Edgar Rice Burroughs Tribute and Weekly Webzine Site
1996 ~ Over 15,000 Webpages in Archive
ANNIVERSARIES OF ERB
A COLLATION OF THE DAILY
EVENTS IN ERB-WORLD
FROM THE PAGES OF ERBzine
Web Design with added links
and illustrations by Bill Hillman
JANUARY Part II
January 8 :: January
9 :: January 10 :: January
11 :: January 12 :: January
13 :: January 14
serial of “Carson of
Venus” began in "Argosy"
on Jan. 8, 1938, and ran for a total of six installments.
The primary location of this story, the third book in
ERB's Venus series, is the kingdom of Korva in the country of Anlap, centered
around the cities of Sanara and Amlot. But there was a brief interlude
at the start of the book where Carson and Duare played capture and escape
with a tribe of people in which women dominated, and the weak men answered
to names such as Lula and Ellie.
The Nazi-like Zanis controlled the city of Amlot and
were besieging Sanara, but with Carson on the job the war was soon won
by the guys with whom Carson was friendly, and he not only won the right
for him and Duare to live in Sanara, but also became the adopted son of
Taman, the new jong of Sanara.
ERB began writing "Carson" in 1937 and the rise of Adolf
Hitler’s Nazi Germany influenced him to bring a Nazi-like regime in as
Carson’s new foe. The story is a smorgasbord of satire, with ERB using
his Zani characters to show that much of Nazi practice was ridiculous,
– at the same time – illustrating the horror of it all.
The Del-Rey paperback of the story shows the copyright
date as 1930 – a neat trick for a book not written until 1937 and not published
for the first time until 1938! Someone with only the Del-Rey paperback
might incorrectly conclude that all of ERB’s Nazi-Zani references were
an amazing bit of prophetic writing!
Some of the things ERB parodies, such as the Nazi greeting,
salute and marching style, were well-known when he wrote the story. However
he is indeed prophetic, in Chapter
10, "The Prison of Death," in which he describes the horrors of
Zani imprisonment and torture, and even includes a furnace where the bodies
of the slain prisoners are cremated. Though the Nazi persecution of the
Jews and others was well under way, in ever-escalating phases in the 30s,
the death camps and furnaces were a thing yet in the future when ERB wrote
Assigned to prison staff duty, Carson was given a tour
by a Zani guard who showed him an imprisoned doctor whose crime was that
he had alleviated the agony of an Atorian who was dying of an incurable
disease. “Can you imagine?” asked the guard.
Carson’s reply was far over the head of the guard’s discerning
abilities: “I am afraid that my imagination is permanently incapacitated.
There are things that transcend the limits of a normal imagination. Today
you have shown me such things.”
ERBzine's info page on Carson:
Covers of the Carson pulps and other pulps:
the e-Text edition in ERBzine
As the years passed, and more
about the murderous Nazi regime became known, ERB took other shots at them,
and in particular at Hitler. On Jan. 8, 1942, in a “Laugh It Off” column,
"THE YANKS ARE COMING! That war cry brought hope to our
embattled allies 24 years ago. As it rings out again today, it brings hope
to the whole world of human beings -- which does not include Hitler and
"It has been reported that when Adolf is thwarted he
flies into a hysterical rage, throws himself on the floor and chews the
edge of the rug. After he heard the President's promise of 60,000 planes,
45,000 tanks, and 8,000,000 tons of shipping this year and about twice
as many next year, the nazis had to refurnish the room completely."
(Almost sounds like something he could have written about
See the Laugh It Off columns at:
"Tarzan and a Daring Rescue,"
a Whitman Big Little Book, is one of those items that is so rare you seldom
see it, and when you do see it, it has a rather high price! It was copyrighted
Jan. 8, 1938, the same date as the first "Carson" installment in "Argosy,"
and was a Pan-Am Motor Oil giveaway.
But if you don't have it, you can see the cover as well
as the covers of many other Tarzan BLBs at:
...and the inside is 31 illustrations and story adapted
from the Rex Maxon strip, "The Return of Tarzan," and you can see
ALL the Maxon panels beginning at:
the Everglades," by Gray Morrow and Don Kraar, began in newspapers
Jan. 8, 1984, and ran for 12 weeks.
Read it here: http://www.erbzine.com/mag35/3506.html
the world of ERB, there's the BSA of Van and the BSA of Von.
The Van was the Van Nuys News in Southern California,
which carried ERB's byline for several days in late August and early September
of 1928, when it printed a series of articles he had written about the
history of the BSA -- the Boy Scouts of America.
The Von was Willhelm Von Horst, hero of ERB's late 1930s
BSA story -- "Back to
the Stone Age."
When it first appeared in print on Jan. 9, 1937, the
latter story was unknowable by the BSA initials, however, since its first
title was "Seven Worlds to Conquer." That was the title used by "Argosy
when it serialized the account over six issues of the
pulp magazine. Emmett Watson did the color cover for the first issue and
Samuel Cahan provided a black and white interior for each installment.
Von Horst had been aboard the dirigible, the O-220, in
which Tarzan and others had flown through the polar opening to the Earth's
core, to rescue David Innes from a dungeon in Korsar. Much of the crew
had become temporarily lost in Pellucidar in that story, "Tarzan at
the Earth's Core," but all -- with the exception of Von Horst -- eventually
found their way back to the ship.
BSA detailed the stranded Von Horst's adventures in fighting
his way through peril after peril while winning the heart of the spunky
info page on the story
quick summary of the book
the entire text in ERBzine
Thomas Metcalf was a lot harder to please than most ERB
fans. When ERB submitted his manuscript for a story he titled "The Ape-Man"
to Metcalf, the editor of "The All-Story" wrote back with a load of criticism,
starting with the fact that he didn't like the way the story started! And
it seems he didn't like much else either.
Fans, though, have always found much to like about the
story, which was retitled as "The
Return of Tarzan" when it was eventually published by Metcalf's
rival, "New Story." One of the things I personally liked was the part where
Tarzan and the Waziri follow the marauding Arabs and start picking the
enemy off one by one. Metcalf, however, found that to be "tedious."
After ERB wrote his Jan. 9, 1913, cover letter to "My
dear Mr. Metcalf," along with the manuscript, only to receive a wad of
Metcalf's picky comments in return, ERB dropped the niceties and addressed
his next letter, simply, "Dear Metcalf."
And that should have proven to Metcalf that ERB was,
indeed, a great writer, with the ability to get his point across even with
the shortest of salutations!
Enjoy the exchanges at:
Roof of the World," by Gray Morrow and Allan Gross, began in newspapers
Jan. 9, 2000, and ran for 16 Sundays.
Read it at: www.erbzine.com/mag34/3485.html
on Nov. 6, 1935, the MGM film "Tarzan
Escapes" was released. Two months later, on Jan. 10, 1936, The
Little Book version of the story was copyrighted. Read the Big
Little Book version at: http://www.erbzine.com/mag6/0648.html
Some of the Big
Little Books, were abridged versions of ERB stories, and some,
such as "Tarzan in the Land of Giant Apes" and "Tarzan and the Journey
of Terror," were based on Dell comic stories.
Five were based directly on movies. In addition to "Tarzan
Escapes," there was "Tarzan
the Fearless," "Tarzan
of the Screen," "New Adventures of Tarzan" and "Tarzan's Revenge."
All about Tarzan (and John Carter) Big Little Books starting
My how things have changed! Back then, after a film played
for maybe three or four days at the local theater, you never saw it again.
And after you and your friends had read all of your comics until the covers
and middle pages were missing, it would have been nice to find a BLB that
reprinted the comic story. Today, with old movies on TV and the internet
and DVD copies we can watch just about any movie any time we want -- including
"Tarzan Escapes." It's nice to be so spoiled!
For his Jan. 10, 1942, "Laugh It Off" column,
ERB made a note about Man Mountain Dean: "Appropriate: Man Mountain Dean,
the 280 pound wrestler, has enlisted in the tank corps. I have met a lot
of chaps on Oahu who could qualify for the tank corps, though not necessarily
on the strength of avoirdupois." See more on Man
Mountain Dean, who served both in World Wars I and II.
For a link to ERB's "Laugh It Off" columns: www.erbzine.com/mag17/1754.html#10
We all know that ERB tried a variety of occupations before
he finally succeeded as a writer, but he also continued to explore and
sometimes try various other occupations after he became a professional
writer, as well.
Once, ERB announced that he was ready to start his own
transit system, to be known as The Tarzana Stage Line. It was on Jan. 11,
1923, when the L.A. Times ran the story about the "Laird of Tarzana" filing
an application with the city.
"I have no desire to go into the stage line business,"
he said, "but I am interested in obtaining stage service across San Fernando
Valley. The existing stage line buses go like h--l, are always crowded,
and give no local service, so I thought I'd start a stage line myself."
Was ERB serious? He was no doubt serious about wanting
stage service, but perhaps, in filing his application, he was not that
serious about starting such a company himself, but more than likely was
lighting a fire under the existing company by raising the specter of competition.
The story states that he would withdraw his application if the existing
company worked out some way of providing the service he desired.
We can imagine that something was worked out. And so,
when ERB gatherings take place in the Tarzana neighborhood -- alas -- there
will be no opportunities for ERB fans to pose for photos in front of a
vintage motor coach with the name "Tarzana" on it.
See the story at: www.erbzine.com/mag14/1441.html
Not everyone keeps track of exactly
what day they acquired each ERB book, but Bill Hillman is one who did.
"Until the ACE, Ballantine, and Canaveral editions flooded the market in
the '60s, finding these titles was a major accomplishment for a kid," said
Bill. "With blissful ignorance, I lovingly entered my name, address and
date of purchase into each book as it fell into my hands."
Two of those dates are Jan. 11, for "The Return of Tarzan,"
the 1950s G&D edition, in 1955, and, for "The
Monster Men," the old G&D, in 1958.
Why did Bill get at least two different ERB books in two
different years on that particular date? Maybe they were birthday presents!
Happy Birthday, Bill Hillman! (Thanks John - BH)
Revolt of the Beasts," by Rex Maxon and Don Garden, began Jan.
11, 1943, in daily newspapers and ran for 58 days.
The action starts here: www.erbzine.com/mag54/5413.html
and the Ghost" by John Celardo and Dick Van Buren, began Jan. 11,
1954, in daily newspapers and ran for 34 days.
Read it at: www.erbzine.com/mag38/3802.html
Supremes didn't sing "Baby Love" and they didn't do the "Baby Elephant
Walk" when they played three nuns on an episode of Ron Ely's "Tarzan" on
Jan. 12 in 1968, 50 years ago today. As nuns, though, they paddled their
canoe while singing "Michael, Row the Boat Ashore." That one didn't make
it onto their album of "The Supremes Greatest Hits." See the summary of
this Episode and dates and summaries of the entire Ely Tarzan series
On Jan. 12, 1908, the history of Joan
Burroughs (pronounced Jo-Anne by the Burroughs family) began as she
was born to Ed and Emma at Chicago's Park Avenue Hospital. From the ERB
Bio Timeline: "Ed dotes on new baby: Joan is a son-of-gun, she is
THE BOSS of the ranch. She is spoiled, ruined curdled. But what do we care.
We are proud of it."
Just what Joan thought the first time she got a glimpse
of her father hasn't been recorded. However, on another Jan. 12, in 1942,
ERB described himself in unflattering terms. Writing in his "Laugh It Off"
column, he said, "I had my picture taken the other day for my press pass.
If Chief Gabrielson or the FBI ever sees it, I'll be wearing horizontal
stripes. They are all that it lacks."
In the same column, ERB wrote: "It is reported that
Nazi morale is going -- probably to join their morals, which have always
Yes, ERB had reason to be a bit miffed at some Germans,
and the onset of World War II didn't help matters. Many years earlier,
he had written a brief article about his book-writing career and several
newspapers had run it, including "The Tacoma
News Tribune" on Jan. 12, 1934.
Among other things, ERB wrote in that article: "In
Germany he (Tarzan) aroused the jealousy of a publisher because of his
popularity, and this good sportsman dug up a story that I had written during
the heat of anti-German propaganda in this country following the sinking
of the Lusitania. He had a book written and published, telling all about
the two horrible creatures, Tarzan of the apes and Edgar Rice Burroughs;
and he distributed it so effectively that the German press made Tarzan
an issue, lambasting him editorially and advising all good Germans to throw
their Tarzan books into the garbage cans -- which they did."
The German issue cropped up periodically during ERB's
career. On another Jan. 12, in 1928, he "...expresses bewilderment to his
publisher that his name is not in Publishers' Weekly list of the ten most
popular authors in America. By all reports, his book sales are among the
three highest in the country. He attributes this rejection to the snobbishness
of the literary intelligentsia and the German furor against some of his
The News Tribune Article:
and the Elephant Girls," by Russ Manning, began Jan. 12, 1969, and
ran for 20 Sundays.
Read it at:
"Laugh It Off" column would continue to run in the "Honolulu Star Bulletin"
through Jan. 28, 1942. Here's some of what he wrote on Jan. 13:
"These," said a man finishing a midnight snack during
blackout, "must be a new brand of sardines. They had a different flavor."
His wife turned her flashlight on the empty can. "That was canned dog food,
you sap," she said. "You have eaten Fifi's breakfast."
A young seaman was bending over his work below deck on
the morning of December 7 when something hit him in the seat of his pants.
He wheeled around and swung a haymaker for the chin of the fresh guy, only
to find that there was no one there. Then he felt around and pulled a shell
fragment out of his trousers. It had come in through an open porthole.
From a letter signed only "Sylvia": "The reason the war
is 'running out' on you, is that you live at a hotel where there are flunkies
to do the blackout and air raid shelter work." Sister, we ain't got any
air raid shelters; and the flunkies are so busy laying out our evening
clothes and putting studs in our dress shirts that they haven't had time
to dig 'em.
Sylvia also says that some of us guys who have been released
from guard duty and have nothing to do should volunteer to dig shelters
for defense workers who are employed all day long. That is a sound suggestion,
and I am sure that the proper authorities would receive generous response
from men physically able to do this work.
Sylvia again: "I don't suppose that you resemble Tarzan:
but if you can play tennis, you can dig." If you could see my tennis dear,
you might change your mind. Furthermore, I dug my quota of ditches in Arizona
for the commanding officer of the 7th cavalry, probably before Sylvia's
father was born; and I ain’t digging no more ditches. However, if anyone
wants to dig a ditch, I'll loan him a shovel and help him grunt.
The whole column plus others is at:
Speaking of ERB's tennis, in a letter a few days before
the Jan. 13 column, ERB had written to daughter Joan and said, "Hulbert
and I manage to get in from three to five sets of tennis every day. It
helps to keep us in condition.
"Our partners are usually Cecil Burnside, whose husband
is a submarine commander, and 'Duke' Wylie (sic), a Mainland business man
stranded here like myself.”
The photo accompanying this post shows the foursome of,
from left, Hulbert, Willey (Wylie), Deedee "Cecil" Burnside, and ERB.
See ERBzine : Rare Wartime Photos from the Deedee
(Cecil) Burnside Collection shared with ERBzine
The World War II history book, "Silent Victory," by Clay
Blair Jr., mentions Cecil’s husband several times. Lt. Commander John L.
"Johnny" Burnside was skipper of the USS Saury, SS-189, a Sargo-class submarine
named for the long-beaked relative of the flying fish, found in the temperate
regions of the Atlantic.
The Saury was in Manila when Pearl Harbor was attacked
and immediately began the first of three patrols under Burnside. A patrol
could last from one to two months, on average.
The Saury seemed to be out of luck in engaging the enemy,
its orders taking it to areas where action may have been anticipated but
didn't materialize. On a couple of occasions, when the Saury did have an
opportunity to fire torpedoes at Japanese destroyers, it missed. That may
not have been the Saury's fault. The book notes: "The war had shown some
deficiencies in U.S. submarines. The most serious...were torpedo problems.
It was now clear that the Mark XIV was running deeper than set and that
the magnetic exploder was not always reliable. The H.O.B. engines had not
borne the test of combat well; those boats with H.O.B engines would ultimately
receive Wintons or Fairbanks-Morses as replacements." [Burnside's Saury
was one of those with the less than efficient engines.]
The Saury under Burnside did have some close calls, when
it had to dodge depth charges from Japanese destroyers.
Eventually Burnside was moved to surface ships and the
Saury assigned to someone else. With its upgraded power, it went on to
sink several ships and win seven battle stars.
Cecil was spared the loss of her husband in combat. Unfortunately,
however, he contracted Hodgkin's disease, spent most of the rest of the
war in hospitals, and passed away on Oct. 9, 1946, more than a year after
the war ended.
Pierce said his one outing as the ape-man in "Tarzan
and the Golden Lion" helped to kill his film career, since he had
He almost got a chance to be in another Tarzan film,
though. On Jan. 14, 1929, ERB inked a contract with two moviemakers --
G. Walter Shumway and Jack C. Nelson, for a new film to be titled "Tarzan
the Fearless." ERB made sure that the contract specified that Pierce,
who had become his son-in-law, would get the title role.
However, along came Sol Lessor in 1932. Lessor bought
out the contract and gained the right to cast whomever he wanted. Pierce
had apparently put on a few pounds and had less-toned muscles, so Lessor
wasn't anxious to use him. He gave him a perfunctory screen test, though,
and then said to Pierce, "Don't call us. We'll call you. And by the way,
don't call yourself Tarzan." (or something like that...)
But, like John Carter, Pierce could say "I still live,"
as he lived on... playing Tarzan on many radio episodes. Listen
to 77 Tarzan Radio Shows starring Jim Pierce and Joan Burroughs
See the story of at:
"Tarzan the Fearless" isn't near the top of many
fans' lists of favorite Tarzan stories, but it has had a remarkable number
of encores in various formats. It was originally a 12-chapter
serial, released in 1933, but the first four episodes were edited
into a movie with the same title. Read
the serial's Chapter One script
"Tarzan the Fearless" has also been available as a Big
Little Book by Whitman, featuring stills from the film; a magazine-size
paperback by L.W. Currey, Inc., and VHS and DVDs by any number of companies
with a variety of sleeve and clamshell art.
Maxon comic story in the Currey book includes Dr. Brooks and his
daughter Mary, characters from the movie-serial, but also uses characters
with other names and different settings.
At least one of Tarzan's adventures was never printed
in the official canon, but found its way into print, instead, via "Rob
Wagner's Script," the magazine for which ERB is well-known for having
written several short detective mysteries.
But Tarzan himself made his appearance in "Script" on
Jan. 14, 1939, in a story titled "Even
Apes Fight For It." The story was not identified as a Tarzan story,
but began with a peaceful jungle scene featuring an ape tribe and such
other Tarzan novel characters as Tantor, Numa and Usha. The head ape, Um-Gah,
goes on a rampage and a "jungle lord" arrives to stop him. Near the end
of the story it is revealed that this jungle man is Tarzan himself. And
then there's another surprise revelation -- which explains why the story
was written in the first place!
See it at
With a few books already under his belt, ERB broke into
new territory on Jan. 14, 1914, when he finally saw some of his poetry
published. "The Chicago Tribune" did the honors with "Nay,
It Hath Not Gone" which carried the byline of Normal Bean.
Read the poem at:
This and other poems from ERBzine's 1996 ERB Poetry collation
were reprinted in the book
Back to JANUARY Week I
GO TO JANUARY WEEK 3
JANUARY EVENTS IN ERBzine's ERB-WORLD
Collated from ERBzine by John Martin
JANUARY WEEK ONE EVENTS
JANUARY WEEK TWO EVENTS
JANUARY WEEK THREE EVENTS
JANUARY WEEK FOUR EVENTS
our thousands of other sites at:
AND SUE-ON HILLMAN ECLECTIC STUDIO
Text, ERB Images and Tarzan® are ©Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc.-
All Rights Reserved.
Original Work ©1996-2018 by Bill Hillman and/or Contributing Authors/Owners
part of this web site may be reproduced without permission from the respective