- the surnames of the first two of their
warriors that he killed upon his first arrival on Barsoom.
12. Carter's promised post-battle reward: A
meeting with the jeddak in the great audience chamber.
13. Purpose of the planned Kaolian mission that the green men had planned
to attack: They were striking out to meet with a
visiting jeddak from the north.
14. Reason for Carter's and Woola's rapid recovery from their wounds
and long travel ordeal: The marvelous Barsoomian
healing salves and a good night's rest.
15. The story Carter gave the jeddak after being congratulated:
is Dotar Sojat from the city of Hastor (he actually has a small palace
there) in the south of the Heliumetic nation. His flier had been wrecked
on the edge of the forest and he had come seeking help in Kaol when he
came upon the trap.
16. Familiar faces in the audience who apparently did not recognize
Carter in his disguise: Matai Shang and Thurid.
17. Part of the jeddak's praise for Carter that aroused the suspicion
of his enemies: Carter's agility, leaping fighting
style and calot companion.
18. Circumstance that prevented Carter from immediately looking for
Dejah and Thuvia: Kulan Tith asks him to accompany
him on the royal procession to meet the arriving visiting jeddak.
19. Description of the visiting jeddak's procession. . . Length:
miles-long train along the highway
20. . . . First in the procession: Mounted troops
in jewel- and metal-incrusted trappings,
21. . . . Wheeled vehicles: One thousand zitidar-drawn
chariots filled with women and children of the royal court, escorted by
22. . . . The draught animals: Mastodonian zitidars
-- seldom used by red men -- decorated with jewels and silk and ridden
by Martian youths.
23. . . . Force bringing up the rear: Mounted
spearmen, riflemen and swordsmen.
24. The jeddak's place in the procession: In
front of the chariots.
25. The jeddak's special mount:
rode on a pure white thoat -- a rare beast.
26. Reasons for the relatively noiseless advance of the huge procession:
and zitidars are hoofless and the broad tires of the chariots are of an
27. Types of noises that came from the procession: The
clanking of accouterments, occasional squeal of an angry thoat, the low
guttural of a zitidar and gay laughter and chatter of the women and children.
28. Person Carter suspected of following him after the evening banquet
back at the palace: A thern spy.
29. Where Woola must spend the night: A comfortable
apartment in the stables of the royal thoats.
30. Events that awakened Carter: Someone rubbed
something cold and clammy across his forehead followed by the entrance
of guardsmen who escorted him to Kulan Tith.
VII: New Allies
~ 15 Q
1. The three personages on the dais
awaiting Carter as he was escorted into the great audience chamber: Kulan
Tith, Matai Shang and the visiting jeddak.
2. The evidence that Thurid, the accuser, presents against Carter:
white-skinned earthman's disguising red pigment was wiped from his forehead
while he slept.
3. Accusations presented by Thurid and Matai Shang: Carter
desecrated the temples of the Gods of Mars and turned the world against
its age-old religion.
4. Matai Shang's explanation as to why Carter has followed him to Kaol:
5. Kulan Tith's order: Carter the blasphemer
and assassin is ordered to be imprisoned in the pits.
6. Carter's reaction: He strikes Thurid down
with a fist to the face and turns to do battle with the guardsmen.
7. The man who came to Carter's defence: The
visiting jeddak, Thuvan Dihn, Jeddak of Ptarth.
8. Why he had broken all protocol to come to Carter's aid: Carter
had rescued his daughter from Matai Shang and had exposed the false religion
-- he recognizes him as an honourable man.
9. Kulan Tith's compromises. . . the Carter solution:
will be escorted safely from the land of Kaol.
10. . . . the dispute between Thuvan Dihn and Matai Shang:
must settle their dispute outside of Kaol lands.
11. Carter's explanation for following Matai Shang: To
rescue his princess, Dejah Thoris and Thuvan Dihn's daugher, Thuvia.
12. KulanTith's order to Matai Shang: Return
the two women who had arrived as Phaidor's slaves.
13. Matai Shang's response: On his honour he
promised to present the two women by morning.
13. Tragic news brought by the messenger sent to fetch Matai Shang
and the women: Matai Shang's party has escaped from
14. The suspected destination of Matai Shang: To
the far north where there is still a race of people who are faithful followers
of the therns and their religion.
15. The means by which Carter and Thuvan Dihn take up the pursuit of
Matai Shang two days later: Carter's flier that they
retrieved and repaired.
the Carrion Caves ~ 45 Q
1. Fate of all previous fliers and
expeditions that had passed beyond the ice-barrier around the north arctic
region: None ever returned.
2. The name that Martians have given to this mysterious northern region:
3. Reasons for Carter's slow night flight as he approached the ice
barrier: Wary of a trap they were flying a few feet
above the ground also the darkness caused by the moons having set and the
clouds which are found only in the polar regions on Barsoom.
4. Cause of the collision: A towering wall of
ice and rock.
5. Problems now faced: They were up against an
unscalable wall of ice and granite and surrounded by deep snow and extreme
6. Difficulties presented over the next five days: They
met cold, suffering and privation as they trekked along the base of the
ice barrier, looking for a way through -- and they were constantly attacked
by fierce, fur-bearing creatures.
7. Description of the most dangerous foe they encountered: . . . .
Name: The apt
8. . . . Size: Up to 8 feet tall at the shoulder
9. . . . Covering: White, sleek, clean and glossy
10. . . 4 lower limbs: short
and heavy, carry it swiftly over the snow and ice
11. . . 2 upper limbs: grow forward from the
shoulders on either side of its long, powerful neck, terminating in white,
hairless hands, with which it seizes and holds its prey.
12. . . Head: Similar in appearance to Earth's
13. . . Tusks: From
the sides of the lower jawbone two mighty horns curve slightly downward
toward the front.
14. . . Eyes: Two huge eyes that extend in two
vast, oval patches from the center of the top of the cranium down either
side of the head to below the roots of the horns. The eyes are composed
of several thousand ocelli each and each ocellus is furnished with its
own lid so that the animal can at will close as many of the facets of his
huge eyes as he chooses
15. . . Horns: These weapons really grow
out from the lower part of the eyes
16. . . Habitat: They live in the dark subterranean
recesses in the ice and roam the ice field surface attacking every living
thing they meet.
17. . . Behaviour of the Beast: They are in a
perpetual rage and kill for pleasure even when their bellies are full.
18. The reason for the unusual behaviour of the apt that didn't attack
them: It appeared to be domesticated, having a golden
collar around its neck.
19. What is known about the inhabitants of the north pole: They
are possibly the fabled yellow men of Barsoom -- a once powerful race which
is thought by many to be extinct.
20. The unusual feature in the barrier to which the apt's trail leads:
large mouth of a cave.
21. The source of the stench that meets them: It
is wafting from the fabled Carrion Caves.
22. How and why the stench is perpetuated: To
keep ward off enemies, the yellow men pile their dead and anything that
will rot at this only entrance to their fertile valley beyond the ice-barrier.
23. The animals using this route through the ice as their lair: Apts
24. The secrets that Carter felt this land might hold:
mystery of the disappearance of Tardos Mors and Mors Kajak.
25. Dangers encountered in the eighth cave they enter during their
passage: An apt lair with 20 beasts -- many of them
26. Carter's suggestion refused by Thuvan Dihn: That
Thuvan Dihn and Woola turn back and bring help, while Carter stays to find
a way through.
27. The messenger sent for help: Woola is ordered
to deliver a note to Carthoris in far-off Helium.
28. Carter's directions given to Carthoris: Bring
a large force to enter through the ice caves and make no attempt to take
the fleet across the ice barrier.
29. Carter's reason for showing himself to the apt sentry:
lure it into a trap so as to behead it.
30. Their plan after killing the apt sentry at cave number eight: They
sneaked through the cave past the now sleeping apts.
31. The two main weapons carried by Carter: A
long-sword and a short-sword.
32. Probable event that created the ice tunnel through the barrier
with its series of 27 connecting chambers: Coldwater
flowing through the ice and rock barrier on its way to the south.
33. Why this was a fortunate day to make this journey:
was the only day of the month the apts they gathered in one chamber to
mate and sleep for a full day.
34. What they came upon as the trail started to descend to the valley:
party of six yellow men of Barsoom waiting the approach of a solitary warrior.
35. Appearance of the men: All are fierce and
black bearded with skins the color of a ripe lemon.
36. The men's costumes: Six in the black and
yellow striped hide of the orluk. The man approaching wore the pure white
hide of an apt.
37. Weapons carried by the men. . . Sword 1: a
sharp-edged blade with a complete hook at the far end and held in the left
38. . . . Sword 2: Straight and two-edged with
a length between that of a short- and long-sword and held in the right
39. . . . Weapon strung across the back: a short
40. . . . Weapon hung on the left arm: A cupcake
shield the size of a dinner plate with the concave sides turned outward
toward an antagonist to ward off hooked swords. It was held rigid on a
metal bracelet above the wrist.
41. . . . Weapon attached to the harness: A dagger.
42. Sound from the six attacking yellow men: Fiendish
yells resembling Apache war cries.
43. Purpose of the hooked sword: To pull opponents
close enough to impale them with the other sword.
44. One reason John Carter jumped in to aid the lone warrior: He
could not stand idly by and see a brave man butchered by superior numbers.
45. The second reason Carter came to the warrior's defence:
always loved a good fight.
Tarzan the Ape
Man: Film Log Notes
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