Refs: Porges, Burroughs Family Letters and ERB Bio Timeline
Ed Burroughs was very close to elder brother Harry, Nelly and their
children, Studley and Evelyn. For awhile, Ed and Emma lived on the Burroughs
Snake River houseboat with Harry and Nelly, George and Edna, and Coleman
and Grace. The kids remembered him very fondly for his practical jokes,
cartoons, sketches and stories. Between 1900-1903 Ed wrote his first booklets:
SNAKE RIVER COTTON-TAIL TALES and THE VIOLET VEIL for the
kids, a family cookbook and later the much longer MINIDOKA which was filed
away and forgotten until its discovery much later and subsequent publication
in 1996. QUOTES Ed felt very close the children having spent
much time with them in Idaho and also in Chicago where they wintered with
mother, Nelly (1526 East 65th Place).
ERB had sent his first novels to Harry and Ella -- he always felt closer
to Harry who had supported him in many ways. When his first Martian story
was in progress he had brought sections to Harry and Ella for reading and
reactions. They had of course been enthusiastic about the story, as they
were later with Tarzan of the Apes. Evelyn and Studley, through
family discussions and their own reading, became familiar with Ed's creations.
Following his first successes in writing, Ed sought Harry's advice while
he was considering quitting his regular job. Cautious, and without very
much confidence in writing as a career, Harry advised Ed to stay where
he was, reminding him of his responsibilities to his wife and children.
He urged Ed to view the writing merely as a part-time occupation.
Ed's eventual major successes in selling his stories stimulated
the ambitions of Ella. Her creative abilities had been known to the family
for some time, and she had shown both imagination and ability in her poems
and stories. Her fictional themes were not of fantasies such as Ed's, but
dealt rather with human relationships, simple characterizations, and realistic
In her long story, "The Bride," which appeared in 1913 in the
popular magazine The Metropolitan, she created a situation in which
a delicate protected Southern girl finds herself, as a young wife, abruptly
transferred to a ranch in a rough frontier area. Here, Nellie may have
been recalling her own Southern background and her unanticipated experiences
after she had married Harry and moved with him to Idaho where she faced
a difficult adjustment to life in a primitive country.
"The Bride" is full of autobiographical references:
the Southern "bride" is a writer,
she is called "Mary" (ERB's grandmother was called Mary),
her husband is called John (a much-used family name which was also
used throughout ERB's writing - John Carter, John Clayton),
the YY (Yale) ranch in
a typical Idaho range country,
gold dredging activities
the colour grey is much used (grey-eyed heroes, Greystoke, etc.)
the son is an artist (Studley Burroughs)
descriptions of the ranch buildings and inhabitants, etc.
ERBzine will debut this rare short story from the Danton Burroughs'
Family Archive at the 2011 Dum-Dum in Pocatello, Idaho.
Cook House with Blacksmith Shop, etc. ~ Yale, Idaho
See more photos at: ERBzine
As a writer Ella displayed a skill in description and in the development
of atmosphere, but beyond this she reveals an unusual sensitivity in painting
the intense feelings, the inner struggle, of the bewildered young bride.
For the bride's artist son, Ella's model was obviously her son Studley
and in this creation she was expressing all her hopes for his future.
Studley was then displaying an interest in drawing and painting and would
later illustrate some of his uncle's books.
In the summer of 1913, possibly at her request, Ed sent a group of her
stories to Thomas Metcalf. While there is no record of his evaluation,
it is possible that Ella's stories did not contain sufficient elements
of action and of excitement or adventure to meet All-Story's requirements.
Still impressed with his sister-in-law's artistic talents, two years
later Ed wrote his film producer Selig to ask that she be given a tryout
as an actress. "It is not the emotional notoriety-longing of a young
girl," he said," but the desire of a mature woman to utilize her
talents and training for purposes of bread winning. . . . It is with a
full realization of the fact that you must be bored to death with similar
requests from people who have a right to ask favors of you, which I have
not, that I ask this of you."
Selig's reply, sent from Los Angeles, was courteous: ". . . upon
my return will be pleased to give your sister-in-law a fair trial. Will
keep you posted as to the exact time of my return to Chicago." There
is no record of her having made this tryout with Selig.
Some time later Ed made a another recommendation to Metcalfe in which
he praised the artistic abilities of his nephew Studley. He had from
an early age shown unusual skill in drawing and illustrating and had chosen
to make art his field of study.
"By the way, if my nephew cared to submit a cover design with one
of my future stories would it receive consideration? He's a mighty clever
young chap, and I don't know of anyone I'd rather see him get a start with
than you. He's doing fairly well now, but nothing very steady, and his
work is improving wonderfully. Metcalf agreed to consider a submission.
Ella's early interest in writing poetry had been illustrated in her
poem dedicated to Major George Burroughs and his wife Mary Evaline, printed
in the Memoirs of
a War Bride. The poem of fourteen lines, all rhyming complex,
was dated November 23, 1914.
War Bride poem
Richer than any dream of hoarded gold,
Inheritors of virtues manifold,
We count in strength of body and of mind,
The Power of Conquest they have left behind.
"Man lives not to himself alone," and they
Whose Page of Drama we may read today,
By self-denial, industry and thought,
Have lived for us and our endowment bought,
Each generation of another day
This Debt of Honor, then, is yours to pay --
By Soldier courage and sweet woman's grace.
With simple Truth and Goodness thus to trace
As fair a record with us little blame,
As they who gave uo us their honored name.
Ella Oldham Burroughs,
November 23, 1914
In later years four of Ella's poems were published in a volume titled
Illinois Poets, An Anthology of Writings by Sixty-Four Poets.
Henry Harrison, publisher, New York, 1935. The poems are titled "Wing-time,
Ring-time" "Inca Love Song," "Midsummer," and "The Song." Ella wrote conventional
poetry using rhyme and meter.
Ed had maintained
an irregular contact with brother Harry who, from 1923 on, had been employed
by insurance companies in Chicago. One of Ed's repressed hopes was to have
Harry and his wife Ella living close by in California. In 1927 Ed tried
to arrange a position for Harry as West Coast representative for the Rothacler
Industrial Film Corporation, but the plan did not materialize. He had often
urged Harry to try writing in his spare time, believing that his brother's
colorful experiences in Idaho could provide a rich source of material.
On December 18, 1929, Ed wrote:
"You are the one who should have been the writer, not I. You have
every qualification, nearly all of which I lack, but for God's sake do
not try to write fiction, unless it comes to you very easily. There is
today a better market for nonfiction than there ever has been in the history
Ed suggested that Harry begin by describing informally his early days
on the Bar-Y cattle ranch: "Put plenty of Sam Land and Mac Harberson
in it, of cattle thieves and reminiscences of old timers, a description
of Blanco and all of the interesting characters you knew in Idaho. Get
Lew in (Lew Sweetser) with his get-rich-quick schemes . . . Do not forget
Emma the cow, nor the red Irish setter you nearly killed with a neck yoke.
. . "
Ella Oldham Burroughs, was killed in a car accident on March 30, 1933,
near Ann Arbor, Michigan. She and Harry had shared a strong affection,
and some years later Harry became involved in unusual psychic experiences
as he sought to contact his wife. From his old friend Lew Sweetser,
then living in Hollywood, whose wife had died in 1936, Harry heard reports
of written messages from the spirit world. Harry placed little credence
in the claims that Sweetser's wife had communicated with her husband.
In an account published in the Yale Class Record, 1939 Supplement,
he noted, ". . . . I had for years been convinced that there could be
no conscious existence after death." He explained what followed: However,
I asked if he would introduce me to the automatic writer through whom he
had obtained these messages. he did so and the results of my first interview
with her were truly amazing and revolutionary. My long held
belief that 'death was the end' was destined to be rudely shattered, when
I actually received messages from my wife . . . About Feb. 15, 1937, I
received the first of these messages and have had numerous others since
then, each tending to confirm my belief in their genuineness. Gone is my
conviction that 'death ends all.' The motive for the deceit on the part
of the automatic writer is discounted by the fact that she persistently
refused to accept any remuneration for her services.
See previous seances in young George and Harry's letters from camp:
ERBzine 1050 ~ ERBzine
Following the death
of his longtime friend Harry in 1940, Lew expanded his old "mysticism/spiritualism"
lectures into a book: The Inner Voice Reveals (1943: DeVorss