Official Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute Site
Since 1996 ~ Over 15,000 Web Pages in Archive
Over 1,100 Volumes
Collected From 1875 Through 1950
The surviving editions are held in trust in the archive of grandson Danton Burroughs
Collated and Researched by Bill Hillman
Shelf: A1
Code Indicating Source of the ERB Book Titles:
Mid-1920s ERB, Inc. Office Inventory: Displayed in Blue
50s Notebook presented by Danton to the McWhorter Memorial Collection ~  Displayed in Black
Titles in the present Danton Burroughs Collection dictated to Bruce Bozarth ~ Displayed in Red
Titles Collated by George McWhorter from the Porges Papers: Displayed in Green
Burroughs Library List Compiled by Phil Burger: Displayed in Grey
Lost Editions Uncovered by Hillman Research in Gold
ABBOT, Willis J.: The Nations At War
ABBOTT, Eleanor Hallowell   Old Dad
ABBOTT, Jane   Aprilly
ABBOTT, Jane   Mingle Streams
ABBOTT, Lawrence F. Abbott: Letters of Archie Butt
ABYSSINIA, S SOMALILAND, KENYA Colony, Zanzibar, the Camnoros, Madagascar. (NY, Century, 1925)
ADAMS, Frederick Upham   John Burt
ADAMS, James   Revolutionary New England 1691-1776
ADAMS: Revolutionary New England
ADAMS, Samuel Hopkins   Wanted A Husband
ADE, George  In Babel
ADE: In Babel
ADE, George   The Slim Princess
ADE, George: The Slim Princess
ADLER, G. J.: Adlers German English Dictionary
AELUR & GRENAUGH?: Latin Grammar
AHEARN: How to Commit a Murder
AKELEY, Carl E.: In Brightest Africa (no publisher or date listed)
AKELEY: In Brightest Africa
ALCOTT, Louisa May   Flower Fables
ALCOTT, Louisa May   Jo's Boys
ALCOTT, Louisa May   Old Fashioned Girl
ALCOTT, L M ~ Under The Lilac - Kingsport Press - Office File Copy 12 4 1893 run 5,075 printed 5,075 G&D in DJ
ALCOTT: Under the Lilacs
ALDER, W. F.: The Isle of Vanishing Men
ALDRICH, Thomas Bailey   The Story of a Bad Boy
ALEXANDER, Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovitch of Russia: Once a Grand Duke
ALLEN, Lucy ~ Table Service - Lucy Allen, Little, Brown A7
ALLEN: Table Service
ALLEN, Lucy G. Table Service. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1920.
ALLEN, Frederick Lewis: Only Yesterday
ALMANAC: World Almanac 1944
ALTSHELER, Joseph A.   The Great Sioux Trail
AMMUNDSON, Roald: My Life As An Explorer (2 volumes)
ANDERSON, Hans Christian   Fairy Stories
ANDERSON Hans Christian   Fairy Tales
ANDREWS, Roy Chapman: On the Trail of Ancient Man: A Narrative of the Field Work of the Central Asiatic Expeditions (NY, Putnam)
ANSELL, Mary   Dogs and Men
      Album on Animals
n/r  Boy's Book of Big Game Hunting
n/r  Boy's Book of Cowboys
n/r  Boys Book of Pirates
n/r  Christmas Carols
n/r  Comical Hits by Famous Wits
n/r  Mark Twain's Boyhood Home
n/r  Mother Bedtime Stories
n/r  Prize Stories of 1924
n/r  Technique '94
n/r  The Arabian Nights
n/r  The Merry Widow
n/r  The Rain-Girl
ANTHOLOGY: Great Story Tellers
ANTHOLOGY: Prize Stories of 1924
ARMIGER: Titles - A Guide to the Right ause of British Titles and Honours
ARNOLD, Edwin Lester   Phra the Phoenician
ARNOLD: Phra the Phoenician
ARTICLES: Africa (magazine articles)
ASHFORD, Daisy   The Young Visitors
ASHMUN, Margaret   Including Mother
ASHMUN, Margaret   Isabel Carleton at Home
ASHMUN, Margaret   Isabel Carleton's Friends
ASHMUN, Margaret   Isabel Carleton's Year
ASHMUN, Margaret   The Heart of Isabel Carleton
ASHTON, John ~ English Caricature and Satire of Napoleon, John Poland, 1884 London
ATHERTON, could be "atherton" unreadable
ATHERTON, Gertrude   A daughter of the Vine
ATHERTON, Gertrude   Rezanor
ATHERTON, Gertrude   The Crystal Cup
Willis J. Abbot
The Nations at War ~ 1918

Watching the World Go By (Autobiography) 
Women of History ~ 1913
This book reveals some interesting things regarding captioning practice at the turn of the century. As was common practice, the book was illustrated with inserted plates on glossy stock to increase its salability. Given its subject, each of the illustrations is relatively free of interpretive captioning. Illustrations were instead captioned with a proper name, unless a scene rather than a head and shoulders portrait was employed, as was the case with the frontispiece:
Former President Coolidge , Willis J. Abbot, Hon. Frank W. StearnsWillis J. Abbot (middle): Chapter one of Abbot's autobiography begins with Abbot’s reminiscence of his first job as a professional journalist at the New Orleans Times-Democrat in 1884. His only prior experience was as managing editor of a biweekly at the University of Michigan. He opens with a story of a gunfight between a political boss and an editor of New Orleans political paper, the Mascotte, that occurred his first day at work. It resulted in the editor shooting off the trigger finger of the political boss, James Huston, “making him a pacifist for life” . Abbot’s overview of the situation in New Orleans is concise: New Orleans journalism in those days was a thing very different from to-day—for that matter all journalism is. Oddly enough, it was more literary and at the same time more militant. The first act of my editor, on opening his desk of an evening, was to take from his pocket a revolver, as big it seemed to me as a mountain howitzer, and lay it ready to his hand. Yet this same editor had the keenest appreciation of literature, particularly poetry, and employed Lafcadio Hearn, then virtually unknown, to ransack foreign periodicals and furnish a daily column of European literary productions. The proprietor of our paper walked with a slight limp, the cause of which I found out to be a bullet in his groin, deposited there by a rifle in the hands of the editor of a rival morning paper, whom he had challenged to a duel. The two papers are now consolidated, forming the Times Picayune. But in my early days the fire-eating journalists would have scorned to merge their feuds and hatreds simply for good business reasons.  Subsequent anecdotes include the rumored theft of the Liberty Bell by southerners during the Cotton States Centennial Exposition which was reported (although a false report) by all the media outlets  He claims that he was a cub reporter on the New York Tribune from 1886-1887 but later he also claims that he, along with a group of Detroit newspapermen, purchased an evening newspaper in Kansas City in 1886. He called this experience “an expensive school of journalism” (40). He claims to have moved to Kansas city in this failed attempt; the dates are confusing. He gives an overview of New York newspapers in 1886-7. He started as a cub reporter on the New York Tribune in 1886, though he begins by enumerating the “real literary standing” of the newspapermen writing on other papers of this time. His initial focus is on Charles Dana’s New York Sun, and on the drinking habits of all newspapermen of the time. Though Abbot was a later advocate of prohibition, he does not appear to be too judgmental regarding the excesses of the time.  Abbot describes the outlook of newspapers as valuing well-written stories, and it was normal for a writer at that time to compose and rewrite their own stories, a practice apparently on the wane in the 1930s, when he composed his autobiography. 
More. . . Comments on the Abbot Autobiography
Eleanor Hallowell Abbott Born1872 in Cambridge - Died. 1958 in Portsmouth, NH
Old Dad ~ c1919 ~ E.P. Dutton and Company.
Molly Make-Believe,
The ne'er-do-much.1918 Dodd, Mead and Co
The Sick-a-Bed lady: 1911 The Century Company NY
The White Linen Nurse 1913 The Century Company NY
Little Eve Edgarton: 1914 ~ The Century Company ~ Illustrated by R.M. Crosby. ~ She rides like a Comanche; she dances like an angel; she's too suntanned to be "a rose" in just the way her mother was; but what will become of Eve and her big, loving heart if her scientist father drags her off on yet another globe-trotting venture to South America? Typical of Eleanor   Hallowell Abbott's romances, lively with affectionate humor and unconventional characters. 
Project Gutenberg Editions
Eleanor Hallowell Abbott (1872 - 1958) ~ American author of romantic and children's books.
She was born and raised in a literary and religious family, Abbott began her writing career when two poems were accepted by Harper's Magazine in 1909.  There followed a stream of seventy-five short stories, fourteen novels, and in 1936 a charming autobiography, Being Little in Cambridge When Everyone Else Was Big. Abbott's work is described by critics as "unblushingly romantic," but an interesting example of a New England writer deliberately turning away from her harsh Puritan legacy, with gay and vivid portraits of high-spirited girls and strong, sturdy young men-and always a happy ending.
Wikipedia Entry
Jane Abbott  1881
Aprilly Grosset & Dunlap, NY., Reprint Copyright 1921 by J.B. Lippincott Company
Illustrations by Harriet Roosevelt Richards

Mingle Streams

Jane D Abbott stories for girls: "Jane Abbott holds the hearts of today's girls like Lousia May Alcott held the hearts of their mothers."
Bouquet Hill
Larkspur G&D
Happy Books for Happy Girls
Happy House 1920
Black Flower
Keineth eBook

Lawrence F. Abbott
Letters of Archie Butt ~ Military Aide to President Roosevelt ~ 1924 ~ Edited by Lawrence F. Abbott.  Doubleday, Page & Company (See Archie Butt for More)
A DISTINGUISHED Frenchman, I think it was Paul Sabatier, has somewhere said that "man is incurably religious." May it not also be said that man is an incurable gossip? We like to hear and read of the little private sayings and doings of great men and women as well as of their heroic deeds and historic achievements. Indeed, gossip in the sense of familiar chit-chat, if it be not mischievous, malevolent or unfriendly, is a most useful handmaiden of history. One can often obtain a juster estimate of great men and their influence from anecdotal literature than from the dignified and sometimes dry-as-dust chronicles of professional historians. It is the gossipy attitude toward the little events of daily life that makes the Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, the Letters of Pliny the Younger, the Epistles of Erasmus, not only so readable, but so enlightening to the student of customs and manners. 

The work of a newspaper reporter is not given high rank by literary critics, but in his stories of the actual incidents and personalities of life the reporter creates a literature which people read with more eagerness, and sometimes, I think, with more benefit, than laboured historical treatises. Herodotus is an immortal historian partly, if not largely, because he reports anecdotes about great men who have made history. His historical characters are thus not shadowy mythological figures but men of flesh and blood. Luther was a metaphysician, and few there are who read him now. His great contemporary Erasmus, . . .

Impressions of Theodore Roosevelt  ~  1919 ~ Doubleday ~ 315 pages ~ "Roosevelt's chief writings, excluding newspaper articles and state papers
Twelve Great Modernists: Herodotus, St. Francis, Erasmus, Voltaire, Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall ~ 1927 ~ 301 pages

Lawrence Fraser Abbott (1859-1933) was an American editor and writer, son of Lyman Abbott. He was born in Brooklyn, New York, and graduated from Amherst College in 1881. In 1891 he became president of the Outlook Company. He was secretary to Theodore Roosevelt during the latter's tour of Europe and Africa (1909-10), and edited Roosevelt's African and European Addresses (1910). He was the author of an article on Theodore Roosevelt in the Encyclopœdia Britannica (1911), and of Impressions of Theodore Roosevelt (1919) and The Story of NYLIC (1930).
Wikipedia Entry

ABYSSINIA, S SOMALILAND, KENYA Colony, Zanzibar, the Camnoros, Madagascar. (NY, Century, 1925)
Frederick Upham Adams 1859 - 1921 ~ USA
John Burt ~ 1903 ~ 473 pages

President John Smith: The Story of Peaceful Revolution 1897
The Kidnapped Millionaires:  A Tale of Wall Street and the Tropics 1901
Conquest of the Tropics: The Story of the Creative Enterprises Conducted by the United Fruit Company
John Henry Smith: A Humorous Romance of Outdoor Life 1905 Doubleday
John Henry Smith: A Golfing Romance.1905   London: Hutchinson

When Men Are Tempted ~ Vitagraph Film adaptation of John Burt 1917
Film Summary: College friends John Burt and Arthur Morris are rivals for the hand of Jessie  Garden. They come to blows over Jessie, and John, believing that he has killed Arthur in the fight, goes West to search for the location of a mine belonging to  his grandfather. John finds the mine and returns home a millionaire, but discovers that Jessie is planning upon sacrificing herself to Arthur in order to  retrieve the fortune her father lost as a result of Arthur's stock manipulations. John puts his own fortune at Garden's disposal and succeeds in breaking Arthur. In anger and hatred, Arthur attempts to kill John but fails and commits  suicide instead. With the menace of Arthur removed, John and Jessie marry  and face a happy life together.

Frederick Upham Adams (December 10, 1859 – August 28, 1921) was a noted inventor and author. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to an American Civil War veteran/mechanical engineer, and died on August 28, 1921 at Larchmont, New York.
James Truslow Adams 1878–1949
Revolutionary New England 1691-1776: 1923 Boston: Atlantic Monthly Press

1943 ATLAS OF AMERICAN HISTORY with 147 FULL PAGE MAPS ~ 1943 ~ Scribners
James Truslow Adams: 1878–1949, American historian, b. Brooklyn, N.Y. The Founding of New England (1921), which brought him the Pulitzer Prize in history for 1922, was followed by Revolutionary New England, 1691–1776 (1923) and New England in the Republic, 1776–1850 (1926). Among the best of his many books are Provincial Society, 1690–1763 (Vol. III in the “History of American Life” series, 1927) and The Epic  of America (1931), which was widely translated. The Adams Family (1930) and Henry Adams (1933) were books on the famous Massachusetts clan, to which he was not related. Adams spent much of his time in London as a representative of his publishers, Charles Scribner's Sons. He was editor in chief of Dictionary of American History (6 vol., 1940; rev. ed. 1942), Atlas of American History (1943), and Album of American  History (4 vol., 1944–48), three valuable reference works. Some of his later writings reflect his obvious distaste for the New Deal.
There are obviously two educations. One should teach us how to make a living and the other how to live.
Age acquires no value save through thought and discipline.
We cannot advance without new experiments in living, but no wise man tries every day what he has proved wrong the day before.
There is so much good in the worst of us, and so much bad in the best of us, that it ill behaves any of us to find fault with the rest of us.
The freedom now desired by many is not freedom to do and dare but  freedom from care and worry.
"That dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for every man, with opportunity for each according to his ability or achievement... a dream of a social order in which each man and each woman shall be able to attain to the fullest stature of which they are innately capable, and be recognized by others for what they are, regardless of the fortuitous circumstances of birth or position."
~James Truslow Adams
Samuel Hopkins Adams Jan 26,1871 Dunkirk, NY - Nov 15, 1958 Beaufort, SC USA
Wanted: A Husband
Film Adaptation: 1919 Starring Billie Burke

Film Adaptations
Flaming Youth (1923) written under the pseudonym, Warner Fabian. This was originally a best-selling novel that depicted the sexual antics of the jazz generation. It was considered shockingly frank in its day. The film adaptation starred Colleen Moore. IMDB Fan Review.
The Gorgeous Hussy. 1934 G&D Photoplay Edition of sorts with color illustration from the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Picture starring Joan Crawford at front panel of dj but lacking any stills from the film
Film Synopsis: In this tale of political drama and romantic scandals, Crawford plays Andrew Jackson's mistress, who has both romantic and political aspirations, and winds up embarrassing everyone around her. A great cast, beautiful costumes, and rich setting can't save this somewhat tedious period piece. Academy Award Nominations: 2.
It Happened One Night 1934 (Night Bus) Akron: Saalfield (1935) This is the very scarce Photoplay edition from the 1934 movie published by Saalfield as a Little Big Book, #1578. The film was adapted from a story called, "Night Bus" originally published in 1933 by Cosmopolitan Magazine. The book is in Near Fine condition with just some minor edge wear. The inside pages are slightly yellowed with age. The illustrated boards feature a colored cover photo of Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert. The book itself has over 50 photographs from the academy award winning movie - the first to win all four major awards. "It happened One Night" is truely one of the great romantic comedies of all time.
The Perfect Specimen
Film Synopsis: Errol Flynn, in his only comic turn, plays a sheltered millionaire living a life of ease in his secluded mansion, awaiting the day when he will take over the family business. Hoping to nab an exclusive story, a woman reporter (the bustling Blondell) penetrates the mansion and returns with the heir to the outside world. Though the police believe he's been kidnapped, he relishes his time spent among the unwashed masses with the journalist. A curiosity (comedy wasn't Curtiz's forte, either) but good fun.
In Person  1935
Film Synopsis: Ginger Rogers, unaccompanied by Fred Astaire, plays a movie star so scared of the public that she never leaves home without disguising herself with a wig, dark glasses and false teeth. Despite all this, she is overwhelmed by an anxiety attack while out shopping, and only the kindness of a handsome stranger (George Brent) saves her. After he takes her to his isolated cabin to recover, she reveals her identity--and learns to her surprise that not everyone is impressed by her movie star status.
The Harvey Girls 1946
Film Synopsis: A lighthearted musical comedy with some terrific tunes by Harry Warren and Johnny Mercer including the Oscar-winning "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe." Susan Bradley (Judy Garland) is a 19th-century mail-order bride who goes out west to work as a waitress at one of Fred Harvey's new restaurants. Ned Trent (John Hodiak) owns the local saloon, and his girl friend is Em (Angela Lansbury), a Mae West type who runs a bawdy house in the small New Mexico town. THE HARVEY GIRLS has a little of everything: songs, dance, action, romance, and the triumph of virtue and chastity over the forces of saloondom. Hodiak is suave and sophisticated as the gambler, and Garland was never more vibrant as the female lead. There is also some excellent supporting work by Ray Bolger, Marjorie Main, and Virginia O'Brien. Lenny Hayton received an Oscar nomination for his musical direction.

Online eText Editions
Average Jones
Unspeakable Perk
Little Miss Grouch
Samuel Hopkins Adams (1871?1958) was a American writer, best known for his investigative journalism. Adams was born in Dunkirk, New York. In 1891, he graduated from Hamilton College. From 1891 to 1900, he was a reporter for the New York Sun and then joined McClure's Magazine, where he gained a reputation as a muckraker for his articles on the conditions of public health in the United States. In a series of eleven articles he wrote for Collier's Weekly in 1905, "The Great American Fraud", Adams exposed many of the false claims made about patent medicines, pointing out that is some cases these medicines were damaging the health of the people using them. The series had a huge impact and led to the passage of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act. In 1911 the Supreme Court ruled that the prohibition of falsifications referred only to the ingredients of the medicine. This meant that companies were again free to make false claims about their products. Adams returned to the attack and another series of articles in Collier's Weekly, Adams exposed the misleading advertising that companies were using to sell their products. Adams was a prolific writer, who wrote fiction as well. His best-known novel, Revelry (1926), based on the scandals of the Harding administration, was later followed by Incredible Era (1939), a biography of Harding. Among his other works are The Great American Fraud (1906), The Harvey Girls (1942), Grandfather Stories (1955), and Tenderloin (1959).
See ERBzine 1477
George Ade (1866-1944)
In Babel
The Slim Princess
e-Text with Illustrations
"The Slim Princess" has been elaborated and rewritten from a story printed in The Saturday Evening Post of Philadelphia late in 1906 and copyright, 1906, by the Curtis Publishing Company.

The Girl Proposition: 1902 R.H.Russell ~ 40+ woodcut illustrations by John T.McCutcheon, Frank Holme, Carl Werntz, & Clyde Newman.
George Ade's birthplace and home was near Kentland, Indiana, until he moved to Lafayette to attend Purdue University. After college, Ade moved again, this time to Chicago to work as a newspaper writer. He was a prolific writer and often collaborated with college classmate John T. McCutcheon, the renowned cartoonist.While working for The Chicago Record, his foible-laden character sketches on Artie (1896), Pink Marsh (1897), and  Doc Horne (1899) began to appear, which included sketches by John T. McCutcheon. Ade was also know for his "Fables in Slang". Ade wrote his first successful play, The Sultan of Sulu, in 1902; he later went on to write Peggy  from Paris (1903), The Sho-Gun (1904), and The College Widow (1904). His summer home ("Hazelden") near Brook, Indiana, was built in 1903, and Ade's hospitality in the home brought him even more fame.
George Ade Quotes
A friend who is near and dear may in time become as useless as a relative. 
A good folly is worth what you pay for it. 
A man never feels more important than when he receives a telegram containing more than ten words. 
After being Turned Down by numerous Publishers, he had decided to write for Posterity. 
Anybody can win - unless there happens to be a second entry. 
Do unto yourself as your neighbors do unto themselves and look pleasant. 
For parlor use, the vague generality is a life saver. 
In Modern Fiction: Ade is on a journey to Mars with Nikola Tesla and Mark Twain in the 2005 novel Wonder of the Worlds by Sesh Heri. 

George AdeLittle known today and too-little appreciated, the works of George Ade charmed and entertained a generation of Americans from the 1890's through the 1930's. There is a quantity of historical information about Ade on the world-wide web, but little of his written work is on-line. These pages are my contribution. They offer the contents of numerous editions of Ade's fables to the modern reader. These works were remarkable in their day, as they are now, for capturing the impressions of a newpaperman and a skilled observer of the commonplace in the vernacular of the day. This combination results in a unique, eyewitness picture of America in transition from small towns and smaller agricultural communities to densely populated, mechanised, technological cities. 
From George Ade: The Fabulous Fabulist

George Ade: Hoosier, Author, Playwright and Humorist: Purdue University
From the Gay Nineties until the early Twentieth Century, George Ade reigned as one of the most popular writers in America, his fan base ranging from the man on the street to such notables as literary critic William Dean Howells and humorist Mark Twain. Ade’s genius laid in his ability to delineate true American characters; his use of everyday vernacular blew the dust off of the late Victorian Era and brought a well-needed breath of fresh air into American theatre. He satirized all levels of society without a trace of malice, inviting America to join him in seeing itself, idiosyncrasies intact, and giving us the freedom to laugh at ourselves. 

Although he is best known as a writer, George Ade was first and foremost a Hoosier. His wry observations of the Midwest took place in stories that were more often than not, set in Indiana. Born in the small rural town of Kentland, Ade saw the world through the eyes of a country boy. He made no class distinctions in his writings, his city characters were stripped of their urbane veneers and his country characters were steeped in the eccentricities of small town life

Although Ade’s writings fell out of public favor as America struggled through the Great Depression and the onslaught of World War II, his legacy lives on. Ade populated his writings with comedic characters lifted from the streets and front porches of small Midwestern towns and peppered the language with witty slang; characters and situations that can still be found in movies and television sitcoms. Ade’s comedic style is just as popular today as it was when he introduced it over a hundred years ago. While Ade was never considered a high-brow literary writer or a fashionably caustic social critic, he succeeded in what he had set out to do, he made America laugh.

Augustus Thomas introduced me at The Lambs ... and said there had been some controversy as to whether I was a playwright or a farmer. He said he had investigated and learned that in Indiana I was regarded as a playwright and in New York City I was known as a farmer.
George Ade, "How to Live in the Country," 1926


Wikipedia Bio
George Ade e-Text editions a Project Gutenberg
George J. Adler
Adlers German English Dictionary ~ 1895 ~ D. Appleton Company ~ 1300 pages
"A Dictionary of the German and English Languages: Indicating the Accentuation of Every German Word, Containing Several Hundred German Synonymes, Together with a Classification and Alphabetical List of the Irregular Verbs, and a List of Abbreviations." Compiled from the works of Hilpert, Flugel, Grieb, Heyse and Others. By G.J. Adler, A.M., member of the American Oriental and of the American Ethnological Societies, etc. In Two Parts: German and English; English and German. 

George J. Adler (1821, Leipzig, Germany – August 24, 1868, New York, New York) was a noted philologist and linguist.

Adler arrived in the United States in 1833 and graduated valedictorian from New York University in 1844. In 1846, he became a professor of modern languages at New York University. In 1849, he compiled the 
Dictionary of German and English Languages, whose publication marked Adler as one of the great linguists of his era.
In 1858, Adler completed his last important work, 
A Practical Grammar of the Latin Language.
Wikipedia Entry


Latin Grammar
How to Commit a Murder: New York: Ives Washburn 1930.
A non-fiction how-to about committing major crimes, by a gangster and ex-con. Also includes helpful hints on robbing jewelry and fur stores, dope dealing, and much, much more. Some of Ahearn's stories were used by Hollywood as the basis for the films Escape from Crime (1942) and Bulldog Edition (1936). 
Carl E. Akeley
In Brightest Africa: Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page, ©1923. Illustrated from photographs. 
Adventures in the African big game country gathering material for the Roosevelt Hall at the American Museum of Natural History. A pioneering taxidermist and sculptor, Akeley did much big game hunting of lion, buffalo, elephant and others, and was in Africa at the time of Theodore Roosevelt's famed safari. This is the book in which he describes how he killed a wounded leopard with his bare hands.

The Animal Kingdom published in the 1930's by Orthovis  Company, Chicago.(see Whitetail Deer below)
Adventures in the African Jungle
Carl Akeley's Africa
Congo Eden
Jungle Portraits
Restless Jungle
Taxidermy and Sculpture

Lion Attacking a Cape Buffalo 1914 Bronze

3-D Taxidermy Gallery: Whitetail Deer
Field Museum Dioramas

Akeley Muskrat Diorama Milwaukee Museum WI

Akeley in 1914 
working on an elephant. From Preston

The October, 1955 issue of SAFARI. 
The lead article is a remembrance of the great hunter/taxidermist Carl Akeley 
by world-renowned explorer Roy Chapman Andrews.
(The cover portrays Akeley's famed bare-handed battle with a leopard.)
Carl E. Akeley May 19, 1864, Clarendon, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 17, 1926, Albert  National Park, Belgian Congo: Sculptor, explorer, inventor American naturalist, author, and the Father of Modern Taxidermy
"I have not appreciated the absolute necessity of carrying on the African Hall, if it is ever to be done, as I do now after this painful revelation. The old conditions, the story of which we want to tell, are now gone, and in another decade the men who knew them will all be gone." (1926, during his last trip to Africa)

The founder of modern taxidermy. When combined with Chapman's realistic "habitat group"  dioramas, Akeley's method of sculpting lifelike bodies around carefully prepared skeletal mounts led to a revolution in museum design. Shortly before leaving Ward's in 1886, he mounted the skeleton of the famous African elephant Jumbo. While in Africa before World War I, Akeley survived being trampled by an elephant and killed a leopard with his bare  hands. In the 1920's Akeley made a large specimen collection as part of his effort to create the American Museum's famous African mammal hall; he died in the Virunga mountains while working on what became the mountain gorilla diorama.

Career: Assistant, Ward's Natural Science Establishment, Rochester, before 1883 (starting at age 19)-1886 Self-employed taxidermist, Milwaukee, 1886-1888 Taxidermist, Milwaukee Public Museum, 1888-1890's Field Museum of Natural History, 1890's-about 1909 American Museum of Natural History, about 1909-1926

In the early 20th century, taxidermy began to evolve into its modern form under the leadership of great artists such as Carl E. Akeley. He and other talented pioneers developed anatomically accurate mannikins which incorporated every detail--right down to each muscle and tendon of the animal--in artistically pleasing poses. They invented new techniques for mounting that allowed them to portray animals with uncanny lifelike accuracy. They created mounts in realistic settings and poses that were more appropriate for the species. This was quite a change from the crude, snarling caricatures that were popularly offered as hunting trophies. It was Carl Akeley who convinced J.P.Morgan that taxidermy was in fact an indisputable and viable art form.

Online Encyclopedia Entry: 1864-1926, American naturalist, animal sculptor, and author, b. Orleans co.,  N.Y. He served (1887-95) at the Museum of Milwaukee; from 1895 to 1909 he was at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, and from 1909 he was affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History, New York City. His principal contribution was in the field of taxidermy ; his system of mounting specimens by applying the skin to a finely contoured model is still used by museums. His animal sculptures and paintings may be seen in Akeley Hall in the Museum of Natural History and in the Field Museum of Natural History. He invented the cement gun for use in his own work, and the Akeley camera is widely used by naturalists. His influence led to the establishment in 1926 of the Albert  (now Virunga) National Park, an animal sanctuary in Congo (Kinshasa). He wrote In Brightest Africa (1923).

Akelely Bronze Statues at the Field Museum, Chicago



Victory Over the Lion


Bill Hillman


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