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Hillman Log Notes Series
WARLORD OF MARS
ERB commenced writing this third
Mars novel in June 1913
Yellow Men of Barsoom
The Fighting Prince of Mars
Across Savage Mars
The Prince of Helium
The War Lord of Mars
PULP MAGAZINE TITLE
Under the Moons of Mars (1912)
A.C. McClurg: September 27,
1919 ~ 296 pages
A Study Guide for Fans and Researchers
For an alternate version with invisible answers go to:
These log notes sequentially pinpoint the important
events throughout the novel.
The information is presented in the form of 405
questions and answers.
Click on the Chapter Titles to go to the actual
To See the Alternate Version with Invisible Answers
go to ERBzine 1292
See the Publishing
History in ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Encyclopedia
PUBLIC DOMAIN ELECTRONIC
VERSION in ERBzine
IX: With the Yellow Men ~ 40 Q
the yellow man offered after Carter had rescued him: His shield
2. What this action symbolized: He is offering
his life in return for the great favour Carter has done him.
3. The yellow man's name: Talu, Prince of Marentina.
4. The token accepted by Carter and Thuvan Dihn:
Bracelets from off Talu's arm.
5. Name of the ruler who had captured the Helium
rulers: Salensus Oll, Jeddak of Jeddaks, Ruler of Okar.
6. Talu's relationship to the Ruler of Okar:
Salensus Oll is his uncle and enemy.
7. Talu's reason for being in the area: Hunting
the sacred apt.
8. That which Salensus Oll worshipped: The sacred
9. Why Salensus Oll was not liked: He is a cruel
and tyrannous master whom his subject fear. Talu has a faithful following.
10. The reason that Carter and Thuvan Dihn agreed
to go to Marentina: To don yellow man disguises: yellow skin, black beards
and suitable clothing.
11. Marentina descriptions. . . .Structure shielding
the concrete city of Marentina from snow and cold: Walls topped with
a rounded, dome-like, crystal covering that enveloped
the whole city. The city lies in a depression near the pole, surrounded
by rocky, snow-clad hills.
12. . . . City weather conditions: A warm and
humid hothouse ~ summer garden conditions providing luxury and comfort.
13. . . . Garments: Similar to those worn
by red Martians - naked but for leather harness covered with jewels and
14. . . . Atmosphere plant: It serves as
a backup system that produces breathable air to maintain life if the planet's
main plant fails.
15. . . . Heating: The sun's rays are stored
in great reservoirs beneath the city.
16. . . . Streets: The city routes have been
seeded with the soft, mossy ocher vegetation found on the dead sea bottoms.
17. . . . Areas bordering the streets:
Stretches of crimson sward and archways of gorgeous trees with wondrous
18. . . . Transport: Light and airy ground
fliers which are the only vehicles used north of the gigantic ice barrier.
19. . . . Vehicle wheels: They ride on
broad tires that are rubber-like gas bags filled with the 8th Barsoomian
ray -- the ray of propulsion for buoyancy.
20. . . . Vehicle propulsion: The tires contain
just enough of the ray to give traction for steering. The hind wheels are
geared to the engine but momentum is also provided by a propeller at the
21. Properties of the 8th ray: It propels the
inherit or reflected light of the planet off into space. When confined
it gives buoyancy that is especially useful in airships.
22. Facial changes made by the "court barber":
They acquire lemon-coloured skin and false black beards and mustaches.
23. Clothing worn beyond the cities of Okar:
Suits of black- and yellow-striped Orluk fur.
24. Capital city of the Okar nation: Kadabra
25. Parting gift from Talu: A ring set
with a dead-black, lusterless, priceless Barsoomian gem -- having the appearance
of bituminous coal.
26. Wearers of the only other three such gems:
Talu's trusted nobles who had been sent on a secret mission to the court
of Salensus Oll.
27. Sensation caused when similar such gems come
within 50 feet of each other: The wearer feels a rapid prickling sensation
in his ring finger, caused by electrical action.
28. What the travellers saw within the 100-mile
circumference, frost-covered wall they approach: Kadabra's crystal domes
sparkling in the sunlight.
29. Sleeping quarters for the night: One of the
many caves in the hillsides overlooking the city.
30. Request Carter and Thuvan Dihn made of the
morning hunting party: They are travellers from the outlying city of Illall
who wish to join in the hunt for Orluks.
31. The reason the hunting party returned to
a different gate to enter the city: Their hunt for Orluks has been unsuccessful
and they are embarrassed.
32. Structure rising hundreds of feet above the
city: A tall black shaft surrounded by a tangled mass of partially snow-covered
33. Fate of the oncoming airship and its small
one-man fliers: It is drawn by magnetic forces to crash into the tower
and to slide as wreckage to the ground below.
34. Secret of the shaft: It is a mighty magnet
that pulls all approaching fliers to destruction.
35. Geographic feature upon which the shaft is
built: The north magnetic pole of Mars.
36. Reaction of the Okarians: Warriors rush from
the gates to the wreckage at the base of the tower.
37. Fate of the flier crews who survived the
crash: They are killed or taken prisoner.
38. Description of the prisoners: Dazed, shocked,
unbelieving and manacled in gold chains.
39. Why the city's chained apts were released
through the gates: They race to eat the dead and wound crew members.
40. The travellers' destination after gaining
entry to the city: A Martian hostelry.
X: In Durance ~ 25 Q
1. Description of a Barsoomian public
house. . . Building: A large chamber with a floor of very clean white marble
and heavy glass. Private rooms only for married couples.
2. . . . Where patrons place their sleeping silks:
On one of the many small, raised platforms.
3. . . . Danger from theft: There are no thieves
4. . . . Reason the patrolling armed guards:
Assassinations are common on Mars.
5. . . . Services offered in the attached rooms:
A public eating place and baths for the required daily baths.
6. . . . Second and third floor occupants: Single
7. . . . Type of security in the women's areas:
Patrolling female slaves and warriors are on guard outside the doors.
8. . . . Ethnic background of all the guards:
Red men captured as slaves and sold to the proprietors by the government.
9. . . . What the guards knew of the fate of
Mors Kajak and Tardos Mors: Nothing. They know of them but had not heard
they were taken prisoner.
10. Means of exploring Kadabra: They bought a
ground flier to ride around the city.
11. Expressed reason for entering the government building opposite
the royal palace grounds: They volunteered for service in the palace guard.
12. Reason why men from the more distant cites of Okar are in demand
as palace guards: They are less likely to be tainted with the germ of intrigue
which had for years infected the household of Salensus Oll.
13. The unusual recording device in the recruitment
office: The machine measured, weighed and photographed the men simultaneously
and instantly reproduced five copies in five different officers of the
government, two of which were located in other cities miles apart.
14. The reason the new recruits were located apart from the guardroom,
on the second floor of the palace locked in a semidetached tower at the
rear: If closer the older guard members would test the metal of the new
recruits. Such conflicts in the past had resulted in many deaths.
15. Identity of the two women seen in an enclosed garden in the courtyard
below: Dejah Thoris and Thuvia of Ptarth.
16. Surprise reception from the two women in the courtyard below when
Carter gave the sign of love: Contemptuous rejection. They walk away and
cover their ears.
17. How the newcomer had gained entry into the girls' garden: He bribed
the guard at the gate.
18. Identity of the man groveling at the princess's feet: Thurid, the
black dator of the First Born.
19. Reason for Carter's rage that prompted his leap into the garden:
Thurid, spurned by Dejah Thoris, had grabbed her by the throat to choke
20. Thurid's fate: Carter knocks him unconscious in the manner he had
done in the courtyard of the Temple of Issus.
21. The party that entered the courtyard to confront Carter: Salensus
Oll, Matai Shang and a score of guardsmen.
22. Carter's excuse for his actions: In his duty as a prospective royal
guardsman he had come to the rescue of a woman attacked by a brute.
23. Carter's bewilderment over the girls' attitude toward him: He cannot
understand why they had not acknowledged him earlier.
24. Thurid's version of the story: He had come upon Carter trying to
help the girls escape. He should be put on trial.
25. Orders given by Salensus Oll as he left with Dejah Thoris: Carter
is to be chained in a more secure place until the matter is investigated.
XI: The Pit of Plenty ~ 25 Q
1. The last Carter had seen of Thuvan Dihn as he been escorted to imprisonment:
He had stayed behind unnoticed in the garden with his daughter Thuvia.
2. Event that took place three days after Carter's incarceration: A
dozen warriors escort him to the audience chamber of Salensus Oll filled
with nobles and Thurid.
3. Dejah Thoris's place of honour: She is seated on a small throne
beside Salensus Oll.
4. Carter's first thought as he entered the chamber: That he will not
leave the chamber alive if he cannot rescue his princess.
5. The reason the nobles lifted their swords in homage: This is the
tradition followed when a jeddak announces his intention to wed within
10 days time.
6. The response from Dejah Thoris: She cannot wed the jeddak because
she knows that her husband John Carter still lives.
7. Thurid's accusation: That the bearded yellow man before them is
John Carter, Prince of Helium.
8. Thurid's proof: He rips off Carter's beard disguise revealing his
smooth, tanned white skin and close-cropped black hair.
9. Why Dejah Thoris finally embraced Carter in a show of affection:
She had not recognized him earlier in his disguise and had been offended
by his earlier sign of love.
10. Words of affection that caused Carter to become choked with emotion:
"My beloved Virginian"
11. The final words Carter heard from Dejah Thoris before being beaten
into unconsciousness by 50 Okarian warriors: ". . . spare his life. I would
rather be a slave with such as he than be Queen of Okar."
12. Carter's fate ordered by Solensus Oll: "Carter shall die a natural
death in the Pit of Plenty, and the day he dies Dejah Thoris shall become
13. The strange sensation Carter felt as he was escorted to the Pit
of Plenty: A rapid prickling sensation in his ring finger followed by a
signal of recognition from one of the guardsmen.
14. Word whispered in Carter's ear as he was being lowered into the
100 feet deep pit: "Courage"
15. What a sudden light revealed after each day's confinement in the
Pit of Plenty: A lavish display of food and drink, cruelly out of reach
behind the glass walls of the pit.
16. Carter's response to his captor's mocking laughter to indicate
that the constant temptation for food had not driven him crazy: He makes
a controlled low laugh of a warrior.
17. Contents of the parcel dropped by a cord
into the pit on the ninth day of starvation: Concentrated food lozenges.
18. Why Carter uttered the words "Good-bye, my Dejah Thoris!" as he
ate the pellets. He thinks they are poison.
19. Curious second item in the package: Parchlike paper with strange
protuberances on its smooth surface -- four separate and distinct combinations
of raised lines.
20. Carter's description of Martian writing:
It is a cross between shorthand and picture-writing and is an entirely
different language from the spoken language of Mars.
21. Characteristics of the universal language
of Barsoom. It is understood and spoken by every race on the planet and
has remained unchanged except for natural and easily recognizable new words
since the beginning of civilization on Mars.
22. What ingenious characteristic allowed it
to keep pace with the growth of the planet's ongoing learning and scientific
achievements: New words to express new thoughts, or to describe new discoveries
form themselves -- no other word could explain the thing that a new word
is required for.
23. Way in which the written language differed
from spoken: It is different in every nation -- and sometimes even between
cities within a nation.
24. Carter's translation of the first word written
in Marentina: "Courage!"
25. The next three words deciphered: "Follow
XII: "Follow The Rope!" ~ 15 Q
1. Second message attached to the rope:
"Bring the rope with you. Beyond the knots lies danger."
2. What was lowered into the pit just as Carter
climbed to a tunnel opening halfway up the shaft: A fierce apt
3. Where the rope and tunnel led: To a large
and brilliantly lighted chamber under the palace.
4. Two conversing occupants of the chamber: Thurid
and Solan, the control room keeper.
5. The plot that Carter overheard: Thurid plans
to escape with Dejah Thoris in a flier by bribing Solan, keeper of the
6. Purpose of the first lever in the chamber:
It controls the sun-ray tanks and the maintains the proper heat in the
7. Purpose of the second lever in the chamber:
It controls the Guardian of the North, the huge magnetic tower that destroys
8. Solan's weakness: Greed
9. Solan's surprise that awaited Thurid: Double
cross. Solan will keep the half payment received and will not keep his
10. Carter's action while Solan bent to hide
his money: He follows the rope across the chamber to an exit door.
11. Problem met when he came to five branching
corridors: The guiding rope has been cut.
12. What awaits Carter at the end of the corridor
chosen: He enters a chamber filled with yellow warriors.
13. Person to whom Carter surrendered: His ally
with the signal ring.
14. Bold assistance given by Talu's spy: He let
Carter escape and led the other guards in pursuit down a different corridor.
15. Carter's words that win the allegiance of
the shackled red Martian slaves in the tower armoury: "I come for Tardos
Mors, Jeddak of Helium, and his son, Mors Kajak. . . Rise, red men!"
XIII: The Magnet Switch ~ 20 Q
1. Reason the armed red Martians could
not assist Carter against the three guardsmen: All were shackled with two
feet of chain attached to floor rings.
2. Carter's weapons of defence against the hook-swords
of the three yellow guardsmen: Two straight swords from the armoury wall
3. Carter's reason for forcing the two remaining
guards back into the armoury: This put them within reach of the shackled
red slaves who finished them off.
4. Tardos Mors' plan to defend against the oncoming
reinforcements: Bar the armoury door.
5. Means of releasing Tardos Mors and his red
Warriors from their shackles: They hack at the links of the metal chains
6. Why Carter delayed his exit to the upper chambers
when the yellow men broke through the door: To defend the one last red
warrior who has not been cut free of his shackles.
7. Battle cry of the 13 red warriors as they
fought the hundreds of attacking yellow men: "For Helium!"
8. Situation that put Carter alone against the
Okarians: He remained to guard the narrow spiral runway while the others
ascended to the upper chambers.
9. The place where the red warriors make their
last stand: A large glass-walled room at the top of the lookout tower overlooking
10. Watchtower view. . . to the South: A rugged,
ice-clad wasteland stretching to the edge of the mighty ice barrier.
11. . . . stretching out in the other directions:
12. . . . just beyond the walls of Kadabra: The
ominous guardian magnetic tower.
13. . . . of the surrounding streets and gates:
A raging battle is taking place and armed men are marching in great columns
toward the gates.
14. Insignia displayed by the attacking force
that brought cheers from the red warriors: The flags and banners of Helium.
15. Valiant leader of the red men mounted on
a giant thoat and accompanied by a fighting calot: Carthoris of Helium
-- son of John Carter and Dejah Thoris -- and the faithful Woola.
16. Giant leader of the horde of mounted green
warriors from the dead sea bottoms: Tars Tarkas, Jeddak of Thark.
17. Cause for alarm coming from the skies: A
mighty fleet of fliers from Helium is approaching and is being pulled to
destruction by the magnetic tower.
18. Carter's destination as he fought his way
down through the yellow guardsmen: He is racing toward the room housing
the control switch for the magnetic tower.
19. Carter's surprise as he entered the control
room: Solan the old guardian of the room met him with an incredible display
20. Solan's reaction when Carter threw the tower
switch in the last seconds before the fliers are destroyed: He is so surprised
and horrified he forgets to take advantage of his chance to kill John Carter.
He wheels toward the switch with a loud shriek and Carter kills him with
XIV: The Tide of Battle ~ 15 Q
1. Result of Solan's last loud cry: A dozen guardsmen
race into the chamber.
2. Carter's action before retreating into one
of the passageways: He destroys the switch controlling the magnetic tower.
3. Occupants of the chamber Carter entered: Salensus
Oll is addressing 50 nobles and preparing to wed Dejah Thoris.
4. The manacled person dragged into the chamber:
5. Action that prompted Carter's attack: The
priest starts the marriage ritual while Salensus Oll reachs for the hand
of his bride-to-be.
6. Description of the Jeddak of Jeddaks: A huge,
coarse, brutal and enraged beast of a man with fierce black whiskers and
7. The last words heard by "Okar's rotten ruler":
"For the Princess of Helium!" spoken by John Carter as he runs his blade
through his enemy's heart.
8. Sound that encouraged Carter as he battled
the 50 attacking nobles: Dejah singing the battle anthem of Helium which
women sing as their men march out to victory.
9. Cause for Carter's momentary worry that Dejah
Thoris may be joining him in battle: Her singing suddenly stops.
9. Announcement that interrupted Carter's battle
a half hour later: "The city has fallen before the hordes from beyond the
barrier. . . Where is Salensus Oll?"
10. Reaction of Carter's attackers upon hearing
the approaching invaders: They all flee the apartment.
11. Carter's new fight: He makes an attack from
the rear on the yellow men retreating from Kantos Kan's forces.
12. Two onlookers who made a surprise appearance:
Matai Shang, Father of Therns, and Phaidor, his daughter peering into the
13. Event that temporarily turned the tide of
battle against Kantos Kan and John Carter: A wave of yellow warrior reinforcements
arrive and Carter's immediate adversaries bar the door to the throne room
14. Why Carter started to feel concern over Dejah
Thoris during the battle: Her continued silence.
15. Carter's shock after he killed the last of
his attackers: Dejah Thoris is gone!
XV: Rewards ~ 20 Q
1. Man suspected of having kidnapped
Dejah Thoris: Thurid, the black dator of the First Born, whom Carter remembers
seeing observing the marriage ceremony from behind a curtain.
2. Object Carter found in the passageway behind
throne: A fallen jewelled ornament bearing the device of the Princess of
3. How Carter came by the directions to follow
in pursuit of Thurid and his captive: He remembers the conversation he
had overheard between Solan and Thurid.
4. Hazardous obstacle along the route followed
by Carter: He has to pass above the pit of plenty by following a foot-wide
5. Contents of the room at the end of the tunnel:
Outdoor cold weather apparel made of orluk skin to don before leaving the
hothouse for the bitter cold of the arctic world beyond.
6. What the tracks in the snow revealed: The
route through the hills and canons followed by Thurid and his reluctant
captive, who appears to have fought him every foot of the way.
7. What Carter saw in the basin at the end of
the trail: Dejah Thoris, Phaidor, Thurid and Matai Shang arguing beside
a flier they had just dragged from a cave mouth.
8. The reason for Carter's quarter-mile race
across the snow: He has been spotted by Matai Shang and Thurid and is trying
to reach them before they finish repairs to the flier's propeller.
9. Condition of the flier as Thurid activated
the buoyancy tanks: It lacks buoyancy and rises too slowly.
10. The conflict taking place over the railing
of the flier: Thurid is trying to knife Matai Shang as the thern crawls
up the boarding ladder onto the deck of the rising flier.
11. Carter's misfortune as he almost grasped
the rope trailing from the flier: He stumbles on the ice, strikes his head
on a rock and falls unconscious for a few seconds.
12. Objective of Carter's 30-foot leap into the
air: The rope trailing from the drifting flier.
13. Probable reason for Thurid's attack on Matai
Shang: To dispose of the man so as to gain buoyancy for the flier.
14. Source of the horrid shriek that rang out
as Carter reached the rail of the flier: Matai Shang is plunging to his
15. Danger now faced by Carter: Thurid is racing
across the deck to prevent him from boarding.
16. Carter's rescuer: Phaidor
17. The last names heard by Thurid as a dagger
entered his breast: "Matai Shang! . . . Dejah Thoris! . . . John Carter,
Prince of Helium."
18. Thurid's final resting place: A rocky chasm
hundreds of feet below.
19. Phaidor's reason for her change of heart:
Her love for John Carter and her respect for the type of love exhibited
by Dejah Thoris. The princess has shown what real love should and can be.
20. Phaidor's final noble act: She leaps from
the vessel's deck into the abyss below.
XVI: The New Ruler ~ 30 Q
1. The reason Carter opened the buoyancy
escape valves of the flier: The buoyancy tanks are leaking, the engine
won't start and the craft is hovering helpless above a low hill.
2. Result of opening the valves: The flier sinks
slowly to the ground, permitting John Carter and Dejah Thoris to start
their journey across the frozen wastes back to Kadabra on foot.
3. How Dejah Thoris' life had been saved back
in the Temple of the Sun: Thuvia had wrested Phaidor's blade from her.
4. Surprise awaiting Carter and his princess
when they return to the chamber of Solan: A dozen escaping nobles of the
court of Salensus Oll.
5. Carter's threat that threw fear into his attackers:
He threatens to pull the lever that will cause the solar heating system
to destroy the entire city and its occupants.
6. Carter's declaration that prevented the nobles
from leaving: "You are prisoners of the Prince of Helium"
7. Why the nobles were not happy to see a troop
of yellow warriors enter the chamber: They are led by Talu, rebel Prince
8. What Talu revealed about the escaping nobles:
They are a villainous lot led by a hated tyrant who would have been Salensus
9. Ethnic description of the one-time enemies
from every Martian clime now mingling in friendship in the audience chamber:
Red men from Helium and Ptarth, yellow men of the north, blacks of the
First Born, green warriors from the dead sea bottoms, and white-skinned
therns from the south pole.
10. Noble leaders from all over Barsoom gathered
in the audience chamber: Xodar of the First Born ~ Tardos Mors and Mors
Kajak, rulers of Helium ~ Carthoris of Helium ~ Tars Tarkas, Jeddak of
Thark ~ Kantos Kan ~ Talu of Okar and other Jeds and Jeddaks.
11. The reason for the absence of Thuvan Dihn
and Thuvia of Ptarth: They had been captured while trying to rescue Carter
from the Pit of Plenty and are imprisoned somewhere in the buried dungeons
of the palace.
12. Number of years passed since John Carter's
first arrival on Barsoom: 22 years
13. John Carter's great accomplishment through
the might of his sword: Great strides have been made to unite all the nations
of Barsoom: black man and white, red man and green. . . and now possibly
14. Honour that Carter bestowed upon Talu: He
places him on the throne vacated the Salensus Oll, Jeddak of Jeddaks.
15. Two lovers seated among the blossoms in the
palace courtyard: Thuvia of Ptarth and Carthoris of Helium.
16. Fate of the Guardian of the North tower:
17. Plans for the Carrion Caves: They are to
be cleansed to allow safe passage for all nations.
18. Plans for the sacred apt: The hunting of
the beast shall be the sport of the nobles of Okar until the beast is exterminated.
19. First destination of the Helium fleet as
it headed south: Ptarth where John Carter, Dejah Thoris and Carthoris stayed
for a month as guests of Thuvan Dihn.
20. Second destination: Kaol to cement ties between
the nations of Helium and Kaol.
21. The reception they receive as they finally
return to Helium: Gaily decorated fliers, costly silks and tapestries on
every roof, with gold, jewels and shiny metals scattered everywhere, and
adulation from everyone.
22. Where Carter was to report by order of the
Jeddak ". . . to be judged this night. . .": The Temple of Reward.
23. Description of the royal tribunal of judges
at the Throne of Righteousness who have put Carter on trial: An unprecedented
body of 31 Jeddaks and Jeds from all over Barsoom.
24. Why John Carter had a feeling of betrayal:
He is surrounded men whom he thought to be close friends but now appear
stern, unfriendly and uncompromising.
25. What the clerk read to the judges: A long
list of deeds performed by Carter since his arrival 22 years ago.
26. The words from Tars Tarkas that enraged Carter:
"Judges, there can be but one verdict. No longer may John Carter be Prince
of Helium. . ."
27. Tars Tarkas's verdict that brought an tumultuous
eruption of wild shouting from the crowd and the drawing of swords: ".
. . but instead let him be Jeddak of Jeddaks, Warlord of Barsoom!"
28. Person who arrives in a splendid car borne
by 50 of the mightiest nobles of the greatest courts of Mars: Dejah Thoris.
Princess of Helium.
29. Final scene of the Mars Trilogy: John Carter,
Warlord of Mars embraces and kisses his wife, Dejah Thoris, the most beautiful
woman in all of Barsoom.
30. Name of the artist who illustrated this final
scene on the first edition dust jacket and frontispiece. J. Allen St. John
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