Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
ERB'S LIFE and LEGACY :: DAILY
A COLLATION OF THE DAILY
EVENTS IN ERB-WORLD
FROM THE PAGES OF ERBzine
CREATED BY BILL HILLMAN
Collated by John Martin and
With Web Design, Added Events,
Illustrations and Photo Collages
by Bill Hillman
JANUARY WEEK II
January 8 :: January
9 :: January 10
January 11 :: January
12 :: January 13 :: January
Carson of Venus: Argosy cover, John Coleman Burroughs
art: Burroughs DJ and 5 interiors ~ Map of Amtor
Tarzan's Daring Rescue BLB ~ Tarzan: Across the Everglades:
Gray Morrow strip
*** The serial of “Carson of Venus” began in "Argosy"
on Jan. 8, 1938, and ran for a total of six installments.
The primary location of this story, the third book in
ERB's Venus series, is the kingdom of Korva in the country of Anlap, centered
around the cities of Sanara and Amlot. But there was a brief interlude
at the start of the book where Carson and Duare played capture and escape
with a tribe of people in which women dominated, and the weak men answered
to names such as Lula and Ellie.
The Nazi-like Zanis controlled the city of Amlot and
were besieging Sanara, but with Carson on the job the war was soon won
by the guys with whom Carson was friendly, and he not only won the right
for him and Duare to live in Sanara, but also became the adopted son of
Taman, the new jong of Sanara.
ERB began writing "Carson" in 1937
and the rise of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany influenced him to bring a Nazi-like
regime in as Carson’s new foe. The story is a smorgasbord of satire, with
ERB using his Zani characters to show that much of Nazi practice was ridiculous,
while – at the same time – illustrating the horror of it all.
The Del-Rey paperback of the story shows the copyright
date as 1930 – a neat trick for a book not written until 1937 and not published
for the first time until 1938! Someone with only the Del-Rey paperback
might incorrectly conclude that all of ERB’s Nazi-Zani references were
an amazing bit of prophetic writing!
Some of the things ERB parodies, such as the Nazi greeting,
salute and marching style, were well-known when he wrote the story. However
he is indeed prophetic, in Chapter
10, "The Prison of Death," in which he describes the horrors of
Zani imprisonment and torture, and even includes a furnace where the bodies
of the slain prisoners are cremated. Though the Nazi persecution of the
Jews and others was well under way, in ever-escalating phases in the 30s,
the death camps and furnaces were a thing yet in the future when ERB wrote
Assigned to prison staff duty, Carson
was given a tour by a Zani guard who showed him an imprisoned doctor whose
crime was that he had alleviated the agony of an Atorian who was dying
of an incurable disease. “Can you imagine?” asked the guard.
Carson’s reply was far over the head of the guard’s discerning
abilities: “I am afraid that my imagination is permanently incapacitated.
There are things that transcend the limits of a normal imagination. Today
you have shown me such things.”
Carson of Venus: ERBzine Bibliography series
Carson of Venus: Pulp covers in the ERBzine
Articles on Amtor
Carson of Venus: Read the e-Text edition in
*** As the years passed, and more about
the murderous Nazi regime became known, ERB took other shots at them, and
in particular at Hitler. On Jan. 8, 1942, in a “Laugh It Off” column,
"THE YANKS ARE COMING! That war cry brought hope to our
embattled allies 24 years ago. As it rings out again today, it brings hope
to the whole world of human beings -- which does not include Hitler and
"It has been reported that when
Adolf is thwarted he flies into a hysterical rage, throws himself on the
floor and chews the edge of the rug. After he heard the President's promise
of 60,000 planes, 45,000 tanks, and 8,000,000 tons of shipping this year
and about twice as many next year, the nazis had to refurnish the room
(Almost sounds like something he could have written about
The Laugh It Off columns:
*** "Tarzan and a Daring Rescue,"
a Whitman Big Little Book, is one of those items that is so rare
you seldom see it, and when you do see it, it has a rather high price!
It was copyrighted Jan. 8, 1938, the same date as the first "Carson" installment
in "Argosy," and was a Pan-Am Motor Oil giveaway.
But if you don't have it, you can see the cover as well
as the covers of many other Tarzan BLBs in ERBzine:
Big Little Book Cover Gallery
...and the inside is 31 illustrations and story adapted
from the Rex Maxon strip, "The Return of Tarzan," and you can see
ALL the Maxon panels in ERBzine:
The Return of Tarzan: The Rex Maxon adaptation in
*** "Across the Everglades,"
by Gray Morrow and Don Kraar, began in newspapers Jan. 8, 1984, and ran
for 12 weeks.
Across the Everglades: 12 Tarzan Sunday pages by Morrow
Boys Clubs: Boy Scouts and ERB's Tribe of Tarzan &
Tarzan Clan ~ Return of Tarzan: New Story and 1st. Edition
Back to the Stone Age: JCB DJ art and paperbacks
~ Roof of the World: Gray Morrow Tarzan Strip
*** In the world of ERB, there's the BSA of Van and the BSA
The Van was the Van Nuys News in Southern California,
which carried ERB's byline for several days in late August and early September
of 1928, when it printed a series of articles he had written about the
history of the BSA -- the Boy Scouts of America.
The Von was Willhelm Von Horst, hero of ERB's
late 1930s BSA story -- "Back to the Stone Age."
When it first appeared in print on Jan. 9, 1937, the
latter story was unknowable by the BSA initials, however, since its first
title was "Seven Worlds to Conquer." That was the title used by
when it serialized the account over six issues of the
pulp magazine. Emmett Watson did the colour cover for the first
issue and Samuel Cahan provided a black and white interior for each
Von Horst had been aboard the dirigible, the O-220,
in which Tarzan and others had flown through the polar opening to the Earth's
core, to rescue David Innes from a dungeon in Korsar. Much of the crew
had become temporarily lost in Pellucidar in that story, "Tarzan at
the Earth's Core," but all -- with the exception of Von Horst -- eventually
found their way back to the ship.
BSA detailed the stranded Von Horst's adventures in fighting
his way through peril after peril while winning the heart of the spunky
ERB had actually taken the name of
the dirigible from his valley phone number.
The ERB / Boy Scouts Connection
Back to the Stone Age: ERBzine's C.H.A.S.E.R.
info page on the story
Back to the Stone Age: Read the entire text
quick summary of the book
*** Thomas Metcalf was a lot
harder to please than most ERB fans. When ERB submitted his manuscript
for a story he titled
"The Ape-Man" to Metcalf, the editor of "The
All-Story" wrote back with a load of criticism, starting with the fact
that he didn't like the way the story started! And it seems he didn't like
much else either.
Fans, though, have always found much to like about the
story, which was retitled as "The Return of Tarzan" when it was
eventually published by Metcalf's rival, "New Story." One of the
things I personally liked was the part where Tarzan and the Waziri follow
the marauding Arabs and start picking the enemy off one by one. Metcalf,
however, found that to be "tedious."
After ERB wrote his Jan. 9, 1913,
cover letter to "My dear Mr. Metcalf," along with the manuscript, only
to receive a wad of Metcalf's picky comments in return, ERB dropped the
niceties and addressed his next letter, simply, "Dear Metcalf." And that
should have proven to Metcalf that ERB was, indeed, a great writer, with
the ability to get his point across even with the shortest of salutations!
The Return of Tarzan: History ~ Art ~ e-Text
The Burroughs / Metcalfe Letter Exchanges
*** "The Roof of the World,"
by Gray Morrow and Allan Gross, began in newspapers Jan. 9, 2000,
and ran for 16 Sundays.
The Roof of the World: 16 Tarzan Sunday pages by Morrow
Tarzan Escapes: 1935 Film, Adapted to BLBs,
Weissmuller and O'Sullivan Photos, Title Shot, Lost Vampire Scene
John Carter and the Giant of Mars BLB ~ Man
Mountain Dean: Wrestler, US Tank Corps
*** Back on Nov. 6, 1935, the MGM film "Tarzan Escapes"
was released. Two months later, on Jan. 10, 1936, The
Little Book version of the story was copyrighted. Read the Big
Little Book version
Tarzan Escapes: ERBzine Silver Screen
Tarzan Escapes: Adapted to a Big Little Book
*** Some of the Big Little Books,
were abridged versions of ERB stories, and some, such as "Tarzan in
the Land of Giant Apes" and "Tarzan and the Journey of Terror,"
were based on Dell comic stories. Five were based directly on movies. In
addition to "Tarzan Escapes," there was "Tarzan
the Fearless," "Tarzan
of the Screen," "New Adventures of Tarzan" and "Tarzan's
Tarzan the Fearless: Big Little Book adaptation keyed
onto the web by Bill Hillman
Tarzan of the Screen: Big Little Book adaptation
keyed onto the web by Bill Hillman
All about Tarzan (and John Carter) Big Little Books
My how things have changed! Back then, after a film played
for maybe three or four days at the local theater, you never saw it again.
And after you and your friends had read all of your comics until the covers
and middle pages were missing, it would have been nice to find a BLB that
reprinted the comic story. Today, with old movies on TV and the internet
and DVD copies we can watch just about any movie any time we want -- including
"Tarzan Escapes." It's nice to be so spoiled!
*** For his Jan. 10, 1942, "Laugh It
Off" column, ERB made a note about Man Mountain Dean: "Appropriate:
Man Mountain Dean, the 280 pound wrestler, has enlisted in the tank corps.
I have met a lot of chaps on Oahu who could qualify for the tank corps,
though not necessarily on the strength of avoirdupois." Man Mountain
Dean served both in World Wars I and II.
ERB's "Laugh It Off" columns:
Mountain Dean in Wikipedia
Sue-On (my Dejah) and I Celebrating my Birthday on
Barsoom: Thomas Yeates art ~ Return of Tarzan:
Monroe DJ art, Africa Map ~ Monster Men: St.
John Art ~ Tarzana Logo ~ Maxon and Celardo Tarzan Strips
*** Not everyone keeps track
of exactly what day they acquired each ERB book, but Bill Hillman is one
who did. "Until the ACE, Ballantine, and Canaveral
editions flooded the market in the '60s, finding these titles was a major
accomplishment for a kid," said Bill. "With
blissful ignorance, I lovingly entered my name, address and date of purchase
into each book as it fell into my hands."
Two of those dates are Jan. 11, for "The Return of
Tarzan," the 1950s G&D edition, in 1955, and, for "The
Monster Men," the old G&D, in 1958.
The books received on this date were
very special -- they were both birthday presents. The '55 present was unforgetable
as described in ERBzine
6263 We were going through a bit of a stressful time in January
'55 since my grandfather, John Campbell, had just been hospitalized
in serious condition. I sought solace in reading my birthday gift -- a
really exciting Tarzan tale. Curled up on the chesterfield with our pet
cat on my lap, I had reached Chapter XXV: "Through the Forest Primeval,"
when my mom answered the phone. The news was not good -- Grampa had just
died. Mom screamed -- I leaped up and the cat fell from my lap. As the
cat fell, her claws ripped a gash across a page in my new ERB book. I still
have the book and every time I reach page 295 the memories of that day
come rushing back.
List of ERB books in the order I found them (early
years) - Bill Hillman
The Return of Tarzan: ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Biblio
The Monster Men: ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Biblio info
William G. Hillman: A Burroughs Biblio-Pro-Phile
My Return to Tarzan 1955
*** We all know that ERB tried a
variety of occupations before he finally succeeded as a writer, but he
also continued to explore and sometimes try various other occupations after
he became a professional writer, as well. Once, ERB announced that he was
ready to start his own transit system, to be known as The Tarzana Stage
Line. It was on Jan. 11, 1923, when the L.A. Times ran the story
about the "Laird of Tarzana" filing an application with the city.
"I have no desire to go into the
stage line business," he said, "but I am interested in obtaining stage
service across San Fernando Valley. The existing stage line buses go like
h--l, are always crowded, and give no local service, so I thought I'd start
a stage line myself."
Was ERB serious? He was no doubt serious about wanting
stage service, but perhaps, in filing his application, he was not that
serious about starting such a company himself, but more than likely was
lighting a fire under the existing company by raising the specter of competition.
The story states that he would withdraw his application if the existing
company worked out some way of providing the service he desired.
We can imagine that something was
worked out. And so, when ERB gatherings take place in the Tarzana neighborhood
-- alas -- there will be no opportunities for ERB fans to pose for photos
in front of a vintage motor coach with the name "Tarzana" on it.
LA Times Story on ERB
*** "The Revolt of the Beasts,"
by Rex Maxon and Don Garden, began Jan. 11, 1943, in daily newspapers and
ran for 58 days.
The Revolt of the Beasts: 58 daily Tarzan strips by
Maxon and Garden
*** "Tarzan and the Ghost"
by John Celardo and Dick Van Buren, began Jan. 11, 1954, in daily newspapers
and ran for 34 days.
Tarzan and the Ghost: 34 daily strips by Celardo and
Ron Ely TV Tarzan and Guests: The Supremes ~ Joan
Burroughs: Collage of Family Photos
Tarzan Battling Germans in WWI in Tarzan the Untamed:
Book and Comics ~ Korak Sunday Page: Russ Manning
*** The Supremes didn't sing "Baby Love" and they
didn't do the "Baby Elephant Walk" when they played three nuns on an episode
of Ron Ely's TV "Tarzan" on Jan. 12 in 1968. As nuns, though, they
paddled their canoe while singing "Michael, Row the Boat Ashore." That
one didn't make it onto their album of "The Supremes Greatest Hits." They
played three nuns who had come to a native village to set up a hospital
and became unwitting pawns in a struggle between the village chief and
a scheming land developer.
See the summary of this Episode and dates and summaries
of the entire Ely Tarzan series at ERB-TV:
ERB-TV Tarzan Summaries
*** On Jan. 12, 1908, the history
of Joan Burroughs
(pronounced Jo-Anne by the Burroughs family) began as she was born to Ed
and Emma at Chicago's Park Avenue Hospital. From the ERB
Bio Timeline: "Ed dotes on new baby: Joan is
a son-of-gun, she is THE BOSS of the ranch. She is spoiled, ruined curdled.
But what do we care. We are proud of it."
Just what Joan thought the first time she got a glimpse
of her father hasn't been recorded. However, on another Jan. 12, in 1942,
ERB described himself in unflattering terms. Writing in his "Laugh It
Off" column, he said, "I had my picture taken
the other day for my press pass. If Chief Gabrielson or the FBI ever sees
it, I'll be wearing horizontal stripes. They are all that it lacks."
Joan Burroughs Bio in ERBzine
ERB Bio Timeline
*** In the same column, ERB wrote:
is reported that Nazi morale is going -- probably to join their morals,
which have always been gone."
Yes, ERB had reason to be a bit miffed at some Germans,
and the onset of World War II didn't help matters. Many years earlier,
he had written a brief article about his book-writing career and several
newspapers had run it, including "The Tacoma News Tribune" on Jan.
Among other things, ERB wrote in that article: "In
Germany he (Tarzan) aroused the jealousy of a publisher because of his
popularity, and this good sportsman dug up a story that I had written during
the heat of anti-German propaganda in this country following the sinking
of the Lusitania. He had a book written and published, telling all about
the two horrible creatures, Tarzan of the apes and Edgar Rice Burroughs;
and he distributed it so effectively that the German press made Tarzan
an issue, lambasting him editorially and advising all good Germans to throw
their Tarzan books into the garbage cans -- which they did."
The German issue cropped up periodically during ERB's
career. On another Jan. 12, in 1928, he "...expresses
bewilderment to his publisher that his name is not in Publishers' Weekly
list of the ten most popular authors in America. By all reports, his book
sales are among the three highest in the country. He attributes this rejection
to the snobbishness of the literary intelligentsia and the German furor
against some of his books."
The ERB/German Incident
The News Tribune Article:
*** "Korak and the Elephant Girls,"
by Russ Manning, began Jan. 12, 1969, and ran
for 20 Sundays.
Korak and the Elephant Girls: 20 Weekly Sunday Pages
Edgar Rice Burroughs photos from WWII: Oldest WWII
Press Correspondent ~ Painting by son John Coleman
Tennis with Burnsides and Hully ~ Canteen ~ Press
Briefing ~ New Caledonia
*** ERB's "Laugh It Off" column would continue to
run in the "Honolulu Star Bulletin" through Jan. 28, 1942. Here's
some of what he wrote on Jan. 13:
"These," said a man finishing a
midnight snack during blackout, "must be a new brand of sardines. They
had a different flavor." His wife turned her flashlight on the empty can.
"That was canned dog food, you sap," she said. "You have eaten Fifi's breakfast."
A young seaman
was bending over his work below deck on the morning of December 7 when
something hit him in the seat of his pants. He wheeled around and swung
a haymaker for the chin of the fresh guy, only to find that there was no
one there. Then he felt around and pulled a shell fragment out of his trousers.
It had come in through an open porthole.
From a letter signed only "Sylvia":
reason the war is 'running out' on you, is that you live at a hotel where
there are flunkies to do the blackout and air raid shelter work." Sister,
we ain't got any air raid shelters; and the flunkies are so busy laying
out our evening clothes and putting studs in our dress shirts that they
haven't had time to dig 'em.
Sylvia also says that some of us
guys who have been released from guard duty and have nothing to do should
volunteer to dig shelters for defense workers who are employed all day
long. That is a sound suggestion, and I am sure that the proper authorities
would receive generous response from men physically able to do this work.
Sylvia again: "I
don't suppose that you resemble Tarzan: but if you can play tennis, you
can dig." If you could see my tennis dear, you might change your mind.
Furthermore, I dug my quota of ditches in Arizona for the commanding officer
of the 7th cavalry, probably before Sylvia's father was born; and I ain’t
digging no more ditches. However, if anyone wants to dig a ditch, I'll
loan him a shovel and help him grunt.
The Laugh It Off Columns:
*** Speaking of ERB's tennis, in
a letter a few days before the Jan. 13 column, ERB had written to daughter
Joan and said, "Hulbert and I manage to get in from
three to five sets of tennis every day. It helps to keep us in condition.
are usually Cecil Burnside, whose husband is a submarine commander, and
'Duke' Wylie (sic), a Mainland business man stranded here like myself.”
The photo accompanying this post shows
the foursome of, from left, Hulbert, Willey (Wylie), Deedee "Cecil" Burnside,
and ERB. From the photos sent to me to share in ERBzine.
Rare Wartime Photos from the Deedee (Cecil) Burnside
The World War II history book, "Silent
Victory," by Clay Blair Jr., mentions Cecil’s husband several
times. Lt. Commander John L. "Johnny" Burnside was skipper of the USS Saury,
SS-189, a Sargo-class submarine named for the long-beaked relative of the
flying fish, found in the temperate regions of the Atlantic.
The Saury was in Manila when Pearl
Harbor was attacked and immediately began the first of three patrols under
Burnside. A patrol could last from one to two months, on average.
The Saury seemed to be out of luck
in engaging the enemy, its orders taking it to areas where action may have
been anticipated but didn't materialize. On a couple of occasions, when
the Saury did have an opportunity to fire torpedoes at Japanese destroyers,
it missed. That may not have been the Saury's fault. The book notes: "The
war had shown some deficiencies in U.S. submarines. The most serious...were
torpedo problems. It was now clear that the Mark XIV was running deeper
than set and that the magnetic exploder was not always reliable. The H.O.B.
engines had not borne the test of combat well; those boats with H.O.B engines
would ultimately receive Wintons or Fairbanks-Morses as replacements."
[Burnside's Saury was one of those with the less than efficient engines.]
The Saury under Burnside did have
some close calls, when it had to dodge depth charges from Japanese destroyers.
Eventually Burnside was moved to surface
ships and the Saury assigned to someone else. With its upgraded power,
it went on to sink several ships and win seven battle stars.
Cecil was spared the loss of her husband in combat. Unfortunately,
however, he contracted Hodgkin's disease, spent most of the rest of the
war in hospitals, and passed away on Oct. 9, 1946, more than a year after
the war ended.
ERB Poem, Article and Colourized Photo featured in
ERBzine ~ Tarzan and the Golden Lion: James Pierce
Tarzan Radio Show: Starring Jim and Joan as Tarzan
and Jane ~ Tarzan the Fearless: Film, Strips, BLB
*** James Pierce said his one outing as the ape-man
in "Tarzan and the Golden Lion" helped to kill his film career,
since he had been typecast. He almost got a chance to be in another Tarzan
film, though. On Jan. 14, 1929, ERB inked a contract with two moviemakers
-- G. Walter Shumway and Jack C. Nelson, for a new film to be titled "Tarzan
the Fearless." ERB made sure that the contract specified that Pierce,
who had become his son-in-law, would get the title role.
However, along came Sol Lessor
in 1932. Lessor bought out the contract and gained the right to cast whomever
he wanted. Pierce had apparently put on a few pounds and had less-toned
muscles, so Lessor wasn't anxious to use him. He gave him a perfunctory
screen test, though, and then said to Pierce, "Don't call us. We'll call
you. And by the way, don't call yourself Tarzan." (or something like that...)
But, like John Carter, Pierce could say "I still live,"
as he lived on... playing Tarzan on many radio episodes.
*** Through the years I've collected thousands of radio
shows from '20s-'60s. My first acquisition were 77 episodes of their 1932
Tarzan series. In 1972, when Sue-On and I met the Pierces in Tarzana they
said that they hadn't heard these shows for decades. When we returned home
to Canada I sent them tape reel copies of the shows. Some time later I
was surprised to receive a huge box of Burroughs edition books and dust
jackets from Tarzana. They've become favourite items in my ERB collection.
Listen to my 77 Tarzan Radio Shows starring Jim Pierce
and Joan Burroughs.
Tarzan and the Golden Lion: Silent film starring James
Tarzan the Fearless: ERBzine Silver Screen entry
*** "Tarzan the Fearless"
isn't near the top of many fans' lists of favorite Tarzan stories, but
it has had a remarkable number of encores in various formats. It was originally
a 12-chapter serial,
released in 1933, but the first four episodes were edited into a movie
with the same title.
Read the serial's Chapter One script
that I've keyed into my ERBzine pages to share with readers. "Tarzan
the Fearless" has also been available as a Big Little Book by Whitman,
featuring stills from the film; a magazine-size paperback by L.W. Currey,
Inc., and VHS and DVDs by any number of companies with a variety of sleeve
and clamshell art.
The Maxon comic story in the Currey book includes
Dr. Brooks and his daughter Mary, characters from the movie-serial, but
also uses characters with other names and different settings.
Tarzan the Fearless: Serial
Tarzan the Fearless: Serial Script for Ch. One
Tarzan the Fearless: Big Little Book
Tarzan the Fearless: 96 Daily comic strip adaptation
by Rex Maxon
*** At least one of Tarzan's adventures
was never printed in the official canon, but found its way into print,
instead, via "Rob
Wagner's Script," the magazine for which ERB is well-known for having
written several short detective mysteries.
But Tarzan himself made his appearance in "Script" on
Jan. 14, 1939, in a story titled "Even Apes Fight For It." The story
was not identified as a Tarzan story, but began with a peaceful jungle
scene featuring an ape tribe and such other Tarzan novel characters as
Tantor, Numa and Usha. The head ape, Um-Gah, goes on a rampage and a "jungle
lord" arrives to stop him. Near the end of the story it is revealed that
this jungle man is Tarzan himself. And then there's another surprise revelation
-- which explains why the story was written in the first place!
"Even Apes Fight For It" in Script Magazine
*** With a few books already under
his belt, ERB broke into new territory on Jan. 14, 1914, when he finally
saw some of his poetry published. "The Chicago Tribune" did the
honors with "Nay, It Hath Not Gone" which carried the byline of
Nay, It Hath Not Gone: Poem by ERB
NAY, IT HATH NOT
Poems by ERB
This and other poems from ERBzine's 1996 ERB Poetry collation
were reprinted in the book ERB Tells All (without Danton
VISIT THE PHOTO ALBUM FOR JANUARY WEEK TWO
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