Official Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
Since 1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
Volume 6318

Web Design with added links, illustrations and photo collages by Bill Hillman


FEB 22FEB 23 ~ FEB 24 ~ FEB 25
FEB 26 ~ FEB 27 ~ FEB 28 ~ FEB 29

Click for full-size images

Anniversary of JOHN CARTER's gala World Premiere at the Regal Cinema L.A. world premiere in Hollywood. Thanks to Rick Barry for the reminder.
See ERBzine's photo spread on the event, which includes many members of the Burroughs family and the management of Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc.:
ERBzine's John Carter of Mars Film site

Enid Markey, the first gal to play Jane, got her start on today's date -- Feb. 22 -- in 1894. That's when she was born in Dillon, Colorado. She kept making movies and television show appearances until 1968.
Brian Bohnett's biography of the first Jane, "The Remarkable Enid Markey," is available from
All about Enid Markey:
Enid Markey photo gallery:
Enid Markey in the Press
Tarzan of the Apes
The Romance of Tarzan

Off-Site Reference: Enid's career:

John Coleman Burroughs, ERB's eldest son, died on Feb. 22 in 1979, just six days short of his 66th birthday. The photo shows JCB and son, Danton, with a couple of JCB's creations, the "John Carter of Mars" Better Little Book, which he wrote with an assist from father Edgar, and the "John Carter of Mars" Sunday newspaper comic strip, which he scripted and illustrated.
John Coleman Burroughs
and ERBzine's companion site well as here
"John Carter of Mars" Better Little Book
John Carter of Mars" Sunday newspaper comic strip

On Feb. 22, 1970, "Korak and the River of Time" began as a Sunday strip and ran for 15 weeks.
Korak and the River of Time
Huck's List of Sunday Tarzan Comic Strips: Start/Stop Dates

On Feb. 23, 1931, ERB and Emma were off to the theater to see the new African epic, "Trader Horn." Newspaper ads for this 1931 "Trader Horn" movie showed you could get in before 1:30 for just 25 cents. If ERB was enjoying the movie, his full enjoyment was to go unfulfilled, at least that night. At intermission, Emma said they had to leave because she had suddenly remembered that they had promised to babysit for daughter Joan that night!
R.E. Prindle, notes that ERB must have seen the whole movie at some point and also read "Trader Horn" and "Horning into Africa," although only the latter volume survived among the books in his personal library. "Horning into Africa" is the story of the movie crew that went to Africa to film the book "Trader Horn" which relates the African adventures of Alfred Aloysius 'Wish' Smith, who went by the name of Trader Horn. Van Dyke was hired to direct and cast the first Weissmuller film - Tarzan The Ape Man - and used the Trader Horn footage to good effect through rear projection and inserts and Van Dyke used an adept mix of scenery, animal shots, humour, action and cinema tricks to make a film that would please critics and audiences of all ages. The picture was filmed in five months.
Prindle makes the case for how Burroughs was influenced by the books and movie in writing "Tarzan and the Lion Man" and "Tarzan and the Leopard Men."
R.E. Prindle's Articles on the Trader Horn influence on ERB:
View the photos from Horning into Africa from book that Ron Prindle lent me to scan.
ERB's Personal Library Shelf Containing Horning Into Africa by Woody Van Dyke
Tarzan The Ape Man
Trader Horn Film Booklet
Trader Horn Book Text I
Trader Horn Book Text II

On the same day he went to see the movie, ERB sent a letter to Metropolitan telling them that he planned to take over the publication of his own books, something some may have regarded as a reckless move in the middle of the Great Depression. Metropolitan had published only four ERB first editions: "Tanar of Pellucidar," "A Fighting Man of Mars," and two Tarzan novels: "Tarzan and the Lost Empire" and "Tarzan at the Earth's Core."
ERB Bio Timeline 1931 for info on the Metropolitan decision and Trader Horn
Tanar of Pellucidar
A Fighting Man of Mars
Tarzan and the Lost Empire
Tarzan at the Earth's Core

Two men who brought Edgar Rice Burroughs worlds and characters to life in different ways passed away in different years on Feb. 24.
Roy G. Krenkel, born in 1918, helped sell ERB books off the paperback newsstands in the 1960s when his work, along with that of Frank Frazetta, brought a weird and wonderful mystique to the fiction of ERB.
Herman Brix, who later changed his name to Bruce Bennett, became one of the many faces of Tarzan when Edgar Rice Burroughs himself tried his hand at movie-making. Brix played the ape-man the way ERB wrote him, not as a pidgin-speaking wild man but as an intelligent being who could be comfortable in a suit and tie as easily as in a loin cloth.
Krenkel illustrated for Ace Books and did sci-fi covers for other authors as well as ERB. Fans came to appreciate his style of art so much that the mere presence of it on a cover was often enough to sell a book. Krenkel also illustrated some of the hardback Burroughs novels published by Canaveral Press.
Brix was born in Tacoma in 1906 and was a star shot-putter in the Olympics. He lost out to Johnny Weissmuller for his first chance at playing Tarzan but got the role for ERB's production in 1935. He then played in a Lone Ranger serial and was also a Tarzan-like character in "Kioga of the Wilderness." After that, he dropped out of films long enough to study acting in more depth and returned under the name Bruce Bennett and made many more films.
The serial, "The New Adventures of Tarzan," was also made into a film titled "Tarzan and the Green Goddess."
Bennett passed away Feb. 24, 2007, in Santa Monica, Calif.
9-Page coverage starting at:
"Kioga (Hawk) of the Wilderness."

Roy Krenkel Background Info and Ace Art  I: Earth's Moon and Core
Krenkel Bio and Ace Art II: The Planets
Krenkel Ace Art III: Savage Earth
Canaveral Press ERB Covers:

Off-Site References
New York Times obituary:
Bruce Bennett filmography:
Roy G. Krenkel biography:

Betty Leabo was born Feb. 25, 1912, in Excelsior Spring, Missouri.
When Betty grew up, she became an actress and eventually made it to the top of the heap in Hollywood by winning the coveted role of Jane. She changed her name to Brenda Joyce and first played Jane in "Tarzan and the Amazons" in 1945 and followed that up by repeating the role in "Tarzan and the Leopard Woman," 1946; "Tarzan and the Huntress," 1947; "Tarzan and the Mermaids," 1948, and "Tarzan's Magic Fountain," 1949.
In the first four, she played opposite Johnny Weissmuller, and in the last with Lex Barker. Thus, she was one of two actresses who was Jane to more than one Tarzan. The other was Karla Schramm, who played Jane in "The Revenge of Tarzan," which starred Gene Pollar as the ape-man, and in the serial "The Son of Tarzan," which had P. Dempsey Tabler as Tarzan.
"Magic Fountain" was her last film as she retired after that. She had appeared in films for 11 years.
She married Owen Ward and, as Betty Ward, became director of the Catholic Resettlement Office in Monterey, California, and helped hundreds of refugees find new lives in America.
Betty passed away on Independence Day just three years ago and her remains rest in the elephant burial ground in Santa Monica, the city where former Tarzan movie stars go to die.
Tarzan and the Amazons
Tarzan and the Leopard Woman
Tarzan and the Huntress
Tarzan and the Mermaids
Tarzan's Magic Fountain

Off-Site References
Brenda Joyce in Wikipedia:
Brenda Joyce in IMDB:

Cassell & Co. published two Tarzan editions in Great Britain. "Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle," was published in 1928. The other, which was published Feb. 25 in 1931, was "Tarzan and the Lost Empire."  It is interesting to note that the Cassell "Lost Empire" edition came out several months before the book of "Tarzan the Invincible" was published (November, 1931); and before "Tarzan Triumphant" (1932) and "Tarzan's Quest" (1936). Yet, the inside front jacket blurb uses terms which are reminiscent of all of those titles as well: "Once more Tarzan the Invincible sets out....his quest ends in triumph.
Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle
Tarzan and the Lost Empire
"ERBzine checklist of British titles and publishers
Four Square Editions from the UK

"Tarzan and the Fire Gods," a revised comic strip version of "Tarzan Triumphant," began in newspapers Feb. 25, 1935, with art by Rex Maxon and story by R.W. Palmer. It ran for 162 days. The newspaper syndicate thought the plot of "Tarzan Triumphant" would offend too many people, so enough changes were made in the names of characters and the plot for Rex Maxon's comic strip version that ERB remarked, "Personally, I think you've spoiled the story. But what's the use?"
Maxon's "Tarzan and the Fire Gods" - 162 Daily Strips
ERB's Tarzan Triumphant

Those of you who have seen Tarzan on the stage may already be aware of things like this, but I'm not sure if this was only true of the production at the Richard Rodgers Theatre, or if it's this way everywhere.
This article, published Feb. 26, 2006, in the Journal News, tells of some differences between the screen version of Disney's "Tarzan" and the on-stage version.
Journal News ~ Feb. 26, 2006:
When Tarzan learned the ropes for the 1999 Disney movie, principal animator Glen Keane had him glide across vine-covered limbs like Tony Hawk: Tarzan the Skate Man. But when he takes to the stage at the Richard Rodgers Theatre this spring, Tarzan will be more of a rock-climber, says Thomas Schumacher "Everybody wears a visible harness," Schumacher says. "There are visible ropes all over the stage, both for gorillas and for Tarzan and you see them literally clip in and harness up. It's part of the language of the piece. There's no naturalism in this show, nothing is created to look like the natural world."
Director Bob Crowley has come up with a set described as a green box lined with vines and rope-climbing apparatus. "We've created a universe on stage, a flexible environment in which the show is staged both on the ground and above the ground. . . . and the characters all sing." Phil Collins has added eight new songs and has fleshed out a Broadway score, his first.
There have been changes in the script, from screen to stage. The villain Clayton, "a middle-aged big, British blowhard" in the film, gets a bit of a makeover, Schumacher says. "In our version, he's an American and a potential love interest of Jane's."
THE APE MAN COMETH -- TO BROADWAY reprinted on the ERBzine News Site:
The more extensive Hillman Preview Notes for the Tarzan Musical
Tarzan's First Appearance on Broadway was in 1921
The later Opening Night (May 10, 2006)
Tarzan Broadway Musical Coverage
Other ERBzine Premiere Reports for Tarzan the Musical in
Holland ~ Hamburg ~ Utah ~ and Local Productions
will BE shared in this series on the dates that they opened.

The daring Edgar Rice Burroughs made a life-changing decision on Feb. 27 of 1913: He quit his day job.
He had gained so much confidence from the success of "Under the Moons of Mars" and "Tarzan of the Apes" that he decided he could make a living by writing full time.
He was right. He not only was able to support his family, but became a multi-millionaire.
And, he not only changed his life, and the lives of his family, but he changed the lives of millions of people worldwide who purchased, borrowed or stole his books. Some of them had a lot of fun just reading the stories, and their lives were made more enjoyable; others made money of their own publishing and illustrating his stories, making movies about them, or creating and selling licensed materials from Big Little Books to computer games. And every business related to ERB characters did lots of hiring -- actors, typesetters, technicians of various kinds.
Still others, inspired by his writing and the worlds he created, came up with characters and scenarios of their own which, in turn, sparked other prosperous lines of comics, books, movies and related things, all of which helped untold others make good livings.
ERB's prosperity not only trickled down to others, but it became a gushing torrent.
All because a pencil sharpener salesman read storiers in pulp magazines and decided that he could write ones that were just as rotten.
Feb. 27, 1913 -- "A Day That Shall Live in Famy."
ERB's early days at Oak Park
ERB Biographical Sketches I
ERB Biographical Sketches II

ERB's second wife, later known as Florence Gilbert Smith Dearholt Burroughs Chase, died on this date, Feb. 27, in 1991.
Florence Gilbert - Mrs. Edgar Rice Burroughs

*** 1943: While sailing the Pacific aboard the USS Shaw: Following a morning sub alert the convoy took defensive maneuvers. Depth charges from the destroyers killed hundreds of flying fish and shook the Shaw violently. Sub alerts and Shaw depth charge drops continued through the day.
1943 ERB's Wartime Journals

Feb. 27 in ERB comics:.
-- 1955, "Tarzan and the Diamond Thieves," drawn by John Celardo and scripted by Dick Van Buren, started a 12-Sunday run.
-- 1957, "Tarzan Returns to Zimba" the Celardo-Van Buren team again, started a 68-day run.
-- 1983, Mike Grell wrote and drew his last Tarzan Strip: Tarzan and the Crocodile
Tarzan Returns to Zimba: 68 daily strips by Celardo and Van Buren
Tarzan and the Crocodile: Last strip by Mike Grell

*** 1913: John Coleman Burroughs -- Ed and Emma's third child -- is born.

*** 1913: Ed decides to give up his job with Shaw's Systems to devote full time to writing.
*** 1928: Starts  dictating Fighting Man of Mars on  his Ediphone
*** 1931: The day is spent planting trees -- Japanese Plum Plant, etc., playing golf and celebrating Jack's 18th birthday.
Ed is worried that his medical condition is not improving fast enough. He sits for a magazine interview.
*** 1934 Ed and both boys each take a half-hour flying lesson. Ed's 34th

Virginia Huston was yet another Tarzan movie player to die in Santa Monica, Calif. Her turn came on Feb. 28, 1981, at the young age of 55, of cancer.
She played Jane to Lex Barker's Tarzan in 1951's "Tarzan's Peril."
Tarzan's Peril with Lex Barker and Virginia Huston:
ERBzine's Virginia Huston Gallery

Off-Site Huston References
Virginia was featured prominently in a Biographic comic Tarzan-Jane tribute:
Virginia's IMDB page:
She also went to Mars in a movie:
More about "Flight to Mars"

FEBRUARY 29 (Leap Day For Leap Years)
In a Feb. 29, 1932, letter to his niece, Mrs. Carleton (Evelyn) McKenzie, ERB wrote that he was impressed with the sound effects created for the first two preview episodes of the new Tarzan radio show. There is no truth to the rumor, however, that those sound effects included the howl of a hyena, the bleat of a camel, the growl of a dog, and the plucked sound of a violin G-string. That rumour belongs to the Tarzan yell from film Tarzan, Johnny Weissmuller.
Tarzan of the Radio: Listen to 200 Tarzan Radio Shows: 1932-1953
Plus the Hillman summaries of the first 77 shows
The First Tarzan Radio Episode
Much laterTarzan radio episodes: February 1951 and 1952
Tarzan and Simba Hudari
Tarzan The Killer
A special ERB Bio Timeline page designed to show
ERB's total involvement with the media:

The Tarzan Yell - Weissmuller style

February 29, 1929: Son Jack (John Coleman Burroughs) was given a Kodak enlarger and diffuser equipment for his birthday.
Photography had become a major interest and became a vital part of his career as an artist.
Jane Ralston Burroughs poses for husband Jack's Dejah Thoris illustrations


Collated from ERBzine by John Martin






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