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Volume 1784a
Den Valdron's Fantastic Words of ERB Series
Continued from Part I at ERBzine 1784

Appendix 1: Glossary of Lin Carter's Marian Terms
Appendix 2: Characters and Names
Den Valdron


- Arachnidae - Not a Martian term at all actually.   The Arachnidae are an insect or spider-like species that exist in caverns on the moon.   They cultivate various funguses, some of which are distilled for a whine or beverage which Ivo Tengren drinks at the beginning of the Man Who Loved Mars.  It is not clear whether the Arachnidae are truly an intelligent species, the characters joke about their level of culture, or the absence of same, with undisguised contempt.   They seem to be an allusion to the insectoid race of H.G. Well’s First Men in the Moon, and a hint that it isn’t only the Martians who are victimized by Earth’s colonialism.  The implication is that there’s more to Carter’s solar system than just Earth or Mars.  Venus?  Callisto?  Who knows?   And by the way, this entry is probably several times longer than Carter’s actual references to the Arachnidae.

- Ahour - a southern hemisphere city of Martians where slaves are freely bought and sold.   Referred to as the ‘nearest city of the people.’

- Aoudh - Orphan, Outlaw, One who has no kin, Exile.  The Aoudh do not belong to any of the Nine Nations.  Rather, they exist in cities or towns, or as bandits or solitary wanderers.   Most Aoudh have been exiled from their Nations, sometimes for political reasons, sometimes for crimes or unacceptable behaviour.   They are not welcome, but apparently not actively persecuted. 
Aoudhha is also used to mean clanless.

- Arghatha - healing priests, medicine men or native Doctors.

- Bakrah - A city state in the northern hemisphere, known for its trading caravans.   Shiaze, Yukara, and Diome are cities that it trades with.   Its caravans reach as far north as Yakhua and Khuu.   One of its nobles, Prince Zarouk, is something of a robber baron, and he leads a major expedition to the Pteraton.

- The BOOK (No Martian Word Given) - The universal holy text of the Martians, translated into English by Martinez and Schuster in 2031.   The Book contains histories, including references to sadistic kings and the Jihad against the tenth nation.  It also contains proverbs, proscriptions and prophecies.  The Timeless Ones feature prominently in both an origin myth and an end times ‘Day of Doom’ or judgement/apocalypse.  The origin myth references both creation and culturation by the Timeless Ones in an edenic valley, Ophar.   The Book also describes an underworld called Yhoom, through which the dead undertake a processional journey to the Timeless Ones.  Both are shown to have a literal truth.  The Book has apparently been compiled over a long period of time from multiple sources, much like the Christian and Hebrew Bibles.

- Carriage Beast (No Martian or English Name Given) - An ancient creature found in Zhiam, and probably extinct in the modern day.   It is a six legged animal, beaked,lean and sinewy, five times as large as a leopard, covered with green and gold enameled scales.   It had a long graceful arched neck, like a horse but longer, delicate clawed feet, slim and graceful proportions.   It is speculated that it might be an ancestor of the Slidar, despite the Slidar’s four legs framework.

- Cat-Lover - a racist epitaph for Earthlings sympathetic to Martians.   This is based in the speculation Martians are allegedly descended from Cats or a Catlike rather than apelike species.  Martians are also described as Cats or Cat-Men, a pejorative term.  Obviously, there’s no direct Martian terms.

- Chardaka - A narcotic beverage, possibly addictive.  Sharing may produce bonding, and it may have ceremonial uses..

- Chun - a plateau and the name of a Martian tribe, also known as Moon Dragon nation.   Perhaps the same as Brackett’s Shun?

- Dakhshan - a trade city, where Martians and Earthmen mix.  Likely a previously existing native city, possibly included as one of the twelve colonies.

- Dark Flame - An evil version of the Flame of Iridar from Ocean Era Mars. 

- Dart Tubes (No Martian Word Given) - A projectile weapon which shoots poisonous metal darts, through a long metal tube.  Essentially a blowgun.  They are highly effective and their practitioners use them for hunting and war, achieving remarkable accuracy.

- Diome - A city state of the northern hemisphere and part of the Shiaze, Yukara and  Bakrah trading network.

- Dja-ih az Mhu-a Zjiam-aZar - Translation:   “Door to Outside the World”    A gateway in the Pteraton, leading to an underground passageway which contains the portal to the era in the Ocean period of Mars where Zhiam exists.  Both ends of the portal appear to be linked and moving forward in time, thus you can’t arrive before you leave, but it is two way, allowing people to move between past and future as needed.

- Dok-I-Tar - A corrupted pronounciation of Doctor, which has generically come to mean a wise man or healer among the Earthmen.  The Dok-I-Tar is pretty much the only F’Yagh receiving general respect from the Martians. 

- Dustlands (Martian Word not Given) - Are particularly desolate areas, the remains of sea beds or continental shelvesl which are so completely devoid of moisture that not even moss grows.   The Dustlands are named for the fine talcum-like dust which gets in everything.  During a sandstorm or dust storm, men or animals can find themselves asphyxiated in the dust.   Dustlands appear to be the most inhospitable Martian environment, but are not the whole of Mars... there are nicer places.  Nevertheless, its not clear that the notion of Dustlands is a Martian rather than an Earthman concept.

- Farad - A city of the Moon Dragon nation, Chun people, in the deep southern hemisphere.  It is an ancient site.  Only a portion of the city remains inhabited and in repair.

- Faugh -  obscenity.  No direct translation exists, but the similarity to F’yagh suggests it may have a related meaning.

- First Born (No Martian term given) - The name given to the original humans of Ophar.  The term’s similarity to the First Born of Burroughs is almost certainly deliberate, although it appears that these original humans were golden skinned.

- Flame of Iridar -  A sentient piece of the Sun active on Mars in the Ocean Period.  It claims to have observed the history of Mars and acted as its god, including destroying the ancient civilization of Polaria.  It resides in the land of Iophar, in the far north near or at the Polar cap.  It bears a strong resemblance to Zhagguaza of Zhiam and may well be the same being.

- F’yagh - Translation ‘Hated Ones.’   The generic Martian term for all Earth humans.   F’yagha appears to be the  plural form or perhaps a collective name.   The addition of an ‘a’ suffix as a modifier appears elsewhere in Carter.   In Burroughs it denotes female or daughter.  So used here it may denote femininity or lack of masculinity, perhaps amounting to a collective insult.  It’s possible that Carter has a different use for the ‘a’ suffix, perhaps to suggest plurals.

- Hai-Yaa - salute of Kings. 

- Hiyawa Ziu - translation: ‘mother of fire’ a burning chemical, like phosphorous but combusting more slowly,  used in heating and cooking.  Distilled from Zihuat.

- Ho-Katha - firestone, a gem.

- Hndolanthi - A class of Martian interpreters cum herald.  Singular is Hndolanth.

- Huakan - An Ancestral tablet, a memorial similar to gravestones.  Also known as Godstones.   Huakan are found and venerated everywhere on Mars.   Huakan tablets have even been found in Y
garah, and Khuu, the oldest known city ruins.

- Hualatha - holy ones or priests.

- Hualokkah - the sacred land, surrounding Illiornis near the south pole.

- Huatan - Sacred valley.

- Ilornis - A lost and abandoned primeval city, perhaps one of the original cities.   Originally known as Ylon Ath, ‘the gateway’ to the underworld, it is near the River of Death and the Chun city of Farad.   It is reached by traveling the road of Ushongti, it’s main temple contains the entrance to Yhoom where the Timeless Ones reside.

- Iophotha - a thought record.  A form of ancient recording, a telepathic impulse preserved on a metal, crystal lattice.  Only a few have been discovered.  The technology cannot be duplicated on Earth and the art has been lost by the Martians.

- Iophar - The legendary Land of Magic and home to the Flame of Iridar, from the Ocean period of Mars.   The east coast of Iophar is protected by a wall of ice, suggesting that it is somewhere near the north pole.   Iophar is unrelated to the valley of Ophar which is on the equator, but its name derives from the same terms, meaning roughly ‘the holy land.’  Iophar is unknown in the contemporary era.

- Iron Crown (Martian word not given) - Imperial sigil, similar to the Iron Collar in Brackett.   Also a telepathic amplifier of great power.  The crown records the wisdom of its wearers, giving access to that wisdom of the past to each jamad.

- Jamad Tengru, aka Jamad - A position of temporal and spiritual authority, sort of a combination of Pope and Emperor, Priest and King.  It means roughly High Man, King, Emperor.  The Jamad Tengru is roughly equivalent to the archaic Holy Roman Emperor of Earth, in being the unifying symbol or figure for the otherwise competing and warring nine nations.  Like the Holy Roman Emperor, the Jamad’s authority over his subjects is not absolute, only four of the nine nations followed Jamad Ivo’s Jihad against the F’Yagh.   Similar to the Dalai Lhama, the Jamad is not a hereditary position, but is transferred from one Jamad to a chosen successor, and is not confined to a particular nation.   The transference involves the granting of the Iron Crown and a series of rituals and oaths.   The Earthman, Ivo Tengren was the most recent Jamad, his predecessor was Thioma of the Red Mountain nation.  The only prior Jamad referred to was Jonnath XII of the Silver Dynasty.

- Jarad-I-Zha - translation:   ‘stuff of beasts.’   At least one Martian creation myth has the Timeless Ones creating humans from the flesh of animals, or evolving and elevating a chosen animal to humanity.

- Jhay yam-I-jaah - Pool of Eternity where Shivers the Water of Life.   A mysterious pool in the valley of Ophar.  The waters discharge floating bubbles.  When the bubbles come in contact with living animals (and perhaps plants), they reverse entropy, conferring youth but stealing memories.   Strong exposure can reduce an adult to a mindless infant.  Regular exposures produce a perpetual youth of adolescence and purity, but removes all memory, even the knowledge of language.  The Ushongti appear to be immune, or at least wary. 

- Juhangir - travelling entertainer, kind of a minstrel or troubador.

- Kaffarh - a sort of Eunuch.  The description suggests chemical castration or chemically induced impotence, the Kaffarh are uninterested in mating, even though they may have the equipment.  The reference may simply be to asexuality, or perhaps even homosexuality.  In its most basic form, it may simply suggest childlessness.   There does not appear to be a significant social stigma or hostility attached.

- Kaffira - a headress.   The phonetic relationship to Kaffarh is unmistakeable, but its import is unknown.   Does it mean that the headress is crafted by Kaffarh, or that the wearer of the headress is Kaffarh?  Or perhaps it is a feminine headress?

- Kua - a measure of time, roughly twenty minutes.

- Khuu - The last encampment of the 10th nation before they vanished from history.  Apparently, the fleeing survivors of the 10th nation briefly camped in the ruins before fleeing into the past.   Ironically, these are ruins of ancient Zhiam, the city they would build in the Ocean era, largely unchanged.  The place is tabu, so it is largely untouched by looters.

- Laestrygonum - Either one of the twelve colonies, or a Martian city or town, or both.

- Long Night of Gods (No Martian term Given) - The outcome of Ivo Tengren’s second rebellion against Earth.   Instead of a military uprising, two orbital peace shuttles disintegrated under mysterious circumstances, an Earth undercover agent vanished, and almost all the Earth-born inhabitants of Mars were seized by a hypnotic compulsion to return to Earth.  For an unknown period of time after this, there appeared to be a hypnotic barrier around Mars preventing the approach of Earth ships.

- Martians aka ‘The People’ (No Martian term given)  - Few Earthmen who have not seen the People realize how thoroughly human they are.  On the whole taller and more leanly built than human, lighter of bone, broader in the chest, their heads, backs of hand and chest and throat are covered, not with hair but fine silken fur,  generally russet covered, males have short hair, females long manes, eyes are larger with wider pupils, copper, amber, brown, green or gold pigmentation, skin is amber/copper, with reddish copper being common, some of the highest nobility or bloodlines shift towards amber.   (High clans or old nobility tend towards amber skin, the holy children of Ophar and the people of the Sunless Sea are golden skinned).   They move with a graceful gliding motion.  They have relatively little variation among themselves.   Their appearance is well within human norms, the racial variations between Earth humans are greater than those between Earthlings and Martians.  Carter mentions that the Martians are known for longevity beyond humans, implying a life span of perhaps centuries.  The Martians down to blood chemistry, genes and chromosomes are human, at one point described as ‘human to a dozen decimal places.’  Some speculation suggests that they are evolved from extinct Martian felines.  Others argue that they are a lost colony of Earth humans, or that Earth humans are displaced Martians.   The ‘timeless ones’ claim to have created both Martians and Terrans from separate local animals.   Almost all Martians speak a single common language, though this is divided into high and low dialects.  The low dialect may be a pidgin for communicating with Earthmen.  The exceptions are the people of Zhiam, who speak a noticeably different, archaic version of the common tongue, and the people of Zhaa who appear to speak a different language than common on the planet.  Excluding the Zhiam, who worship Zhagguiza, and the Zhaa whose religious affiliation is unknown, all Martians appear to share a religion and culture.

- Nine nations (No Martian word given) -  The generic term for the Martian race.   The Martians divide themselves into nine great national or tribal lineages.   Mostly this refers to nomadic tribes, but even the city states and particular geographic regions identify themselves with one nation or another.   There is, or was a tenth nation, Zhiam, exiled to the past as worshippers of Zhagghua.  Zhaa, the people of the Sunless Sea, with their seven clans, might constitute a branch of the tenth nation, or potentially an eleventh.  The named nations include Moon Dragon, White Hawk, Red Mountain, Dragon Hawk, Golden Lion, and Moon Hawk (no Martian names given).  Reference is made to High Clans and Low Clans, but this does not seem to align with nations, but within and between nations, so that each nation has high and low clans, whose status is broadly recognized.   The Aoudh are Martians who are exiled or outside the Nation/Clan systems, sometimes for apostasy, sometimes for crimes, sometimes for political reasons.

- Niophar - An ancient place, possibly a dead city or fortification, possibly a living city.  Site of a battle during Ivo’s rebellion.

- Niotha - Telepathy of the golden people.  Used for hunting and navigation, art and visual pyrotechnics, interrogation, judgement and sentencing.

- Odyar - A musical instrument.

- Omad - A walled city or fortification.   It is not clear whether this was a living city or town, or a dead city temporarily reoccupied.   Ivo Tengren’s Martian rebellion was crushed there.

- Ongga - A moderate or modest sized scarlet lizard hunted for food by Martians and Earthmen. It is also preyed upon by predators such as Sandcats, Rock Dragons and Slioths.  It is not clear whether it is a predator itself, but given how commonly found, and the lack of threat it seems to pose is probably a herbivore.  Orange lizards are also referred to elsewhere, which may be simply variant colouration, but could be a separate species.

- Ophar - Translation ‘The Holy.’   The sacred hidden valley where life began in the holy book.  In actuality, a lost or hidden valley at the bottom of a crater, where the Ushongti survive, where mobile trees exist, and a number of otherwise extinct plants and animals continue to thrive.  The valley contains a pool which can reverse aging, and a tribe of golden children free of knowledge or memory.

- Orthave/Orthava - a martian fur or fleece bearing giant rodent-like animal, presumably native to the polar regions.   Orthava may be the female of the species, an individual of the species, some other identifier within the species or even a related species.

- Pistols - Energy pistols or blasters are in use and there is an active smuggling trade in Earth weapons.  But there is some slight indication of indigenous manufacture of pistols or firearms of some sort, since at one point, a pistol is checked for clan insignia.

- Polaria - An Ocean Era Martian civilization prior to the period of the Flame of Iridar, presumably located at or near the north pole, and presumably wicked, which was destroyed by the Flame of Iridar.

- Pteraton -   The Martian sphinx, guardian of the gateway, is a large insectlike figure.  If it ever lived, it is long extinct and appears only in statuary.   It features twelve legs, four folded dragonfly wings and three rows of large compound eyes.   Nothing like it is known in Martian paleanotology.  The largest known is 100 yards long, two thousand miles from Yeotharn, around latitude 55.   Other smaller sphinx’s are associated with Iliornis.

- Quaraph - A sensitive or a telepath found in Martian society.  Quaraph’s can read minds and covertly project thoughts or impulses.  Their existence is acknowledged and accepted, even by Earthmen.  Their social position and role is not clear, they may be shamans or bogeymen.

- River of Death aka Farad-I-Janhg - A weird flowing stream of heavier than air vapour flowing along the bottom of a chasm.  The gases are poison, even with respirators, so they’re toxic to skin contact.  Discovered by the Hesperian expedition of ‘52 (presumably 2052, which, together with the reference to Brave New Century, Mars being under Terran domination for 75 years, and the fact that in the novel it is a well known, well mapped feature, implies that we’re in the 22nd century.)   The River of Death is unique on Mars, no other similar feature has been discovered like it.  It is located near Chun, in the lands of the Moon Dragon Nation, and may be associated with Iliornis and the passage to the underworld.   The name suggests that it is also associated with the city of Farad.

- Rock Dragon (No Martian Name Given) - Fifteen feet from fanged gaping maw to wriggling barbed tail, the middle parts thick as a mans thigh.  Thick overlapping scales.   Not a true serpent, it has three sets of short bowed legs armed with birdlike claws.  It has retractable fangs with paralytic venom that freezes the prey and preserves it for later devouring.   An ambush predator, which loops like a python.   It is a distant relative of the Cliff Dragon, which in turn is more closely related to the Sandcat.

- Sandcat (Martian word not given) - resembling a crimson tiger, nine feet long, monstrous claws, six legs, a fearless ambush predator.   Catlike whiplike tail.  Blunt wedge shaped head.  Fangs.   Conceals in sand dunes and ambushes approaching prey.  Bigger than a Kodiak Bear, faster than a cheetah.  Their claws contain venom sacks, like the fangs of a viper.

- Science of the Moons (Martian word not given) - Martian version of astrology, based on observing the movements and interactions of Phobos and Deimos. 

- Sharing water (Martian word not given) -  A bonding ceremony, although the ritual aspects seem to be quite informal at times.  Essentially, in sharing water, one Martian gives and another accepts water.  Water is life.  Martians who share water are under obligation to aid each other.  They may for some purposes be considered ‘brothers’ although the full appellation of ‘brother’ suggests an even deeper level of commitment.

- Shiangkor - An Empire building nation, from the time of Iridar, deep in the remote past when Mars still had Oceans.   It is located somewhere south of Iophar.    There is no contemporary reference.

- Shiaze -   A Martian city state and part of the Bakrah, Yukara, and Diome trading network.

- Slidar, a draft animal and riding beast -  Reptilian, ungainly, splay footed, red, of remarkable endurance.   A little larger than a horse, Four legged, long arched neck, scaled, fanged, snake tailed, broad shouldered, gaunt, bony, ungainly, awkward.    The Martian version of a camel..  The flesh is inedible.  It has a shambling, loping stride.   It is well noted for its bad temper and poor disposition.  It’s name loosely translates to ‘loper’ in Martian.   Although four legged, the Slidar may be descended from a six legged draft animal seen in Zhiam.  It is the only reptilian seen on Mars which is specifically described as four legged.

- Slioth - aka Cliff Dragon, cousin to the Sand-Cat of the dustlands, reptilian cliff scavenger, six legged, with bird hooked claws, armoured in leathery hide and tough overlapping chitinous scales, like a lobster’s shell.  Extremely hard to kill.

- S’zouks - long bladed, heavy martian knives, perhaps short swords.

- Timeless Ones (Martian word not given) -   Three beings, inhumanly tall and gaunt, with attenuated limbs, apparently sexless and without navels or nipples, featuring nine fingered hands, narrow long and elfin faces, noses long and thin as knives, sharply pointed jaws, high ridged cheekbones, lipless triangular mouths, arched and prominent brow ridges, with twin swelling, hairless globes or lobes for a cranial dome, and green eyes.   They hover in a frozen amber mist, their bodies apparently finely scaled (although this may simply be condensations of the mist).   They claim to be aliens from the fifth planet, three who came to Mars and two who traveled to Earth who helped to create both Martians and Humans.   They figure prominently in Martian theology as recorded in The Book.  Most recently, they awoke in the Long Night of Gods.

- Twelve Colonies - The twelve principle outposts of Earth upon Mars, including Syrtis, Sun Lake City, Trivium Charontis, Christoffsen Port, Propontis, Yeolarn, and possibly Laestrygonum and Dakhshan.  Some of the colonies, such as Yeolarn, appear to be occupations of existing living Martian cities, with Martian and Earthmen populations living side by side.  Others are likely occupations of dead cities, or new installations.

- Yeolarn - A martian city, long inhabited, dominated by Earthmen.   The Martians live in the old town, which is overbuilt, with many alleys.  Across the canal is the new town, center of Earth occupation.   The occupation dates back to the age of oceans, and there are still ancient remains of sewage tunnels opening to lost sea beds.   The terrestrial colonial administration has made one of its headquarters there.   Yeolarn is known as the capital of the Colonial Administration.   It is the northernmost of the Earth outposts, designated one of the twelve colonies, located at 250th meridian, in Thoana Palus, 1100 miles from Syrtis Port.

- Ygnarh - the original post edenic city.   The name translates directly as ‘Old City’, suggesting that the root ‘nar’ is city.

- Yhakha - an oasis town, actually little more than a permanent camp.   The northernmost camp or settlement of the Martians in this area of Mars.

- Yhoom - in literal fact, a giant underground cavern of immense size, miles below Iliornis, lit by seven spheres arranged in a ring.   It is reached through an immense stairway leading down from the principal temple of Iliornis.   From the staircase, there is a path lit by saffron, leading to a forest of gigantic mushrooms, known as the Abyss of Yhuu, which leads to the bridge of Fire, actually composed of luminous jewels or crystals

- Ylon-Ath - translation: Gateway to the Gods.   Original name of Iliornis.

- Yonka - a flexible, ancient cover or blanket, used to wrap the Crown of Iron.  Possibly a holy relic in its own right.

- Ythiom - An ancient dead city.

- Yukara - A city state of the northern hemisphere and part of the Diome, Shiaze and Bakrah trading network.

- Ushongti - Ogres or Giants of Martian lore, frequently depicted in statues with three horned heads, four fingered hands, immense downward tusks, elongated earlobes, and large eyes.   Ushongti still exist in the valley of Ophar, where they are discovered to be short tailed, pot bellied purple lizards, bipeds, with three crests or wattles instead of horns.   The Ushongti are telepathic, enjoy wines, and were once widespread on Mars.   They are associated with both Ophar and Iliornis.

- Zhah aka 'People of the Sunless City' - Yellow skinned, completely hairless, naked except for harnesses.   They are friendly, open, sexually promiscuous and make little distinction as to class, age or gender in choosing their partners.   Their society is without violence or murder.  The people are extremely ancient, and speak a different language than the common tongue of Mars.  They are divided into seven clans.   It is not clear which, if any of the nine nations, they are related to.  Their name suggests that they may be related to the Zhaggua of Zhiam, and therefore might be part of the tenth nation, whose pacifism they seem to share.   Or they may be an eleventh nation, or predate the nations at all.   It appears, however, that they colonized the Sunless Sea after the oceans had dwindled, which would be after the formation of Nations, and after the Nine Nations Jihad against the tenth.   They reside in floating cities (or at least one city) drifting or anchored on the sea.   Lacking agriculture, the cities are sustained by fishing for sea slugs, shoreline harvesting and trading.  Primary transportation is dragonflies, ridden by adolescents, or ‘sailing ships’, since there’s no significant wind, the masts for the sailing ships are actually anchor points for the dragonflies who haul the ships.   For some reason, there does not appear to be shoreline settlement, the area around the gateway is uninhabitedThey do not use fire, but are able to direct and store energy through shaped piezo-electric crystals, and use them for heat or as energy weapons, and have metal working technology based on condensation or catalyzation.   The ships and cities are built of stiff fibers like wicker or rattan, not wood.   The tallest buildings, due to weight issues, are no more than three stories. 

- Zhaggua - devil, devil worshipper, follower of Zhagguaziu, the general Martian name for a member of the 10th nation.

- Zhagguaziu - the fire devil, a living being with extraordinary abilities to bend time and restore the dead to life, either as zombies, or inhabiting them with its energy.  Patron of the tenth nation, for whom it bent time to find them a refuge in the distant past, during the ocean period.  Zhagguaziu advocates pacifism and vegetarianism and opposes the killing of animal or intelligent life, though when pushed, will slaughter.  It may also be the Flame of Iridar, which was also known during the Ocean Period, although if so, it has become considerably more inclined to judgement and action.

- Zhiam - City of the tenth nation and home to Zhagguaziu, in the Ocean Era of Mars.  The modern ruins are named Khuu.  Located on Mars in the era of Oceans, in the northern region near the pole.  Zhiam may be related to or the same as Iophar, which is located in the same general region, and is home to the Flame of Iridar.  Given that Zhagguaziu appears to have transported the people of Zhiam back to a remote period which may well precede humanity on Mars, and given his injunction to ‘have many fat babies’, it is entirely possible that the Zhiam are the ancestors of all the Martian civilizations and peoples seen in Flame of Iridar.   And its possible that they are in fact the ancestors of the Martians of the modern era, which would imply a paradoxical creation saga... take that, Timeless Ones.

- Zihuat - ‘firestone’ a porous stone rich in Hiyawa Ziu.

- Ziriol - a purple ruby native only to Mars.   Immensely valuable on Earth.


- Bram, a typical pirate comrade 
- Chandar, the exiled Prince of Orin, turned pirate leader, 
- Llys, Queen of Iophar, servant of the flame of Iridar.
- Mnadis the Witch, assistant to Sarkond, covert servant of the Dark Flame, a sort of anti-god dedicated to nihilism.
- Niamnon, a usurper King who has taken over Orin
- Psamathis - sword wielding hero, and his sword. 
- Sarkond the evil Enchanter,
- Thar, son of Chandar.

- Parker Whitney

- Chastar - a martian bandit.
- Gort/McCord - an earthman and prospector, hero.
- Norgren, Karl - An Earth scientist and archeologist, also a dickhead.
- Norgren, Inga - Brother to Karl, nurse and assistant.
- Thaklar - a martian prince.
- Thomra, a historical/legendary figure.
- Phuun a priest
- Zoram, a historical/legendary figure.

- Aoth - A Guard of Zhiam
- Dmu Dran - a fanatical priest.
- Goro - a wandering spy and minstrel.
- Hartha - a captain of the guards.
- Kammu Jha - proprietor of a wine house of the same name.
- Kiki - a boy of the 10th nation.
- Melandron - an old wise man of the 10th nation. 
- N’kyha Houm - A merchant, running a caravan.
- Raith - a caravan guard.
- Ryker - A criminal from Earth, exiled to Mars and not popular there either.  Hero.
- Thoh - a Princeling of Zhiam.
- Valarda - translation ‘golden bells’, princess of the 10th nation.
- Xinga - a caravan guard
- Zarouk - Prince of Bakrah, reputation of being a bit of a robber baron.  Aka ‘the Hawk

- Agila - a martian outcast and thief.
- Asouk - a follower of Tuan.
- Aulli - dragonfly rider.
- Azuri - Prince of the Sea people.
- Brant, Jim - Hero, prospector.
- Harben, William  - Doctor, Archeologist, researcher.
- Hathera - a sea person.
- Kiridh - a follower of Tuan.
- Kirin - dragonfly rider of the sunless sea.
- Koharin, a particularly sadistic ancient King of Mars.
- Naruth - a follower of Tuan.
- Suah - Princess of the high born.
- Suoli - short lesbian.
- Tuan - a disgraced chief of the Moon Dragons tribe.
- Zuara - tall lesbian.

- Bolgov, Konstantin - space pilot, jackass
- Chaka, another Chun.
- Dhu  - Priest of Chun - robes of green- hunchbacked dwarf.
- Eonha - Prince of a nation
- Hnoma - Martian name of Ivo Tengren, the first and only Earth Born Jamad Tengru.
- Huw, a minstrel of chun
- Jonnath XII of the Silver Dynasty - a previous Jamad.
- Keresny, Josip.  Doctor, Archeologist from Earth.
- Keresny, Ilsa - Daughter of Josip, love interest.
- Kesh Kuz - an old martian.
- Kuruk, A Chun warrior and leader.
- Kraa - A prince of Chun.
- Ivo Tengren - a west german who came to Mars to work with the Colonial administration.  He went native.   Martian name is Hnoma.
- Mma - Prince of a nation, probably white hawk.
- Thuu - a Martian prince of Red Mountain nation.
- Thyoma - a previous Jamad, who died in Ivo’s arms, but who transferred the Jamad Tengru to Ivo before he died.
- Timeless Ones - Godlike nappers, trying to catch up on their cosmic forty winks.
- Yakla - Martian woman, Ivo Tengren’s beloved, who died in his arms during the rebellion.
- Yatha - Prince of a nation.  

~ Den Valdron 
18,300 Words

Lin Carter Articles by Den Valdron

Carter's Callisto
Shape of Thanator
Alien Races of Callisto
Civilization of Callisto
Barsoom-Thanator Connection
Callisto Pellucidar
Callisto Future
Literary Zanthodon
Literal Zanthodon
Linguistic Zanthodon, 
Pellucidar, Mangani, Pal-ul-don
Colonial Barsoom
Colonial Appendix

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