First and Only Weekly Webzine Devoted to the Life and Works of Edgar Rice Burroughs
Volume 1285
Remarkable Summer of '93
A Docu-Novel by Bill Hillman

Chapter 11
Appendix and Web References

Summer 1893 
Notes & Photos
The Adventures of 
Edgar Rice Burroughs
As Interpreted by
Bill Hillman

Electric Trolley CarElectricity BuildingTransportation Building
Public Comfort Building

Algerian Theater  $0.25  Austrian Village  $0.25 
Balloon Ascension  2.00  Bernese Alps Panorama  0.50 
Blarney Castle  0.35  Chinese Theater  0.50 
Dahomey Village  0.25  Donegal Castle  0.25 
Eiffel Tower  0.25  Electric Scenic Theater  0.25 
Ferris Wheel  0.50  German Village  0.50 
Hagenback's Menagerie  0.50  Hungarian Orpheum  0.25 
Ice Railway  0.25  International Costume  0.25 
Javanese Village  0.50  Kilauea Panorama  0.50 
Lapland Village  0.25  Lecture Hall  0.25 
Libbey Glass Works  0.10  Log Cabin  0.10 
Moorish Palace  0.45  Natatorium  0.50 
Persian Theater  0.50  Sliding Railway  0.10 
South Seas Islanders  0.25  St. Peter's Model  0.25 
Street in Cairo (all features)  1.10  Turkish Village (all features)  1.00 
Venice-Murano Exhibit  0.25 

Algerian Theater  Algerian and Tunisian village, museum 
Austrian Village  reproduction of old Vienna 
Balloon Ascension  as described, 1,500 ft. ascension above site
Bernese Alps Panorama  as described 
Blarney Castle  as described, with a Blarney stone to kiss 
Brazil Concert Hall  music hall and restaurant 
Chinese Theater  Chinese village and theater 
Dahomey Village  Dahomey villagers in native pursuits 
Diamond Match Company  advertising only 
Donegal Castle  Irish village and castle replica, featuring Irish industries and customs 
East India Bazaar  for sale of East Indian goods 
Eiffel Tower  as described, in miniature 
Electric Scenic Theater  landscapes and other scenes under changing colored lights, some used lighting effects to show changing light as the day passes 
Ferris Wheel carried passengers 250 feet up for 2 revolutions 
French Cider Press  for sale of cider 
German Village  exhibit, museum, and concert garden 
Hagenback's Menagerie  animal show and circus 
Hungarian Orpheum  restaurant and music hall combined, music by Gypsy band 
Ice Railway  as described 
International Dress & Costume  40-50 native women of various nations modeling expensive gowns 
Japanese Village  for sale of Japanese goods only 
Java Lunch Room  restaurant, for pure Java coffee 
Javanese Village  theater and other attractions 
Johore Village  as described 
Kilauea Panorama  Showed the Kilauea volcano. 
Lapland Village  Laplanders, reindeer, hair workers, circus ring featured 
Lecture Hall  examination of the science of animal locomotion 
Libbey Glass Works  demonstration of glass molding and glass blowing and a free, custom glass souvenir for the price of admission 
Log Cabin  structures of 1776, with restaurant 
Model Workingman's Home  as described 
Moorish Palace  restaurant, museum, and theaters 
Natatorium  with Vienna restaurant, as described 
Nursery Exhibit  as described 
Persian Theater  restaurant, museum, and theater 
Sliding Railway  as described 
South Seas Islanders  village and theater 
St. Peter's Model  as described 
Street in Cairo (all features)  theater, Egyptian temple, tombs, and Sudanese huts 
Turkish Village (all features)  mosque, bazaar, Persian tent, theater, Bedouin camp, and restaurant 
Venice-Murano Exhibit  glassware exhibit 
Vienna Cafe  restaurant 

Reference: Interactive Guide to the World Columbian Exposition

Electricity Building Ground Floor Plan

Electricity Building Gallery Floor Plan

1890 Morrison 2nd Electric Car Known

William Morrison of Des Moines, IO built the second electric car in North America in 1890, an 8-seater, and produced electric cars commercially until 1896. Morrison was reputedly a quiet, mysterious man. He was educated in a Scottish university and by the time he arrived in Iowa he had become a vegetarian, a chemist and a man intensely interested in electricity. The creation of an automobile was of little concern to him in building this vehicle; rather, he wished to prove the worth of his storage batteries.

In the summer of 1890 Morrison began installing batteries in a surrey-type, high-wheel carriage. It was a stock model with fringed canopy top and three rows of cushioned seats able to accommodate 12 passengers. A set of eight batteries was placed under each seat. The power was applied through a modified Siemens armature geared direct to the right rear wheel. Around 2-1/2 h.p., sufficient to drive the carriage 6 to 7 mph, could be developed. The vehicle ran on the streets of Des Moines in September 1890 and in 1891 was given to the American Battery Company of Chicago for demonstration purposes. 

Harold Sturgis, secretary of the Chicago concern, showed the carriage extensively and it became the most widely known self-propelled vehicle in America. In 1895 Sturgis installed a different motor in Morrison's electric and entered it in the Times-Herald race.

Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show ~ San Francisco 1902

James W. Ellsworth
Submitted by Randall Ellsworth

The James W. Ellsworth Collection (WCE/JWE), held in the Chicago Public Library's Special Collections & Preservation Division, contains a wide variety of records relating to one of the most significant events in Chicago history, the World's Columbian Exposition (WCE) of 1893. The collection consists primarily of incoming and outgoing correspondence generated by James W. Ellsworth, a member of the WCE Board of Directors. Additionally, the collection includes WCE departmental reports and correspondence and ephemeral items such as tickets, invitations and programs that Ellsworth collected during his involvement with the Exposition. Together, these materials document the 1893 World's Fair from its planning stages in the late 1880's to its conclusion in 1893, and the subsequent development of the South Parks and the Field Columbian Museum.James W. Ellsworth, a successful businessman with dealings both in Chicago and New York, was initially reluctant to participate in the development of a World's Fair in Chicago. After he learned that the planners of the Fair envisioned an international exposition rather than a localized "county fair," Ellsworth directed all his energies toward the successful development of the "Dream City." James Ellsworth's contributions to the Exposition ranged from working with the nation's railroad companies to raise capital, purchasing the Lorenzo Lotto portrait of Columbus, participating on the WCE Board of Directors and the Committees on Liberal Arts and Music, and securing the loan of great European artwork for display in the Exposition's Palace of Fine Arts (now the Museum of Science and Industry).

But, just prior to that, in 1891, another significant mark of Chicago's coming-of-age in culture and wealth was the arrival of the its first Gutenberg Bible. It was the second copy of the Gutenberg Bible to reach American shores, and James W. Ellsworth bought it at auction for $14,800. One wonders if it was that acquisition more than anything else which propelled Ellsworth to be elected the first president of The Caxton Club when it was founded in 1895. Did that make him first among equals? (The Ellsworth copy of the Bible is now at Princeton University Library).
Daniel Burnham's ideas for the lakefront reflected his belief, developed by the fair, in the value of thinking big. Working with his associate Charles Atwood, who had been responsible for the Fine Arts Building and numerous other structures at the fair, Burnham combined a new design for the Lake Park with a plan to link it to Jackson Park. Encouraging Burnham was businessman James W. Ellsworth, who had been on the fair's Board of Directors. Ellsworth was currently head of the South Parks Commission, which included Jackson Park and, by 1901, the newly named Grant Park. During the spring of 1896, Burnham shared some of his ideas with Ellsworth and his fellow commissioners. In July he invited Ellsworth, several commissioners, Mayor George Swift, and others to his office for a formal presentation. This was followed by more meetings and then an after-dinner speech on October 10 in Ellsworth's home. This occasion was attended by such luminaries as Marshall Field and George Pullman, and it was reported on the front page of the Chicago Tribune the next day.

On October 12 the paper published an editorial praising the scale of Burnham's proposals, the "taste and skill" of their conception, and the "eloquent manner" with which he advanced them. The Tribune also commended Burnham's "public spirit and undaunted faith in the future of Chicago." Like the fair, the Tribune said, this new plan demonstrated Burnham's "originality, daring, and genius," which were so aptly representative of Chicago, though the editorial ended on a more cautious note in advising that "this grand scheme involves so much work, thought, money, and originality that it should not be entered upon with haste." The City Council soon passed an ordinance entrusting the lakefront and improvements to the South Park commissioners, but Ellsworth stated that nothing could be done until the state legislature authorized funding. Burnham continued to press his plan in talks before other organizations, among these the Commercial and Merchants Clubs.

Web Refs
History of Early Electric Cars
History of Electric Vehicles
Oak ParkBurroughs Bio: Drives First Electric in Chicago
Intro to Electric Vehicles
Famous Iowans: William Morrison
Energy Timeline
Electric Vehicles
 History and Directory of Electric Cars
EV History
Gasoline Can on Wheels
Morrison-Sturgis & Bio
Electric Cars Online: Morrison
100 Antique Auto Colour Prints
Early Electric Vehicles
Morrison Carriage: Victorian Gaming
Auto Ins. History
Kingwood College Library
The Big Race
Automotive News
Fairgrounds Map
Simulation of the Chicago 1893 Expo
e-Text of Eugen Sandow Books
Stereoscope & Stereograph by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Smithsonian Institute Stereoviews
World's Fair Web Book
The Lost Leaf Photo Collection
Earth Station Nine
Biography of America: The New City
World's First Infomercial
New City Links
At The World's Fair-from the diary of Isak Isakson
At The Fair
A New Science at the Fair: Anthropology
1893 Stereoviews
Unleashing the Beast: Late Victorian England
The History Bank
Fair of 1893
Expo Map: clickable
Astrocartography of Tesla
Worlds Fair Views
Fair Influences
World's Columbian Exposition
X Marks the Spot: Chicago Gang Wars
George Ferris
Web Book of the Fair
Photos of the Fair
Floor Plans to the Major Exposition Buildings
Bird's Eye View
Midway Concessions
World Fair 1893
Chicagology 1893 Fair
Chicago Vintage Post Cards
Snake River Gold Field Stereoviews
Professor Jastrow's Three Dimensional Illusions
Stereograph Introduction
Tesla: Master of Lightning ~ PBS
Nikola Tesla Museum
Tesla's Death Ray
Nikola Tesla Links
Fair Map & Site
Midway Dancers NY 1901
Fatima's Coochie Coochie Dance
History of Edison Motion Pictures
Large clickable Bird's Eye View Map
Chicago 1893: Midway Plaisance
Tierpark Hagenbeck
Just the ArtiFACTS
Scenes from the 1893 World's Fair
Links: World's Fairs and Expositions
The Woman's Exhibit
Some of the colour images used in this feature courtesy of

 Chicago World's Fair of 1893: World's Columbian Exposition by Norman  Bolotin & Christine Laing.
Washington, DC: The Preservation Press, 1992.
Two Little Pilgrims' Progress: A Story of the City Beautiful by Frances Hodgson Burnett.
NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1895
Sweet Clover: A Romance of the White City  by Clara Burnham.
NY: Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1894.
Letters from an Altrurian Traveler 1893-94 by W. D. Howells
Gainesville, FL: Scholar's Facsimiles & Reprints, 1961.
Education of Henry Adams by Henry Adams
Massachusetts Historical Society, 1918.
Traveling (to the Fair) with a Reformer by Mark Twain
Cosmopolitan 16  ~December 1893
Coast Gun L 33 ~ Krupp Pavilion, World's Fair by Martha Foote Crow
Cosmopolitan 16 (December 1893).
The Master Key, by L. Frank Baum
Only A Hobo: Edgar Rice Burroughs On the Road to Salvation by R. E. Prindle
ERBzine 1328 etc.
Further Reading on the site


Stanley Applebaum, The Chicago World's Fair of 1893: A Photographic Record
Reid Badger, The Great American Fair: The World's Columbian Exposition and American Culture
H.W. Brands, The Reckless Decade: America in the 1890s
Stephen Fjellman, Vinyl Leaves: Walt Disney World and America
Rossiter Johnson, A History of the World's Columbian Exposition Held in Chicago in 1893, Volume I
Miles Orvell, The Real Thing: Imitation and Authenticity in American Culture, 1880-1940
Alan Trachtenberg, The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Gilded Age.

In addition, there are a number of online investigations
which touch on subjects closely related to the World's Columbian Exposition.

    Chicago Architecture Foundation
     Chicago Historical Society
     Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry
     Theodore Dreiser, Sister Carrie
     Tuomi J. Forrest, Clean, Green, Machine: Philadelphia's Fairmount Water Works, 1800-1860
     The Internet 1996 World Exposition: A World's Fair for the Information Age
     Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives
     The World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 and Victorian America: A Humanities Time Capsule

Adams, Henry. The Education of Henry Adams. Massachusetts Historical Society, 1918.
Adams, Henry. The Letters of Henry Adams. Vol. IV: 1892-1899. ed. J.C. Levenson, Ernest Samuels, Charles Vandersee, Viola Hopkins Winner.
Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1982.
Adams, Judith. "The Promotion of New Technology Through Fun and Spectacle". Journal of American Culture. 18:45-55, Summer 1995.
A Letter to a Farmer's Wife from a World's Fair Hotel (broadside), Mary Haydon, Family Dormitory Hotel. Chicago: 1893.
Applebaum, Stanley. The Chicago World's Fair of 1893: A Photographic Record. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1890.
Badger, Reid. The Great American Fair: The World's Columbian Exposition and American Culture. Chicago: Nelson Hall, 1979.
Beer, Thomas. The Mauve Decade: American Life at the End of the Nineteenth Century. NY: Knopf, 1926.
Bogdan, Robert. Freak Show: Presenting Human Oddities for Amusement and Profit. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.
Bolotin, Norman and Christine Laing. The Chicago World's Fair of 1893: The World's Columbian Exposition. Washington, DC: The Preservation Press, 1992.
Brown, Julie K. Contesting Images: Photography and the World's Columbian Exposition. Tuscon: The University of Arizona Press, 1994.
Buck, Lillie West Brown. Amy Leslie at the Fair. Chicago: W.B. Conkey Co., 1893.
Burnett, Frances Hodgson. Two Little Pilgrims' Progress: A Story of the City Beautiful. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1895.
Burnham, Clara Louise Root. Sweet Clover: A Romance of the White City. NY: Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1894.
Burnham, D.H. Final Official Report of the Division of Works of the World's Columbian Exposition. Vols. 1-8. NY: Garland Publishing, 1989.
Cawelti, John G. "America On Display: The World's Fairs of 1876, 1893, 1933" in The Age of Industrialism in America: Essays in Social Structure and
Cultural Values. Jaher, Frederic Cople, ed. NY: The Free Press, 1968.
The Century, 1893.
Columbian Art Company. The Artistic Guide to Chicago and the World's Columbian Exposition, Illustrated. Chicago: R.S. Peale Co., 1891.
The Cosmopolitan, 1893.
Craig, Lois. The Federal Presence: Architecture, Politics, and Symbols in United States Government Buildings. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press,1978.
Curti, Merle. "America at the World's Fairs, 1851-1893." The American Historical Review 55:833-856 (July 1950).
Eggleston, R. Beverly. Four Days at Chicago: Descriptive and Historical. Richmond, VA, 1901.
Faulkner, Harold U. Politics, Reform, and Expansion: 1890-1900. NY: Harper & Brothers, 1959.
Findling, John E. Chicago's Great World's Fair. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994.
Fjellman, Stephen M. Vinyl Leaves: Walt Disney World and America. Boulder: Westview Press, 1992.
Flinn, John J. The Best Things to be Seen at the World's Fair. Chicago: The Columbian Guide Company, 1893.
Gale, Robert L. The Gay 90s in America: A Cultural Dictionary of the 1890s. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Gilbert, James. "A Contest of Cultures". History Today. 42: 33-39 (July 1992).
Greenhalgh, Paul. Ephemeral Vistas: The Expositions Universelles, Great Exhibitions and World's Fairs, 1851-1939. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988.
Hales, Peter B. Constructing the Fair: Platinum Photographs by C.D. Arnold of the World's Columbian Exposition. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1893.
Harper's Monthly 1890-1894
Harris, Neil. "Great American Fairs and American Cities: The Role of Chicago's Columbian Exposition." in Cultural Excursions: Marketing Appetites and Cultural Tastes in Modern America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
Hawthorne, Julian. Humors of the Fair. Chicago: E.A. Weeks, 1893.
Historical Dictionary of World's Fairs and Expositions, 1851-1988. Findling, John E. and Kimberly D. Pelle, eds. NY: Greenwood Press, 1990.
Howells, W.D. Letters of an Altrurian Traveller, 1893-94. Gainesville, FL: Scholar's Facsimiles & Reprints, 1961.
Ives, Halsey C. World's Columbian Exposition Official Catalogue--Fine Arts Part X. Chicago: W.B. Gonkey Co., 1893.
Johnson, Rossiter. A History of the World's Columbian Exposition Held in Chicago in 1893. Vols. 1-4. NY: D. Appleton & Co., 1897.
The London Times, 1893..
Miller, Donald M. "The White City". American Heritage. 44:71-87 (July/August 1993).
Muccigrosso, Robert. Celebrating the New World: Chicago's Columbian Exposition of 1893. Chicago: I.R. Dee, 1993.
The Nation 1890-1894
Naylor, Robert Anderton. Across the Atlantic. London: The Roxburgh Press, 1893.
Orvell, Miles. The Real Thing: Imitation and Authenticity in American Culture, 1880-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.
Patton, Phil. "'Sell the Cookstove if Necessary, but Come to the Fair'". Smithsonian 24:38-50 (June 1993).
Ralph, Julian. Harper's Chicago and the World's Fair. NY: Harper & Bros. Publishers, 1892.
Rydell, Robert W. All the World's A Fair: Visions of Empire at American International Expositions, 1876-1916. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.
Benedict, Burton. "Rituals of Representations: Ethnic Stereotypes and Colonized Peoples at World's Fairs."
Gilbert, James. "World's Fairs as Historical Events."
Nye, David E. "Electrifying Expositions, 1880-1939."
Yengoyan, Aram A. "Culture, Ideology and World's Fairs: Colonizer and Colonized in Comparative Perspectives." in
Rydell, Robert W. and Nancy Guinn, eds. Fair Representations. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1994.
Schlereth, Thomas. Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1875-1915. NY: Harper Collins, 1991.
Schwantes, Carlos A. Coxey's Army: An American Odyssey. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.
The Book of the Fairs: Materials About World's Fairs, 1834-1916, in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries. Chicago: American Library Association, 1992.
The Dream City: A Portfolio of Photographic Views of the World's Columbian Exposition. 1893
The "Time Saver" Chicago: W.E. Hamilton, 1893.
Trachtenberg, Alan. The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Gilded Age. NY: Hill & Wang, 1982.
Wilson, William H. The City Beautiful Movement. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.
Wyckoff, Walter A. The Workers: An Experiment in Reality: The West. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1898.
Ziff, Larzer. The American 1890s: Life and Times of a Lost Generation. NY: The Viking Press, 1966.
See the Trailer at:

Narrated by Gene Wilder, EXPO - Magic of the White City
explores the world of 1893 through a cinematic visit to Chicago's Columbian Exposition.
Many of the world's greatest achievements in art, architecture, science, technology and culture are unveiled there.

Filmed in High-Definition, EXPO - Magic of the White City immerses viewers in
one of the world’s biggest extravaganzas and one of the most    unforgettable events in American history.
There will never be another event like it...or will there?

For ordering information see:

Remarkable Summer of '93
A Docu-Novel by Bill Hillman
Ch. I: Welcome to Chicago's
Columbian Exposition
Ch. 2: Invasion of the 
Boys from Orchard Lake
Ch. 3: Grand Adventure
Strange New Worlds
Ch. 4: Magic City
The White City
StereoViews: Chicago
StereoViews: Buildings
StereoViews: Exhibits I
StereoViews: Exhibits II
Ch. 5: Midway Adventure I
The Great Wheel
Ch. 6: Midway Adventure II
Exotic Lands
Ch. 7; Master Mind of 
The World of Tomorrow
Ch. 8
Ed and His Electric Flyer
StereoViews: Midway
StereoViews: Peep Shows
StereoViews: Ed's Tour I
StereoViews: Ed's Tour II
. . .
Ch. 9
Complete All-Text Version
Ch. 10
Sister Jessie's Notebook
Ch. 11
Web Refs & Appendix
PART II: Time Shift Adventure
Back to ERB's Tarzana Ranch
Ed's Tour III
StereoViews from ERB Library
Souvenirs | Tours: IV | V | VI
Back To Tarzana: All Text

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