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Volume 0397
Edgar Rice Burroughs
presents
Tarzan and the Lost Empire by Frank Frazetta
Chattering from the Shoulder #13
"Nkima scolded and chattered from the safety of his master's shoulder ..."  (Invincible)

The Monster Men
by Nkima

All-Story November 1913 - Man Without A Soul - P.J. Monahan Art - AllFirst Edition McClurg DJ by J. Allen St. JohnMahlon Blaine DJ Illo for Canaveral Edition
Canaveral Frontispiece by Mahlon Blaine
They formed a safe and easy path to freedom.
She saw that her would-be rescuer was young and strong featured.
A mighty hand seized each by the neck.
I am going and you are going with me.
With a mighty roar the orang-outang turned to meet the charge.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley wrote her famous novel Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus in 1818.  John Clute in his Science Fiction, The Illustrated Encyclopedia  says that this was the birthday of science fiction.  The Island of Dr. Moreau  was written by H.G. Wells in 1896, and the famous Frankenstein movie with Boris Karloff as the monster came out in 1931.  Somewhere in between (1913) came Edgar Rice Burroughs and his “Number Thirteen” (A Man Without A Soul) -- The Monster Men.

Porges tells us that Burroughs thought his story had “damphool possibilities,” and it certainly did because it is a very good read, coming at the beginning of his writing career when his inspiration was red hot.  The Monster Men was written between The Cave Girl  and The Warlord of Mars  when it seemed he could do no wrong.

The hero of the story, Bulan, is number 13 of the experiments performed by Professor Maxon, and he turns out to be a perfect specimen of a man in body and mind.  The only problem is there are 12 “monsters” created before him running around on a jungle island with Maxon’s pretty daughter, Virginia, needing saving time and again.  Despite the corny sounding plot, it is actually vintage Burroughs that deserves attention.

Lupoff says that “The Monster Men  is a curious tale, crudely told even for Burroughs whose style was more frequently admirable for vigor than for its polish.”  However, he goes on with some enthusiasm for the work.  “Bulan knows that only God can breathe an immortal soul into a living person.  Bulan therefore doubts that he can share with Virginia the sacrament of marriage.  This is a serious question, and receives serious treatment” (Lupoff, 82).

This is one book where Mahlon Blaine’s illustrations work for me.  The Canaveral Press edition of 1962 has a dust jacket and 7 interior black-and-white illustration by Blaine that capture the sketchy, experimental nature of the story.  His monsters are odd, twisted story-book caricatures that look like old woodcuts, reminding us that this is really a very old story that goes back to legends and fairy tales.  (See the illustration on page 91 - “I am going and you are going with me.”)

Clute points out the interesting fact that this science fiction genre of creating life out of dead bodies and chemical vats expanded into mixing life with machines in the Cyberpunk novels of the 1980’s.  “William Gibson captured the new age in the trilogy that began in 1983 with Neuromancer, and became part of the vocabulary of SF by about 1985 . . . “(Clute, 88).

Clute refers to Mary Shelley in relation to Cyberpunk, giving credit where credit is due.

“There is something about this dark, atmospheric, lightning-lashed tale that makes one feel that Baron Frankenstein has become entangled in a massive and filthy world machine, that he has caught himself and his monster in the gears of a terrifying scientific technology, and that the systems of this new world are making him dance to their tune.  Baron Frankenstein is a bit like Gibson’s hero, Case.  Frankenstein is a victim of his overweening pride, which has deluded him into the belief that he is the master of the new world of science, which then turns on him; Case is a victim of his own streetwise audacity, and becomes a pawn in the hands of the new gods of cyberspace” (Clute, 88).

It is amazing that little Mary Shelley could have started all of these monsters shuffling.  Brian Aldiss notes that “Mary had imbibed the scientific ideas of Darwin and Shelley; [her husband - Percy Byshe Shelley, the poet] had heard what they had to say about the future; and now set about applying her findings within the loose framework of a Gothic novel” (Aldiss, 21).  She wrote Frankenstein before she was twenty years old.

It is no surprise that ERB wanted to try his hand at this “new myth,” as Aldiss puts it.  “ . . . the use of this modernized Faust theme is particularly suited to the first real novel of science fiction:  Frankenstein’s is ‘the ’ modern theme, touching not only science but man’s dual nature, whose inherited ape curiosity has brought him both success and misery” (Aldiss, 29).

If The Monster Men’s Bulan seems like a clone of Tarzan, perhaps it is because ultimately the two characters seek to answer the same question, “What is a man?”

Monster Men - 4 SquareMonster Men - Japanese CoverMonster Men -  Japanese Cover


A Brief Monster Men Bibliography

Books:
The Monster Men by Edgar Rice Burroughs
Zeuschner lists 3 hardcovers and 5 paperbacks in its publication history after the initial appearance in The All-Story  magazine,
November 1913.

Secondary Sources

Aldiss, Brian W. Billion Year Spree:  The True History of Science Fiction, Doubleday, 1973
Clute, John:  Science Fiction, The Illustrated Encyclopedia, Dorling Kindersley, 1995
Lupoff, Richard A.  ERB:  Master of Adventure, Ace
Porges, Irwin, ERB, The Man Who Created Tarzan, Brigham Young University Press, 1975.

Magazine Articles and a Play

Bozarth, David Bruce:  The Monster Men:  A Play, Copyright (c) 1982,1997 (Adapted from “The Monster Men” by Edgar Rice Burroughs) Available at his site.

ERBapa #54, Summer 1997 was the “Symposium Issue” for The Monster Men, and The Eternal Lover, which means that the contributors were encouraged to write something on these novels.  There are many reproductions of Monster Men  illustrations from ERB books and magazines in this issue and these 7 articles.  If you are interested, you might contact the writers and ask or beg for a copy.

Adams, David - “The Monster Men:  A Brief Review” - an account of my expectations before
reading the novel and my feelings afterwards.

Cuthbert, Raymond A. - “Number 13, A Modern Prometheus?” - an interesting treatment of “The Man Without A Soul” issue.  Like Lupoff, Cuthbert feels cheated by the surprise ending of the story.

Hanson, Alan - “The Monster Men:  A Chrono-log” - 6 pages of very clear charts that show how the story unfolds, revealing at a glance what each character is doing in the same time period.

Huckenpohler, J.G. - “ERB and the Concept of Artificial Life” - a comparison of Maxon with Ras Thavas.

Martin, John - “ ‘When the Sleeper Wakes’:  A Story-Telling Technique Spawned in The Monster Men” - an outstanding article - demonstrates “the sleeper” in The Monster Men, Tarzan the Terrible, Tarzan Triumphant, and Tarzan and the City of Gold.

Spencer, Paul - “ERB Revisited -- Part XXI:  The Monster Men” -- a discussion of characters and plot, concluding that it is third-rate Burroughs.

Wild, Mary McGeehan - “The Bridegroom of Frankenstein’s Daughter: ERB’s The Monster Men” - an interesting account of “one of the most perverse father-daughter relationships I can recall in Burroughs’ stories.”

David Nkima Adams
David Adams

To visit our companion site:
Monster Men: Before and After ERB's Vision
Click Here


Volume 0397

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