Erbzine.com Homepage
Official Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
Since 1996 ~ Over 10,000 Web Pages in Archive
Volume 3563

MANGANI GRAMMAR III

by Jairo Uparella
An Detailed Expansion of the Mangani-Ape/English Language
Created by Edgar Rice Burroughs in his Series of Tarzan Books
View the alternate WORD file HERE
MANGANI GRAMMAR LESSON 21
Adjectives and Past Participles
Adjectives and Past Participles are formed by adding the suffix ď-zeĒ at the end of the word,
which can be a verb or a noun.
Adjectives are words that describe or modify nouns in the sentence.
In some cases Past Participles can be used as an adjective if necessary,
which can modify a noun to give it better description of the noun in the sentence.
Past Participles are used to form Present perfect tense.
da-eta-ze Tarmangani
strong man, fortified man,revived man
t`nate-ze Tarmangani
old man
fee`ta-ze Tarmangani
stupid man
ta-ze Tarmangani
tall man
van-do-ze Tarmangani
good man
kewa lu-ze
have annoyed, be angry
lu-ze Tarmangani
annoyed man, angry man
kewa litu-ze
have thinned
litu-ze Tarmangani
thin man
kewa t`da-eta-ze
have disappointed
t`da-eta-ze Tarmangani
disappointed man
kewa ugla-ze
have hated
ugla-ze Tarmangani
hated man

MANGANI GRAMMAR LESSON 22
Adjectives - Colors
Colors are adjectives that also describe or modify nouns in the sentence.
Noun
Adjective
Meaning
bal
gold
bal-ze
patu-ze-zor-bal
painted in gold
ga
red
ga-ze
patu-ze-zor-ga
painted in red
go
black
go-ze
patu-ze-zor-go
painted in black
go-eta
gray
go-eta-ze
patu-ze-zor-go-eta
painted in gray
id
silver
id-ze
patu-ze-zor-id
painted in silver
m`wa
blue
míwa-ze
patu-ze-zor-míwa
painted in blue
mal
yellow
mal-ze
patu-ze-zor-mal
painted in yellow
m`go
maroon
mígo-ze
patu-ze-zor-m`go
painted in maroon
tar
white
tar-ze
patu-ze-zor-tar
painted in white
to
purple
to-ze
patu-ze-zor-to
painted in purple
wa
green
wa-ze
patu-ze-zor-wa
painted in green
gal
orange
gal-ze
patu-ze-zor-gal
painted in orange

Examples:

wob kalo yud rand ul nala
that cow is behind the house
wob go-ze kalo yud rand ul wala
that black cow is behind the house
wob go-ze kalo yud rand ul wa-ze wala
that black cow is behind the green house
wala patu-ze-zor-wa
a house painted in green

The Mangani word ďkewaĒ (have, own, must, have to, there is, and there are)
can describe that something or someone exists.

kewa mako nala ul dan
there is a mark on the stone
kewa ga-ze mako nala ul dan
there is a red mark on the stone
kewa ga-ze mako nala ul zu-ze dan
there is a red mark on the big stone
kewa mako patu-ze-zor ga
there is a mark painted in red
kewa arad patu-ze zor mal
(I) have a spear painted in yellow
kewa mal-ze arad
(I) have a yellow spear
kewa patu-ze mako zor ga
(I) have painted the mark in red

MANGANI GRAMMAR Message 23
Adverbs
As in any language, an adverb modifies an adjective and a verb.
An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree.
They answer questions such as "how," "when," "where," how much/many".
In Mangani, some common words, adjectives, nouns or verbs, are used as adverbs.
Some adverbs are:
eho-nala
adv. place.
top
gugu
adv. place.
in front of
nala
adv. place.
above
wur
adv. place.
far
yel
adv. place.
here
eta
adv. qual.
almost
man
adv. qual.
great
t`eho
adv. qual.
little
a`g
adv. time.
early
ara
adv. time.
now
eho-dan
adv. time.
always
ral
adv. time.
often
rand
adv. time.
ago
o-kota-do
adv. way.
slow
o-usha-do
adv. way.
soon
van
adv. way.
well

Examples:

yud eho-nala Tantor
be on Tantor
yud eho-nala ul Tantor
be on Tantor
yud eho-nala ul rand ul Tantor
be on the Tantorís back
ara, yud eho-nala ul rand ul Tantor
now, (he) is on the Tantorís back
Níkima eho-dan gogo et po
N´kima always says what to eat
eho-dan, Níkima gogo et po 
always, Níkima says what to eat.
ral gogo et po, et ud
often says what to eat and drink
eho-dan kor o-usha-do
(I) (he) (They) always walk(s) slowly
yud man eho-gogo-ah
be great news
wob yud man eho-gogo-ah
those are great news


MANGANI GRAMMAR Message 24
Prepositions
preposition connects nouns and phrases to other words in the sentence,
and generally indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of the words.

Common Mangani Prepositions

ha
to, towards
gugu
before
unk
with
keen
against
ul
of, from
zor
in, at
wee
between, among
t'ha
up to
bi
for, to, in order to
t'unk
without
nala
on, about, over
rand
after

Examples:

kor ha wala
walk to the house
unk-aba gugu ho-ma
arrive before the children
gogo unk akuto
speak with the teacher
tígogo keen gund
donít speak against the chief
yud ul lul-amba
come from the waterfalls
yud zor ho-den
be in the forest
yud wee ho-abalu
be among brothers
o-t`ja tíunk tíha aíg
just wait up to dawn
yud yel bi ema unk
be here for her order
yud-rand tíunk jabo
be back without shield
gogo nala Tarmangani
speak about the man
unk-zut rand emo bubalu
go out after my son


MANGANI GRAMMAR Message 25
Comparatives
We can use the comparative degree for comparing two things or comparing one to others.
Mangani donít use superlative.
et
what, that, than
o
seem
odo
seemÖcompared to
ag
more (suffix)
tío
not seem
tíodo
not seemÖcompared to

 
wo wala yud zu
this house is big
wo wala yud zu-ag
this house is bigger
Tantor yud zuvo-ag-et Níkima
Tantor is stronger than Níkima
wo wala yud zu-ag et wob wala
this nest is bigger than that one
Níkima tío zu
Níkima doesnít seem strong
Níkima tíodo zu-ag et Tantor
Níkima doesnít seem stronger than Tantor
t'o kewa rand-ze
(it) doesn't seem to be back
t'o kewa eho-hane
(it) doesnít seem to have much work
yud o ta o emo abalu
be as tall as my brother
kewa eho-hane o abalu
(I) have much work to do as my brother
t'o kewa eho-hane-ag
donít seem to have very much work
t'odo kewa eho-hane-ag et abalu 
donít seem to have very much work than him


MANGANI GRAMMAR LESSON 26
Nouns and Verbs
In Mangani language, nouns and verbs are almost the same words.
The context defines what the word means and the difference with others.
Some nouns come from the action as verbs.
However, some nouns can be different from verbs when the noun is a proper name.
aba
gain
to gain
akut-do
understanding
to understand
are
mending
to mend
ban 
permutation
to permute
buk
motion
to move
dane
charming
to seduce
geth
prognostic
to presage
gor
complain
to growl
jad
amazement
to amaze
lul
water
to wash
nga
gift
to give
ngoz
imagining
to dream
nyam
cure
to cure
olo
wrestling
to wrestle
pane 
wrapper
to wrap
pre
track
to step
rem
receiving
to catch
rota
happiness
to enjoy

Some words are composed by joining two or more words:

argo
fire
argo-do
burning
argo-do
to burn
argo-ah
to fire
nga
gift
ngaíkut
to teach
pane
cover
paneíta
to dress

MANGANI GRAMMAR Message 27
Synonyms
In Mangani you can find some synonyms, which are different words with almost identical or similar meanings.
ado
hane-gree
to absolve
fee`ta
gu-mado
to affect
akut-do
ande
to agree
gree`ta
yodo
to appreciate
der
knu-bi
to ask for
bundolo-eta
hut
to assail
unk
yad
to attend
meea
t`rota
to bear
kob
sok
to beat
ban-eta
unk-yud
to become
rem
shee
to catch
anfee
jen
to copulate
kree-gor
pan-lul
to cry
kree
lana-eta
to damage
da-eta
ugla
to dare
fad
fee`ta
to disturb
da-eta
olo
to encourage
bus
t`vulp
to evacuate
gugu
lot
to face
olo
ugla
to fight
amba
ry-eta
to incline
gun
nga-akut
to lead
are
hane-ah
to prepare
ja-eta
rem
to receive
ban
buk
to remove
amba
aro-t`nala
to throw down
ban-eta
renk
to turn
lul-do
ry
to wring



MANGANI GRAMMAR
by Jairo Uparella

Introduction
Lessons 1-10
Lessons 11-20
Lessons 21-27
Dictionary


BILL HILLMAN
Visit our thousands of other sites at:
BILL and SUE-ON HILLMAN ECLECTIC STUDIO
ERB Text, ERB Images and Tarzan® are ©Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc.- All Rights Reserved.
All Original Work ©1996-2011 by Bill Hillman and/or Contributing Authors/Owners
No part of this web site may be reproduced without permission from the respective owners.