The ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Silver Screen Encyclopedia
JUNGLE and BURROUGHS-INFLUENCED
Serials were a film genre that told their story in an episodic format. Each week, audience members would go to the theater to watch the latest episode in a film ranging from twelve to fifteen chapters. Each chapter ended with the hero facing certain death, so that you had to back the following week to see what happened. Serials began in 1912, where they helped to establish the fledgling motion picture business, and ended in 1956, when TV became the dominant vehicle for weekly doses of adventure.
Films based on the characters of Edgar Rice Burroughs set many landmarks in American cinematic history. Tarzan of the Apes in 1918 was one of the first films to gross over one million dollars. Tarzan went on to become one of the most-filmed fictional character in the history of film. The 1929 Tarzan the Tiger serial was one of the first serials to be filmed as a talkie. This opened the floodgates to a torrent jungle and ape-man serials filmed with sound: King of the Congo ~ Jungle Mystery ~ Lost Jungle ~ Darkest Africa ~ Jungle Jim ~ Jungle Menace ~ Tim Tyler's Luck ~ Hawk of the Wilderness ~ Call of the Savage ~ Jungle Girl ~ Perils of Nyoka ~ The Phantom ~ Tiger Woman ~ Jungle Queen ~ Jungle Raiders ~ Lost City of the Jungle ~ Congo Bill ~ King of the Congo ~ Adventures of Captain Africa ~ Panther Girl of the Congo.
We present here capsules of some of the serials most closely related to ERB's jungle.
CALL OF THE SAVAGE
Expanded version of material presented in OAK IV
Otis Adelbert Kline (Film Writer
Dorothy Short ~ Mona Andrews
Harry Woods ~ Borno
Bryant Washburn ~ Dr. Harry Trevor
Walter Miller ~ Dr. Frank Bracken
Fred MacKaye ~ Dr. Charles Phillips
Russ Powell ~ Andrews
John Davidson ~ Prince Samu
Eddie Kane ~ Gen. Tichak
Stanley Andrews ~ Emperor Mena
J. Frank Glendon ~
Viva Tattersall ~ Georgia Trevor
Gwendolyn Logan ~ Mrs. Henry Andrews
William Desmond ~ Allen
Grace Cunard ~ Mrs. Camerford Amster
H. Burroughs ~
Dickie Jones ~ Jan Trevor as a Boy
Produced by Carl Laemmle
(Associate Producer: Henry MacRae)
Original music: David Broekman ~ David Klatzkin ~
Sam Perry ~ Heinz Roemheld
Cinematography: Richard Fryer & William A. Sickner
Film Editing: Irving Applebaum ~ Saul A. Goodkind Alvin Todd ~ Edward Todd
Production Management: Ansel Friedberger
Two scientific teams go up against each other in a race to find a secret formula in the African jungle. The search leads them to the lost city of Mu where they face a ruled by a bad-guy priest who owns a death-ray. The scientists have to overcome this mad priest and his dungeons of fire and dangerous electrical rays.
Noah Beery, Jr. played Jan the feral orphan raised by monkeys. Jan, along with his faithful chimpanzee companion "Chicma," joined in the quest for the lost kingdom of Mu. Assisted by Princess Mona (Dorothy Short) they overcome the evil scientists (Walter Miller, Frederic Mackaye), the priest, and many cliffhanging pitfalls, including a mechanized room with a ceiling full of spikes heading straight for the good guys.
The serial was cut down for a feature film-length version called Savage Fury.
Murania, which relies heavily on the mysterious powers of radium, features many wonderful high tech scientific inventions. We see radium powered ray guns, robots swinging sledgehammers in the furnace room, inhabitants wearing mini-skirts, sandles, robes, mini-skirts, and strange hats, moving sidewalks, vacuum tube elevators, television, tall futuristic towers, a Death Chamber were the queen sentences men to death by electrocution, Gene speaking the language of the dead after being revived in electric reviving chamber, an atom-smashing ray that is capable of disintegrating the surface civilizations. None of this impresses Gene who only wants to be left alone so he can sing and ride the range.
Click for full-size promo collage
Poster ~ Lobby Cards ~ Stills
- The idea for the Phantom Empire was supposedly concocted by screen writer Wallace MacDonald while under the influence of nitrous oxcide during a visit to his dentist.
- This is undoubtably the only serial where the hero actually dies halfway into the story. Gene dies in Murania but is brought back to life in their lab.
- NBC would later use this plot as one of the three stories featured in their short lived 1979 series "Cliffhangers".
Directed by Otto Brower and B. Reeves Eason
Writing credits: Hy Freedman (story) ~ Gerald Geraghty (story)
Genre: Musical / Sci-Fi / Western (more)
Tagline: A Nation 20,000 Feet Underground
Gene Autry: Gene Autry
Frankie Darro: Frankie Baxter
Betsy King Ross: Betsy Baxter
Dorothy Christy: Queen Tika
Wheeler Oakman: Argo, Muranian High Chancellor
Charles K. French: Mal
Warner P. Richmond: Rab (as Warner Richmond)
J. Frank Glendon: Prof. Beetson
Smiley Burnette: Oscar (as Lester Burnette)
Peter Potter: Pete (as William Moore)
Jack Carlyle: Saunders
Ray Corrigan: Thunder Rider (uncredited)
Original Music: Gene Autry (songs) ~ Hugo Riesenfeld (incidental music) ~ Lee Zahler and Henry Hadley (uncredited)
Also Known As: Gene Autry and the Phantom Empire (1935)
245 min (12 episodes)
VIDEOS ON YOUTUBE
Video Clip 1
Video Clip 2
Gene Autry Tribute
A twelve-part serial released by Republic Pictures in 1938
based on the novel by William L. Chester
Directed by John English and William Witney
Writing credits: Ridgeway Callow (adaptation) ~ William L. Chester (novel)
Also Known As: Lost Island of Kioga (1938)
A letter from Robert Beche, producer at Republic Studios,
praising Tuffy the dog's work in Hawk of the Wilderness.
OFF-SITE PAGES OF INTEREST TO CLIFFHANGER and JUNGLE ADVENTURE FANS
The Phantom Empire
Perils of Nyoka
Nyoka Serial in GIF
New Adventures of Tarzan
Bomba the Jungle Boy
Serial Experience Review of Phantom Empire
OTR On The Web
Jerry Blake's Serial Reviews
Hawk of the Wilderness Review
The Phantom Empire
To Be Continued by Weiss, and Goodgold: 1972 , Crown Publishers
Matinee At The Bijou TV Series ~ PBS 1981
Click for full-size promo collage
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