First and Only Weekly Webzine Devoted to the Life and Works of Edgar Rice Burroughs
Since 1996 ~ 15,000 Web Pages in Archive

Over 1,200 Volumes
Collected From 1875 Through 1950
The surviving editions are held in trust in the archive of grandson Danton Burroughs
Collated and Researched by Bill Hillman
Shelf: B6

Frances Hodgson Burnett  1849 - 1924
Fauntleroy - June 1893,
Emma's book from Auntie Hempstead 1897, World's Fair stamped inside, Chicago, Emma graduated 1893 Brown school, and Plant Leaves inside, rotted, many notes written inside, Emma and Ed's writing. Danton will take to office for scans of inscribed pages.
Little Lord Fauntleroy 1892
Online eText:
Robin 1922: William Heinemann ~ First Edition
The Head of the House of Coombe
The Land of the Blue Flower
The Lost Prince 1915
The Shuttle1907
Sara Crew (Emma's book) 1891- Copyright, 1888, by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS ~ DRAWINGS BY REGINALD B. BIRCH.
A Little Princess

Great Maytham Hall Garden, Kent, England, 
provided the inspiration for The Secret Garden 

Online eText Editions List
A Lady of Quality by Frances Hodgson Burnett ~ 1896 ~ Charles Scribner Sons ~ NY:
Preface: Being A Most Curious, Hitherto Unknown History, as Related By Mr. Isaac Bickerstaff but not Presented to the World of Fashion through the Pages of  "THE TATTLER",  and Now For the FIRST TIME Written Down". Inside the Front Cover, at the Very Fine Right Endpaper is a Special Owner's "Laid-In" Orignal Play-Bill Flyer that Reads at the Top in Large Special  Designed Letters :  "WALLACKS"-"Mr Theo. Moss, Proprietor And Manager"---"WEEK COMMENCING MONDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1897,  "SPECIAL MATINEE THANKSGIVING DAY, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 25"---"Evenings at 8:15"--"Matinees Wednesday and Saturday at  2".  Below is the Special PLAY AD that Reads : "MISS JULIA ARTHUR", "Supported By Mr. Edwin Arden "-"Under the Direction  of Mr. Arthur  Lewis" : "A LADY OF QUALITY"--A Play In 5 ACTS,  By Frances Hodgson Burnett and StephenTownsend"--"Produced under the Stage Direction of Mr. NAPIER LOTHIAN, JR"--With CAST OF CHARACTERS Below including : "Miss JULIA ARTHUR (As GLORINDA WILDAIRS").  "PLACE : ENGLAND"--TIME :  "AT COMMENCEMENT 1701".

The Shocking Secret of A Lady of Quality: During a confrontation, Clorinda, the heroine, whacks the villian over the head with the weighted end of a riding crop and kills him. She neither shrieks nor faints. She shoves him into a concealed spot in the parlor until night, then hauls him to the distant reaches of the ancient house's cellars and arranges to have the drafty, smelly old tunnels walled off while she is on her honeymoon.She lives happily ever after, married to the man of her choice, and does many good works for the people the villian had wronged. Her adoring husband doesn't seem to know, and the one person who knows, her equally adoring sister, reveals the secret to Clorinda on her deathbed. Crime (or self-defense) pays.However, in the companion book with the story of the husband, (His Grace of Ormonde) it is revealed that the husband knew about the murder all along.

My Robin: September 1912 ~ Frederick A Stokes ~ 42 pages, color frontis and b+w illustrations by Alfred Brennan. 
This is the story of the author's friendship with a real robin who was the basis for the robin in THE SECRET GARDEN. 

The Secret Garden ~ Reading Guide
Plus many film adaptations of the above works

Project Gutenberg e-Texts

Frances Hodgson Burnett, Anglo-American novelist, was born Frances Eliza  Hodgson in Manchester, England, on the 24th of November 1849. In 1865 she went to America with her parents, who settled in Knoxville, Tennessee.  Miss Hodgson soon began to write stories for magazines. In 1873 she married Dr L. M. Burnett of Washington, whom she afterwards (1898) divorced. Her reputation as a novelist was made by her remarkable tale of  Lancashire life, That Lass o’ Lowrie’s (1877), and a number of other volumes followed, of which the best were Through one Administration (1883) and A  Lady of Quality (1896). In 1886 she attained a new popularity by her charming story of Little Lord Fauntleroy, and this led to other stories for children. Little Lord Fauntleroy was dramatized and had a great success on  the stage; and other dramas by her were also produced. In 1900 she married a second time, her husband being Mr. Stephen Townesend, a surgeon, who   (as Will Dennis) had taken to the stage and had collaborated with her in some of her plays.    Burnett's plays include Esmeralda (1881), which she wrote with the American playwright William H. Gillette.  She considered The Secret Garden (1911) her best novel; it is still popular today and has been made adapted  into several films.
ALSO: The Secret Garden:

Frances Eliza Hodgson was born in Manchester, England, on November 24, 1849. Her mother moved to Knoxville, Tenessee in 1865. Miss Hodgson began writing for magazines soon after. Her first widely-known story appeared in "Scribner's Magazine" in 1872. Frances married Dr. L. M. Burnett of Washington D.C. in 1873. In 1898 she divorced Dr. Burnett and married Mr. Stephen Townsend in 1900. Her reputation as a novelist was made with her story of Lancashire life, That Lass o' Lowrie's. A number of other works followed, with Through One Administration and A Lady of Quality as the most notable. In 1886 she published the Little Lord Fauntleroy, which was dramatized during her life and (now safely out of copyright) continues as videos and movies. Her children's books, including the marvelous Secret Garden and Sara Crew (later rewritten to become: A Little Princess) are what she is best known for today, but her romance novels were very popular during her lifetime. A Lady of Quality has a surprising plot twist, one totally unexpected for that era.

Frances Hodgson Burnett (1849-1924) was a born storyteller. Even when she was a young child living in Manchester, England, her greatest pleasure was in making up stories and acting them out, using her dolls as characters. When she was sixteen, she was brought from England to Tennessee by her fatherless, poverty stricken family. There she started to write stories in a cold little attic room, and they eventually made her rich and famous. She published over fifty books, but the most beloved are Little Lord Fauntleroy, The Secret Garden, and Little Princess. She said of herself, "With the best that was in me, I have tried to write more happiness into the world."

Major Frederick Russell Burnham, D.S.O.
Scouting on Two Continents ~ 1942 ~ elicited and arranged by Mary Nixon Everett ~ Haynes Corporation ~ 370 pages ~ Black and white photographs ~ A biography of Burnham, who was a scout in the Indian wars of the American Southwest and then later offered his services to Cecil Rhodes in South Africa. That campaign won him the Distinguished Service Order. 
Frederick Russell Burnham ~ In collecting material on B-P for the Pine Tree Web, I became interested in the life and adventures of Major Frederick Russell Burnham, an American military scout who served with B-P in the Matabele Campaign of 1896. Burnham was a classic Victorian adventurer, and in that tradition looms a bit larger than life. A frontier and Indian Scout in the Southwest, he offered his services to Cecil Rhodes and the British South Africa Company as they built the British Empire in Southern Africa. He distinguished himself as Chief of Scouts to Lord Roberts, Commander in Chief in South Africa at the beginning of the Boer War. For his services he was honored with the Distinguished Service Order and, by courtesy of King Edward VII, held the rank of Major in the British Army without having to relinquish his American citizenship. Eleven years before the camp at Brownsea Island, Baden-Powell and Frederick Russell Burnham would talk beside a campfire on the African veldt in what is today western Zimbabwe. In a few short days, they had come to respect each others professional accomplishments and scouting skills.

"Burnham was a scout. He combined his extraordinary natural abilities, with the teachings of an old Indian scout who had served under and learned from men like Kit Carson and John C. Fremont. He became a priceless, silent, invisible eyes and ears for both the American and British military during some of our Indian and their Matabele and Boer Wars." ~ Ross Seyfreid, in the "Introduction" to the 1994 reprint of Frederick Russell Burnham, Scouting on Two Continents, Prescott, Arizona: The Wolfe Publishing Company, 1994.

From Frederick Russell Burnham, Scouting on Two Continents, 1926
Extract from a letter from Lt. Gen Sir Robert Baden-Powell, K.C.V.O., K.C.B., written from Africa to his mother in 1896:
"12th June, 1896.... Burnham is a most delightful companion ... amusing, interesting, and most instructive. Having seen service against the Red Indians he brings quite a new experience to bear on the Scouting work here. And while he talks away there's not a thing escapes his quick roving eye, whether it is on the horizon or at his feet."

From William Hillcourt, Baden-Powell: The Two Lives of a Hero, 1964
"Before losing Burnham's services, Sir Frederick decided that the American should take his chief of staff into the Matopos to acquaint him with the territory. Their reconnaissance turned into a three-day expedition on horseback during which Burnham and Baden-Powell climbed in among the kopjes that commanded a view of the enemy's positions and of the Matopos in general ('Awful country—weird, jumbled mass of bush and boulders and jagged mountains'). Baden-Powell spent much of the time drawing maps and making panoramic field sketches of the landscape, indicating enemy caves and strongholds. For the rest, he picked up from Burnham a number of scouting tricks the American had used in the 1893 war against the Matabele and as a U.S. Army scout fighting in the Apache Indian wars. The two men found they had much in common and struck up a firm friendship. For hours they shared their experiences and innermost thoughts as they lay, after a day's reconnaissance, beside a tiny concealed camp fire under the stars of the African sky, before turning in for a few hours' sleep on what B-P considered the best of beds: 'the veld tempered with a blanket and a saddle'. Baden-Powell had hoped to do much further scouting with Burnham but never had the chance. Within a few days B-P was back at his desk and Burnham had left for his special assignment."

From Robert Baden-Powell, The Matabele Campaign, 1896:
"13th June.--At 4 a.m. we were off again, Burnham and I and Trooper Bradley of the Mounted Police, who knew this part of the country well.... We got on well together, and he much approved of the results of your early development in me of the art of 'inductive reasoning'--in fact, before we had examined and worried out many little indications in the course of our ride, he had nick-named me 'Sherlock Holmes'. [P.S.--We had planned to do much scouting together in the future, but, unfortunately, it never came off, as he was soon afterwards compelled, for domestic reasons, to go down country.]"

The ribbon at the left displays the colors of the Distinguished Service Order. The D.S.O. was awarded to Major Burnham in recognition of his service as Chief of Scouts to Lord Roberts (Commander-in-Chief South Africa) during the Boer War, 1899-1902. The photograph of Major Burnham was taken after his service in the South African War. It shows him in British uniform wearing the Distinguished Service Order, the Queen's South African Medal and the British South Africa Company Medal for the Matabele Campaign. 


Clara Louise Burnham 1854-1927
Jewel: A Chapter in Her Life 1903
This book, originally published in 1903, became a best-seller. It describes in conversation and prose the events in an 8 year old girl's life when she finds herself at her widowed grandfather's home where her presence is welcomed neither by other resident relatives nor by the staff. She has been raised as a Christian Scientist by her absent parents and how she solves various problems for herself and others contributes to an easy and delightful read. 
Online eText:
Jewel's Story Book 1904
Edgar Rice Burroughs 1875-1950
E.R.B. Books ~ Letters ~ Old Clippings ~ E.R.B. Personal Diaries
Tarzan of the Apes Original 1st Editions (2 copies)

Fred J. Arting McClurg: Tarzan of the Apes - title page silhouette
Tarzan of the Apes Illustrated Biblio
Tarzan of the Apes: Online eText Edition
ERB Public Domain Editions in eText

Edgar Rice Burroughs 1875-1950
Largest ERB Reference Site on the Web:
ERBzine Archive: 3,000 Webpages: articles, letters, bios, art, novels, reviews, photos
ERB Online Bio Timeline
Mary Evaline Burroughs
Memoirs of a War Bride
Online Edition in ERBzine:
MARY EVALINE ZIEGER BURROUGHSMary Evaline Burroughs, at the encouragement of sons Edgar, George, Henry (Harry), and Frank, wrote and distributed her memoirs to all members of the Burroughs family in 1914.  Ed and his brothers collaborated in preparing the book for the printer and in assembling the genealogical sections. The original handwritten manuscript is still preserved at the ERB, Inc. office in Tarzana, California.  It is dated  Chicago, June 23, 1914 and addressed to "My dear son Edgar."

To us who have heard these memoirs and anecdotes more than once from the lips of our father and mother, they might be, if to anyone, "old stories;" yet to them still clings, for us, all the zest and freshness and infinite interest of a first telling, and so I believe that generations yet but dreamed of who may trace their origin to this strong man and his sweetly noble mate, will find an equal, possibly a greater interest in them; and that they will be thankful for even this brief withdrawal of the impenetrable curtain of time which shall hide from them forever the greater portion of the lives and loves and interests of their forebears. 

To those who come after -- a long time after -- this volume will tend to make George and Mary Burroughs more than merely a  rather vague conception of two names. It will bring you in whose veins flows the red blood of the Puritan and the Pioneer, bequeathed to you, uncontaminated, by these two, a livlier sense of reality of these ancestors of yours. It will depict them as living, breathing people, who lived and loved as you, let us hope, shall live and love, through fifty years of prosperity and adversity; a personification of what might justly be emblazoned upon the arms of the Burroughs -- Loyalty and Constancy. 

 ~ Edgar Rice Burroughs
Oak Park, Illinois  ~  December, 1914
Richer than any dream of hoarded gold, 
Inheritors of virtues manifold, 
We count in strength of body and of mind, 
The Power of Conquest they have left behind. 
"Man lives not to himself alone," and they 
Whose Page of Drama we may read today, 
By self-denial, industry and thought, 
Have lived for us and our endowment bought. 
Each generation of another day 
This Debt of Honor, then, is yours to pay -- 
By Soldier courage and sweet woman's grace. 
With simple Truth and Goodness thus to trace 
As fair a record with us little blame, 
As they who gave to us their honored name.
Ella Oldham Burroughs, 
November 23rd, 1914
Beatrice Burton  May 13, 1894, Cleveland, Ohio, USA - April 13, 1983, Naples, Florida
Footloose: Sequel to The Flapper Wife ~ 1926 - G&D
Her Man
Lovebound 1926 ~ G&D
The Flapper Wife ~ 1925 ~ G&D
Easy: Grosset and Dunlap NY 1930. Mach-Tey dj art. The story of a young woman who "lived up to her name"
The Flapper Wife: fox trot song ~ 1925 ~ A Carl Rupp Melody ~ Words by Beatrice Burton (from her book) ~ Adapted from an NEA Serial Story ~ Published by Sam Fox, Cleveland, Ohio ~ Arranged for piano & voice
Books Made Into Films
A Transplanted Prairie Flower 1914 
Footloose Widows aka Fine Feathers 1926 
His Jazz Bride 1926 (The Flapper wife) 
Sally's shoulders 1928 
The Little Yeloow House 1928 
Beyond London Lights 1928 
IMDB Reference
Beatrice Burton also known as Beatrice Burton Morgan was a famous author. She was born in 1894. Very little about her life is known. She had wanted to be an actress and had even signed a contract with David Belasco in 1909 but little work came her way.

As a second resort she began to write at the impressive rate of as many as four books a year. Her romance stories were first serialized in newspapers with great success before the publishing company Grosset and Dunlap published them in low cost hard cover editions. Soon her books were made into movies and she became a very well know figure in the world of 1920s pop culture. Her books are romances which all take place during the year they were written. They can serve as a great glimpse of life in the 1920s. Many famous actors, films, and figures are mentioned during the stories. Also used is the inventive 1920s slang.
Wikipedia Reference

BEATRICE BURTON, Famous Novelist
New York Evening Journal
She is outstanding among the highest paid women writers of newspaper serials in America. Being the wife of a famous newspaper man she has a keen understanding of what the newspaper reader seeks in fiction. Her novels such as: “Hollywood Girl,” “Money Love” and “Gilded Kisses” have attracted intense interest among the largest audience of evening newspaper readers in America.
George F. Butler ~ 1857-1921
Travail of a Soul ~ 1914 ~ Chicago: Ralph Fletcher Seymour, Co. ~ One of 200 copies published.
"Dedicated to the Votary of Exalted Love"

Read the book via a PDF download
1908 Letter
Archie Butt 1866-1912
Letters (from the personal aide to President Theodore Roosevelt).  (NY, Doubleday, l924); The Letters of Archie Butt, Personal Military Aide to President Roosevelt. Edited by Lawrence F. Abbott. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page and Company, 1924. Butt's letters describing the last year of the Roosevelt administration.
Daughter Joan inscribed this: "Merry Christmas to Papa with a world of love from Joan December 25, 1924.

Taft and Roosevelt: The Intimate Letters Of Archie Butt, Military Aide: 1930 Doubleday, Doran & Co.

Archibald Willingham Butt (1866-1912) served as a U. S. Army officer in the Philippines (1900-1903) and Cuba (1906-1908) and was appointed personal aide to U. S. presidents Theodore Roosevelt (1908-1909) and William H. Taft (1909-). Letters are primarily written by Butt to his mother, Pamela R. B. Butt, to his sister, Julia Butt (Mrs. John M. Slaton), and to Clara Butt; a  few letters are to Butt from others, including Julia Ward Howe, author of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic." Letters date from 8 April 1908 to 27 February 1912. Topics discussed are Butt's service as a presidential aide; Presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and other officials; the personal relationship between Taft and Roosevelt and the Taft and Roosevelt families; social life in Washington, D.C.; life in the White House, including notes on its furnishings, portraits painted of Roosevelt and Taft, and visiting dignitaries. The letters offer a fascinating insight into the life of Theodore Roosevelt and about the political climate in Washington DC.

The 92 letters featured in the book offer a fascinating insight into the life of Theodore Roosevelt and about the political climate in Washington DC. The letters, which are much like a diary, were written by Butt to his mother and, after her death in October 1908, to his sister-in-law, Clara. All of the letters were written in 1908 and early 1909. Butt, an Army officer, was military aide first to President Theodore Roosevelt and then to President William Taft. On April 14, 1912, Butt was at sea aboard the Titanic returning from a European vacation that Taft had insisted he take. President Taft later said: "When I heard that part of the ship's company had gone down, I gave up hope for the rescue of Major Butt, unless by accident. I knew that he would certainly remain on the ship's deck until every duty had been performed and every sacrifice made that properly fell on one charged, as he would feel himself charged, with responsibility for the rescue of others." Taft was correct. Butt did not survive the sinking.

TAFT'S TRIBUTE TO BUTT: WASHINGTON From the Chicago Tribune, April 19, 1912  - President Taft was notified as soon as the Carpathia docked and the corrected list of suvivors was made public that Major Butt was not on board. With all hope for the rescue of his aid abandoned, the President to-day issued a statement showing the high regard in which he held him and his beliefs that he died as a man should die in the face of such a disaster as that of the Titanic. The President said: "Major Archie Butt was my miliatry aid. He was like a member of my family and I feel his loss as if he had been a younger brother. The chief trait of his character was loyalty to his ideals, his cloth, and his friends. His character was a smiple one, in the sense that he was incapable of intrigue or insincerity. He was gentle and considerate to every one, high and low. He never lost under any conditions, his sense of proper regard to what he considered the respet due to constitued authority. He was an earnest member of the Episcopal Church and loved that communion. He was a soldier every inch of himself a most competent and successful Quatermaster and a deovtee of his profession." "After I heard that part of the ship's company had gone down I gave up hope for the rescue of Major Butt, unless by accident. I knew that he would certainly remain on the ship's deck until every duty had been performed and every sacrifice made that properly fell on one charged as he would feel himself charged with responsibility for the rescue of others." "He leaves the widest circle of friends, whose memory of him is sweet in every particular. Whatever was the mission of Major Butt from the President to Rome and all sorts of false and conflicting stories have been printed about it - the President is advised in a general way of its outcome by the letter he received yesterday from the Major dated at Rome and mailed just before he sailed. What is in this letter is closely guarded. It is understood however that in it the Major revealed the results of his mission and stated the substance of what was in the letters which he carred and which probably went down with him on the Titanic. A belief held by some that Major Butt handed letters in his possion to some one who escaped, with a request to deliever them to the President is considered improbable. Gen Clarence R. Edwards, Chief of the Bureau of Insular Affairs, a close personal friend of Maj Butt, who frequently played golf in foresomes with Major Butt, President Taft and Vice President Sherman said to-night: "Maj Butt died like the fine, big man we all knew him to be. He had the very essence and traditions of the service as much as any man I ever knew who was not a West Pointed. He was absolutely devoted to the President. No aid de camp in the world was ever more devoted." "The best thing about Maj Butt was the fact that he was always cheerful, loyal and discreet. He did not advance his opinions but when asked for, he gave them. He had a jolly sense of humor all the time and could not be angered by being guyed or joked."
ROOSEVELT'S PRAISE FOR BUTT: LINDSBERG, Kan. April 19 - Col. Roosevelt to-day paid a tribute to the heroism of Major Butt, who perished in the Titanic disaster. "Major Butt was the highest type of officer and gentleman", said Col. Roosevelt. "He met his end as an officer and gentleman should givingup his own life that others might be saved. I and my family all loved him sincerely."

Web Refs
Manuscript Sources For Women's History
On the Titanic: Archie Butt
Butt's Descriptions
Hundreds Weep For Archie Butt

Donn Byrne  1889 - 1929
Blind Raftery and His Wife Hilaria ~ 1924 ~ NY: Century Co. ~ Illustrated by John Richard Flanagan
Byrne reinvents the saga style, the prose breaking off into musical verse now and then as it tells the story of a blind poet wandering Ireland and avenging his wife's dishonor.

Crusade ~  1928 ~ Little, Brown, and Co ~ 250 pages
Ireland: The Rock Whence I was Hewn By ~ 1929 ~ Sampson Low, Marston & Co. ~ Foreward by the Right Honourable T.P. O'Connor
Brother Saul (1928) 
Field of Honor (1929) 
The Power of the Dog 
The Foolish Matrons (1920) 
Hangman's House (1926) 
Messr. Marco Polo (1921) * 
O'Malley of Shanganagh (1925) 
An Untitled Story 
A Party of Bacarat (1930) 
The Golden Goat 
The Stranger's Banquet (1919) 
The Wind Bloweth (1922) 
Donn Byrne 1889 - 1929: "An Irish novelist gets from the Irish people a certain reverence, a good measure of kindliness, considerable latitude in conduct and thought:  in fine he gets his due from a God-fearing people.  But he must not forget that his first duty is homeward." Donn Byrne, "A Foreword to Foreigners," Hangman's House
Donn Byrne was born Brian Oswald Patrick Donn-Byrne on 20 November 1889. His South Armagh parents were on a business trip to the United States when Donn Byrne was born in New York. The family returned to Ireland soon after the birth. 
Byrne says of his family: "We were about the only one of the four big Irish families of the gap in the North to still keep our mouths, if not our heads, above water." At fourteen, he met Bulmer Hobson, founder of Irish volunteer movement. Hobson took him to an early meeting of the volunteers (1906), when he was accompanied by Robert Lynd of the London Daily News. Lynd wrote of that meeting, mentioning the singing of a little fair haired boy (Donn-Byrne). Through Hobson, he acquired a taste for Irish history and nationalism that the culture was deeply immersed in at the time. He entered local Irish festivals (Feiseanna) using the name Brian O'Beirne, and he frequently won. He was equally fluent in Irish and English, growing up in an area were Gaelic was still spoken. In 1907 he went to the University of Dublin to study Romance languages. While at the school he published in The National Student, the student magazine. At this time he also met Dorothea (Dolly) Cadogan. After graduation he moved to Paris and Leipzig to continue his studies at the Sorbonne and Leipzig University, with the hope of joining the British Foreign Office as a diplomat. He turned down his PhD. when he learned that he would have to wear evening clothes to his early morning examinations, which no true Irish gentleman would ever do. He gave up his hope of being a diplomat in 1911 and moved to New York. Here he began working first for the Catholic Encyclopedia, the New Standard Dictionary, and then the Century Dictionary. On December 2nd, 1911 he married Dolly in Brooklyn, NY. They had four children. Soon after (February 1912) his poem "The Piper" appeared in Harper's magazine. His first short story, "Battle," sold to Smart Set magazine for $50.00, appearing in the February 1914 issue. At this time he also tried his hand at journalism but decided to be a freelance writer. More of his stories sold to various magazines such as Scribner's and Ladies Home Journal. Some of these were anthologized in his first book, Stories Without Women, 1915. He soon earned the financial security he needed to begin working on his first novel, The Stranger's Banquet (1919). The novel Field of Honor was published posthumously in 1929. His poems were collected into an anthology and published as Poems (1934). The early novels can be said to be quite mediocre, noted as "potboilers" by Thurston Macauley, Byrne's earliest biographer. Polo tells the story of the Italian adventurer, and Wind is a romantic novel of the sea. Both show some highly lyrical passages intermixed with the plain language of real life. With Raftery, however, the author seems to reinvent the saga style, the prose breaking off into musical verse now and then as it tells the story of a blind poet wandering Ireland and avenging his wife's dishonor. His later novels invited comparison with Irish novelist George Moore, especially in their romance and historical themes. It was with Hangman's, though, that he began to identify himself with the traditional Irish storytellers, noting in his preface ("A Foreward to Foreigner's") that: "I have written a book of Ireland for Irishmen. Some phrase, some name in it may conjure up the world they knew as children." It is also in this novel that Byrne returns to his Irish nationalist ideas by alluding to the ongoing strife of the Irish Civil War and fight for Independence. Despite both his wife's success as a playwright, and his own increasing popularity as an author, the family's financial straits forced them to sell up their house in Riverside, Connecticut and return to Ireland. Eventually the family buys Coolmain Castle near Bandon in County Cork. He lived here until his death in a car accident. Byrne seems to have been caught up in the neo-Romantic view of the mythical and pastoral beauty of Irish history. His writing hauntingly evokes these images, sometimes seeming want to preserve them. "It seemed to me," he says in Wind, "that I was capturing for an instant a beauty that was dying slowly, imperceptibly, but would soon be gone." He is buried in Rathclarin churchyard, near Coolmain Castle. His headstone reads, in Irish and English: "I am in my sleeping and don't waken me." (The inscription on Byrne's tombstone)



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