Gulliver Jones on Barsoom? . . . Sure, why not?
After all, Arnoldís
Gulliver Jones and his trip to Mars is often touted as being the source
of John Carterís Barsoom.
The theory was propounded originally, I believe, by Richard Lupoff,
who turned in a fairly polished essay on the subject. Iím sure
you can find it somewhere, and I certainly recommend its reading.
For those purists, I also recommend Edwin Arnoldís novel, which can also
be found on the net.
For my own part, I remain unconvinced. Burroughs'
sourcing and inspirations are far too transparently the works of Percival
Lowell and other scientists of the age. It was the astronomers
who built up the vision of Mars as a formerly green and lush world now
deep in decay, its continents weathered flat, its seabeds drying, its life
ancient and clinging precariously to oasis, canals and ocean bottoms.
It was Percival Lowell who gave John Carter his amazing jumping ability,
and who gave Burroughs his fifteen foot giants, intelligent but inhuman,
and a decaying society fighting for its survival.
Itís true enough
that Arnoldís romance featured a dying decadent society, an alien princess,
a river of death, and barbarian invaders. But then again, rivers
which are receptacles for the spirits dead appear on Earth in the Nile
and the Ganges. Every adventurer seeks a princess and contends
with Barbarians. So, the case for Arnold, I find doubtful.
But what the hell. Even the allegation, whatever its merits,
has given Gulliver Jones a lease on life he would never have had, except
as a quasi-part of Burroughs Martian canon. Itís lead to fan
debates, new publications of his novel, and even a distinctly Burroughsian
Marvel comic series.
Most tellingly, in ĎThe League of Extraordinary Gentlemení, no less
than the great Alan Moore, sees fit to join these remarkable visitors to
Mars, having them link their forces in an assault against alien invaders.
Well, if Alan Moore says Gulliver Jones is on Barsoom with John Carter,
then its good enough for me. Thatís all but next to Edgar himself
rising from his sleep to wink at us.
But if we play this game, if we, as an intellectual conceit, accept
Gulliver Jones as a quasi-member of Burroughs Martian canon, then shouldnít
he be on Barsoom proper with John Carter, Ulysses Paxton, Tan Hadron, Ras
Thavas and the rest?
(I note that there is a ĎWold
Newtoní essay out there arguing that Ulysses Paxton is actually Gulliver
Jones, or something, but frankly, thatís a bit too far fetched for me).
But if Jones is on Barsoom, then the question arises, where the hell
At first, it seems that there is very little resemblance between Gullyís
Mars and Carterís Mars. Carterís Mars is a dry and forlorn
desert world. Gully, on the other hand, enters a world with
a sea, and with rivers and forests. Gullyís river of
death leads north, Carterís leads south. Carterís world has all sorts
of fierce many legged critters, Gullyís creatures seem less extraordinary.
On the surface, it seems that Arnold hasnít read his Lowell, and Burroughs
harsh desert Barsoom is a very different place than the gentler more idyllic
land Gully is familar with.
But that just means we have to be creative. And attentive.
All too often, creativity is a tender young thing of flexible morals, and
detail is the man with the cash. One gets the best out of the
other. So letís take a close look at Gullyís world....
Gulliver Jones comes to the northern hemisphere of Mars. All
right, thatís hardly controversial. But on the other hand, we donít
appreciate just how far into the northern hemisphere it actually is.
The glaciers of the north pole are only a few lacksadaiscal days journey
away from Seth, the last city of the Hither people.
Consider: Gulliver winds up on Mars, near the city of Seth,
where he meets and falls in love with the Princess Heru.
Seth appears to be on the shore of an opal sea, but it also borders a river
or two. The river is obviously draining into the sea.
The area is described as rich temperate forest land.
Once Heru is kidnapped by the Thither people who have sailed across
the sea. Gulliver sets out to rescue her. He gets
knocked out and knocked into the water for his troubles, landing on some
floating booty and drifting on the current, which appears to take him northwards.
Eventually, he makes his way to shore, finds a friendly village and procures
a boat. His attempts at sailing, however, lands him in the
river of death, which leads him to the glaciers. As nearly
as I can tell, this takes all of three days at most.
Now, it seems obvious that from the direction of the sea current, that
the sea is flowing north, and that the river of death flowing northward,
is actually draining from the sea itself. Saltwater tends to
be less prone to freezing than fresh water. So its likely that
the Ďriverí that abuts the glaciers is heavily salted, literally, it comes
with freeze protection. And in fact, its likely that the salt
water river may be the source of the erosion of the glacier that Gully
However, by odd circumstance, it appears that the glacier has melted
a bit, or gone through periods of melting and freezing, which occasionally
leaves the frozen dead exposed. Thereís a very odd climate phenomena
here that will demand attention.
Gully spends a night among the dead, finds a friendly scavenger, and
gets the hell out of there. He wanders along until he encounters
a friendly woodsman and spends the night with him. Thereafter,
he walks for, at most, a few more days until he comes to the land of the
Thither people. On land, he goes on foot, which means he can hardly
be traveling too fast. He is not mounted.
In other words, in something less than a week, perhaps as little as
four or five days, Gully has traveled all the way up from Seth, the Hither
city, to the Polar Glacier, and then back down south to the Thither lands,
where he learns that Heru is only two days ahead of him.
Now letís think about this. Gully is not traveling fast.
For several of his days, he is on foot, even when traveling by boat, he
isnít under sale, but simply paddling occasionally with the current..
He dawdles in the company of various people, he gets lost a couple of times,
taking the wrong path more than once. He takes the long way
In short, he canít possibly have traveled any great distance.
Nor, for that matter, can Heru have traveled all that far, although the
matter is more complex. While we might think that a relatively
straight line by boat should be much faster, sheís only two days ahead
of Gulliver. This suggests that her travel time by boat might
be as little as two or three days.
Well, letís speculate that its not a terribly big sea if it can be crossed
in two or three days. An ocean is right out of the question.
The likelihood is that it is likely a relatively small body of water.
And in fact, it might be even smaller than Heruís two or three day crossing
suggests. Thereís nothing to indicate that the Thither people
are particularly good sailors, or that the winds and currents favour them.
Thereís nothing to indicate that they pursued a direct route home, without
stops. Indeed, the situation seems quite the opposite.
A woman that Gulliver meets on an island has news of the Thither fleet
and its northern progress. So clearly, its not taking the direct
route, and its making a few stops along the way if its progress has become
common gossip. Itís quite possible that their route was only
marginally less circuitous and slow than Gulliverís own. Which
suggests a quite small sea after all.
There are a few other clues. Gulliver at one point
makes reference to the short Martian night. Well, we know that Martian
days are as long as Earth days, a half hour longer, even. So to call
the Martian night short is suggestive. Living up in the
northern latitudes, I can testify that in the summer, due to the angle
of the Earthís axis, days get very long and nights become very short, only
a few hours. Again, another suggestion that Gulliver is located
at extremely northern latitudes.
Gulliver observes fur bearing creatures, including an elklike animal,
and two ratlike monstrosities the size of elephants. Now, thereís
little enough to make of this under normal circumstances. But on
Barsoom, the only fur bearers inhabit the region of the poles.
And of course, the Ďopalí or whitish sea, suggests ice and frost, again,
implying that this area is near the poles.
All of this goes towards putting Gulliver in extreme northern reaches
of the planet, whatever planet he is on. All of this
seems to add up to a case of the Ďseaí and the Hither and Thither people
both being far in the northern hemisphere, just a short distance from the
glaciers of the north pole.
Assuming that Gully is travelling sixty miles a day (given that heís
mostly drifting with the current, or slogging along on foot thatís an incredible
rate of speed) he seems to make the edges of the polar cap in about four
days. Which puts it at roughly 240 miles away, call it 300 at most.
This is hardly a fast distance.
Now, letís stop for a moment, having exhausted this line of inquiry,
and turn to the people Gully encounters.
They are not Burroughs Red Martians, thatís for sure. For
one thing, these people are white, this is referred to a number of times.
They have startling purple eyes, some of them. Their hair is of varying
colours, brown is mentioned twice, and I think that there are blonds in
there as well. And, they have unusual mental powers, one person
teaches Gulliver the language through telepathy, another is able to use
his mental abilities to shield himself from lances. They are
an indolent and dying race, given to apathy, lazy and nonviolent, driven
to their last refuges by barbarians. Seth is the last,
or one of the last Hither cities. Across the sea, we see a
vanished Hither city, and learn that the Hither folk once ruled far and
Well, thatís pretty simple then... Theyíre Orovars.
Burroughs Orovars are a white race, with fair hair and features, now extinct
on much of Barsoom, but still remaining in a few decadent enclaves.
Most strikingly, the mental powers of some the Orovars that we see in Burroughs
are the most developed on all of Barsoom.
And the Thither people? Theyíre quite interesting.
The Thithers are red men, like Burroughs own red men. Both
John Carter and Gulliver Jones live in a Mars where the red race has supplanted
But these are not typical red men, not John Carterís red men.
Rather, Gulliver Jones makes constant reference to them being hairy shaggy
brutes. On Barsoom, only one race was known for its body and
facial hair, and that was the yellow Okar people.
This red race seems like a mixture of the red martians of John Carter,
and the hairy okar types. Interestingly, the Okarís survived
inside the north pole on Barsoom, so we might expect that possibly red
men of the northern latitudes in certain areas might share a disproportionate
mix of Okarian blood.
Interestingly, there is one passage where Gulliver Jones describes one
of his red men as yellow or yellowish. This is normally read
as perhaps a showing of superstitious fear, but it may also be a reference
to actual skin tones, in which case, we have another hint as to a mixture
of Red and Yellow men.
Once again, of course, the Thitherís ethnic make up suggests that we
are in the extreme north of Barsoom.
The species that Gulliver notes, on the surface, seem to have no resemblance
to plants or animals that John Carter encounters. On the other
hand, Gulliver seems more of a botanist than a naturalist.
Several times he gives detailed descriptions of alien plants of various
types but his descriptions of animals tend to be cursory at best, he never
goes into detail, merely preferring to call this an elk, that a deer, this
an ape and so forth. In only one case, describing a battle
between two elephant sized ratlike creatures, does he give us any description.
And its not much more than what Iíve just said.
So what is going on with Gulliver. Is he actually finding
mundane animals among these plants? Or is he actually shortchanging
his descriptions, describing the local animals in terms of creatures they
most resemble on Earth, and only with the elephant/rats being put to trouble?
Perhaps the Elk that tows him to shore actually has eight legs.
Gulliver doesnít say it does, but then, he doesnít say it doesnít.
So perhaps this ĎElkí is actually a semi-aquatic variety of Thoat.
And perhaps the black apes that he mentions are six limbed and not four,
and actually dwarf relatives of the great white apes. The rat-elephants
may be furred cousins to the Zitidars.
Gulliver frequently mentions the forests, but we should note that forested
areas are not unknown on Barsoom. There are still at least
two substantial forests left: Kaol and Invak.
But from this, we have two problems: If indeed Gulliver
is on Barsoom, why is his environment so clearly subtropical or temperate?
Heís three hundred miles from the polar glacier, why arenít the Thither
and Hither all freezing to death?
And of course, the second question is where precisely is he?
On a Barsoom where nations fly, where ravenous hordes plundered the very
limits of the world, how is it that even a small sea could have gone unnoticed?
Why are both the Hither and Thither so backwards, where are their flyers
and radium rifles?
The answers to these questions spring from the same sources:
Consider, both the Hither and Thither regions drain into a small sea,
which itself drains into rivers or canals which drain towards the polar
glaciers. However, a look at the topographic map tells us that
the polar zone is surrounded by seas. Normally, it should drain out,
For Gulliverís geography to work, it has to drain out from a relatively
higher elevation, to lower ancient seabed elevations that are still close
to the polar levels.
The Tharsis volcanic regions are the highest areas on Barsoom, and extend
far into the north, up to the sixtieth parallel. The two highest
Tharsis regions in that area, including the volcano, Alba Patera and Tempe
Terra, form a sort shallow midland or lowland cup between them.
Thus, we would have here a relatively sheltered area, constantly draining
the run off moisture from the sheer cliffs in the distance.
Moisture from the cliffs would collect into rivers, it would support forests
and plant life, and eventually collect into a small sea or large lake.
Eventually, of course, the lake would drain down into the ancient sea
beds, but up around the area between Tharsis and the poles, the sea beds
are at their shallowest. So you might well get a river that
reached the outer limits of the glaciers.
Such an area would be almost invisible to explorers, unless you knew
where to look. The Tharsis region would be impassible and fierce
for flyers and likely well avoided. It would be too far north
for the Green Men to visit habitually. And if the sea was salt,
then the river would be considered unuseable, being a salt river.
Worse than useless for Barsoomians seeking fresh water. There
would be little incentive for Barsoomians to seek the source of a useless
saltwater river, no matter how many frozen corpses floated down it.
And, we should note, that before John Carter, Barsoomians seemed to
show little inclination to explore. They might wander about
freely, but many Barsoomians showed a profound obliviousness to, and indifference
to, foreign lands. Even lands not too far removed from their own.
So its entirely likely that Barsoomians did not go out of their way to
wander into a region that had been previously judged poisonous, inhospitable,
dangerous and barren in order to see if, by some off chance, there was
still a garden of eden there.
And of course, there may be another reason. The Thern cult
of Iss may well have been active here. In fact, their presence of
a sacred river to the afterlife all but guarantees the presence of the
Therns. The Thern society may well have kept this last dwindling
refuge of Orovars a secret, seeing it as a northern reflection, perhaps,
of their own blessed valley and river. Certainly the Therns
are the one people who could have gone among the Hither and escaped notice.
The lack of technology and technical sophistication is unusual for Barsoom,
but not unheard of. The Manator kingdom, very nearly as remote,
also lacks flyers and radium rifles. But there are other oddly
archaic features of the Hither. They appear to be polytheists,
although we donít receive much detail. In addition to the ĎIss
Cultí faith of the river of death, there is also evidence of Sun (Tur?)
worship and allusion to multiple Gods. The Hither people are
undoubtedly an isolated leftover remnant living off of past glory and cut
off from the outside world by geography and by the Thither people, so its
not surprising that they are not up on modern Barsoomian technology.
And indeed, it seems likely that the hairy hybrid race of red men and
okars is itself, almost as isolated as the Hither, with similar religious
traditions and a similar lack of technology. The hybrids society,
like the Hithers, seem focused on the sea and its tributary rivers and
forests, with little interest in the inhospitable deserts beyond.
Now, on to the final and most important question:
Why is it so warm, so far north? The simplest reason
of all. Volcanism. Mars has cooled down substantially,
and the volcanoes are no longer highly active. But Tharsis was the
most active volcanic region on Earth, and the residual heat warms the bowel
shaped midland between its peaks, creating a warm temperate microclimate
in this isolated region.
It is remarkable, of course, but remember, Barsoom has other such hidden
micro-environments, from the Lost Seaís of Korus and Omean, to hidden valleys
and forests like Invak, Ghasta and Kamtol, to far more bizarre regions,
such as the Kaldaneís land, Bantoom.
Thus, the hidden lands of the Hither and Thither, with their forests,
rivers and small sea, and their relic white race, and their hybrid red
race, are not so unusual or abnormal as to be beyond the ranges of what
we have already seen on Barsoom. Rather, it is just one more
forgotten corner of the dying world.
And there you have it, weíve found Gulliver Jones upon Barsoom, sketched
out his home, and defined his stomping grounds. We hope youíve
There is another, slightly less satisfactory, but perhaps equally valid
explanation. Gulliver Jones may simply be further into the
past than John Carter. Itís been suggested by some that
John Carter did not only travel through space, but through time as well,
in reaching Barsoom. If this is correct, then the fate of Barsoom
is written, it will sometime after the Warlord, become our Mars.
Moorcockís Michael Kane ~ Bracketís
If our heroes travel through time as well as space, then it is quite
possible that they have different stops. Thus, Carter
travels back to the dying world. Gulliver travels back even
further to the twilight of the Orovars. In support of
this, we might consider Moorcockís Michael Kane, who definitely travels
into Mars past, as well as Bracketís Matt Carse, who also ventures into
the Martian past (though he gets to the planet itself by normal enough
Of course, the trouble with that theory is that John Carter does not
actually seem to travel into the past, his adventures on Barsoom appear
to be contemporary, and in fact, there is occasional real time communication
between Barsoom and Earth, as noted in the use of the Gridley Wave to chronicle
certain Barsoom adventures, and later in the Moon Maid. Barsoomians
even build a spaceship to reach Earth in the 21st century.
In short, in the Burroughs universe, Barsoom is contemporary with Earth.
And further, there seems little evidence for actual time travel in the
Burroughs universe, at best, there is a facility to access the memories
of ancestors or descendants through some line of reincarnation, but that
falls far short.
Nor is there any indication of time travel in Gulliver Jones.
When he commands the carpet, there are explicit orders as to locations,
but he makes no suggestion or hint relating to time, nor says anything
which can be construed as referring to time. There is
no evidence that the carpet has moved through time. Indeed,
quite the opposite, it appears that when the carpet returns him to Earth,
an equivalent period of time has passed since his departure.
This suggests that the Carpet remained in normal time throughout.
So, despite the examples of Matt
Carse and Michael Kane, and the speculations of fans, I would be inclined
to reject the Ďtime travelí theory.
And, as noted, if such a person as Allan
Moore chooses to unite the two.... Well, that settles it for
all other intents and purposes.
Refining the Opal
For the record, the most likely single spot for Gulliver's Opal Sea
is probably at Tempe Terra.
If you look on the maps, you'll see that the Tharsis uplift region in
the north has two distinct horns. One is Alba Patera, an immense
The other is Tempe Terra, which seems to be a rugged hill/highland area
marked by straight grooves (canals?) and apparent river structures.
The territory seems close to what Arnold describes for Gulliver.
Tempe Terra also forms a sort of bowl or crescent at its top, which
would form the shore of the opal sea. The downside is that it seems to
slope steadily. But even a shallow rise on the northern rim would
trap waters in a shallow sea or lake.
I suspect that the Opal Sea is a relatively shallow body of water less
than 100 feet deep, and quite likely, only dozens, or even a dozen feet
deep. It's probably more like Lake Chad, Lake Winnipeg or the Aral
Sea than it is like Lake Victoria, the Caspian or Black Sea, or the Great
The Opal Sea is almost certainly not a stable body of water. Left
to its own devices, it would have evaporated long ago. And in fact,
its likely simply a geological anomaly, a fragment of the polar ocean stranded
by a trick of topography when the rest of the ocean receded.
The Lost Sea of Korus is, in comparison, a stable body of water.
Its moisure is trapped by the Otz Mountain ranges which surround it, and
its waters are continually replenished by the Iss River.
In contrast, the Opal Sea has no ringing mountains to secure it, particularly
on its northern lee. So it should be in a constant state of drainage
Its existence comes from being constantly replenished by waters running
or drifting down from the edges of the Tharsis uplift.
Essentially, Tharsis, like a mountain range, is above the levels of
the moisure bearing clouds. So, when air is moving clouds along,
wind currents eventually bring them up against Tharsis, and they pile up
like rush hour traffic. The density of the clouds and the density
of the moisture in them increases, and eventually this precipitates as
rain or run off down the side of Tharsis in the form of mountain streams.
This is why, likely, some of the most fertile remaining regions of Barsoom,
like Bantoom or the Kaolian forest, are clustered around Tharsis.
Of course, as the water vapour in the atmosphere, or the water bearing
clouds slide up against Tharsis, they'll tend to move along its length,
sliding north or south. That's as long as there's a relatively straight
surface. If on the other hand, Tharsis geography cups or forms a
crescent or wedge, then you'll get a collection point for moisture far
more effective than we see. These geographical areas literally form
a kind of pocket or trap for moisture. Tempe Terra is one such area
where you would expect to see a lot of moisture getting trapped.
In addition to normal planetary moisure, Tempe Terra is also probably
collecting any moisture coming off the North Pole, one of the major repositories
of water left in the northern hemisphere.
So, as you can see, there'd be plenty of water continually flowing in
to sustain the Opal Sea, even though it must be losing its water at an
The Ice Valley
of the Dead
As a further thought, I'm not sure that the glacier full of corpses
that Gulliver encounters is actually at the north pole. There
are two problems. If we locate the Hither and Thither at the opposite
arms of Tempe Terra's shoreline crescent, then the North Pole ice cap still
seems too far away by some hundreds of miles, to match up with Gulliver's
journey. Secondly, the north polar cap is a glacial highland
surrounded by lowlands, so in order for it to work, the river of death
would have to flow upwards.
On reflection, I'm inclined instead to think that the Valley of Death
that Gulliver finds is actually a glacial outlier to the north pole, but
not actually part of the north pole ice. It's located on the sea
bed, so it may have actually begun as an ancient iceberg calving off the
pole, trapped in a lowland as the seas dried up. It's likely sustained
by cold polar area temperatures, remnant ice/sea water, by moisture leaching
off the north pole, and by waters from the river of death.
The sub-polar regions of Barsoom are probably spackled with these little
remnant outlier glaciers, much as some parts of the subpolar regions of
North America are.
The Cult of Iss
and the Therns
Oddly, in one of those 'stepping on your grave' moments, Gulliver actually
does contain a direct reference to Isis.
The moment comes when Gulliver and Heru are in a library, and she comes
across what she says is a book chronicling Earth's legendry, Isis is mentioned,
as is Phra (the Phoenician, immortal hero of an earlier Arnold book and
according to some, the inspiration for John Carter). The Phra bit
is obvious self referencing, and the Isis referred to is clearly an Earth
goddess. Nevertheless, if Earthly Gods and Heroes are known of on
Gulliver's Mars, then we might infer a borrowing or inspiration of names.
It's an odd little coincidence.
It's almost certain by the way, that the region has some sort of cosmological
significance to the Therns. For one thing, it is on almost exactly
the opposite side of the planet from Korus. For another, while the
Iss River drains into Korus, the River of Death drains out
of the Opal Sea. In short, in geographical terms, the Opal Sea would
appear to the Therns as a sort of exact reverse mirror image of their sacred
land. They would probably have some metaphysics on the subject.
And its likely that the Therns are aware of the Opal Sea. If they're
aware of Okar which is even more remote and inaccessible, it seems almost
certain that they'd be familiar with the region.
The Burning Star
In Gulliver Jones, the climax of the novel seems based around
a close encounter with a meteor or asteroid, which blazes through the atmosphere,
causing a ferocious heat wave and drought through the region, before withdrawing.
In astronomical terms, of course, that's pure rubbish. Asteroids
and even comets are relatively inert bodies. They don't heat things
up from a long way off. Indeed, while an asteroid or meteor's approach
might well heat things up, this would be for, at best, only minutes before
it hits. Gulliver's heat wave lasts for several days, even weeks,
drying out the region almost completely, and in fact, drying out underground
So, if we accept that physics in Gulliver's world has even the most
half-assed resemblance to our world, then clearly, Gulliver has completely
What's really going on? Two things. First, there is likely
a close approach of a comet. On Earth, Comets were considered evil
signs, harbingers of doom, and carried with it a lot of bad karma.
Gulliver's carrying on that baggage. And Mars, being closer to the
asteroid belt and more likely the victim of more frequent rockfalls from
the sky, probably has its own 'anti-comet' baggage. So, its
likely that the appearance of a comet in the sky is taken as a bad omen,
and everything bad that happens gets attributed to the comet.
The second thing is equally straightforward. Remember that the
Opal Sea and its peoples are in the extreme north, in a sub-arctic region.
They should be frozen solid. The reason that they are not is volcanic
warming, like Iceland in our own north, geological or volcanic heat is
making the area far warmer and more liveable than it should be.
Well, the thing with geological or volcanic heating is that occasionally
it gets a little unstable. Volcanoes occasionally heat up, sputter,
cough, or ratchet up the temperatures. So the heat wave that Gulliver
experiences, and the drought, are all attributable to a mild uptick in
volcanic activity, one which dries up the streams running down Tharsis,
and dries out the underground water.
The comet which happens to be appearing at the time is considered the
ill omen, and is blamed for the heat wave. But in reality, the heat
is rising up, not coming down.
A Final Odd Coincidence
This one does not involve Burroughs at all, but rather, myself.
Referring back to the Library scene, Gulliver persuades Princess Heru to
read him a bit of some treatise on philosophy, which she herself finds
stuffy and boring:
"....And from the midst of that natal
splendour, behind which was the Unknowable, the life came hitherward; from
the midst of that nucleus undescribed, undescribable, there issued presently
the primeval sigh that breathed the breath of life into all things.
And that sigh thrilled through the empty spaces of the illimitable: it
breathed the breath of promise over the frozen hills of the outside planets
where the night-frost had lasted without beginning: and the waters of ten
thousand nameless oceans, girding nameless planets, were stirred, trembling
into their depth. It crossed the illimitable spaces where the herding
aerolites swirl forever through space in the wake of careering world, and
all their whistling wings answered to it. It reverberated through the grey
wastes of vacuity, and crossed the dark oceans of the Outside, even to
the black shores of the eternal night beyond."
This seems a version of the 'let there be light' shtick of genesis.
But reading it, I found strange echoes of my own theories of Earth's life
force or biomagnetic field, sweeping outwards, transforming worlds in our
solar system and beyond, as expressed in essays ranging from the "Are
Barsoomians Human" to the "Secrets of Va-Nah" and "Eurobus
Of course, its all fluff and coincidence, sound and fury, signifying
nothing more than to imprint our own designs upon the void.
But interesting nevertheless, n'est ce pa?