Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
ANNIVERSARIES OF ERB'S LIFE
A COLLATION OF THE DAILY
EVENTS IN ERB-WORLD
FROM THE PAGES OF THE HILLMANS'
Web Design with added links,
illustrations and photo collages by Bill Hillman
FEB 22 ~ FEB
23 ~ FEB 24 ~ FEB 25
FEB 26 ~ FEB
FEB 28 ~ FEB 29
BACK TO FEBRUARY WEEK I
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Click for full-size images
Anniversary of JOHN CARTER's gala World Premiere at
the Regal Cinema L.A. world premiere in Hollywood. Thanks to Rick Barry
for the reminder.
See ERBzine's photo spread on the event, which includes
many members of the Burroughs family and the management of Edgar Rice Burroughs,
ERBzine's John Carter of Mars Film site
Enid Markey, the first gal to play Jane, got her
start on today's date -- Feb. 22 -- in 1894. That's when she was born in
Dillon, Colorado. She kept making movies and television show appearances
Brian Bohnett's biography of the first Jane, "The
Remarkable Enid Markey," is available from amazon.com
All about Enid Markey:
Enid Markey photo gallery:
Enid Markey in the Press
Tarzan of the Apes
The Romance of Tarzan
Off-Site Reference: Enid's career:
John Coleman Burroughs, ERB's eldest son, died
on Feb. 22 in 1979, just six days short of his 66th birthday. The photo
shows JCB and son, Danton, with a couple of JCB's creations, the "John
Carter of Mars" Better Little Book, which he wrote with an assist
from father Edgar, and the "John
Carter of Mars" Sunday newspaper comic strip, which he scripted
John Coleman Burroughs
and ERBzine's companion site
...as well as here
"John Carter of Mars" Better Little Book
John Carter of Mars" Sunday newspaper comic strip
On Feb. 22, 1970, "Korak and the River of Time"
began as a Sunday strip and ran for 15 weeks.
Korak and the River of Time
Huck's List of Sunday Tarzan Comic Strips: Start/Stop
On Feb. 23, 1931, ERB and Emma were off to the theater to
see the new African epic, "Trader Horn." Newspaper ads for this
1931 "Trader Horn" movie showed you could get in before 1:30 for just 25
cents. If ERB was enjoying the movie, his full enjoyment was to go unfulfilled,
at least that night. At intermission, Emma said they had to leave because
she had suddenly remembered that they had promised to babysit for daughter
Joan that night!
R.E. Prindle, notes that ERB must have seen the
whole movie at some point and also read "Trader Horn" and "Horning
into Africa," although only the latter volume survived among the books
in his personal library. "Horning into Africa" is the story of the movie
crew that went to Africa to film the book "Trader Horn" which relates the
African adventures of Alfred Aloysius 'Wish' Smith, who went by the name
of Trader Horn. Van Dyke was hired to direct and cast the first Weissmuller
film - Tarzan The Ape
Man - and used the Trader Horn footage to good effect through rear
projection and inserts and Van Dyke used an adept mix of scenery, animal
shots, humour, action and cinema tricks to make a film that would please
critics and audiences of all ages. The picture was filmed in five months.
Prindle makes the case for how Burroughs was influenced
by the books and movie in writing "Tarzan and the Lion Man" and
"Tarzan and the Leopard Men."
R.E. Prindle's Articles on the Trader Horn
influence on ERB:
View the photos from Horning into Africa from
book that Ron Prindle lent me to scan.
ERB's Personal Library Shelf Containing Horning
Into Africa by Woody Van Dyke
Tarzan The Ape Man
Trader Horn Film Booklet
Trader Horn Book Text I
Trader Horn Book Text II
On the same day he went to see the movie, ERB sent a
letter to Metropolitan telling them that he planned to take over the publication
of his own books, something some may have regarded as a reckless move in
the middle of the Great Depression. Metropolitan had published only
four ERB first editions: "Tanar of Pellucidar," "A Fighting Man
of Mars," and two Tarzan novels: "Tarzan and the Lost Empire"
and "Tarzan at the Earth's Core."
ERB Bio Timeline 1931 for info on the Metropolitan
decision and Trader Horn
Tanar of Pellucidar
A Fighting Man of Mars
Tarzan and the Lost Empire
Tarzan at the Earth's Core
Two men who brought Edgar Rice Burroughs worlds and
characters to life in different ways passed away in different years on
Roy G. Krenkel, born in 1918, helped sell ERB
books off the paperback newsstands in the 1960s when his work, along with
that of Frank Frazetta, brought a weird and wonderful mystique to
the fiction of ERB.
Herman Brix, who later changed his name to Bruce
Bennett, became one of the many faces of Tarzan when Edgar Rice Burroughs
himself tried his hand at movie-making. Brix played the ape-man the way
ERB wrote him, not as a pidgin-speaking wild man but as an intelligent
being who could be comfortable in a suit and tie as easily as in a loin
Krenkel illustrated for Ace Books and did sci-fi
covers for other authors as well as ERB. Fans came to appreciate his style
of art so much that the mere presence of it on a cover was often enough
to sell a book. Krenkel also illustrated some of the hardback Burroughs
novels published by Canaveral Press.
Brix was born in Tacoma in 1906 and was a star shot-putter
in the Olympics. He lost out to Johnny Weissmuller for his first
chance at playing Tarzan but got the role for ERB's production in 1935.
He then played in a Lone Ranger serial and was also a Tarzan-like character
in "Kioga of the Wilderness." After that, he dropped out of films
long enough to study acting in more depth and returned under the name Bruce
Bennett and made many more films.
The serial, "The New Adventures of Tarzan," was
also made into a film titled "Tarzan and the Green Goddess."
Bennett passed away Feb. 24, 2007, in Santa Monica, Calif.
THE NEW ADVENTURES OF TARZAN:
9-Page coverage starting at:
"Kioga (Hawk) of the Wilderness."
Roy Krenkel Background Info and Ace Art I: Earth's
Moon and Core
Krenkel Bio and Ace Art II: The Planets
Krenkel Ace Art III: Savage Earth
Canaveral Press ERB Covers:
New York Times obituary:
Bruce Bennett filmography:
Roy G. Krenkel biography:
Betty Leabo was born Feb. 25, 1912, in Excelsior Spring,
When Betty grew up, she became an actress and eventually
made it to the top of the heap in Hollywood by winning the coveted role
of Jane. She changed her name to Brenda Joyce and first played Jane
in "Tarzan and the Amazons" in 1945 and followed that up by repeating
the role in "Tarzan and the Leopard Woman," 1946; "Tarzan and
the Huntress," 1947; "Tarzan and the Mermaids," 1948, and "Tarzan's
Magic Fountain," 1949.
In the first four, she played opposite Johnny Weissmuller,
and in the last with Lex Barker. Thus, she was one of two actresses who
was Jane to more than one Tarzan. The other was Karla Schramm, who played
Jane in "The Revenge of Tarzan," which starred Gene Pollar as the ape-man,
and in the serial "The Son of Tarzan," which had P. Dempsey Tabler as Tarzan.
"Magic Fountain" was her last film as she retired after
that. She had appeared in films for 11 years.
She married Owen Ward and, as Betty Ward, became director
of the Catholic Resettlement Office in Monterey, California, and helped
hundreds of refugees find new lives in America.
Betty passed away on Independence Day just three years
ago and her remains rest in the elephant burial ground in Santa Monica,
the city where former Tarzan movie stars go to die.
BRENDA JOYCE FILM APPEARANCES AS JANE
Tarzan and the Amazons
Tarzan and the Leopard Woman
Tarzan and the Huntress
Tarzan and the Mermaids
Tarzan's Magic Fountain
Brenda Joyce in Wikipedia:
Brenda Joyce in IMDB:
Cassell & Co. published two Tarzan editions
in Great Britain. "Tarzan,
Lord of the Jungle," was published in 1928. The other, which was
published Feb. 25 in 1931, was "Tarzan
and the Lost Empire." It is interesting to note that the
Cassell "Lost Empire" edition came out several months before the
book of "Tarzan the Invincible" was published (November, 1931);
and before "Tarzan Triumphant" (1932) and "Tarzan's Quest"
(1936). Yet, the inside front jacket blurb uses terms which are reminiscent
of all of those titles as well: "Once more Tarzan the Invincible sets out....his
quest ends in triumph.
UK EDITIONS OF ERB BOOKS
Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle
Tarzan and the Lost Empire
"ERBzine checklist of British titles and publishers
Four Square Editions from the UK
and the Fire Gods," a revised comic strip version of "Tarzan
Triumphant," began in newspapers Feb. 25, 1935, with art by Rex
Maxon and story by R.W. Palmer. It ran for 162 days. The newspaper
syndicate thought the plot of "Tarzan Triumphant" would offend too many
people, so enough changes were made in the names of characters and the
plot for Rex Maxon's comic strip version that ERB remarked, "Personally,
I think you've spoiled the story. But what's the use?"
Maxon's "Tarzan and the Fire Gods" - 162 Daily Strips
ERB's Tarzan Triumphant
Those of you who have seen Tarzan on the stage may already
be aware of things like this, but I'm not sure if this was only true of
the production at the Richard Rodgers Theatre, or if it's this way everywhere.
This article, published Feb. 26, 2006, in the Journal
News, tells of some differences between the screen version of Disney's
"Tarzan" and the on-stage version.
THE APE MAN COMETH -- TO BROADWAY
Journal News ~ Feb. 26, 2006:
When Tarzan learned the ropes for the 1999 Disney movie,
principal animator Glen Keane had him glide across vine-covered limbs like
Tony Hawk: Tarzan the Skate Man. But when he takes to the stage at the
Richard Rodgers Theatre this spring, Tarzan will be more of a rock-climber,
says Thomas Schumacher "Everybody wears a visible harness," Schumacher
says. "There are visible ropes all over the stage, both for gorillas and
for Tarzan — and you see them literally clip in and harness up. It's part
of the language of the piece. There's no naturalism in this show, nothing
is created to look like the natural world."
Director Bob Crowley has come up with a set described
as a green box lined with vines and rope-climbing apparatus. "We've created
a universe on stage, a flexible environment in which the show is staged
both on the ground and above the ground. . . . and the characters all sing."
Phil Collins has added eight new songs — and has fleshed out a Broadway
score, his first.
There have been changes in the script, from screen to
stage. The villain Clayton, "a middle-aged big, British blowhard" in the
film, gets a bit of a makeover, Schumacher says. "In our version, he's
an American and a potential love interest of Jane's."
THE APE MAN COMETH -- TO BROADWAY reprinted on the
ERBzine News Site:
The more extensive Hillman Preview Notes for the Tarzan
Tarzan's First Appearance on Broadway was in 1921
The later Opening Night (May 10, 2006)
Tarzan Broadway Musical Coverage
Other ERBzine Premiere Reports for Tarzan the Musical
Holland ~ Hamburg ~ Utah ~ and Local Productions
will BE shared in this series on the dates that they
The daring Edgar Rice Burroughs made a life-changing
decision on Feb. 27 of 1913: He quit his day job.
He had gained so much confidence from the success of
"Under the Moons of Mars" and "Tarzan of the Apes" that he
decided he could make a living by writing full time.
He was right. He not only was able to support his family,
but became a multi-millionaire.
And, he not only changed his life, and the lives of his
family, but he changed the lives of millions of people worldwide who purchased,
borrowed or stole his books. Some of them had a lot of fun just reading
the stories, and their lives were made more enjoyable; others made money
of their own publishing and illustrating his stories, making movies about
them, or creating and selling licensed materials from Big Little Books
to computer games. And every business related to ERB characters did lots
of hiring -- actors, typesetters, technicians of various kinds.
Still others, inspired by his writing and the worlds
he created, came up with characters and scenarios of their own which, in
turn, sparked other prosperous lines of comics, books, movies and related
things, all of which helped untold others make good livings.
ERB's prosperity not only trickled down to others, but
it became a gushing torrent.
All because a pencil sharpener salesman read storiers
in pulp magazines and decided that he could write ones that were just as
Feb. 27, 1913 -- "A Day That Shall Live in Famy."
ERB's early days at Oak Park
ERB Biographical Sketches I
ERB Biographical Sketches II
ERB's second wife, later known as Florence Gilbert
Smith Dearholt Burroughs Chase, died on this date, Feb. 27, in 1991.
Florence Gilbert - Mrs. Edgar Rice Burroughs
*** 1943: While sailing the Pacific aboard the USS Shaw:
Following a morning sub alert the convoy took defensive maneuvers. Depth
charges from the destroyers killed hundreds of flying fish and shook the
Shaw violently. Sub alerts and Shaw depth charge drops continued through
1943 ERB's Wartime Journals
Feb. 27 in ERB comics:.
-- 1955, "Tarzan and the Diamond Thieves," drawn
by John Celardo and scripted by Dick Van Buren, started a 12-Sunday
-- 1957, "Tarzan Returns to Zimba" the Celardo-Van
Buren team again, started a 68-day run.
-- 1983, Mike Grell wrote and drew his last Tarzan
Strip: Tarzan and the Crocodile
Tarzan Returns to Zimba: 68 daily strips by Celardo
and Van Buren
Tarzan and the Crocodile: Last strip by Mike Grell
*** 1913: John Coleman Burroughs -- Ed and Emma's
third child -- is born.
EVENTS FROM ERBzine's ERB
BIO TIMELINE SERIES
*** 1913: Ed decides to give up his job with Shaw's Systems
to devote full time to writing.
*** 1928: Starts dictating Fighting
Man of Mars on his Ediphone
*** 1931: The day is spent planting trees -- Japanese
Plum Plant, etc., playing golf and celebrating Jack's 18th birthday.
Ed is worried that his medical condition is not improving
fast enough. He sits for a magazine interview.
*** 1934 Ed and both boys each take a half-hour flying
lesson. Ed's 34th
Virginia Huston was yet another Tarzan movie player
to die in Santa Monica, Calif. Her turn came on Feb. 28, 1981, at the young
age of 55, of cancer.
She played Jane to Lex Barker's Tarzan in 1951's "Tarzan's
Tarzan's Peril with Lex Barker and Virginia Huston:
ERBzine's Virginia Huston Gallery
Off-Site Huston References
Virginia was featured prominently in a Biographic comic
Virginia's IMDB page:
She also went to Mars in a movie:
More about "Flight to Mars"
29 (Leap Day For Leap Years)
In a Feb. 29, 1932, letter to his niece, Mrs. Carleton
(Evelyn) McKenzie, ERB wrote that he was impressed with the sound effects
created for the first two preview episodes of the new Tarzan radio show.
There is no truth to the rumor, however, that those sound effects included
the howl of a hyena, the bleat of a camel, the growl of a dog, and the
plucked sound of a violin G-string. That rumour belongs to the Tarzan yell
from film Tarzan, Johnny Weissmuller.
Tarzan of the Radio: Listen to 200 Tarzan Radio Shows:
Plus the Hillman summaries of the first 77 shows
The First Tarzan Radio Episode
Much laterTarzan radio episodes: February 1951 and
Tarzan and Simba Hudari
Tarzan The Killer
A special ERB Bio Timeline page designed to show
ERB's total involvement with the media:
The Tarzan Yell - Weissmuller style
February 29, 1929: Son Jack (John Coleman Burroughs)
was given a Kodak enlarger and diffuser equipment for his birthday.
Photography had become a major interest and became a
vital part of his career as an artist.
Jane Ralston Burroughs poses for husband Jack's Dejah
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