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Volume 1462
EDGAR RICE BURROUGHS / HUGO GERNSBACK CONNECTION
Part I: Intro and Bio

Two great pioneers of American Science Fiction
Two ERB stories were featured in SF publishing giant Hugo Gernsback's Amazing Stories magazine -- "Extravagant Fiction Today...Cold Fact Tomorrow." A story that had been first serialized in Blue Book magazine in 1918 and published in hardcover in 1924 by A.C. McClurg as The Land That Time Forgot was reprinted in three parts in the February-April 1927 Amazing Stories issues as: "The Land That Time Forgot," "The People That Time Forgot," and "Out of Time's Abyss."
Amazing: February 1927 - Land That Time ForgotAmazing - March 1927 - The People That Time ForgotAmazing - April 1927 - Out of Time's Abyss
The first and only issue of the Amazing Stories Annual in 1927 featured the entire story of The Master Mind Of Mars.
Amazing:  July 1927 Annual - Mastermind of Mars
THE MASTER MIND OF MARS
Being a Tale of Weird and 
Wonderful Happenings on the Red Planet
by Edgar Rice Burroughs
Amazing Annual - Vol. 1 - No. 1
July 1927 ~ 50 cents
Experimenter Publishing Co., NY
Frank R. Paul Illustrations are featured at:
http://www.erbzine.com/mag8/0875.html

First Edition Hardcover:
A.C. McClurg & Co.
March 10, 1928 ~ 312 pages 
J. Allen St. John Illustrations at:
http://www.erbzine.com/mag4/0427.html
Doubleday Ed. Illustrations: Frank Frazetta
http://www.erbzine.com/mag8/0876.html

J. Allen St. John: Master Mind of Mars - 5 interiors
The novel was released in hardcover book edition by A. C. McClurg a year later.

The Master Mind of Mars as it appeared in the Amazing Annual was reprinted by Vern Coriell's House of Greystoke in 1977. Coriell emphasized the important ERB/Gernsback connection in his introduction:

Reprint Introductions by Vern Coriell:
"This first issue of Amazing Stories Annual (and only issue) was published in June 1927. It contained 125 numbered pages, 48 of which were devoted to the Burroughs novel, The Master Mind of Mars. That Gernsback was very impressed to have ERB in his magazine is evident by the way he waxed enthusiastically about the author and his story on the title page, in the preface, and on page 7 where the story began. On the cover, the name Edgar Rice Burroughs is almost equal in size to the name of the magazine itself and is the only author whose name appears there. . . which is unusual considering that A. Merritt, Austin Hall, and H. G. Wells also had stories in the issue. The cover illustrates a scene found on page 10 picturing Ras Thavas, Vad Varo, Valla Dia and Xaxa: "He now . . . withdrew the liquid from the veins of the beautiful corpse. . ."

The Master Mind of Mars according to ERB's working note book, was written from June 8 to November 16, 1925. It was ERB's 48th story and his 6th Martian novel. The author's original titles for the yarn were: 1. A Weird Adventure On Mars; 2. Vad Varo of Barsoom. The famed editor, Hugo Gernsback, purchased first publication rights and featured the story in the first and only issue of Amazing Stories Annual in 1927. The magazine proved to be so successful that it continued as a quarterly . . . certainly the Burroughs story contributed greatly to that success.  The cover and illustrations were by Frank R. Paul, the Dean of Scientification Illustrators.

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Amazing Annual Introductions by Gernsback:
Edgar Rice Burroughs has written many interesting stories, but we believe, for downright originality and exciting interest, "The Master Mind of Mars" is hard to equal. There is hardly a page that does not hold your interest. Once the story gets under way, hair-raising episodes seem to tumble right over each other --- they come so quickly.

Besides this, the science is excellent and no matter how strangely the tale reads, it always, somehow or other, seems to have an element of truth in it.

If you are a Burroughs fan -- and you probably are -- this new story by the well-known author will not fail to impress and stir you to the roots. Here is another of his Martian stories, entirely new, packed chockfull of adventure and excellent science. In this theme, Burroughs has hit upon a new idea, which he exploits throughout the story in a truly masterful and expert manner. Nor is your interest allowed to lag for a single paragraph, for Edgar Rice Burroughs knows how to keep you guessing. You will not rest easy until you have finished reading the story. It is one of this favorite author's best.

~ Hugo Gernsback

HUGO GERNSBACK
Recognized by many as being the Father of Science Fiction

Hugo Gernsbacher was born in Luxembourg on August 16, 1884. As a child in the 1890s he became fascinated by electricity when a handyman at his father's winery showed him how to hook up a battery, wire, and a bell to make the bell ring. This inspired him to pursue a technical education in telephone and electrical communications equipment, and before long young Gernsback was making money by installing door buzzers and intercoms to neighbors' homes. During their school years both Edgar Rice Burroughs and Hugo Gernsback discovered a book that would have a profound influence on each of these SF pioneers for the rest of their lives: astronomer Percival Lowell's book, Mars As the Abode of Life. This book started Gernsback on a lifelong quest in which he speculated on the nature of life and civilization on Mars.
Lowell's Mars ~ Click for larger image
He learned English at a Brussels boarding school, which allowed him to pore over the writings of Mark Twain and stories of the American West. His voracious reading of works by American authors fueled his dreams of travelling to the New World. After three years of studying electrical engineering at Technikum University in Bingen, Germany, he realized his dream in 1904 by imigrating to New York.

December 28, 1915
His avid interest in electricity, radio and inventions led him to form the Electro Importing Company and by 1906 he was marketing the Telimco Wireless Telegraph for $8.50 - an invention that is considered to be the very first home radio set.  In 1908 the Electro company catalogue that offered radio equipment by mail order evolved into his first magazine, Modern Electrics. It is believed that the term "television" first appeared in the December 1909 issue of Modern Electrics in Gernsback's article: "Television and the Telephot."
Television and the Telephot
In 1911, the same year that Burroughs wrote his first novel, A Princess of Mars, Gernsback serialized his novel, Ralph 124C41+: A Romance of the Year 2660, a gadget tale that revealed his overriding interest in science fiction as a vehicle of prediction. It is considered by many to be the first pure science fiction novel. The story met with great success so Gernsback continued to publish science fiction in his magazine  featuring many scientific adventures of the fictional Baron Munchausen. Realizing that speculative fiction with an emphasis on science needed a special name he coined the term "science fiction" when his own preferred term "scientification" was ignored (Forrest J. Ackerman is reputed to have come up with the term "sci-fi").

He went on to publish a long line of groundbreaking magazines. In 1913 he began Electrical Experimenter, which became the famous Science and Invention in 1919, and in 1920 he began Radio News -- a reflection of interest in this new invention. This was followed by Practical Electrics, Radio Review, Wonder Stories, and a host of others that ran into the 1960s (see the Gernsback Bibliography)

How to Make a Double Tesla CoilJanuary 1933 - Paul Cover
As publisher of Modern Electrics and Electrical Experimenter he drew the attention of such scientists as Guglielmo Marconi, Robert Goddard,  Reginald Fessenden, Thomas Edison, and ERB's inspiration of 20 years earlier, Nikola Tesla, the mastermind of electricity. At every chance he bombarded them with ideas from his boundless imagination. His all-consuming passion was the development of radio-related devices but he had many other grandeous schemes and predictions most of which he wrote about with accompanying illustrations in his magazines:
Gernsback's apparatus for landing flying machines ~ Application filed May 20, 1918The Phonosone for the Deaf EarSea-Going Ferris Wheel
Despite his progressiveness. . . perhaps because of it . . . he was very skeptical of pseudo-scientific and mystical devices, superstition, psychics and astrology. Although not all of his ideas came to fruition or proved to be feasible, his enthusiastic predictions, speculations, and suggestions certainly inspired many future scientists and fiction writers. Some of his predictions that actually did come to pass include:
He was in awe of Tesla's genius, whose ideas he viewed as the salvation of mankind. He even commissioned to have a death mask made following the scientist's death. He then published photos of the mask in Practical Electronics and kept the memento in a revered spot in his office. The mask is now in the Tesla Museum in Belgrade.

His later magazine publishing ventures included: Radio Craft -- the first radio magazine in the world, Radio-Electronics, and Amazing Stories for which he edited 37 issues from April 1926 until 1929 with the motto, "Extravagant Fiction Today...Cold Fact Tomorrow." The first issues featured reprints of stories by Edgar Rice Burroughs, H. G. Wells, Jules Verne, Edgar Allen Poe, and  lesser-knowns such as A.A. Merritt and Ray Cummings.  Gernsback Publications' most popular artist was Frank Rudolph Paul, whose technologically futuristic creations were perfect fit for the covers of these scientific magazines. From 1913 to well into the '30s Paul was assigned the art on hundreds of covers and interiors. Paul's art is well represented in the bibliography section of this article.


By early 1929, Gernsback's Experimenter Publishing company had grown into a profitable million-dollar enterprise. Amazing Stories alone was selling 100,000 copies per month, with some issues soaring to 200,000. Gernsback and his staff were paid well with Hugo himself getting a weekly salary of $1,045; his brother Sydney Gernsback, the company's treasurer, received $750 a week. Gernsback usually paid authors only half a cent per word, which was what many other pulp publishers of that time were also paying but this policy created some complaints because there was no place else for his "science fiction" authors to go. In 1929 the Great Depression sent his Experimenter Publishing Company into bankruptcy and forced the sale of his publishing empire and radio station.

He then founded the Stellar Publishing Corporation and started his second publishing empire with Science Wonder Stories and Air Wonder Stories followed by Amazing Detective Tales. Gernsback's success with SF stories opened the floodgates and competitors were quick to notice and respond: Astounding Stories, Miracle Stories, Scoops, Planet Stories, Startling Stories, and more followed, including popular characters such as ERB's creations, Buck Rogers and Flash Gordon in story, comics, and film.

Throughout his life he went on to publish many a wide variety of other magazine titles, including three issues of the early science fiction comic Superworld Comics in 1939, Sexology and in 1953 his last magazine, Science Fiction Plus. His Radio-Electronics Magazine celebrated 50 years of publication in 1958.
Grand Duchess Charlotte of LuxemburgIn 1953 he was awarded the  "Officer of the Oaken Crown" by Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxemburg. Gernsback had married three times: Rose Harvey in 1906 (one daughter, Madelon and one son, Marcellus Harvey Gernsback, survived by his widow Carol Ann Gernsback), Bertha in 1921 (two children, Joselyn and Bertina) and Mary Hancher in 1951 (no children). In recognition of his contribution to the world of science fiction the annual awards presented to the best in science fiction bear his name: Hugo. He was awarded a special Hugo in 1960. He is a member of the Science Fiction Hall of Fame, as well as the Consumer Electronics Association's Hall of Fame. He is noted for having sponsored the SF League, one of the first fan organizations. Hugo's papers were donated to Syracuse University. A few personal items were sent to the Consulate of Luxemborg in 2006 when they named a street in his name.  A postage stamp was also done at that time.

 

Commemorative Stamp
Luxembourg
HUGOS
Forrest Ackerman Hugo Collection
& Gernsback Photo at Ackermansion
Luxembourg Medal of the Order of the Oak Crown
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Those who had the good fortune to meet Hugo Gernsback were impressed by the energy, cultivation and flair of this tireless crusader for science and imaginative thinking. He owned a vast collection of shirts and ties from Sulka and Charvet, used a toilet water of splendid fragrance and wore suits tailored in Rome and Bond Street. He was an art collector, a world traveller and a connoisseur of champagnes and fine wines. He spoke German, French, English and the patios of Luxembourg with equal facility and authority. The interests of this complex man were mirrored in the plethora of magazine publications he produced:
 

Hugo Gernsback Obituary
From the New York Times Sunday, August 20, 1967
Hugo Gernsback Is Dead at 83:
Author, Publisher and Inventor
'Father of Modern Science Fiction' Predicted Radar - Beamed TV in '28

   Hugo Gernsback, an inventor, author, editor, and publisher who has been called the father of modern science fiction, died yesterday at Roosevelt Hospital. He was 83 years old and lived at 263 West End Avenue.

Mr. Gernsback described radar 35 years before communications experts bounced a radar signal off the moon in 1946 and sponsored New York's first television broadcasts in 1928. Although described by some as a sensation-seeker - Life magazine once called him the "Barnum of the space age" - the debonair Mr. Gernsback was honored by the radio industry in 1953 in recognition of his "first 50 years of inspiring leadership in radio-electronic art."

At his death Mr. Gernsback held 80 scientific patents. He was editor in chief of the monthly magazine Radio-Electronics and editor in chief and publisher of the magazine Sexology and its Spanish edition, Luz; chairman of the board of Gernsback Publications, Inc.; and president of the Sexology Corporation and of Sexologia Magazine, Inc. Since 1908, he had initiated the publication of more than 50 periodicals, ranging through humor, economics, photography, aviation, and crime detection.

One To Foresee For All

In Ralph 124C 41+, a novel he wrote and serialized in 1911, Mr. Gernsback described what he and colleagues subsequently classified as radar, the direction finder, space travel, germicidal rays, micro-film, two-way television, night baseball, tape records, artificial silk and wool, stainless steel, magnesium as a structural material, and flourescent lighting. He also described the wireless transmission of power and electronic weather control, which are yet to be realized.

Mr. Gernsback was born in Luxembourg, the son of a vintner. He studied science at the Ecole Industrielle there and at the Technikum in Bingen, Germany. In 1904 he came here to exploit his invention of an improved dry battery and founded the Electric Importing Company, which he described as the world's first radio supply house. Mr. Gernsback established his first magazine, Modern Electrics, in 1908. Since then he had published The Electrical Experimenter, Radio Amateur News, Science and Invention (a successor to Electrical Experimenter), and Practical Electrics (later called the Experimenter).

In 1925 he founded radio station WRNY here and three years later, with the help of Pilot Radio Corporation engineers, started television broadcasts. The images - barely larger than postage stamps - were picked up on crude scanners owned by 2,000 amateurs in the New York area. Among Mr. Gernsback's inventions were the Hypnobioscope, for "sleep-learning," and the Osophone, an early bone conductor hearing aid.

In 1927 he began publishing Amazing Stories, one of the first magazines devoted entirely to science fiction. In that year he also established the first of a number of biological-sexological magazines, Your Body.

Surviving are his widow, the former Mary Hancher; three children of two earlier marriages, Harvey Gernsback of North Plainfield, N. J., Mrs. Bertina Baer of New York, and Mrs. Jocelyn Neichin of Monsey, N. Y.; seven grandchildren and a great-grandchild. Mr. Gernsback's family said yesterday that his body would be given to the Cornell University Medical School for scientific purposes.

Continued in ERBzine 1463


WEB REFS
Electrical Experimenter Larger Cover Images
Science and Invention Larger Cover Images
PulpWorld.com
The Man Who Invented the Future by Michael A. Banks
Magazine Art
Theme song from Empire of the Air
Air Wonder Stories Covers and Contents
Hugo Gernsback Papers at Syracuse University Library
Magazines Published by Hugo Gernsback
Consumer Electronics Hall of Fame
Frank Paul Gallery
Tales of Future Past
David Szondy Links
A good selection of Gernsback's writings are featured in:
Hugo Gernsback's Forecast Science Fiction E-zine
"The Electronic Patient"
"The Great Paradox"
"Can Computers Think?"
"Voice From the Future"
"Ralph 124C 41+" Chap. 3
Ultimate World in 12 Chapters
Plus much more in the Back Issues Section

Our thanks to Carol Ann Gernsback, 
widow of Hugo Gernsback's son, Marcellus Harvey Gernsback,
for updated biographical information. 

The Edgar Rice Burroughs / Hugo Gernsback Connection
 Connection 1: Intro & Bio
2. Bibliography & Themes
3. Gernsback Clippings
4. Hugo's Annual Forecasts
Paul Art for Master Mind
Gernsback Publications
Cover Art Galleries
Master Mind C.H.A.S.E.R.
1. Electrical Experimenter
2. Science and Invention I
3. Science and Invention II
4. Miscellaneous Covers



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